History of Democrat racism
- See also: Racism and the Democratic Party
- 1 Racist and segregationist traditions
- 2 Wilson to FDR: 1913–1933
- 3 FDR's Southern Strategy
- 4 Truman to Kennedy: 1945–1963
- 5 Johnson and the Democrat plantation
- 6 Carter to Clinton: 1977–2001
- 6.1 Voting rights violations
- 6.2 As the South became less racist, it became more Republican
- 6.3 Jesse Jackson
- 6.4 Racial profiling
- 6.5 Confederate Flag Day
- 6.6 Democratic Leadership Council
- 6.7 Ricky Ray Rector
- 6.8 Biden's racist smear campaign of Clarence Thomas
- 6.9 "Many fine people"
- 6.10 The New Jim Crow
- 6.11 Superpredators
- 6.12 Biden Crime Bill of 1994
- 7 Obamunism: Gay activists hijack the civil rights movement
- 8 Biden junta
- 8.1 Cultural appropriation
- 8.2 Black Lives Matter
- 8.3 Amy Klobuchar
- 8.4 Defund the Police
- 8.5 Presidential debates
- 8.6 Central Park Karen
- 8.7 Kanye West
- 8.8 Cpt. David Dorn
- 8.9 Two Blacks murdered by BLM protesters in CHOP
- 8.10 Eight year old girl murdered by BLM in Atlanta
- 8.11 Junta actions
- 9 See also
- 10 References
Racist and segregationist traditions
Trail of Tears
The 21st Congress was controlled by the Jacksonian Democrats. The first major bill they passed was the Indian Removal Act, authorizing the removal of the Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, and Seminoles from the South, primarily Georgia and Florida, to a territory west of the Mississippi River which became Oklahoma. The bill was controversial, opposed by many Christians and Northerners. During the first stage of the Choctaws’ forced migration begun in 1831, thousands died during the journey. Each successive stage was marred by a lack of food, shelter, and protection from the elements. Diphtheria and typhoid were rampant. Over the decade, more than 46,000 Native Americans experienced these conditions.
Historian John Toland maintains that the Nazi Party's segregation and deportation of Jews into ghettos and concentration camps were derived from the Democratic Party's segregation and deportation of Native Americans to reservation land.
Dred Scott Decision
- See also: Dred Scott decision
In the 31st Congress, the Democrats had a majority in the Senate and a large plurality in the House, while the Free Soil Republicans held only 9 seats. The Whigs held the second largest contingent as well as the White House. Congress passed the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850, which penalized local and state officials in free states who did not arrest an alleged runaway slave on demand of a slave owner. Any person aiding a runaway slave by providing food or shelter was subject to six months' imprisonment and a fine. Slave owners needed only to supply a sworn affidavit to a U.S. Marshal to capture an escaped slave. Since a suspected slave had no right to trial, the law resulted in the kidnapping of free blacks by bounty hunters and conscription into slavery in both free states and slave states, as suspected fugitive slaves were denied the right to a legal defense. The law's passage ultimately led to the demise of the Whigs and rise of Free Soil-Republicans.
Jackson had appointed his Attorney General, Roger B. Taney, to fill the seat of retiring Chief Justice John Marshall. In 1846, Dred Scott, an African-American slave living in Missouri, filed suit against his master for his own freedom. Scott argued that he had legally gained freedom in the 1830s, when he had resided with a previous master in the free state of Illinois and a portion of the Louisiana Territory where slavery was banned. After a series of legal battles lasting over a decade, the case made its way to the Supreme Court.
Democrat President James Buchanan said in his inaugural address that the issue of slavery would soon be "finally settled" by the Supreme Court. Taney sought to permanently remove slavery as a subject of national debate. All the Democratic appointees on the Court were outraged over what they saw as "Northern aggression" towards slavery, an institution they believed was critical to "Southern life and values." In the Dred Scott decision of 1857, the Taney Court ruled that persons of African descent could not be, nor were ever intended to be, citizens under the U.S. Constitution. Taney wrote that the framers of the Constitution believed that blacks “had no rights which the white man was bound to respect;" and that the negro might justly and lawfully be reduced to slavery for his benefit. The court also declared the Missouri Compromise unconstitutional (the Missouri Compromise of 1819 allowed for admission of new states to the Union on a one-for-one basis, one free state for every one slave state), thus permitting slavery in all territories of the westward expansion.
The Dred Scott decision received strong criticism and bolstered the growing popularity of the Republican Party. Republicans rejected Taney's legal reasoning and argued that the Declaration of Independence showed that the Founding Fathers favored the protection of individual rights for all free men, regardless of race. Many Republicans accused Taney of being part of a conspiracy to legalize slavery throughout the United States.
Civil War and aftermath
The Republican Party was beginning a 50-year era of dominance (1858–1910). During the war, Northern Democrats divided into two factions, War Democrats, who supported the military policies of President Lincoln, and Copperheads, who strongly opposed them. Historian Kenneth Stampp has captured the Copperhead spirit in his depiction of Democratic Congressman Daniel W. Voorhees of Indiana:
|There was an earthy quality in Voorhees, "the tall sycamore of the Wabash." On the stump his hot temper, passionate partisanship, and stirring eloquence made an irresistible appeal to the western Democracy. His bitter cries against protective tariffs and national banks, his intense race prejudice, his suspicion of the eastern Yankee, his devotion to personal liberty, his defense of the Constitution and state rights faithfully reflected the views of his constituents. Like other Jacksonian agrarians he resented the political and economic revolution then in progress. Voorhees idealized a way of life which he thought was being destroyed by the current rulers of his country. His bold protests against these dangerous trends made him the idol of the Democracy of the Wabash Valley.|
In 1860 the Democrats were unable to stop the election of Republican Abraham Lincoln, even as they feared his election would lead to civil war. The party was divided between North and South. The northern wing nominated Douglas, and the southern wing nominated Vice President John C. Breckinridge. Douglas campaigned across the country and came in second in the popular vote, but carried only Missouri. Breckinridge carried 11 slave states.
The heart of Democrat Resistance in the North resided in New York. The New York City draft riots (July 13–16, 1863) were the largest civil and racially-charged insurrection in American history, aside from the Civil War itself. Initially intended as a protest against the draft, it turned into a race riot. Workers feared free black people would compete for jobs. Black people throughout the city were attacked. 120 people were killed, public buildings, churches, homes of various abolitionists or sympathizers, and many black homes were ransacked or destroyed. The Colored Orphan Asylum was burnt to the ground.
Only a fraction of Union troops occupied the South after the war, and the balance mustered out according to length of service. Because blacks were not admitted into ranks until the middle of the war, they were retained at a higher rate, making the occupying force "blacker" than the one that won the war. The roughly 200,000 black Americans who served in the Union Army comprised an estimated 10 percent of the North's total fighting force. But by the last quarter of 1865, blacks made up about one-third of the occupation army. Many Southerners took this as a deliberate Republican insult.
The Democrats lost consecutive presidential elections from 1860 through 1880 (but 1876 was in dispute); 1884 was their next victory. The Democrats were weakened by "The Cause" in the Civil War but benefited from resentment toward Republicans for its effort to promote equality for blacks in Reconstruction. The Republicans received the eternal hatred and hostility of Democrats, and shied away from social issues for the next 150 years, focusing instead on its original purpose of preserving the Union through national security, and on economic issues. The Redeemers gave the Democrats control of every Southern state. Democratic terrorism at first was focused on Republicans; once the Republicans had been chased out, the lynching of Blacks peaked about 1892 with over 150 victims, or about one every two days.
Across the South Republican parties were formed by African Americans. Black people were the original Republicans in the South. The Republican Party in Texas was founded on the 4th of July 1867 in Houston, Texas by 150 African Americans and 20 whites. Two of the first three statewide Republican chairman were African American. The first 42 Black legislators elected in Texas were all Republican. The first 112 Black legislators elected in Mississippi were all Republican. The first 190 Black legislators elected in South Carolina were all Republicans. The first 41 Black legislators in Georgia were Republicans. The first 127 Black legislators in Louisiana were Republicans.
Ku Klux Klan
- See also: Reconstruction
In 1866 Democrats formed the Ku Klux Klan. Its purpose was to take control and return Democrats to power. The Ku Klux Klan started attacking Black Republican conventions. At the Republican convention in Louisiana, the Klan joined with New Orleans police and New Orleans' Democrat mayor. The New Orleans Republican convention was attacked. 40 Blacks and 20 whites were killed. Another 150 were wounded.
In 1868 the Democrats put out push cards in South Carolina listing what they called the 'radical' members of the South Carolina legislature. A push card is about the size of a baseball card. The cards had the pictures of 63 legislators they wanted to kill. 50 of the legislators were Black and 13 were white. All 63 were Republicans. On the back of the was the name of the legislator.
In 1872 Congress held hearings on the Klan. Democrat leaders from Democrat States admitted under oath unequivocally that the Klan belonged to the Democrat party and their propose was to restore control in Southern states to the Democratic party. The Congressional Hearings make up 13 volumes. Black congressmen John Roy Lynch and Richard Cain went to Congress armed for fear of Klan attacks. Blacks testified that they instructed by the Klan and Democrats that, if they would stop voting the Republican ticket and would agree to vote the straight Democrat ticket, all the violence against Blacks would stop.
Jim Crow and the disenfranchisement of black voters in most of the South took place 1890–1900. From 1880 to 1960 the "Solid South" voted Democratic in all presidential elections (except 1928). After 1900 the key election in southern states were white-only caucuses; victory in that primary was "tantamount to election."GAR veteran 2nd Lieut. Nathaniel Grigsby of Company G, 10th Indiana Cavalry died at the age of 79 in 1890. Grigsby's brother was married to Abraham's Lincoln's sister. Grigsby had this written on his tombstone:
Through this inscription I wish to enter my dying protest against what is called the Democratic party. I have watched it closely since the days of Jackson and know that all the misfortunes of our nation has come to it through this so called party. Therefore beware of this party of treason.
Though Republicans continued to control the White House until 1912 (except 1884 and 1892), the Democrats remained competitive in the states, especially in the mid-Atlantic and lower Midwest, and controlled the House of Representatives for most of that period. In the election of 1884, Grover Cleveland, the conservative Democratic Governor of New York, won the presidency, a feat he repeated in 1892, having lost in the election of 1888.
The Coushatta massacre of 1874 was the result of an attack by the White League, a paramilitary organization composed of Democrats, on Republican officeholders and African Americans in Red River Parish, Louisiana. They murdered six white Republicans and 20 Blacks who were witnesses.
The White League had organized to restore white supremacy by driving Republicans out of Louisiana, disrupting their political organizing, and intimidating or murdering freedmen. Like the Red Shirts and other "White Line" organizations, they were described as "the military arm of the Democratic Party."
On election day, November 3, 1874, an Alabama chapter of the White League repeated actions taken earlier that year in Vicksburg, Mississippi. They invaded Eufaula AL, killing at least seven black Republicans, injuring at least 70 more, and driving off more than 1,000 unarmed Republicans from the polls. The group moved on to Spring Hill AL, where members stormed the polling place, destroying the ballot box, and killing the 16-year-old son of a white Republican judge in their shooting.
The White League refused to count any Republican votes cast. But, Republican voters reflected the black majority in the county, as well as white supporters. They outnumbered Democratic voters by a margin greater than two to one. The League declared the Democratic candidates victorious, forced Republican politicians out of office, and seized every county office in Barbour County, Alabama. Such actions were repeated in other parts of the South in the 1870s, as Democrats sought to regain political dominance in states with black majorities and numerous Republican officials. In Barbour County, the Democrats auctioned off as "slaves" (for a maximum cost of $2 per month), or otherwise silenced all Republican witnesses to the events. They were intimidated from testifying to the coup if the case went to federal court.
The Colfax massacre in Colfax, Louisiana on April 13, 1873. An estimated 62-153 black militia men were killed while surrendering to a mob of former Confederate soldiers, members of the Ku Klux Klan and the White League.
The Ellenton riot started in Aiken County, South Carolina in September 1876. It started September 15 and lasted to the 21. 500–600 men from Columbia County, Georgia, together with rifle clubs from numerous Georgia and South Carolina towns, ranged over a considerable area, warning blacks that they would be whipped or killed if they did not vote Democrat. Deaths were one white and up to 100 blacks, with several whites wounded.
Civil service replaces Reconstruction and the spoils system
- See also: Civil service system
While the Democratic party lost the Civil War, it won the battle to control the United States Civil Service bureaucracy. Since the end of Reconstruction in 1876 and passage of the 1882 Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act, the Democratic party is no longer dependent on the spoils system and winning elections to maintain its power.
With the defeat of the Democrats and the South, to the victors went the spoils. Republicans immediately stripped white males who engaged in rebellion against the United States of the vote, and gave it to Blacks. Newly freed Blacks held local, state and federal elected and non-elected positions as Republicans. The white males who were deprived of the vote were also barred from holding any civil service position and were universally Democrats. This disenfranchisement created enormous resentment among Democrats, so they formed the Ku Klux Klan to engage in voter intimidation and suppression.
By 1876, the situation had become ungovernable for Republicans. The Republicans had been able to pass the 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments which guaranteed Blacks basic equality and civil rights, but eventually had to declare an amnesty for whites who engaged in rebellion. Reconstruction ended, and Republicans withdrew from social engineering which had divided the country so deeply and stirred up such bitterness and hatred among Democrats toward both Blacks and Republicans. Reconstruction earned Republicans the undying hatred of Democrats.
African Americans in the South were left to the mercy of increasingly hostile state governments dominated by white Democratic legislatures; neither the legislatures, law enforcement or the courts worked to protect freedmen. As Democrats regained power in the late 1870s, they struggled to suppress black voting through intimidation and fraud at the polls. Paramilitary groups such as the Red Shirts acted on behalf of the Democrats to suppress black voting. From 1890 to 1908, 10 of the 11 former Confederate states passed disfranchising constitutions or amendments, with provisions for poll taxes, residency requirements, literacy tests, and grandfather clauses that effectively disfranchised most black voters and many poor white people. The disfranchisement also meant that black people could not serve on juries or hold any political office, which were restricted to voters; those who could not vote were excluded from the political system.
Cleveland was the leader of the Bourbon Democrats, the bourgeois wing of the party. They represented business elites, supported banking and railroad goals, promoted capitalism, opposed the annexation of Hawaii, fought for the gold standard, and opposed Bimetallism. They strongly supported ending Republican spoils with the Civil Service Reform Act and opposed corruption of city bosses, leading the fight against the Tweed Ring. The leading Bourbons included Samuel J. Tilden, David Bennett Hill and William C. Whitney of New York, Arthur Pue Gorman of Maryland, Thomas F. Bayard of Delaware, William L. Wilson of West Virginia, John Griffin Carlisle of Kentucky, William F. Vilas of Wisconsin, J. Sterling Morton of Nebraska, John M. Palmer of Illinois, Horace Boies of Iowa, L.Q.C. Lamar of Mississippi, and railroad builder James J. Hill of Minnesota. A prominent intellectual was pro-segregationist Woodrow Wilson. The Bourbons were in power when the Panic of 1893 hit; it was a deep depression and they took the blame. A fierce struggle inside the party ensued, with catastrophic losses for both the Bourbon and agrarian factions in 1894, leading to the showdown in 1896.
Bryan and anti-Semitism
At the 1896 convention, the silverite-agrarian faction repudiated President Grover Cleveland and nominated William Jennings Bryan on a platform of inflation through "free" silver. The idea was that minting huge numbers of silver dollars would flood the economy with cash and end the depression. Eastern Democrats, unable to accept the party's free-silver platform and unwilling to support McKinley for his viewpoints on tariffs, nominated their own candidate, John M. Palmer of Illinois and called themselves the National, or Gold Democrats. The Gold Democrats attracted prominent figure such as segregationist Woodrow Wilson and historian Frederick Jackson Turner, known for ignoring the contributions of minorities and who refused to vote Republican.
Bryan became an overnight sensation among Democrats with his "Cross of Gold" speech:
|“||"You shall not press down upon the brow of labor this crown of thorns. You shall not crucify mankind upon a cross of gold.”||”|
Wilson to FDR: 1913–1933
- See also: Plessy v. Ferguson
Melville Fuller was appointed Chief Justice by Democrat President Grover Cleveland in 1888. Fuller managed Democrat Stephen A. Douglas's campaign in the 1860 presidential election against Abraham Lincoln. In 1896, a Fuller Court decision declared that racial segregation does not violate the Equal Protection Clause of the 14th Amendment so long as the "separate but equal" doctrine is followed. The decision allowed the continued existence of Jim Crow laws for another six decades.
