|Nickname||The Golden State|
|Governor||Gavin Newsom, D|
|Senator||Dianne