One of the consequences of the Democratic victories in the South was that many Southern Congressmen and Senators were almost automatically re-elected every election. Due to the importance of seniority in the U.S. Senate, Southerners were able to control most of the committees and kill any civil rights legislation. William Jennings Bryan, with a base in the South and Plains states, was strong enough to get the nomination again in 1900 (losing to McKinley) and 1908 (losing to Taft).
When Booker T. Washington's autobiography, Up From Slavery, was published in 1901, it became a bestseller and had a major impact on the African American community, and its friends and allies. Washington in 1901 was the first African-American ever invited to the White House as the guest of Republican President Theodore Roosevelt – white Democrats complained loudly, although Washington remained as an advisor to Roosevelt.
Birth of a Nation
Taking advantage of a deep split in the GOP, the Democrats took control of the House in 1910 and elected the Northern segregationist Woodrow Wilson as president in 1912 and 1916. In his first year in office, Wilson permitted his Treasury and the Post Office to begin efforts to segregate the federal workforce, particularly in the Columbia District. It was often carried out surreptitiously. Yet Wilson condoned it and tried to duck its implications in a manner we would describe today as slimy. Wilson ordered Jim Crow segregation in all federal government facilities in Washington DC, wiping out 50 years of social progress that African-Americans made under Republicans. No longer could blacks and whites work together in government offices, eat in the same cafeterias, our use the same bathrooms. The Wilson administration went a step further. Through the Treasury Department's Office of the Architect, the bureau charged with construction and maintenance of federal buildings, federal buildings throughout the nation were ordered to furnish segregated bathrooms, even in Northern states were practices as such were virtually unknown.
Wilson also curtailed minority appointments to executive, diplomatic, and judicial positions. Those latter numbers weren’t large — about 30 — but they were posts traditionally reserved for black Americans. The signal was terrible, even if it’s unclear that those black appointments would have met approval from a Senate controlled by Southern Democrats. Estimates reckon that between 15,000 and 20,000 black civil service employees, 6% of the federal workforce, were impacted by the administration’s actions. Wilson successfully led Congress to a series of Progressive laws, including a reduced tariff, stronger antitrust laws, the Federal Reserve System, hours-and-pay benefits for railroad workers, and outlawing of child labor, raising wages for adults. Furthermore, constitutional amendments for prohibition and woman suffrage were passed in his second term. In effect, Wilson laid to rest the issues of tariffs, money and antitrust that had dominated politics for 40 years.
In 1915 the epic Hollywood film, Birth of a Nation was released with its portrayal of black men, many played by white actors in blackface, as unintelligent and sexually aggressive towards white women, and the portrayal of the Ku Klux Klan (KKK) as an heroic force. It was the first American motion picture to be screened inside the White House, viewed there by President Woodrow Wilson, members of his cabinet, and their families. In a letter to the White House press secretary the author of The Clansman: A Historical Romance of the Ku Klux Klan which the film is based, wrote:
|“||"The real purpose of my film was to revolutionize Northern sentiments by a presentation of history that would transform every man in the audience into a good Democrat...Every man who comes out of the theater is a Southern partisan for life!"||”|
In a letter to President Wilson, Thomas Dixon Jr., who authored the book and screenplay, boasted:
|“||"This play is transforming the entire population of the North and the West into sympathetic Southern voters. There will never be an issue of your segregation policy".||”|
Dixon was alluding to the fact that Wilson upon becoming president in 1913 had imposed segregation on federal workplaces in Washington D.C. while reducing the number of black employees through demotion or dismissal.
At the 1924 Democratic National Convention, the big fight was over a resolution denouncing by name the Ku Klux Klan; it was pushed by New York governor Al Smith and Alabama Senator Oscar W. Underwood in order to embarrass the front-runner, William McAdoo of California. After furious debate, the resolution failed by a vote of 542.85 in favor to 546.15 opposed. The soaring temperatures gave the Convention the name, the Klanbake. At its peak in the mid-1920s, the KKK claimed to include about 15% of the nation's eligible voters, approximately 4–5 million people. The Klan split in the party over cultural issues, especially Prohibition, facilitated Republican landslides in 1920, 1924 and 1928. However Al Smith did build a strong Catholic base in the big cities in 1928, and Franklin D. Roosevelt's election as Governor of New York that year brought a new leader to center stage.
FDR's Southern Strategy
To win election, FDR forged a coalition of Northern Democrats and Southern segregationists by placing John Nance Garner of Texas on the ticket as his running mate. The Democrats won an overwhelming majority in the House, picked up 97 seats, bringing the total to 313. On the Republican side the first African-American in the 20th century, and the first since Reconstruction, Rep. Oscar De Priest was re-elected. The Democratic chairman of the new Congress' Committee on Accounts, Rep. Lindsay Warren, ordered a De Priest staffer and his son to be thrown out of the House's whites-only cafeteria. There was a separate facility for blacks in the basement. De Priest introduced a resolution calling for an investigation. On the House floor, De Priest refuted Warren's claim that African-Americans had always been banned from the restaurant, recalling that he and other black patrons had frequented the House cafeteria. De Priest implored his colleagues to support the resolution, remarking,
|“If we allow segregation and the denial of constitutional rights under the Dome of the Capitol, where in God’s name will we get them? If we allow this challenge to go without correcting it, it will set an example where people will say Congress itself approves of segregation.”|
The effort to desegregate the Democrat-controlled House cafeteria was defeated. Civil rights were not on the party agenda. FDR always opposed the federal anti-lynching law as part of FDR's Southern Strategy. Anti-lynching bills were first introduced by Republicans. The Costigan-Wagner Anti-Lynching Bill was introduced in 1934, calling on the Roosevelt administration to take an active role in ending lynching in the United States. Senators Edward Costigan of Colorado and Robert Wagner of New York sponsored the bill. Under its provisions, any state officer who failed to exercise diligence in protecting a person under their care from a lynch mob or who neglected to arrest persons involved in a lynching, could themselves be subject to federal imprisonment for five years and a $5,000 fine. In 1935 attempts were made to persuade Roosevelt to speak out in support of the bill. However, Roosevelt refused. He argued that the white voters in the South would never forgive him if he supported the bill and he would, therefore, lose the next election.
Even the appearance in the newspapers of the lynching of Rubin Stacy failed to change Roosevelt's mind on the subject. Six deputies were escorting Stacy to Dade County jail in Miami on July 19, 1935, when he was taken by a white mob and hanged by the side of the home of Marion Jones, the woman who had made the original complaint against him. The New York Times later revealed that "subsequent investigation revealed that Stacy, a homeless tenant farmer, had gone to the house to ask for food; the woman became frightened and screamed when she saw Stacy's face." The Costigan-Wagner Bill had wide support; however, the bill was defeated in 1934, 1935, 1937, 1938 and 1940.
Ever since the Draft Riots of 1863, New York was the bastion of Democratic Resistance in the North. It was a Republican mayor however who made the first efforts to coax traditional black Lincoln Republicans into the New Deal coalition. Fiorello La Guardia was a RINO, or Republican New Dealer. Roosevelt provided federal funds to La Guardia and withheld support from La Guardia's opponents. After the 1935 Harlem riot, La Guardia decreed that African-Americans were not to be arrested for anything, and that police patrolling Harlem could not carry nightsticks.
|"Hitler didn’t snub me; it was our president FDR who snubbed me. The president didn’t even send a telegram."|
Civilian Conservation Corps
- See also: New Deal and Fascism
New Deal relief efforts targeted FDR's white Democrat voter base. A Black Republican congressman attached a non-discrimination amendment, however Democrats put a ten percent quota system on Blacks who were suffering from higher incidence of poverty and unemployment than whites or the population in general. In more prosperous times 30 years later the War on Poverty was the New Deal in reverse, targeting Blacks with the assumption that all Blacks were poor and uneducated.
"The German Labor Service (Reichsarbeitsdienst—RAD) arose from a party organization set up in 1931 and known as the NS-Arbeitsdienst for the purpose of easing unemployment," "like its New Deal equivalent, the Civilian Conservation Corps [CCC]," which would be established two years later. According to Garraty, both
|“||were essentially designed to keep young men out of the labor market. Roosevelt described work camps as a means for getting youth ‘off the city street corners,’ Hitler as a way of keeping them from ‘rotting helplessly in the streets.' In both countries much was made of the beneficial social results of mixing thousands of young people from different walks of life in the camps. Furthermore, both were organized on semimilitary lines with the subsidiary purposes of improving the physical fitness of potential soldiers and stimulating public commitment to national service in an emergency.||”|
The CCC "smacks of Fascism, of Hitlerism, of a form of Sovietism," observed William Green, president of the American Federation of Labor. "The American side, and especially President Roosevelt himself, was strikingly open and receptive to ideas emanating from Nazi Germany," writes historian Kiran Klaus Patel. According to Patel, there was at least one actual "intercultural transfer," in which the CCC studied and adopted ("on personal orders from Roosevelt") a program for training aviation mechanics modeled after the Flyer Hitler Youth.
Republican Rep. Oscar DePriest, the only black member of Congress, made sure that the 1933 legislation that established the CCC banned discrimination based on “race, color, or creed." Black enrollment in the CCC was capped at ten percent of total recruits–roughly equivalent to the proportion of blacks in the U.S. in 1930, but nowhere near proportional to the number of blacks eligible for relief during the Great Depression. Tens of thousands were turned away.
The U.S. Army controlled CCC camp administration and operations, and the Wilsonian policy of racial segregation transferred over to the new civilian workforce. Most of the CCC's quarter million African-American enrollees served in segregated companies and were unable to attain positions of authority. Some Southern states categorically excluded blacks, arguing that they were needed for growing and harvesting cotton.
Housing discrimination becomes law
The Federal Housing Administration (FHA) was created by the Democratic congress in 1934 to insure loans for construction and repairs of homes. White middle-class families could buy suburban homes with little or no down payments and extended 30-year amortization schedules and their monthly charges were often less than rents the families had previously paid to housing authorities or private landlords. But the FHA had an explicit policy of not insuring suburban mortgages for African-Americans, according to writer Richard Rothstein on the The American Prospect website. In suburban New York’s Nassau County, just east of Queens, Levittown was built in 1947 containing 17,500 mass-produced two-bedroom houses, requiring nothing down and monthly payments of about only $60. At the FHA’s insistence, developer William Levitt did not sell homes to Blacks, and each deed included a prohibition of such resales in the future.
President Franklin Roosevelt (left), Sen. Richard Russell, Jr. (center), and Eurith D. Rivers (right) easily won their elections in Georgia in 1936 as racist whites supported the left-wing policies they favored.
1936 elections in Georgia
In the 1936 election cycle, FDR overwhelmingly won Georgia, a Deep South state entrenched in Democrat racism, over Moderate Republican candidate Alf Landon. Appealing to racist white Southerners with his liberal New Deal policies, his coattails helped carry fellow allies Richard Russell, Jr. and Eurith D. Rivers to victory. Governor Eugene Talmadge, a white supremacist who ran on an anti-New Deal campaign against Russell in the Democrat primary for Senate, lost in a landslide against the incumbent New Dealer.
Due to Talmadge being term-limited from running for re-election as governor, the gubernatorial race became an open seat in the election cycle. Rivers, a Democrat Klansman and liberal New Dealer, easily won the primary.
Klansmen on the Court
In 1937 FDR appointed Alabama Senator Hugo Black to the Supreme Court. Black was a member of the Ku Klux Klan and built his career campaigning at Klan meetings. Black was well known for his anti-Catholic viewpoints. In Korematsu v. the United States, Black voted to uphold President Roosevelt's mass arrests and incarceration of Japanese men, women, and children based on race.
President Roosevelt called Democrat Klansman Sen. Theodore Bilbo "a real friend of liberal government." Bilbo claimed himself to be "100 percent for Roosevelt...and the New Deal." In a 1938 filibuster against anti-lynching legislation, Bilbo said on the Senate floor that the bill would “open the floodgates of hell in the South” by encouraging Black men to rape white women.
Franklin Roosevelt nominated James F. Byrnes to the Supreme Court and was confirmed by the Democrat Senate in 1941. The NAACP opposed his confirmation in a telegram to the White House:
|“If Senator Byrnes at any time in his long public career failed to take a position inimical to the human and citizenship rights of 13 million American Negro citizens, close scrutiny of his record fails to reveal it.”|
As a member of the U.S. House of Representatives and Senate for more than two decades, Byrnes personally blocked a Senate investigation of a South Carolina lynching and opposed federal anti-lynching legislation, insisting that “rape is responsible, directly and indirectly, for most of the lynching in America.” Byrnes later held the office of Secretary of State under President Harry Truman. He remained a vocal opponent of integration throughout his term as South Carolina governor from 1951 to 1955. In his inaugural address, Byrnes proclaimed,
|“Whatever is necessary to continue the separation of the races in the schools of South Carolina is going to be done by the white people of the state. That is my ticket as a private citizen. It will be my ticket [as governor].”|
A building and a professorship at the University of South Carolina bear his name, as do Byrnes Auditorium at Winthrop University, Byrnes Hall dormitory at Clemson University, and James F. Byrnes High School in Duncan, South Carolina.
Catholicism and the Kennedy's
On the eve of World War II, Roosevelt appointed Joseph P. Kennedy, father of John Kennedy, Bobby Kennedy, and Ted Kennedy as Ambassador to Great Britain. Joe Kennedy was a notorious anti-Semite and Nazi sympathizer. At the time of the Kristallnacht, the New York Times reported Kennedy had a solution to the problems of German Jews: ship them all to Africa.
In 1940, after rejecting DNC chair James Farley as his successor because Farley was Catholic, Roosevelt broke with tradition and sought a third term as President. The decision was controversial - Democrat Governor Strom Thurmond supported his third term while his own vice president John Nance Garner quit over the matter while.
Immigration and refugees
After Kristallnacht in November 1938, many Jews within Germany decided that it was time to leave. The S.S St. Louis carrying 937 passengers, most of them Jewish, set sail from Hamburg to Cuba on May 13, 1939. In Cuba the passengers were denied entrance without posting a $500 bond. A few dozen passengers disembarked. The ship set sail for Florida.
Many Jews had fled to Central and South America to escape Nazi persecution. When war broke out, these Latin American countries did not want German Jews. They were deported to the United States where the Roosevelt administration was willing to hold them as German citizens in America concentration camps. The Roosevelt administration traded them back to Germany in exchange for American civilians held in detention in Germany. The fate of these Jews is unknown.
In 1943, Roosevelt told French military leaders at the Casablanca Conference that "the number of Jews engaged in the practice of the professions" in liberated North Africa "should be definitely limited", lest there be a recurrence of "the understandable complaints which the Germans bore towards the Jews in Germany."
Mass incarceration of minorities
|"Executive Order 9066 was a United States presidential executive order signed and issued during World War II by United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt on February 19, 1942. This order authorized the Secretary of War to prescribe certain areas as military zones, clearing the way for the incarceration of Japanese Americans, German Americans, and Italian Americans in U.S. concentration camps."|
Truman to Kennedy: 1945–1963
By October 1946, the G.I. Bill had placed 6,500 former soldiers in nonfarm jobs in Mississippi; 86 percent of the skilled and semiskilled jobs were filled by whites, 92 percent of the unskilled ones by Blacks. In New York and northern New Jersey, fewer than 100 of the 67,000 mortgages insured by the G.I. Bill supported home purchases by nonwhites. Discrimination continued as well in elite Northern colleges. The University of Pennsylvania, along with Columbia the least discriminatory of the Ivy League colleges, enrolled only 46 Black students in its student body of 9,000 in 1946. The traditional Black colleges did not have places for an estimated 70,000 Black veterans in 1947. At the same time, white universities were doubling their enrollments and prospering with the infusion of public and private funds, and of students with their G.I. benefits.
Voter suppression and election fraud
Two term New Dealer Sen. Theodore Bilbo faced three primary challengers running for a third term and told a group of supporters,
|“I’m calling on every red-blooded American who believes in the superiority and integrity of the white race to get out and see that no n***** votes.”|
In true Democrat tradition, Bilbo won the rigged primary election with 51% in a four way contest. The Republicans won back control of the Senate that year in the 1946 general elections with just a bare majority and refused to seat Bilbo as his comments about Democrat voter suppression to rig the election became more widely known. He died 7 months later, unable to take his seat, while the Senate was still investigating.
Brown vs. Board of Education
- See also: Brown vs. Board of Education
"Segregation of white and colored children in public schools has a detrimental effect upon the colored children. The impact is greater when it has the sanction of the law, for the policy of separating the races is usually interpreted as denoting the inferiority of the Negro group…Any language in contrary to this finding is rejected. We conclude that in the field of public education the doctrine of ‘separate but equal’ has no place. Separate educational facilities are inherently unequal.”
In Congress, the powerful duo of House Speaker Sam Rayburn and Senate Majority leader Lyndon B. Johnson held the party together, often by compromising with Eisenhower. After the Little Rock Crisis of 1957, the party made dramatic gains in the 1958 midterms and seemed to have a permanent lock on Congress. Indeed, Democrats had majorities in the House every election from 1930 to 1992 (except 1946 and 1952). Most southern Congressmen were conservative Democrats, however, and they usually worked with conservative Republicans. The result was a Conservative Coalition that blocked practically all socialist domestic legislation from 1937 to the 1970s, except for a brief spell 1964–65, when Johnson neutralized its power.
The nomination of John F. Kennedy in 1960 energized the Catholic population, which jammed motorcades and turned out in heavy numbers (over 80% voted for Kennedy), while also causing a backlash among white Protestants (over 70% of whom voted for Republican candidate Richard Nixon). Reaching beyond the traditional Irish, German, Italian and Polish Catholic ethnics, Viva Kennedy set out to mobilize the previously passive Latino vote, and it perhaps provided the margin of victory for Kennedy in Texas and New Mexico. His brother, Robert Kennedy, who managed the campaign, opposed the outreach to Black voters and sided with traditional Southern racists of the New Deal coalition. Bobby Kennedy was furious with campaign aides for talking with King, and felt it would cost them the election.
Kennedy's victory reinvigorated the party. His youth, vigor and intelligence caught the popular imagination. In foreign policy he was strongly anti-Communist, and promptly launched an invasion of Castro's Cuba; it failed badly. A few new programs like the Peace Corps provided pacifists with an alternative to two years of military service in the peacetime draft. In terms of civil rights legislation, his proposals were all cautious and incremental. In three years he was unable to pass any significant civil rights legislation.
Kennedy's election did mark the coming of age of the Catholic component of the New Deal Coalition. After 1964, middle-class Catholics started voting Republicans in the same proportion as their Protestant neighbors. Except for the Richard J. Daley of Chicago, the last of the Democratic machines faded away. His involvement in Vietnam proved momentous, for his successor Lyndon Johnson decided to stay, and double the investment, and double the bet again and again until over 500,000 American soldiers were fighting in that small country.
- Main article: Southern Manifesto
The Southern Manifesto was a document issued in response to the Supreme Court's 1954 ruling Brown v. Board of Education, which integrated public schools. School segregation laws were some of the most enduring and best-known of the Jim Crow laws that characterized the American South at the time. All but twenty-eight of the 138 southern Democrat members of Congress signed this Southern Manifesto, including 19 of the Majority Democrat Senators. John Sparkman, 1952 Vice Presidential candidate as part of the Democrat's Southern Strategy, J. William Fulbright (later a mentor of Bill Clinton), Richard Brevard Russell of the Warren Commission, Sam Ervin later of the Watergate Committee, Hale Boggs (the father of NPR's Cokie Roberts), and Wilbur Mills were all signatories. It reads in part:
|"This unwarranted exercise of power by the Court, contrary to the Constitution, is creating chaos and confusion in the States principally affected. It is destroying the amicable relations between the white and Negro races that have been created through 90 years of patient effort by the good people of both races. It has planted hatred and suspicion where there has been heretofore friendship and understanding....We commend the motives of those States which have declared the intention to resist forced integration by any lawful means."|
The Southern Manifesto was signed on a large mahogany conference table in Sen. John Stennis' office which Stennis used as his desk and referred to as "the flagship of the Confederacy." The table was used by segregationist and co-signer of the Southern Manifesto, Sen. Richard Russell, before his retirement. When Stennis retired in 1988, Joe Biden of Delaware took over Stennis' office, including the conference table. When Biden was elected vice-president in 2008, Biden had the conference table moved into the vice-president's office.
One of the first challenges to Brown v. Board of Education occurred when Democrat Governor Orval E. Faubus ordered the Arkansas National Guard to prevent African-American students from enrolling at Little Rock Central High School. Central High was an all-white school. Faubus ordered the troops to "accomplish the mission of maintaining or restoring law and order and to preserve the peace, health, safety and security of the citizens." A force of 289 soldiers was assembled. The commander told nine black students, six girls and thee boys ages 15–17 years old who were attempting to enter the school, to return home. The standoff continued for three weeks. Little Rock Democrat mayor Woodrow Wilson Mann appealed to President Eisenhower to help end the deadlock. Eisenhower sent the 101st Airborne Division to federalized the entire 10,000-member Arkansas National Guard. The students were allowed to enroll.
Faubus was re-elected in 1958 with 82.5% of the vote over a Republican challenger. Faubus ordered the closure of four public high schools that year, preventing both black and white students from attending school while seeking a two and a half year delay on de-segregation until January 1961 in Federal Court when there would be a possibility of a Democratic president.
In June 1974, a few months before Bill Clinton would narrowly lose his congressional bid, he sat down for an interview with an oral history project. Reaching out to the notorious segregationist was just good politics, he told the interviewers.
“When did you build this friendship with Faubus?” one asked.
“When I got ready to run for Congress,” Clinton answered.
“But wouldn’t he be the last guy to go see, represented the old time machine?” the interviewer pressed.
“No, no. See, that’s why I got elected. Because I don’t do things — I don’t think in terms of that,” Clinton said.
“But wouldn’t the liberal mind, whatever it is in this district, think that way?”
“Well, the liberal mind might, but I don’t have a liberal mind, I guess, if that’s the way they think. It’s a matter of politics and how you get votes,” Clinton said of doing his dance with white supremacists. “Faubus has a fine mind and a lot of influence in these hills, these people, and knows things that are worth knowing. The reason that they will vote for me, if they do, the people, even if they think that I’m liberal, whatever that is, is that I’ll sit down with all these people and talk to them.”
1957 Civil Rights Act
- See also: Civil Rights Act of 1957
Republican Attorney General Herbert Brownell originally proposed the Civil Rights Act of 1957. Democrat Majority Leader Lyndon Johnson had Judiciary chairman Sen. James Eastland drastically water-down the House version, removing stringent voting protection clauses. The bill passed 285–126 in the House with Republicans providing the majority of votes 167–19 and Democrats 118–107. It then passed 72–18 in the Senate, with Republicans again supplying the majority of votes, 43–0 and Democrats voting 29–18. Sen. John F. Kennedy of Massachusetts, who later ran for president, voted in favor of an amendment to water down the bill. Kennedy's 1957 book, Profiles in Courage, celebrated the vote of Sen. Edmund Ross to acquit Pres. Andrew Johnson, the first step in ending Republican Reconstruction reforms and paving the way for the Democrat era of Jim Crow laws and the segregation era.
The 1957 Civil Rights Act was the first federal civil rights legislation passed by the United States Congress since the Republicans passed the Civil Rights Act of 1875. Johnson told Sen. Richard Russell,
|"These Negroes, they're getting pretty uppity these days and that's a problem for us since they've got something now they never had before, the political pull to back up their uppityness. Now we've got to do something about this, we've got to give them a little something, just enough to quiet them down, not enough to make a difference. For if we don't move at all, then their allies will line up against us and there'll be no way of stopping them, we'll lose the filibuster and there'll be no way of putting a brake on all sorts of wild legislation. It'll be Reconstruction all over again."|
Johnson and the Democrat plantation
- See also: Johnson administration
The New Deal Coalition began to fracture as union and religious leaders demanded support for civil rights, upsetting the party's traditional base of Democrat segregationists who themselves became dependent on government largess. In 1948 the party platform for the first time in its history showed some support for civil rights. The Republicans passed civil rights legislation with the 13th Amendment, 14th Amendment, 15th Amendment, Emancipation Proclamation, the Civil Rights Act of 1875, and first passed anti-lynching legislation in 1922, which Democrats killed by filibusters.
The party's reversal on civil rights culminated with Democratic President Lyndon B. Johnson finally signing the bi-partisan Civil Rights Act of 1964, which he called "the N****r Bill." In lobbying fellow Democrats for the bill, Johnson said,
|"I'll have them n*gg*rs voting Democratic for two hundred years."|
|"Let me tell you one thing, n*gg*r. As long as you are black, and you’re gonna be black till the day you die, no one’s gonna call you by your g*dd*mn name. So no matter what you are called, n*gg*r, you just let it roll off your back like water, and you’ll make it. Just pretend you’re a g*dd*mn piece of furniture."|
Johnson's big government giveaways and affirmative action programs attracted Blacks for the first time. African-Americans formed an anomalous coalition with low-income white Democrat racists who were dependent on New Deal and Great Society welfare programs. Both African Americans and racist Democrats opposed Republican efforts to maintain fiscal and budgetary sanity. The coalition gave cover to bigoted Democrats to hide their racism, while accusing Republicans who wanted to balance the budget of prejudice. Malcolm X described it this way:
|"The white Liberal differs from the white Conservative only in one way; the Liberal is more deceitful, more hypocritical, than the Conservative. Both want power, but the White Liberal is the one who has perfected the art of posing as the Negro's friend and benefactor and by winning the friendship and support of the Negro, the White Liberal is able to use the Negro as a pawn or a weapon in this political football game, that is constantly raging, between the White Liberals and the White Conservatives. The American Negro is nothing, but a political "football game" that is constantly raging between the white liberals and white conservatives.|
Contrary to popular Democrat mythology, Democrat Governor George Wallace won the South in 1968 in a three-way contest against Nixon and Humphrey. There was no Nixon "Southern Strategy." The South continued to reject Yankee liberals (Humphrey in 1968, McGovern in 1972, Mondale in 1984, Dukakis in 1988, Kerry in 2004). At the state and local level, the Republicans made slow but steady gains. As racism in the South declined, Republicans in the South increased.
The South became competitive in presidential politics as early as the 1920s and by 1980 gave strong support to Republican Ronald Reagan, rejecting northern liberal candidates. Democrats responded with a new Southern Strategy - putting Southerners at the top of the ticket - Carter in 1976 and 1980, Clinton in 1992 and 1996, Gore in 2000, and calling Yankee Republicans "racist."
1964 Convention: Mississippi Freedom Party
- See also: Black history
The Mississippi Freedom Party was organized by African Americans to challenge the establishment Democratic Party, which allowed participation only by whites. The party ran a slate of delegates with close to 80,000 people casting ballots. The party hoped to replace the Regular Democrats as the official Mississippi delegation at the 1964 Democratic National Convention.
At the convention the party challenged the Regular Democrats' right to be seated, claiming that the Regular Democrats were illegally elected in a segregated process that violated both party regulations and federal law. The Equal Protection Clause had been on the books for nearly 100 years already. The Democratic Party referred the challenge to the credentials committee, which televised its proceedings and allowed the nation to see and hear the moving testimony of several delegates and the retaliation inflicted on them by Democrats for attempting to vote.
After that, most observers and pundits thought the credentials committee were ready to unseat the Regular Democrats and seat the Freedom Party delegates in their place. But some Democrats from other states threatened to leave the convention and bolt the party if the Regular Democrats were unseated. President Johnson wanted a united convention and feared losing support. To ensure his victory in November, Johnson maneuvered to prevent the Mississippi Freedom Democrats from replacing the all-white Regular Democrats.
Two future Democrat Presidential nominees, Hubert Humphrey and Walter Mondale, denied Blacks equal protection and made a mockery of the civil rights movement. Johnson held a private meeting with Humphrey, Mondale, Roy Wilkins, Andrew Young, United Auto Workers President Walter Reuther and Martin Luther King Jr. A plan was hatched to offer the Freedom Democrats two non-voting At-Large seats with observer status, rather than replace the all-white delegation which had been undemocratically and illegally elected. Johnson arrogated to himself the right to pick which two, and Johnson chose one white and one black. Johnson dispatched Humphrey and Mondale and ordered them to make sure that “that illiterate woman," Fannie Lou Hamer would never be a delegate. Dr. King protested and was told by Reuther to shut up.
The offer was rejected, but Humphrey and Mondale remained powerhouse liberals in the Democratic party for another 20 years.
War on Poverty
By the 1960s, the Preamble clause of the Constitution, "to promote the general welfare," was re-interpreted to justify massive wealth transfer programs under the rubric of "Welfare." This creeping Marxist dialectic and communism was accredited to Michael Harrington, founder of the Democratic Socialists of America, and adopted by Lyndon Johnson and the Democratic Congress as the focal point of law, government social spending, and affirmative action programs.
African Americans, who were excluded from many New Deal programs, now were the direct targets of the Great Society. Single Black women could receive cash payments to have children outside wedlock. Johnson and the Democrat's intended to capture the nation's 20 million African-Americans as a dependent and loyal voting bloc within the Democratic party, now that a bi-partisan majority of Republicans and Democrats smashed the Democratic party's stranglehold on the South, which had denied Black voter participation for a century. Great Society programs had a devastating impact on Black families and communities in the following decades.
Dr. Thomas Sowell observed that "despite the grand myth that black economic progress began or accelerated with the passage of the civil rights laws and "war on poverty" programs of the 1960s, the cold fact is that the poverty rate among blacks fell from 87% in 1940 to 47% by 1960." The war on poverty increased the percentage of mothers and children dependent on the federal government to keep them above the poverty line. Although the number of dependent people had been declining for decades before the "war on poverty" began, this downward trend reversed itself and had a devastating effect on the black family structure, and black communities overall. Fathers were driven out of the home so that females could meet eligibility requirements, young males' marriage and family prospects precipitously dropped, out of wedlock births and street gangs, crime, and violence proliferated in coming decades.
As for urban ghetto riots, they raged across the country during this era. Newark Mayor Hugh J. Addonizio (D) called for a federal investigation of the city's anti-poverty agency which received Great Society funding to determine if it had, in any way, contributed to the city's riots in which 26 persons were killed. More funding was approved anyway. Later, the strife declined sharply after the beginning of the Nixon administration, which opposed the whole ‘war on poverty’ approach and eventually abolished the Office of Economic Opportunity, which had been the spearhead of this program. Still later, during the eight years of the Reagan presidency–supposedly the nadir of neglect–major urban riots became virtually extinct.
Eventually, however, even official poverty began to rise, so that a larger number of people were in poverty in 1992 than were in poverty in 1964, when the "war on poverty" began. By 1992, more than half of all black adults had never been married, quite aside from an additional 16 percent who had been either divorced or widowed. By contrast, only 21 percent of white adults had never been married. More than half of all black children–57 percent–were living with only one parent and another 7.5 percent were not living with either parent. Thus, only a little more than a third of black children were living in traditional two-parent households. Of 190,000 black children whose parents were currently still teenagers, only 5,000 were living with both parents. As street gangs and crime proliferated, Democrats responded with mass incarceration of Blacks.
Shortly after Sen. Richard Russell's passing, the Democrat Senate renamed the Senate Office Building the Russell Office Building in commemoration of the man who was instrumental in their fight to keep segregation alive during his five decades of leadership in the Democrat party.
Desegregation: Biden and school busing
In Nixon's landslide 49 state re-election of 1972, Massachusetts was the only state that remained solidly in the Democratic camp. Black parents filed a desegregation lawsuit the same year, and the NAACP argued the case. According to Politico, nowhere did the sentiment of people opposed to desegregation play out more dramatically than in Boston. In mid 1974, a federal judge found that 20 years after Brown v. Board, Boston officials deliberately kept the schools segregated, and that the city must integrate at once. He drew up a busing plan. Black students from Roxbury would attend South Boston High School, while Irish Americans from Southie would board buses to Roxbury.
The first buses rolled through Boston in September 1974—and racial violence engulfed the city. White mobs hurled bricks at school buses with terrified black children inside. Then, on October 7, a Haitian immigrant was beaten savagely by a white mob in South Boston. In the coming months, the list of casualties would grow. The city became a cauldron of racial hatred.
Each year after passage of the 1965 Civil Rights Act up until 1977, the Democratic controlled House passed at least one new law designed to restrain school integration—often in the guise of anti-busing legislation. Until 1974, the Senate rejected those bills. But as white resistance to busing escalated in many cities across the country, the House Democrats anti-busing majority began to pull more Democratic senators to their side.In 1975, Sen. Joseph Biden proposed an amendment that gutted Title VI of the 1964 Civil Rights Act, which enabled the federal government to cut off funding to school districts that refused to integrate. Politico writes of the whole sordid affair,
Biden morphed into a leading anti-busing crusader—all the while continuing to insist that he supported the goal of school desegregation, he only opposed busing as the means to achieve that end. This stance, which many of Biden’s liberal and moderate colleagues also held, was clever but disingenuous. It enabled Biden to choose votes over principles, while acting as if he was not doing so....In a seminal moment, the Senate thus turned against desegregation. The Senate had supported the 1964 Civil Rights Act, 1965 Voting Rights Act and 1968 Fair Housing Act....the Senate remained the last bastion for those who supported strong integration policies. Biden stormed that bastion...A Boston NAACP leader said, “An anti-busing amendment is an anti-desegregation amendment, and an anti-desegregation amendment is an anti-black amendment.” Republican Sen. Edward Brooke, the first black senator ever to be directly elected, called Biden's amendment “the greatest symbolic defeat for civil rights since 1964.” Brooke accused Biden of leading an assault on integration.
The McGovern-Fraser Commission required state parties to develop written rules and post uniform statewide notification of the date, time, and location of precinct caucus meetings or party primary elections. There was a common practice in some Southern states such as Mississippi were all-white local party bosses held meetings in obscure locations so that Black majorities in a county or district were unaware of the time and place of party elections. Although many provisions the commission brought about were undone in the early 1980s by Walter Mondale and Ted Kennedy, several provisions have remained. Prior to McGovern-Fraser, several states had no written guidelines governing party conventions, caucuses, and the delegate selection process at each level, and were based mostly on local tradition, which often meant cronyism, discrimination, voter suppression and the boss's rule. The system had been used effectively by Democrats in their voter suppression of Blacks for over 100 years.
The Commission rewrote the rules to rig McGovern's nomination. The 1972 Credentials Committee at the convention under the McGovern-Fraser reforms replaced Daley's contingent of the Illinois delegation with a group sent by Jesse Jackson and also replaced a delegation from Mississippi with another group.
After the 1972 election, Congresswoman Barbara Mikulski was asked by the Democratic National Committee (DNC) to chair the Mikulski Commission to review and make recommendations on how effective the pre-convention McGovern-Fraser reforms rules were. According to CNN, the commission
replaced the demographic quotas of 1972 with affirmative action requirements to increase participation by women, blacks and other minorities. (However, this specific plan had the OPPOSITE effect, decreasing the proportion of women from 38% in 1972 to 36% in 1976. The proportion of blacks declined from 15% in 1972 to 7% in 1976. After 1976, quotas for women delegates were reimposed.) PROPORTIONAL REPRESENTATION, the distribution of delegates among candidates to reflect their share of the primary or caucus vote, was mandated by party rules.
Biden Amendment repeals sections of the Civil Rights Act
The debate over the crimes of the Democrats slave power was reopened in 2019 while some far leftists were pushing for slave reparations. During Sen. Biden's decades long collaboration with segregationist Senators, there is no record of Biden ever calling them "clown's, "racists", or telling them to "shut up". Contrarily, Biden had nothing but kind and loving words of praise at their retirements and funerals.
In 1972 Biden re-cycled the racist rhetoric of John C. Calhoun, arguing that school segregation was a "positive good" for Blacks. Calhoun famously laid out his doctrine of separation of the races as a civilizing force among Blacks which became Democrat talking points before the Dred Scott decision, throughout the Civil War, Reconstruction, the Jim Crow era, and the New Deal. In a Democrat filibuster on the floor of the Senate, Calhoun famously said:
|"I hold that in the present state of civilization, where two races of different origin, and distinguished by color, and other physical differences, as well as intellectual, are brought together, the relation now existing in the slaveholding States between the two, is, instead of an evil, a good—a positive good."|
Biden resurrected the idea that segregation was "for their own good" and that Blacks were grateful for it.
|“I think the concept of busing … that we are going to integrate people so that they all have the same access and they learn to grow up with one another and all the rest, is a rejection of the whole movement of black pride, a rejection of the entire black awareness concept, where black is beautiful, black culture should be studied; and the cultural awareness of the importance of their own identity, their own individuality.”|
In the 21st century Biden tried to separate himself from his previous racist statements on school integration:
|"Poor kids are just as bright and just as talented as white kids."|
Biden led a coalition of segregationists that was opposed by Republican Sen. Edward Brooke, the first African American senator elected since Democrats forced the end of Reconstruction after the Civil War. National Public Radio's David Ensor asked Biden, "What about a constitutional amendment? Isn’t that what you’re gonna have to end up supporting if you want to stop court ordered busing, too?" Biden responded,
|"That would clearly do it. I’m hopeful, and I have — now that I have some sort of new allies in this area, it’s become respectable now for liberals to at least say publicly what they’ve been saying in private, that busing doesn’t work. We are trying to figure out whether or not we can come up with an innovative piece of legislation which would limit the remedy, and I don’t — honestly don’t know whether we can come up with something constitutional. And if we can’t, I will not in an attempt to eliminate busing violate the Constitution. I won’t do that. The only way, if I’m gonna go at it, I’m gonna go at it through a Constitutional Amendment if it can’t be done through a piece of legislation."|
Ensor reported that Biden proposed renewing segregation because busing "wasn't working" ("wasn't working" to the electoral advantage of Democrats and not necessarily to the cause of equal rights for Blacks), and Biden was afraid that older liberal colleagues were blind to how Black separatists felt about their children being bused to white schools.
|"There are those of we social planners who think somehow that if we just subrogate man’s individual characteristics and traits by making sure that a presently heterogeneous society becomes a totally homogeneous society, that somehow we’re going to solve our social ills. Quite to the contrary."|
Title VI of the 1964 Civil Rights Act prohibits discrimination based on race, color, or national origin in programs or activities receiving federal financial assistance. Biden told the Philadelphia Enquirer on October 12, 1975:
|“Liberals have rejected common sense. Anybody who has studied the area knows that we don't have a workable rehabilitation program. Yet we continue to insist that the function of prison is to rehabilitate, not punish. I think the Democratic Party could stand a liberal George Wallace — someone who’s not afraid to stand up and offend people, someone who wouldn’t pander but would say what the American people know in their gut is right”|
George Wallace praised Biden as "one of the outstanding young politicians of America." Wallace is famous for coining the slogan in a gubernatorial inaugural address,Politico writes of the whole sordid affair,
|Biden morphed into a leading anti-busing crusader—all the while continuing to insist that he supported the goal of school desegregation, he only opposed busing as the means to achieve that end. This stance, which many of Biden’s liberal and moderate colleagues also held, was clever but disingenuous. It enabled Biden to choose votes over principles, while acting as if he was not doing so....In a seminal moment, the Senate thus turned against desegregation. The Senate had supported the 1964 Civil Rights Act, 1965 Voting Rights Act and 1968 Fair Housing Act....the Senate remained the last bastion for those who supported strong integration policies. Biden stormed that bastion...|
Sen. James Abourezk of South Dakota related how Biden reacted when Abrourezek tried to block the amendment:
|‘Abourezk, you **********, if I ever vote for another one of your bills, it'll be a cold day in hell.'
‘Calm down, Joe,' I told him, ‘You're eventually gonna thank me for doing this.'
‘Like hell I will you dirty *******.'
A few days later, Biden came into the scheduled committee meeting, this time with a broad, friendly grin aimed directly at me.
‘Jesus, Abourezk, you were right,' he said. ‘I am gonna thank you. You should see the Delaware newspapers—big front-page headlines saying, ‘Biden Battles Liberals in Washington.' He was unabashedly elated. ‘They love me back home, how did you know this would happen?'
The New York Times published a lengthy story on Biden's advocacy of segregation. In a 1977 congressional hearing related to anti-desegregation orders, Biden emphasized,
|"Unless we do something about this, my children are going to grow up in a jungle, the jungle being a racial jungle."|
Republican Sen. Edward Brooke, the first black senator ever to be popularly elected, called Biden's amendment “the greatest symbolic defeat for civil rights since 1964.” Brooke accused Biden of leading an assault on integration.
Prof. Ronnie Dunn said opposition to busing was motivated by racism and that without the court-ordered policy Biden probably would not have become vice president in 2009. “What I find ironic is that [Biden] was the vice president under a president who, if it hadn’t been for the social interaction that occurred during the era of busing, I argue we likely would not have seen the election of Barack Obama." Dunn, an Urban Studies professor at Cleveland State University and author of the book Boycotts, Busing, & Beyond, said Biden made the case in favor of maintaining segregation. "That was an argument against desegregation.” Dunn said Biden must address the issue if he runs for president. “People have to be held accountable."
Biden's opposition to integration didn't stop there. HuffPo reported:
|In 1977, two black men nominated for key Justice Department posts by President Jimmy Carter easily won approval from the Senate Judiciary Committee. After confirmation by the full Senate, Drew Days III became the nation’s first black head of the department’s civil rights division and Wade McCree became the second black solicitor general. Only one member of the committee voted against them. It wasn’t segregationists Strom Thurmond (R-S.C.) or James Eastland (D-Miss.). It wasn’t even former Ku Klux Klan member Robert Byrd (D-W.Va.). The lone Judiciary Committee vote against the two men was Sen. Joe Biden (D-Del.).|
In 1981 Biden said in a Senate hearing, “sometimes even George Wallace is right about some things.” Wallace is famous for saying in 1963, “segregation now, segregation tomorrow, segregation forever.” Biden read the "N" word into the Congressional Record during an open hearing in 1986. In a farewell address to retiring Democrat segregationist Sen. John Stennis, Biden said:
|"To think that I would be one day on the floor of the United States Senate, being paid such accolades by such a man of character and courage as John Stennis is beyond my wildest dreams. And I mean that sincerely."|
When Biden announced his candidacy Politico attempted to poo-poo and explain away Biden and liberal Democrat racism with a back-handed slap at school vouchers for minority students, which liberal elites have strenuously opposed ever since the Biden Amendment passed:
|School desegregation, as part of a broader suite of civil rights reforms, was once as a vital component of the Democratic Party platform. Yet since the 1970s, Democrats, in the face of concerted white backlash, have largely accommodated themselves to increasing segregation in public schools across the nation. Party leaders, even the most progressive among them, rarely propose serious solutions to this vexing problem. A sincere critique of Biden’s busing record would require a broader reckoning of the Democratic Party’s—and by extension the nation’s—abandonment of this central goal of the civil rights movement. And it’s hard to see that happening anytime soon.|
Carter to Clinton: 1977–2001
- See also: Bill and Hillary Clinton and racism
The Congressional Black Caucus year after year submitted bills for the Martin Luther King holiday, but despite Democrat control of the House, Senate, and White House, their proposals were repeatedly rejected by racist Democrats. Not until Ronald Reagan and the Republican Senate of the 1980s was the holiday adopted.
Carter was re-nominated in 1980. In a spirit of unity Willie Nelson, who later hit the top of the Billboard charts with a song celebrating public lynchings, sang the national anthem at the Democratic National Convention. Instrumental in the election of Republican Ronald Reagan, were many who felt abandoned by the Democrats embrace of socialism.
|"I shall never fight in the armed forces with a Negro by my side. … Rather I should die a thousand times, and see Old Glory trampled in the dirt never to rise again, than to see this beloved land of ours become degraded by race mongrels, a throwback to the blackest specimen from the wilds."|
Every year for twelve years, Presidents Ronald Reagan and George H.W. Bush, who both always had at least one house of Congress controlled by Democrats, asked in their State of the Union addresses for Congress to create Enterprise Zones - special tax breaks for start-ups and businesses to relocate to blighted areas, predominantly black, inner-city urban areas - to create jobs and deliver services. Democrats didn't want Republicans to be seen as helping blacks. However, in President Clinton's first 100 days, with a Democrat House and Senate, Democrats finally delivered Enterprise Zones after making African Americans wait 12 years to finally participate in the prosperity begun in the 1980s.
In 1992 for the first time in nearly half a century the party platform made no mention of redressing racial injustice. Through triangulation and a policy of 'get tuff on crime', the Clinton's sought to repudiate and distance themselves from the Democratic party's commitment to the struggles of African-Americans. Democrats formulated a crime bill purportedly to 'put 100,000 new cops on the street'. Hillary became one of the chief spokespersons referring to black teens as dogs.
|“||They are not just gangs of kids anymore. They are often the kinds of kids that are called ‘super-predators.’ No conscience, no empathy. We can talk about why they ended up that way but first we have to bring them to heel.||”|
Voting rights violations
In Arkansas, the Clinton administration was sued several times by blacks and Hispanics for violations of the 1965 Voting Rights Act and lost every case. 10 years into their grip on Arkansas the United States Supreme Court ruled
violations of the fourteenth or fifteenth amendment justifying equitable relief have occurred in Arkansas.
In May 1990, the district court turned to those claims, holding that "the State of Arkansas has committed a number of constitutional violations of the voting rights of black citizens." In particular, the court determined that the "State has systematically and deliberately enacted new majority-vote requirements for municipal offices, in an effort to frustrate black political success in elections traditionally requiring only a plurality to win." In 1990 ... Devotion to majority rule for local offices lay dormant as long as the plurality system produced white office-holders. But whenever black candidates used this system successfully -- and victory by a plurality has been virtually their only chance of success in at-large elections in majority-white cities – the response was swift and certain. Laws were passed in an attempt to close off this avenue of black political victory ...This series of laws represents a systematic and deliberate attempt to reduce black political opportunity. Such an attempt is plainly unconstitutional. It replaces a system in which blacks could and did succeed, with one in which they almost certainly cannot. The inference of racial motivation is inescapable.
In more than one thousand legislative elections, the Arkansas delta region sent not one black to the legislature. In 1988 the federal district court forced a change to the system in Crittenden County that watered down the presence of a large number of black voters.
The case began when blacks in Crittenden County filed a voting rights lawsuit attacking the county's at-large system for electing two members to the Arkansas House. The suit contended that the system deprived black voters of a chance to elect a black to the state assembly.
The evidence at trial was indeed overwhelming that the Voting Rights Act had been violated. Plaintiffs offered plenty of proof of monolithic voting along racial lines, intimidation of black voters and candidates, other official acts that made voting harder for blacks. A panel of 3 judges ordered Clinton, the Attorney General, and Secretary of State to redraw the boundaries to give maximum strength to black voters.
Local press reports in Arkansas from the late 1980s paint an ugly picture of the Clinton administration's attempts to intimidate black voters. In her 1998 memoir Lift Every Voice, former U.S Justice Department Civil Rights Division nominee Lani Guinier revealed that Clinton's record on race in Arkansas was so bad she was forced to take legal action. "As a staff lawyer for the NAACP Legal Defense and Education Fund [LDF], I had sued Gov. Clinton over Arkansas's deputy voter registration statute." A deputy voter registrar is someone authorized to register voters.
Guinier wrote, "In the late 1980s, in a particularly tense meeting in southeastern Arkansas — a section of the Mississippi Delta region where antebellum social relations are still in many respects the order of the day," Dayna Cunningham, a civil rights lawyer, "were one of a handful of black people there to discuss remedies for a highly contentious LDF voting rights suit. The meeting turned sour when one of the local whites demanded to know why, in his view, the whites were always made to pay for others' problems. Other whites in the group began to echo his charge ... Bill Clinton, the lead defendant in the case, took to the podium to respond. In a tone of resignation, Clinton said, 'We have to pay because we lost,'" the inference being the loss of the Civil War as well as the Clintons loss in the Supreme Court.
"Clinton had irresponsibly pandered to the backwards feeling of the white constituency," said Cunningham.
No good deed goes unpunished of course, so Guinier was not without her own problems for having unfortunately crossed paths with the Clintons, beginning at Yale. Three years after the ruckus in Arkansas President Clinton nominated her as Deputy Attorney General for Civil Rights. But the Clinton surrogates were lying in wait for her. A media smear campaign not only distorted her views, but in many cases presented them as the exact opposite. The New York Times, which ordinarily presents the Clintons as the wonders of an age, ran an op-ed highly critical of Clinton's appointment, alleging Guinier was in favor of "segregating black voters in black-majority districts." The Washington Post, again no friend of conservatives, twisted Guiniers advocacy of proportional representation into a vision of "a society in which a minority can impose its will on the majority."
Fairness and Accuracy in Reporting says of the ambush and firestorm that surrounded Guinier's nomination:
there was also an ideological agenda at work: promoting Clinton's media-celebrated shift "back to the center." ... To make her a proper sacrificial offering, however, the establishment media had to reinvent Guinier — transforming a sophisticated advocate of racial reconciliation and participatory democracy into a sinister, race-baiting enemy of the American Way.
The Democrats held both Houses of Congress and the presidency. Guinier's nomination, if the Clintons were serious about it should have been easy. She had been Hillary snd Bill's classmate at Yale. It was classic Clintonism: destroying the life of a friend and who was an advocate of racial reconciliation, painting the American people as racist, and promoting themselves. George Will, it has been said, was too stupid and too lazy to actually read her writtings. As Mike Klonsky noted, when the liberal lions of the Democratically controlled Senate, such as Ted Kennedy and even Carole Moseley Braun stepped away, now the Clintons could turn a message of reconciliation into repudiation in front of the whole nation.
What's a little misunderstanding among friends? Guinier said she felt betrayed by Clinton, whom she considered a friend since their days together at Yale Law School, and was angered when he called her "anti-democratic," — the person who protected voting rights of African-Americans despite Clinton's fight against it — in a nationally televised address announcing he was scuttling her nomination.
In 1988 the U.S. Supreme Court ruled Clinton wrongfully tried to overturn the election of a black state representative, Mr. Ben McGee, and replace him with a white Democrat Clinton handpicked. The case grew out of the suit against Clinton to win voting rights for the people of Crittenden County.
As the South became less racist, it became more Republican
In the century after the Republicans efforts for Black equality and the end of Reconstruction in 1877, the white South identified with the Democratic Party. The Democrats' lock on power was so strong, the region was called the Solid South. The Republicans only controlled parts of the Appalachian mountains, but they sometimes did compete for statewide office in the border states. Before Lyndon Johnson's War on Poverty - an effort to extend big government social spending on Blacks which the New Deal failed to do - the southern Democrats saw their party as the defender of the southern way of life, which included a respect for states' rights and an appreciation for traditional southern "values" (including segregation of blacks). They repeatedly warned against the aggressive designs of Republicans and Northern liberals, as well as civil rights activists whom they denounced as "outside agitators."
However, between 1928 and 2004, the Democratic Party's lock on the South was broken. The long-term cause had to do with the South becoming more like the rest of the nation. It could no longer stand apart in terms of racial segregation. Modernization had brought factories, national businesses, and larger, more cosmopolitan cities to the South, as well as millions of migrants from the North and more opportunities for higher education. Meanwhile, the cotton and tobacco economy of the traditional rural South faded away, as former farmers commuted to factory jobs. As the South became less racist, it became more Republican.
Integration and the civil rights movement caused enormous controversy in the white South, with many attacking it as a violation of states' rights. When segregation was outlawed by Republican-appointed Supreme Court justices and by the bi-partisan Civil Rights acts of 1964 and 1965, a die-hard element of Democrats resisted integration, led by Democrats Orval Faubus of Arkansas, Lester Maddox of Georgia, Al Gore, Sr. of Tennessee, J. William Fulbright of Arkansas and George Wallace of Alabama. These racists appealed to a less-educated, blue-collar electorate that on economic grounds favored New Deal white privilege and opposed desegregation. After 1965 most Southerners accepted integration, with the exception of public schools in an effort led by Sen. Joseph Biden. Just as the Republican, Martin Luther King had promised, integration had brought about a new day in Southern politics, freeing both blacks and whites from old hatreds and fears.
In recent decades no state has exhibited the phenomena of the South becoming less racist and more Republican than Arkansas since the Clintons left in 1993.
The Clintons called Jesse Jackson that "Goddamn n****r" behind his back. Jackson refused to release his delegates in 1984 to Gary Hart, Clinton's old boss from the McGovern campaign of 1972. Jackson, the first African-American to win states in a major party primary, questioned the disparity between his vote total and delegate count, but even Hart sided with the DNC's rigging the primary rules. In 1988 Jackson selected Ron Brown as his chief negotiator at the 1988 Democratic National Convention. Brown went on to serve as DNC Chairman and Commerce Secretary until he died in a plane crash.
The night Bill Clinton lost his bid for a Congressional seat in 1974 and disappointing their immediate personel ambitions, Hillary Clinton blamed the loss on campaign manager Paul Fray. "She called me everything but a white man," Fray explained to the BBC. Tensions escalated. Then she called him a "F***ing Jew bastard." At least five separate witnesses corroborate each other in detail. The incident was first reported in a book published by Harper Collins in 2000 entitled, State of a Union: Inside the Complex Marriage of Bill and Hillary Clinton.
The Clintons instituted racial profiling of Latinos as drug dealers in 1988. Specifically, the troopers were authorized to stop and search cars driven by Hispanics, especially those with Texas license plates. Again, the Clinton's Criminal Apprehension Program was challenged in federal court and ruled unconstitutional. But the program went on anyway with further destruction of civil liberties when the Clinton's authorized state troopers to stop and search any car regardless of race.
Roberto Garcia de Posada, executive director of the Hispanic Business Roundtable, cited the fact that Clinton was "a strong supporter of racial profiling against Hispanics," and thst they do not have "the moral authority to lead a national campaign on this issue." The Clintons need to "apologize to all those Hispanics who suffered this 'morally indefensible' practice".
Confederate Flag Day
The Arkansas Legislature's Act 116 of 1987 designated the star above the word "Arkansas" on the state flag as a commemoration of the Confederacy, signed into law by Gov. Clinton, as well as annual proclamations for Confederate Flag Day. In April 1985 Gov. Clinton signed Act 985 into law, making the birthdates of Martin Luther King Jr. and Robert E. Lee, General of the Confederate army, state holidays on the same day. The coded message sent to white constituents could not have be clearer.
Robert 'Say' MacIntosh is a civil rights activist who the Arkansas Democrat newspaper named Arkansan of the Year in the late 1970s for his charitable work with children in Little Rock's housing projects. MacIntosh unsuccessfully ran for public office under Arkansas's racial gerrymandering and minority voter suppression laws of the Clinton era, including as Lieutenant Governor in 1980. He considered challenging Bill Clinton in the 1986 Democratic gubernatorial primary, but backed out when another African-American candidate, former anti-poverty agency head W. Dean Goldsby, filed on the last day.
A tree was ceremoniously planted on the Arkansas capitol grounds in the Clinton years on Martin Luther King, Jr. Day to honor Dr. King. McIntosh showed up the next day and chopped it down in front of the press, and commented, "No black man was invited to be present for the tree planting. I'm cutting it down till blacks are invited to be part of the political process in Little Rock." Wikipedia says "few debate that he has been a major part of local color in Arkansas."
MacIntosh publicized allegations Bill Clinton fathered an out-of-wedlock child named Danney Williams. When Bill Clinton was in Little Rock, McIntosh would distribute leaflets within a five block area to raise money for the child's upbringing. He had frequent face-to-face confrontations with Gov. Clinton over child support. Clinton privately referred to MacIntosh with aides using the "n" word. The story resurfaced during the 2008 primaries, only this time the denials weren't so strong and adopted a more forgiving attitude. Many blacks and Obama supporters were put off by the mainstream media spin and questioned the untimely death of Ron Brown. Even the Washington Post noticed the racial undercurrent in Hillary Clinton's campaign.
Democratic Leadership Council
- See also: Democratic Leadership Council
The Democratic Leadership Council (DLC) was a racist organization formed by remnants of the McGovern and Hart campaigns — less the Rainbow Coalition. By 1992 it had taken over the DNC. Democratic strategists sought to distance themselves from the civil rights movement and begin pushing the "centrist" candidacy of Bill Clinton.
That fact that 30-year-old allegations of sexual assault and improprieties are hurled at Bill Cosby with a devastating effect on his life and career while Bill Clinton is held up as a paragon of manhood and public service by the media and judicial system is a testament of the bigotry and racism of the mainstream media and their supporters. Rumors persist that the Clintons have effectively blackmailed Barack Obama to drop the email investigation and for his active support in the 2016 presidential campaign.
Ricky Ray Rector
On the eve of the New Hampshire primary in 1992, Bill Clinton took off from the campaign trail to sign the death warrant and oversee the execution of a retarded black man, Ricky Ray Rector. Recktor, who had been lobotomized, was mentally incompetent and unable to understand the charges against him.  "It was like executing a child," the prison chaplain said. Hillary, the master strategist of the Clinton's rise, fearing the Willie Horton syndrome which torpedoed Michael Dukakis in 1988 and the 'monkey business' which destroyed Gary Hart as well, still defended the execution in 2016.
Hillary was at his side when Bill Clinton raised mandatory sentencing guidelines which disproportionately sent Blacks to prison, giving the United States the highest mass incarceration rate in the world. The Clinton's championed the “three strikes you're out” law, passed a crime bill that created dozens of new federal capital crimes, mandated life sentences for some three-time offenders, and authorized more than $16 billion for more state prisons. By the time the Clinton's left office in 2001, the United States had the highest rate of incarceration in the world. Human Rights Watch reported that in seven states, African Americans constituted 80 to 90 percent of all drug offenders even though they were no more likely than whites to use or sell illegal drugs. Prison admissions for drug offenses reached a level in 2000 for African Americans more than 26 times the level they had been under Ronald Reagan.
In late 2015, while several American cities smoldered in riots over police shootings, Hillary Clinton had several prison industry lobbyists working as fundraisers on her campaign. The fundraiser-lobbyists worked for the Corrections Corporation of America and Geo Group, which also run most of the immigrant detention centers.
Biden's racist smear campaign of Clarence Thomas
In 1991, Republican President George H.W. Bush appointed an African American, Clarence Thomas, to the Supreme Court to replace the retiring Justice Thurgood Marshall. Racist Democrats were outraged that a conservative Black, who refused to pledge to uphold Roe v. Wade which legalized the murder of millions of unborn Blacks, would become a role model for Black youth. Anita Hill, a lesbian staffer who worked for Thomas was pushed forward, against her will, to testify publicly about unverified comments she made to FBI background investigators alleging sexual harassment in the work place, essentially jokes circulating among office employees. Hill's name was illegally leaked by Senate Democrat staffers and Chairman Joseph Biden then subpoenaed Hill, compelling her to testify in public under oath in an effort to derail the nomination and permanently scar Thomas. In an unprecedented step, Biden delayed the final vote and held extended public hearings.
Hill worked for Thomas at the Dept. of Education, and when Thomas left the Dept. of Education to work at the EEOC, Thomas invited her to come along and she followed. Hill never reported the alleged sexual harassment.
After nationally televised hearings consisting largely of a discussion of African American body parts, Thomas was confirmed by the U.S. Senate with a majority of Americans in public opinion polls believing Thomas over Hill. A fringe minority of partisan gay rights activists, feminists, liberals, and mainstream media journalist are said to have believed Hill.
Under the Biden junta, the totalitarian corporate fascist company Amazon.com, which is notorious for collusion with the Democrat party, removed a documentary about the life of Justice Clarence Thomas from its streaming service during Black History Month.
"Many fine people"
During the 1993 Senate confirmation hearing for Supreme Court nominee Ruth Bader Ginsburg, Chairman Biden of the Senate Judiciary Committee made a commented about the United Daughters of the Confederacy (UDC), an organization committed to preserving Confederate statues with ties to the Ku Klux Klan.
Biden began his remarks by referring to a speech made on the Senate floor by Sen. Howell Heflin (D-Ala.), who was speaking in support of efforts by Sen. Carol Moseley Braun (D-Ill.) to deny renewal of a Confederate flag design patent to the UDC.
|“I, too, heard that speech and, for the public listening to this, the senator made a very moving and eloquent speech. As a son of the Confederacy, acknowledging that it was time to change and yield to a position that Sen. Carol Moseley-Braun raised on the Senate floor, not granting a federal charter to an organization made up of many fine people who continue to display the Confederate flag as a symbol."|
The New Jim Crow
In the 1990s the Democratic Party revived itself, in part by distancing itself from Jesse Jackson and the Rainbow Coalition.  Jackson was the first African-American to win a major party primary in 1988. Blacks were getting a little too uppity in the eyes of the Clintons and Democratic party leadership. Clinton defeated the incumbent George H. W. Bush in 1992, was the beneficiary of reduced defense spending with the end of the Cold War and a balanced federal budget. Clinton proposed welfare reform (cutting benefits and requiring many recipients to take jobs). Labor unions, which had been steadily losing membership due to globalization since the 1960s, found they had also lost political clout inside the Democratic Party: Clinton enacted the NAFTA free trade agreement with Canada and Mexico accelerating globalization and job loss over the strong objection of these labor unions.
Under the Clintons and the 1994 Biden Crime Bill, more than 250,000 African Americans were imprisoned in the United States than under President Reagan, Both Hillary Clinton and Joseph Biden took credit for mass incarceration. Cumulatively since the Clinton's passed the Biden Crime Bill, 2.5 million adult black males—more than 10% of the population—were incarcerated, splitting up black families. Barack Obama, Louis Farrakhan and Al Sharpton led the Million Man March on Washington to protest.In a eulogy loaded with racist dog whistles, here's what Bill Clinton said at the grave of his mentor, Sen. J. William Fulbright:
|"We come to celebrate and give thanks for the remarkable life of J. William Fulbright, a life that changed our country and our world forever and for the better. . . . In the work he did, the words he spoke and the life he lived, Bill Fulbright stood against the 20th century’s most destructive forces and fought to advance its brightest hopes.|
|"cadre of young people, tens of thousands of them, born out of wedlock, without parents, without supervision, without any structure, without any conscience developing because they literally ... because they literally have not been socialized, they literally have not had an opportunity."|
|"It doesn't matter whether or not the person that is accosting your son or daughter or my son or daughter, my wife, your husband, my mother, your parents, it doesn't matter whether or not they were deprived as a youth. It doesn't matter whether or not they had no background that enabled them to become socialized into the fabric of society. It doesn't matter whether or not they're the victims of society. The end result is they're about to knock my mother on the head with a lead pipe, shoot my sister, beat up my wife, take on my sons."|
Biden said, that he didn't care "why someone is a malefactor in society" and that criminals needed to be "away from my mother, your husband, our families." Biden added "we should focus on them now" because "if we don't, they will, or a portion of them, will become the predators 15 years from now."
Biden Crime Bill of 1994
In the wake of the Central Park jogger attack, Joseph Biden boasts as one of his greatest legislative achievements passage of the 1994 Crime bill which locked up 10% of the Black adult male population of the United States.When President George H.W. Bush asked for a record increase in funding to fight the War on Drugs, Biden told a TV interviewer
"In a nutshell, the President's plan does not include enough police officers to catch the violent thugs, enough prosecutors to convict them, enough judges to sentence them or enough prison cells to put them away for a long time."
Biden, Ted Kennedy, and Strom Thurmond worked on proposals that raised maximum penalties, removed a directive requiring the US Sentencing Commission to take into account prison capacity, and created the cabinet-level “drug czar” position. In 1984, they passed the Comprehensive Crime Control Act, which, among other things, abolished parole, imposed a less generous cap on “good time” sentence reductions, and allowed the Sentencing Commission to issue more punitive guidelines.
Biden bragged on the Senate floor that it was under his and Thurmond's leadership that Congress passed a law sending anyone caught with a rock of cocaine the size of a quarter to jail for a minimum of five years - the notoriously racist hundred-to-one sentencing disparity between crack and powder cocaine. In the same speech Biden took credit for civil asset forfeiture and seizure laws, and demanded to know why Papa Bush hadn't sentenced more drug dealers to life in prison or exercise the death penalty once Congress had given him that power.
Biden's version of a new crime bill added more than forty crimes that would be eligible for the death penalty. Biden boasted “we do everything but hang people for jaywalking.” The NAACP and other groups lobbied against the bill. Although the 1991 crime bill was defeated by Republicans, the 1994 Biden/Clinton crime bill was passed.
By 2001, the United States had the highest rate of incarceration in the world. Human Rights Watch reported that in seven states, African Americans constituted 80 to 90 percent of all drug offenders even though they were no more likely than whites to use or sell illegal drugs. Prison admissions for drug offenses reached a level in 2000 for African Americans more than 26 times the level they had been under Ronald Reagan. Biden's "social planning" had proven effective.The Leftist Jacobin magazine summed up Biden's record:
"It’s not as if Biden didn’t know what he was doing.... He just didn’t care. Biden had made a calculated decision that the elections he would win were worth the damage he inflicted....But even if Biden has subsequently learned the error of his ways, the rank cynicism and callousness involved in his two-decade-long championing of carceral policies should be more than enough to give anyone pause about his qualities as a leader, let alone a progressive one."
Obamunism: Gay activists hijack the civil rights movement
- See also: Democrat Race Card: July 2011
Race relations largely deteriorated under Obama. Many Blacks felt he had neglected and abandoned them as he basked in his elite status among White liberals and gave tacit support and approval to radical fringe elements who rioted and burnt down Black communities. Obama wanted to take away their Second Amendment rights, leaving Blacks at the mercy of criminals.
In the 2008 presidential primaries, the Clinton's were back at it: fostering racial fear and paranoia, which by now seemed to be the regular program of the Democratic Leadership Council. They tried to marginalize Obama as the black candidate with comparisons to Jesse Jackson emphasizing Hillary's 'wide appeal': "Sen. Obama's support among working, hard-working Americans, white Americans, is weakening again", Hillary told USA Today. She mocked and ridiculed Obama's fitness to lead on his no first strike nuclear pledge saying, "I don't believe that any president should make any blanket statements with respect to the use or nonuse of nuclear weapons," whereas two months earlier she promised to nuke Iran. She stayed in the race even after it became apparent she lost, according to her, only because Obama might be assassinated.
Hillary Clinton's 2008 campaign team began spreading Islamophobic rumors that Obama was a Muslim schooled in a madrassa as a child in Indonesia. Clinton advisor Sidney Blumenthal, working through his son, Max Blumenthal, was the origin of the rumors that Barack Hussein Obama was a Muslim in order to stir up fear among the electorate which was intended to discredit Obama and work to Hillary's benefit. It began with People United Means Action (PUMA), a group of Hillary Clinton supporters who not only opposed Barack Obama's nomination, but then went on to oppose his Presidency. PUMA members pointed to charges that the media directed sexism and misogyny at Clinton during the primary campaign and expressed anger at Democratic Party leaders' failure to speak out against that or otherwise respond appropriately.
As heir to the New Deal tradition and key to the New England donor base, Sen. Ted Kennedy's blessing on the candidate for the 2008 Democratic presidential nomination was vital. The Clinton's also were seeking bona fides among liberals and the civil rights movement. Clinton said of Obama, "that boy would have been carrying our bags and getting us coffee a few years ago". Kennedy was offended by Clinton's racism and refused to give Hillary the endorsement.
A Black Lives Matter activist confront Hillary Clinton in 2016 about the Clinton's history of racism. In January 2016 Salon published an article on the dirty little secret among the liberal intelligentsia no one wants to talk about: the Clinton's rise and success has been based on stoking racial fears. Stan Greenberg conducted the focus groups that dictated the Clinton's daily buzzwords and talking points to provide the fodder and fuel the Clinton's lived and died on. Greenberg's work produced results claiming the Democratic party was too identified with Jesse Jackson and minorities to speak for 'average Americans' and it needed to appeal to white working class swing voters.
Democrat racism, intolerance and bigotry
- See also: Blexit
The Democrat Party has normalized and become the home of modern anti-Semitism in America. After making statements critical of the Obama and Trump administration's handling of migrants, Rep. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez was condemned by the United States Holocaust Museum for mocking the deaths of Nazi holocaust victims.
Ettie Kryksman writing in the Times of Israel noted:
|"there is scant protest coming from within the Democratic Party of Democratic Officials and activists, who see no shame in hobnobbing with avowed antisemites. The Democratic Party that condones this behavior either vocally or tacitly in their silence, is no longer a welcoming place for Jews.|
Where are the voices of the Leftist Jews condemning the antisemitism that has hijacked the Democratic Party? Are Jewish Democrats willing to tolerate and excuse the rise of antisemitism in their party? Has Judaism for them become so politicized that it has been replaced by Liberalism?
The distinction between the two is lost when Jews ignore the antisemitism that has invaded the Democratic Party's leadership. The widespread antisemitism in the Democratic Party, has manifested itself... [Linda] Sarsour was later championed by Democratic Senator Kirsten Gillibrand who thought Sarsour was a wonderful role model for all women.
Democratic rallies shout anti-Israel slogans against the "apartheid state of Israel." Pro Israel speakers are shouted down at college campuses by progressive leftists, who refuse to allow them to speak. Events are canceled as event organizers yield to bullying.
|Making mendacious, dehumanizing, demonizing, or stereotypical allegations about Jews as such or the power of Jews as collective — such as, especially but not exclusively, the myth about a world Jewish conspiracy or of Jews controlling the media, economy, government or other societal institutions.|
DNC Vice Chair Keith Ellison met with the antisemitic UK Labour party leader Jeremy Corbyn. The Democratic-controlled House of Representatives, under Speaker Nancy Pelosi, refused to pass a resolution rebuking Rep. Ilhan Omar for a persistent pattern of anti-Semitic statements. Omar received support from Ku Klux Klan Grand Wizard and former Democrat presidential candidate David Duke. The Southern Poverty Law Center ignored the anti-Semitic hate speech by Democrat members of Congress. Imam Omar Suleiman, who has called for the destruction of the State of Israel, was invited to deliver the noon prayer in the House of Representatives. The imam had been invited by Rep. Eddie Bernice Johnson of Texas. (D–TX). Valerie Plame announced her candidacy for the House. Plame promoted anti-Semitic materials on Twitter, a scandal that forced her resignation from the Ploughshares Fund.
Georgia Democrat house minority leader Erica Thomas claimed a white man told her to "Go back where you came from" while standing in a supermarket express lane. The man, a Cuban American, loyal Democrat straight party line voter who hates Trump, supports the Squad, and once Tweeted that Trump should go back to Germany, denied the accusation. Thomas later recanted her claim. A store clerk employee then came forward alleging Thomas herself told the Cuban to go back to where he came from.
Some Democrat politicians elected to Congress in 2018 were vocal in ridiculing Christians. A man was arrested for burning several historically Black churches in Louisiana. The suspect was heavily involved in anti-Christian music, satanism and paganism. In a Colorado high school shooting, a gender-confused registered Democrat and Barack Obama fan killed one person and injured nine others in deranged rampage. A Democrat charged with pedophilia won a primary vote against an incumbent who supported Virginia's racist Democrat Governor Ralph Northam. The national Democratic Governors Association (DGA) contributed over $6 million to Northam's campaign and praised him after near universal calls for his resignation. Travis County Texas Municipal Judge Sarah Eckhard mocked a disabled person in a wheelchair at a leftist gathering in the capital city of Austin; Texas Gov.Greg Abbott was paralyzed when a tree fell on him, and pretending to be an environmentalist, Judge Eckard joked "Abbott hates trees cause one fell on him." In Pennsylvania, a Democrat state representative streamed on social media his harassment of a woman senior citizen praying outside an abortion clinic.
In Kentucky, voters overwhelmingly rejected the Democrats' racist agenda, electing the state's first black Attorney General and first Republican in 70 years, Daniel Cameron. Four years earlier, Kentucky voters elected conservative Republican Jenean Hampton as the state's first black statewide elected official, and the Republican governor they elected, Matt Bevin, had adopted four children from Ethiopia.
- See also: Left-wing Anti-Semitism
Rep. Rashida Tlaib supports the BDS movement. Tlaib made a bigoted tweet accusing Jewish-Americans of having divided loyalties, an attack frequently made by anti-Semites. She wrote at least one op-ed on Louis Farrakhan's website. Tlaib did a selfie with a Hezbollah-praising activist to also denied Israel's right to exist. New York Magazine named her one of 10 activists who may become the future of the Democratic Party as the "new Obama." Tlaib was sworn in surrounded by a group that included Sarsour and Nihad Awad as her special guests.
Rep. Ilhan Omar is known for her anti-Semitism, insensitivity and mocking remarks about Christians, and homophobic comments directed against colleagues. Omar tweeted "Israel has hypnotized the world, may Allah awaken the people and help them see the evil doings of Israel." Omar supports BDS. Omar claims congressional support for Israel is "All about the Benjamins baby," a reference to the Ben Franklin $100 bill, implying members of Congress are paid off by AIPAC. Despite this, Democrats gave her a seat on the House Foreign Affairs Committee.
The fourth-ranking Democrat in the House, Rep. Hakeem Jeffries, defended Tlaib and Omar as "thoughtful colleagues." Tlaib is a member of a Facebook group that posts anti-Semitic videos and memes. The Daily Caller reported that a key fundraiser for Tlaib posted a Holocaust denial video.
Anti-Semitism and the Women's March
Democrat Party leaders have been accused of enabling anti-Semitism. Women's March co-founders Linda Sarsour has been criticized for her outspoken support of anti-Semitic demagogue Louis Farrakhan.
Two directors of the U.S.-based Jewish NGO the Anti-Defamation League, along with the president of the Zionist Organization of America, have criticized Sarsour's stance on Israel. Jonathan Greenblatt, the ADL's director, has said that Sarsour's support of BDS "encourages and spreads anti-Semitism". Sarsour has refused to condemn Farrakhan's extremely anti-Semitic rhetoric. Sarsour has called for adherents of Islam to carry out jihad against President Trump and has praised Imam Siraj Wahhaj, named in court documents as an alleged “co-conspirator” in the 1993 World Trade Center bombing. Awad is co-founder and Executive Director of the Council on American Islamic Relations (CAIR) which has direct ties to Hamas.
Elizabeth Warren made Max Berger her campaign's director of progressive partnerships. Berger was the co-founder of an anti-Israel group called If Not Now (INN). In July 2014, Berger and other INN activists were arrested after occupying the lobby of the Conference of Presidents of Major American Jewish Organizations. Berger was protesting Israel's efforts to stop rocket attacks. Berger tweeted (but later deleted): “What Israel is doing in Gaza should be familiar to Jews. It’s called a pogrom. You’d think Jews would be against those.”
In April 2014 Berger tweeted: “I dare anyone to visit Hebron and tell me what’s happening there doesn’t look an awful lot like apartheid.” The accusation that Israel is an apartheid state is a classic anti-Semitic canard. That smear is the premise of the BDS movement, which Berger supports.
Berger also defended Ilhan Elmi Omar and her anti-Semitic colleague, Rep. Rashida Tlaib. He even wrote a piece in the now bankrupt Think Progress titled “American Jews must stand with Ilhan Omar.” In the column, he defended Omar's attacks on American supporters of Israel with the same anti-Semitic tropes, writing that “American politicians of both parties have been afraid to criticize apartheid in Israel and occupation in Palestine for fear of angering pro-Israel lobbying groups and right-wing Evangelical supporters of Israel.” Berger has also defended Linda Sarsour, tweeting that she “embodies solidarity in a way her Jewish critics do not. #JewsForLinda.”
The Progressive Zionists of California (PZC) have written two letters to Warren's campaign asking that Berger “step down” from his position. “He has positioned himself firmly against even the most progressive Zionism, the liberation movement that helps to ensure a safe and secure homeland for the Jewish people while also standing for Palestinian sovereignty and self-determination,” PZC co-founders Susan George and Paul Kujawsky wrote. “We must stress that Berger is not merely criticizing Israel’s policies he deems unfair or unjust–progressive and liberal Zionists do that regularly—Berger is opposing the very existence of Israel as a Jewish state.”
Libyan slave trade
|Samantha Power ’99, former U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations during the latter part of President Obama’s tenure, was named to a joint appointment at both the Law School and the Kennedy School. The article from Harvard announcing her appointment cites her work in human rights, diplomacy, and international justice as qualifications for the appointment, but a critical examination of her record as ambassador reveals a much more sordid history of promoting American imperialism and enabling the very human rights abuses she sought out to prevent.|
From Libya to Gaza to Yemen, Samantha Power has had an active role in either promoting western intervention within the Administration or defending the violence of the U.S. and its allies. Libya made headlines recently with reports of an active slave trade occurring in the country. This combined with the continued civil war and pervasive presence of the Islamic State has reminded the world of the massive chaos and instability western intervention caused in Libya, and it is impossible not to put at least some blame for the current state of affairs on Samantha Power. According to mainstream media outlets, she is considered one of the key figures that pushed to launch the ultimately disastrous intervention. Throughout her career, Samantha Power has been a proponent of the “responsibility to protect” or “R2P” doctrine, which has broad based principles espousing prevention of genocide and a responsibility to protect human rights, but was used by Power in the case of Libya to promote a bombing campaign and a regime change that left as many as 30,000 dead and a country left to be a battleground for jihadists and local powers.
In early February 2019, it was discovered that Virginia Hov. Ralph Northam included a photo on his yearbook page of two people posing together, one wearing blackface and another dressed as a KKK member, although Northam implausibly denied that he was one of the two after he admitted to being one of them. Northam tried to excuse his conduct by claiming he dressed up for a Michael Jackson contest, although the clothing in the photograph was well out of style in the 1980s.
In response, racist Democrats then tried to prevent Northam's resignation by exploiting sexual assault allegations against the African American Lt. Governor. Then, the Attorney General who would be third in line of succession revealed that he, too, had also appeared in blackface at a college party in the 1980s.
First Lady Pam Northam handed the African-American daughter of a state employee a piece of cotton. According to The Washington Post, Leah Dozier Walker—an employee at Virginia's Department of Education—wrote a letter to lawmakers and Gov. Ralph Northam's office describing Mrs. Northam's behavior during a tour her daughter took at the Governor's mansion. Northam asked Walker's daughter and two other African American students “if they could imagine what it must have been like to pick cotton all day” after passing a cotton sample to them inside a historic kitchen on the property. “I can not for the life of me understand why the first lady would single out the African American pages for this—or—why she would ask them such an insensitive question,” Walker wrote, referring to students who had served as pages during the state Senate.
Mayor Pete and systemic racism
- See also: Black problem
When gay married Democrat 2020 presidential primary hopeful Mayor Pete Buttigieg was confronted by Black Lives Matter protesters over a South Bend, Indiana police shooting, Buttigieg read from a prepared script saying, "I'm not asking for your vote." Buttigieg defended Democrat white supremacist Virginia Gov. Ralph Northam's white privilege to remain in office rather than resign and allow the African American Lieutenant Governor after Northam's particularly vile racist sentiments were exposed. Northam then donated over $85,000 to fellow Democrats who refused to criticize his racism and he was allowed to remain in office. A lawyer for Northam then hosted a fundraiser for Buttigieg in June 2019.
The New York Times reported that one of Buttigieg's first actions as mayor was to fire and demote the city's popular Black police chief. The Obama FBI under its disgraced director James Comey was investigating the city's first Black police chief for allegedly illegal wiretapping. No federal or state charges were ever filed against the chief. Buttigieg told CNN, "This wasn’t about the nuances of the Wiretap Act, this was about whether people could trust their police department.” Upon firing, the former chief sued Buttigieg for racial discrimination and civil rights violations, costing the city in excess of $2 million. When confronted by Black Lives Matter protesters, Buttigieg read from a prepared script saying, "I'm not asking for your vote."
The chief's lawyer does not believe Buttigieg's explanation and told the New York Times that he asked a friend in the U.S. Attorney's office whether Buttigieg's explanation added up. The U.S Attorney's office responded that Buttigieg's explanation "is so contrary to the protocols of U.S. Attorneys’ offices. We never would condition a determination on prosecuting or not prosecuting based on an employment decision." Buttigieg's truth-telling surrounding the events has been called into question.
Buttigieg called for the eradication of racial bias in the South Bend police force, while being accused of a lack of diversity in his administration as well as in his presidential campaign.
Buttigieg rejected calls for the resignation of the racist Democrat governor of Virginia Ralph Northam. Buttigieg justified Gov. Northam remaining in office rather than resign to allow the Black Lieutenant Governor to assume office (Virginia does not allow its Governors to serve more than a single term in office). Northam has since donated over $85,000 to fellow Democrats and remains in office. A lawyer for Northam hosted a fundraiser for Buttigieg in June 2019.
Buttigieg's initiative to address 1,000 vacant and abandoned homes in 1,000 days with aggressive code enforcement disproportionately displaced poor black people. Common Council member Regina Williams-Preston, who is running for mayor in 2019, told several mainstream media outlets "people lost homes," primarily poor blacks, because of the initiative. Buttigieg's focus on downtown development projects did little to help struggling residents in low-income neighborhoods.
Buttigieg has accused Black Christians of homophobia. More than any other ethnic demographic group, Blacks have historically opposed same sex marriage and hijacking of the civil rights movement by the gay pride movement, which for Buttigieg is a main drawing card. When Buttigieg launched his presidential campaign on a Sunday, many African-Americans weren't asked and didn't attend because they were at church.
As a result of a deadly shooting by police officer (Sgt. Ryan O’Neill) of a black man (Eric Logan), Buttigieg faced significant criticism from the black community. Days before the first Democratic presidential debates, prominent South Bend community leaders were demanding his resignation.
Steve Patton, the Chicago city attorney who spearheaded efforts to block the release of video footage showing the 2014 police shooting death of black teenager Laquan McDonald, donated the maximum amount of $5,600 to the Buttigieg campaign and headlined fundraising events. CNN contributor Van Jones commented,
|When you ask a tough question, Why the heck are they putting more black people in jail the minute you walk into office? and he sounds like Scooby Doo - ar ar ar."|
In June 2019, Biden touted his early Senate career in working with segregationists James Eastland and Herman E. Talmadge; he said of Eastland: "I was in a caucus with James O. Eastland. He never called me ‘boy,’ he always called me 'son.'"  Sen. Cory Booker of New Jersey condemned the 2020 Democrat primary frontrunner at the Juneteenth annual commemoration of Republican Abraham Lincoln ending slavery in the United States.
|You don’t joke about calling black men 'boys'...frankly, I’m disappointed that he hasn’t issued an immediate apology for the pain his words are dredging up for many Americans. He should.|
Despite claiming that he didn't agree on most matters with the segregationists, he continued their racism later through his crime bill. Biden, a lifelong racist, doubled down on his remarks following criticism by fellow Democrats. "Well guess what? At least there was some civility. We got things done. We didn't agree on much of anything. We got things done. We got it finished."
Herman Talmadge, the son of notorious white supremacist Eugene Talmadge, ordered public school closings as governor to prevent integration. His legacy is maintained by current Democrat governors who as well forced public schools to close, amidst the CCP pandemic during 2020.
Here's what Bill Clinton said when he eulogized his mentor, an Arkansas senator:
|"We come to celebrate and give thanks for the remarkable life of J. William Fulbright, a life that changed our country and our world forever and for the better. . . . In the work he did, the words he spoke and the life he lived, Bill Fulbright stood against the 20th century’s most destructive forces and fought to advance its brightest hopes.|
El Paso Walmart shooting
Patrick Crausius, a 21 year old registered Democrat killed 20 people and injured 26 at a Walmart in El Paso, Texas. The shooter was a supporter of universal healthcare, universal basic income, racist, environmentalist and zero sum anti-corporate anti-economic growth policies. In a manifesto the shooter wrote,
- "The inconvenient truth is that our leaders, both Democrat AND Republican, have been failing us for decades. They are either complacent or involved in one of the biggest betrayals of the American public in our history. The takeover of the United States government by unchecked corporations."
- "America will have to initiate a basic universal income to prevent widespread poverty and civil unrest as people lose their jobs.."
- "Achieving ambitious social projects like universal healthcare and UBI would become far more likely to succeed if tens of millions of dependents are removed."
- "immigration will make one of the biggest issues of our time, automation, so much worse. Some sources say that in under two decades, half of American jobs will be lost to it."
- "our lifestyle Is destroying the environment of our country. The decimation of the environment is creating a massive burden for future generations. Corporations are heading the destruction of our environment by shamelessly overharvesting resources."
- "Consumer culture is creating thousands of tons of unnecessary plastic waste and electronic waste.... We even use god knows how many trees worth of paper towels just wipe water off our hands. ... The government is unwilling to tackle these issues beyond empty promises since they are owned by corporations. Corporations that also like immigration because more people means a bigger market for their products. ... So the next logical step is to decrease the number of people in America using resources."
- "This will also make the elites that run corporations realize that it’s not in their interest to continue piss off Americans. Corporate America doesn’t need to be destroyed, but just shown that they are on the wrong side of history."
- "the idea of deporting or murdering all non-white Americans is horrific. Many have been here at least as long as the whites, and have done as much to build our country. The best solution to this for now would be to divide America into a confederacy of territories with at least one territory for each race. "
- "I know that the media will probably call me a white supremacist anyway and blame Trump’s rhetoric. The media is infamous for fake news. Their reaction to this attack will likely just confirm that."
Blexit, WalkAway and Jexodus
USA Today reported that President Trump's popularity among African Americans is higher than any Republican president in decades. This is not surprising given that Blacks have suffered most from illegal immigration. Since Democrats established the entitlement dole, Blacks' income and employment have been stepped over by Korean and Vietnamese war refugees and virtually all immigrant groups. Conservative News and Views reported,
|Just as Candace Owens has spearheaded the “Blexit” movement, Bawer writes, inspiring “black Americans to recognize the damage done to them by the Great Society and its aftermath [and to] leave the Democratic plantation, so has Brandon Straka led other gays to see that they’ve been “served a bill of goods by the mainstream media and Democratic Party and is now heading his WalkAway campaign.” But what about the Jews?
Well, whaddaya know? Here comes Elizabeth Pipko, a 23-year-old Jewish figure skater-turned-model who, in an effort to aid a “mass Jewish exodus from the Democratic party,” has popularized the “JEXODUS” movement” initiated by Republican activist Jeff Ballabon.
"Right now," Ms. Pipko said, "as a Jewish person, you cannot support the Democratic Party and support the Jewish people at the same time."
- See also: Biden junta
2020 Democrat presidential nominee former Vice President Joe Biden made a particularly offensive and egregious racist comment toward African American's during a radio interview. Biden's comments were an effort at voter intimidation. Black Entertainment Television (BET) co-founder Bob Johnson called him out saying in part,
|"This proves unequivocally that the Democratic nominee believes that black people owe him their vote without question; even though we as black people know it is exactly the opposite. He should spend the rest of his campaign apologizing to every black person he meets."|
|“When you’re white, you can be Republican, Libertarian, Democrat. You can be anything. But if you’re black, you have to be one thing. Even Joe Biden said, ‘Hey man, if you don’t vote for me, you ain’t black.’”|
Biden won the Democrat presidential nomination when South Carolina Rep. Jim Clyburn endorsed him, and the dominos of the Democrat machine fell into place. In short choreographed order, the remaining white candidates, Amy Klobuchar, Pete Buttigieg, Tom Steyer, Michael Bloomberg and a host of local officials began goosestepping in lockstep. The minority candidates, Kamala Harris, Cory Booker, Julian Castro, and Tulsi Gabbard had been driven out earlier in a rigged process that allowed rich white male billionaires - Steyer and Bloomberg - to buy their way into the process once all the people of color had been forced out. Clyborn admitted he cringed when he heard Biden's racist attack on Black people.The Democrats cynically tried to take advantage of George Floyd's killing, which occurred only days after Biden's racist comments, to repair his relations with Blacks by attacking the alleged systemic racism of police departments. Police groups and unions which Biden courted since the 1990s on behalf of the Democratic party and Clinton administration with the Biden Crime Bill, mass incarceration, and effort to put 100,000 new cops on the street to deal with "Superpredators", responded by withdrawing their support. Jacobin magazine summarized Biden's record:
|"It’s not as if Biden didn’t know what he was doing.... He just didn’t care. Biden had made a calculated decision that the elections he would win were worth the damage he inflicted....even if Biden has subsequently learned the error of his ways, the rank cynicism and callousness involved in his two-decade-long championing of carceral policies should be more than enough to give anyone pause about his qualities as a leader, let alone a progressive one."|
Lee Stranahan observed the organized George Floyd riots were an attempt to win the alienated white Bernie Sanders supporters back to the Democrat plantation.
- See also: Elizabeth Warren
Democrat lawmakers, led by House Speaker Nancy Pelosi and Karen Bass faced overwhelming backlash after wearing Kente cloth during their nearly nine-minute moment of silence in a photo-op staged to show their alleged sympathy for black victims of police brutality. Some fiddled with iPhones while allegedly mourning Floyd. Many users across social media questioned their motives and blasted them for missing the mark.
Author Obianuju Ekeocha posted a video telling Democrats to stop "virtue signalling" by wearing African cloth.
"In your tokenism, you didn't wait to find out that this thing that you're hanging around your neck is not just some African uniform -- it's actually the kente material. The kente belongs to the Ghanaian people, mainly the Ashanti tribe."
Kente reflects the history of the Ashanti people, from the emergence of the various Ashanti kingdoms to the development of the slave trade up to and including contemporary life in Ghana. Slavery was historically a tradition with the Ashanti, slaves typically taken as captives from enemies in warfare. The welfare of their slaves varied from being able to acquire wealth and intermarry with the master's family to being a human sacrifice in funeral ceremonies.
By the early 1800s the Ashanti had become a major exporter of enslaved people. The slave trade was originally focused north with captives going to Mande and Hausa traders who exchanged them for goods from North Africa and indirectly from Europe. By 1800, the trade had shifted to the south as the Ashanti sought to meet the growing demand of the British, Dutch, and French for captives. In exchange, the Ashanti received luxury items and some manufactured goods including most importantly firearms. The consequence of this trade for the Ashanti and their neighbors was horrendous. From 1790 until 1896, the Ashanti were in a perpetual state of war involving expansion or defense of its domain. Most of these wars afforded the opportunity to acquire more slaves for trade.
The modern-day Ashanti claim that slaves were seldom abused, and defend the "humanity" of Ashanti slavery by noting that those slaves were allowed to marry, and that their children were born free. USA Today fact checkers rated the claim as True that Democrats wore the garb of slave traders.
Black Lives Matter
- See also: Black Lives Matter
In the Summer of 2020, Black Lives Matter, a predominantly white progressive organization, committed more than 36 murders and more than $2 billion in damages in the of African Americans. Black Lives Matter rioters tore down the statue of Fredrick Douglass in Rochester, New York. In Boston, Progressive white supremacist rioters defaced the 54th Regiment Memorial to black soldiers in the Civil War as Antifa protests moved through the city. A website dedicated to the memorial, which stands at the top of a hill on the Boston Common, explains:
|The most acclaimed piece of sculpture on Boston Common is the Robert Gould Shaw and Massachusetts 54th Regiment Memorial by Augustus Saint-Gaudens; a memorial to that group of men who were among the first African Americans to fight in the Civil War. The monument portrays Shaw and his men marching down Beacon Street past the State House on May 28, 1863 as they left Boston on their way to South Carolina, Shaw erect on his horse, the men marching alongside.|
The story of the 54th was immortalized in the Hollywood movie Glory, for which Denzel Washington received the Oscar for Best Supporting Actor.
Alleged "centrist" Amy Klobuchar, who at one time ranked high on Democrat presidential nominee Joe Biden's short list of VP choices, was the Minneapolis Hennepin County prosecutor prior to being elected by the longtime communist infiltrated Democrat Farm Labor party senator from Minnesota. Klobuchar handled a case involving the same police officer charged in the death of George Floyd. When exposed for protecting racist cops, Klobuchar blamed the Bill of Rights for not indicting the same cop accused of killing George Floyd in the death of another black man in 2006.
Earlier in 2020 the NAACP and Black Lives Matter called on Klobuchar to withdraw her presidential bid due to her racist prosecution in a 2003 murder case resulting in a life sentence for an innocent black man. As district attorney, Klobutcher built her career prosecuting a vastly disproportionate number of black youths.
With Klobuchar forced out of contention and her appeal to Blacks tainted, the liberal media re-booted Stacey Abrams of Georgia as the top contender for the Number 2 spot. A much touted Biden/Abrams "dream ticket" had already been peddled "out of the gate" even before Biden announced his candidacy in the Spring of 2019. Abrams supposedly is representative the vital Black female vote that Democrats relied upon to win back the House in the 2018 Midterm elections. Abrams has proven herself as a loyal dogface pony soldier shilling for the Democrat plantation, attacking Tara Reade's credibility, with the added bonus of poo-pooing the "Believe All Women" and MeToo movements. Racist Biden's staffers quietly and ironically told journalists behind Abrams back, 'no one takes Stacey seriously'.
Defund the Police
According to a Gallup Poll conducted in June and July 2020, at the height of the white liberal violence in the wake of the death of George Floyd while in police custody, 81% of blacks were satisfied with the amount of policing in their neighborhoods with 20% of those wanting more. More than 80% of African Americans said the police treat them with respect.
Raheem Kassam and Gatewaypundit exposed Black Lives Matter as a money laundering scheme for the Democratic National Committee. On the BLM homepage, which features a “Defund The Police” petition front and center, if a user chooses to donate, they’re rerouted to a site hosted by ActBlue, the DNC's official payment portal. ActBlue claims to be tax exempt organization and all donations to it are tax-deductable. The terms and conditions also link to ActBlue and mention “Campaign Finance Laws”. Joe Biden is a top beneficiary of the ActBlue’s fundraising efforts.
ActBlue contributions comprise 99.64 percent of all funds raised for the “Biden for President” entity and the total is nearly 773 times greater than the group with the second-highest donation sum. As of May 21, 2020, the organization has donated $119,253,857 to the “Biden for President” effort.
Violent crime - particularly shootings and homicides - spiked across major U.S. cities in what one law professor dubbed the "Minneapolis effect." Paul Cassell, a professor at S.J. Quinney College of Law at the University of Utah, explained the phenomenon in a research paper titled "Explaining the Recent Homicide Spikes in U.S. Cities: The 'Minneapolis Effect' and the Decline in Proactive Policing."
|"Recently, major cities across the country have suffered dramatic spikes in homicides. These spikes are remarkably large, suddenly appearing and widespread. At this rate, 2020 will easily be the deadliest year in America for gun-related homicides since at least 1999, while most other major crime categories are trending stable or slightly downward."|
Cities like Chicago, New York City, Philadelphia, Milwaukee and Detroit have seen spikes in homicides, aggravated assault and gun assaults this year, according to a July study by the nonpartisan National Commission on COVID-19 and Criminal Justice (NCCCJ). Cassell said the end result is 710 additional homicides and 2,800 more shootings in the U.S. And the professor attributes “several hundred” of the deaths directly to the war on police.
|“My estimates are that several hundred additional victims were murdered because of a reduction in policing. There are very significant trade-offs that need to be considered here that have truly life-threatening implications if they’re not handled carefully.”|
Presidential debatesKamala Harris of California confronted former Obama VP Joseph Biden over his role in repealing sections of the 1964 Civil Rights Act that restored funding to schools refusing to integrate with Blacks after the 1954 Brown vs. Board of Education desegregation order. The Biden Amendment, originally written by segregationist Democrat Sen. James Eastland, but with Biden's name on it with few modifications, restored federal funding for schools that refused to comply with court ordered desegregation and busing. Harris told MSNBC's Chris Matthews:
|If those segregationists would have had their way, I would not be a member of the United States Senate, and I certainly would not be a serious candidate for President of the United States. ... Barack Obama would not have been in a position to appoint Joe Biden Vice President of the United States. So the consequences of their actions were very real, and on the shoulders of the history of our country of really a very bad, awful, dark, dangerous, and lethal time.|
Biden attempted to clarify some of his positions on segregation and race in the pre-primary Third Debate. By the time he finished he had insinuated that black parents didn't know how to raise their children.
Linsey Davis: Mr. Vice President, I want to talk to you about inequality in schools and race. In a conversation about how to deal with segregation in schools back in 1975, you told a reporter, “I don’t feel responsible for the sins of my father and grandfather. I feel responsible for what the situation is today, for the sins of my own generation, and I’ll be damned if I feel responsible to pay for what happened 300 years ago.” You said that some 40 years ago, but as you stand here tonight, what responsibility do you think that Americans need to take to repair the legacy of slavery in our country?
Joe Biden: Well, they have to deal with the … Look, there is institutional segregation in this country. And from the time I got involved, I started dealing with that. Redlining, banks, making sure that we are in a position where—
Look, we talk about education. I propose that what we take is those very poor schools, the Title 1 schools, triple the amount of money we spend from $15 to $45 billion a year. Give every single teacher a raise to the equal of … A raise of getting out of the $60,000 level.
No. 2, make sure that we bring in to the help with the stud—the teachers deal with the problems that come from home. The problems that come from home, we need… We have one school psychologist for every 1,500 kids in America today. It’s crazy. The teachers are required—I’m married to a teacher. My deceased wife is a teacher. They have every problem coming to them.
Make sure that every single child does, in fact, have three, four, and five-year-olds go to school. School! Not day care, school. We bring social workers into homes of parents to help them deal with how to raise their children. It’s not that they don’t want to help. They don’t know what— They don’t know what quite what to do. Play the radio. Make sure the television—excuse me, make sure you have the record player on at night. The phone—make sure the kids hear words. A kid coming from a very poor school—er, a very poor background will hear 4 million words fewer spoken by the time they get there.
Davis: Thank you, Mr. Vice President.Biden: No, I’m going to go like the rest of them do, twice over, OK? Because here’s the deal. The deal is that we’ve got this a little backwards. And by the way, in Venezuela, we should be allowing people to come here from Venezuela. I know Maduro. I’ve confronted Maduro. No. 2, you talk about the need to do something in Latin America. I’m the guy that came up with $740 million to see to it those three countries, in fact, change their system so people don’t have to chance to leave. You’re all acting like we just discovered this yesterday! Thank you very much.
In a barb reminiscent of Hillary Clinton's maxim, "I’m going to start thanking the woman who cleans the restroom in the building that I work in....I want to start seeing her as a human being," Biden said during the coronavirus lockdown, "the reason I was able to stay sequestered in my home is because… some black woman was able to stack the grocery shelf.”
Central Park Karen
- See also: 2020 Leftwing riots
|"It's not the racist white person who is in the Ku Klux Klan that we have to worry about. It's the white liberal Hillary Clinton supporter walking her dog in Central Park who would tell you right now, you know, people like that, 'I don't see race, race is no big deal to me, I see us all as the same, I give to charities,' but the minute she sees a black man who she does not respect or who she has a slight thought against, she weaponized race like she had been trained by the Aryan nation. A Klansmember could not have been better trained to pick up her phone and tell the police a black man, African-American man, come get him."|
Central Park Karen called police claiming that a black man, who asked her to put her dog on a leash in compliance with city ordinances, threatened her life. The Twitter world exploded and was convulsed with the notion that such incidents can lead to police shootings of black men. The black man wrote in a Facebook post where he posted an edited video:
Central Park this morning: This woman's dog is tearing through the plantings in the Ramble.
ME: Ma'am, dogs in the Ramble have to be on the leash at all times. The sign is right there.
HER: The dog runs are closed. He needs his exercise.
ME: All you have to do is take him to the other side of the drive, outside the Ramble, and you can let him run off leash all you want.
HER: It's too dangerous.
ME: Look, if you're going to do what you want, I'm going to do what I want, but you're not going to like it.
HER: What's that?
ME (to the dog): Come here, puppy!
HER: He won't come to you.
ME: We'll see about that...
I pull out the dog treats I carry for just for such intransigence. I didn't even get a chance to toss any treats to the pooch before Karen scrambled to grab the dog.
HER: DON'T YOU TOUCH MY DOG!!!!!That's when I started video recording with my iPhone, and when her inner Karen fully emerged and took a dark turn...
As Kanye West’s presidential campaign hurried to get on the ballot before deadlines, Democrat lawyer Marc Elias was fighting to disenfranchise voters, specifically targeting voter suppression of Black voters. Elias involvement affirms the belief that Democrats are concerned that having Kanye West on the ballot, especially in swing states, could siphon Black votes away from Democratic nominee Joe Biden. West made ballot status in Arizona, Arkansas, Colorado, Oklahoma, Vermont, Tennessee, Minnesota, Idaho, and Iowa.
Elias, chair of Perkins Coie’s Political Law Group, hired FusionGPS to write bogus information on the 2016 Trump campaign and pass it off to the FBI in an effort rig the outcome and destroy American democracy. Elias now works for Kamala Harris and previously John Kerry. Now Elias is the counsel in a suit to keep Kanye West off the ballot in Virginia. The suit asked for immediate court intervention as deadlines approach for printing and mailing absentee ballots. Elias is the go-to guy when the Biden Putsch becomes operational on Election night.
In Michigan, Democrats flipped all votes for Kanye West to Joseph Biden.
Cpt. David Dorn
Rioters murdered 77-year-old retired Black Police Captain David Dorn, who had been working as a private security guard. The shooting and theft was posted on Facebook Live. Dorn served on the St. Louis police force for 38 years. Dorn’s personality was described as “bigger than life...a fun guy, a happy guy....He wanted them to do the right thing all the time." The Ethical Society of Police, which represents black officers in St. Louis, said in a news release that Dorn was “the type of brother that would’ve given his life to save them if he had to.” Neighborhoods were set on fire.
Two Blacks murdered by BLM protesters in CHOP
- See also: CHOP
Two black men were murdered by their white Antifa comrades, one a 16 year old, and a third 14 year old black youth was shot while protesting for Black Lives Matter in Seattle's Capital Hill Occupation Protest No Go Zone. There was at least 4 shootings and an untold number of sexual assaults during what Seattle's Democrat mayor declared was the "Summer of Love." The protesters were demanding to defund the police. A Socialist Alternative city councilwoman blamed the murders on "capitalism". If the allegation that "capitalism" is responsible the deaths were true, the killings then would likely be a dispute over market territory for illegal drug sales and distribution.
Neither Antifa nor Black Lives Matter had yet to put forward any positive proposals on how to take the profit out of either legal or illegal drug sales. Or proposals on who would enforce legal or illegal distribution of drugs in a gun-free and cop-free city. Or who would protect the lives of teenagers from getting shot by bandits and villains undercutting the prices charged by legally licensed dope vendors. Or who would arrest armed dope dealers who are illegally profiting from drug sales once capitalism and individual profit is abolished.
One thing is certain, these people, at least those who don't OD or get shot, are tomorrows' citizens, voters, taxpayers, and leaders, assuming America survives as a sovereign and independent republic.
Eight year old girl murdered by BLM in Atlanta
BLM sent out an alert broadcast by the socialist mouthpiece National Public Radio that so-called "white supremacists" would use vehicles to run over protesters blocking freeways and public streets. BLM changed its rules of engagement to allow shooting into vehicles of citizens avoiding roadblocks. Innocent citizens in Alamosa, Colorado, in Provo, Utah, and the CHOP zone were shot. An 8-year-old girl was murdered by Black Lives Matter rioters when they shot into a car in Atlanta in the violent aftermath of the Defund police movement, a mass walk-off the job of police in the wake of political persecutions by Democrats, and the death of a drunk driver fleeing from police.
A day later, Black Lives Matter murdered a Black man.
One of junta leader Biden's first official acts was the firing the nation's African American Surgeon General. He then issued racist and xenophobic travel ban orders against people from South Africa. Biden's appointment of white supremacist Los Angeles mayor Eric Garcetti as commissar of housing was met with protests by the Black Lives Matter organization.
Biden told his junta organizing committee,
|“||This country is doomed! It is doomed not just because of African Americans, but because by 2040 this country is going to be minority white European! Hear me! Minority white European!||”|
Babies in cages
The junta renewed the Obama era program of locking migrant children in cages. The New York Times reported the junta was holding 3250 kids in "jail-like facilities" 38% longer than the law allows. Reports indicated that human traffickers were purchasing children for $3200. Drug cartels often recruit or kidnap migrants, hold them for ransom or murder them if their families don't comply with the operatives' demands. Mexican President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador expressed concern over the junta incentivizing human trafficing and organized crime. The restoration of the Obama era Catch and Release program brought about the release of covid infected illegal aliens into American communities.
According to CBS News, children were held in overcrowded conditions, and some were having to sleep on the floor and were going hungry. One immigration lawyer representing the children said there were kids who have only showered once in seven days and weren’t allowed to shower more often. The children were not allowed outdoors and complained of not seeing the sun in days. The Donna complex which is supposed to hold only 250 people held 1,800, or 729% of its pandemic era capacity. The migrants were not able to observe any social distancing because of the massive number of people.
The Washington Post reported “[y]oung people are waiting in cramped, austere holding cells with concrete floors and benches. Lights remain on 24 hours a day, agents say, and there are few places to play.”
- Simon (2006), pp. 117–120
- Simon (2006), pp. 138–139
- Simon (2006), pp. 155–156
- Stampp, 211.
- Hubbs, Guy W. (May 15, 2015). "Searching for Freedom after the Civil War: Klansman, Carpetbagger, Scalawag, and Freedman". University Alabama Press.
- The system remained in place until the McGovern-Fraser Commission, which unseated white big city Democrat bosses at the national convention.
- Danielle Alexander, "Forty Acres and a Mule: The Ruined Hope of Reconstruction", Humanities, January/February 2004, Vol.25/No.1. Her article says 20 freedmen were killed. Template:Webarchive
- Nicholas Lemann, Redemption: The Last Battle of the Civil War, New York, Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 2006, p.76-77. His book says five freedmen were killed.
- Eric Foner, Reconstruction: America's Unfinished Revolution, 1863-1877, New York: Perennial Classics, 2002, p.550
- Mary Ellen Curtin, Black Prisoners and Their World, Alabama, 1865-1900, University Press of Virginia, 2000, p. 55
- Curtin (2000), Black Prisoners, pp. 55-56.
- Curtin (2000), Black Prisoners, p. 56
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- "the Compromise of 1877, which resolved the disputed presidential election of 1876 by awarding the presidency to Republican Rutherford B. Hayes (who had lost the popular vote) in exchange for the removal of federal troops from the South after the Civil War (which benefitted Democrats, who wished to end Reconstruction and return white supremacy to southern state governments)." Gilded Age politics: patronage. khanacademy.org
- See for example James O'Keefe debate with Hairy Hillbilly Hippie for an example of a partisan Democrat who votes against his own economic interests.
- See excerpt from Dinesh D'Souza's, Hillary's America: The Secret History of the Democratic Party, Regnery Publishing, July 18, 2016.
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- Franklin, John Hope "The Birth of a Nation: Propaganda as History" pages 417–434 from The Massachusetts Review Volume 20, No. 3, Autumn 1979 page 430.
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- Said to Senator Richard Russell, Jr. (D-GA) regarding the Civil Rights Act of 1957. As quoted in Lyndon Johnson and the American Dream (1977), by Doris Kearns Goodwin, New York: New American Library, p. 155.
- Said to two governors regarding the Civil Rights Act of 1964, according to then-Air Force One steward Robert MacMillan as quoted in Inside the White House (1996), by Ronald Kessler, New York: Simon and Schuster, p. 33.
- Sen. Theodore Bilbo, whom Byrd swore his Klan oath to, said in 1949 on Meet the Press, "Once a Ku Klux, always a Ku Klux."
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- "Chicago 1969: Assumed to be natural enemies, these groups united in their calls for economic justice." When Black Panthers aligned with Confederate-flag-wielding, working-class whites, Colette Gaiter, The Conversation, January 8, 2017.
- Freedom Ballot in MS ~ Civil Rights Movement Veterans
- The Mississippi Movement & the MFDP ~ Civil Rights Movement Veterans
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- Findings of the Supreme Court of the United States in Clinton vs Jeffers No. 90-394 (1990) on appeal 730 F. Supp. 196, 198-201 (ED Ark. 1989) (three-judge court), aff'd, No. 89-2008 (Jan. 7, 1991).
- DISPARITY BETWEEN JACKSON'S VOTE AND DELEGATE COUNT VEXES PARTY, By DAVID E. ROSENBAUM, New York Times, May 20, 1984.
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- Jan 31, 2016 04:00 AM MDT The Clintons’ sordid race game: No one will say it, but the Clintons’ rise was premised on repudiating black voters, Corey Robin, Salon, Jan. 31, 2016
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- The First Civil Right: How Liberals Built Prison America, Naomi Murakawa.
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- Ryan Grim | The Intercept_, Joe Biden’s Stunningly Racist Answer on the Legacy of Slavery Has Been Overlooked, https://theintercept.com/2019/09/13/joe-biden-democratic-debate-slavery/, September 13, 2019
- America's New Racial Reality: White Minority Status, While Obama raises the bar for racial understanding, the Democratic Leadership Council leverages white voter fear. By Roberto Lovato / New America Media, March 21, 2008
- Muzzling The African-American Agenda With Black Help, Bruce A. Dixon, The Black Commentator. www.blackcommentator.com
- Bill Clinton: Obama Is Just Like Jesse Jackson, Huffington Post, 03/28/2008
- Clinton makes case for wide appeal, By Kathy Kiely and Jill Lawrence, USA TODAY, 5/8/2008
- Bill Clinton and Barack Obama: an alliance long and slow in the making, Gary Younge, Guardian UK.
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- Hillary has cynically turned to the one argument she has left: race, Gary Younge, Guardian UK, 2008.
- America's New Racial Reality: White Minority Status, While Obama raises the bar for racial understanding, the Democratic Leadership Council leverages white voter fear. By Roberto Lovato / New America Media, March 21, 2008.
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- From Crisis to Working Majority, Stan Greenberg, The American Prospect 2, no. 7 (September 1991). Republished 24 May 2005
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- The Nation of Islam, Anti-Defamation League.
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- Starr, Penny (January 7, 2019). Democrat Rashida Tlaib Blasted for Antisemitic Tweet: ‘They Forgot What Country They Represent’. Breitbart News. Retrieved January 7, 2019.
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- Caruso, Justin (February 11, 2019). Report: Rashida Tlaib Wrote Op-Ed for Antisemite Louis Farrakhan’s Website. Breitbart News. Retrieved February 11, 2019.
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- Kirkwood, R. Cort (February 12, 2019). Tlaib Published in Farrakhan Newspaper, Still Has Committee Assignments. The New American. Retrieved February 12, 2019.
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- Brest, Michael (January 14, 2019). Anti-Israel Extremist Says He was At Tlaib's Private Dinner After Swearing In. The Daily Caller. Retrieved January 15, 2019.
- Danan, Deborah (January 15, 2019). Rashida Tlaib Poses with Pro-Hezbollah Activist. Breitbart News. Retrieved January 15, 2019.
- Middle East Eye, Multimedia 'Staying out of the ring is not an option’: Palestinian woman runs for Congress, Ali Harb Friday 23 March 2018
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- Siraj Wahhaj has said, "It is my duty and our duty as Muslims to replace the U.S. Constitution with the Quran." He has also said, "If Allah says 100 strikes, 100 strikes it is. If Allah says cut off their hand, you cut off their hand. If Allah says stone them to death, through the Prophet Muhammad, then you stone them to death, because it’s the obedience of Allah and his messenger—nothing personal." Siraj Wahhaj is also the father of one of two men arrested on August 8, 2018, in New Mexico. The two were training 11 children to carry out school shootings. A 3-year-old boy was killed during an exorcism at the desert compound.
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-  Pete Buttigieg and the Police Department: Race Record Under Scrutiny
- Diversity has fallen in Mayor Pete Buttigieg's administration
- Buttigieg: I'm 'conscious' of lack of diversity at events
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- Bardner, Eric (June 19, 2019). Joe Biden recalls working with segregationist senators: ‘At least there was some civility’. CNN. Retrieved February 22, 2021.
- Boboltz, Sara (June 19, 2019). Biden Fondly Recalls Segregationist Senators From A Time Of More ‘Civility’. Huffington Post. Retrieved February 22, 2021.
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- How a Young Joe Biden Turned Liberals Against Integration, By JASON SOKOL, Politico, August 04, 2015.
- Will Black Voters Still Love Biden When They Remember Who He Was?, By Eric Levitz, Intelligencer, Mar. 12, 2019.
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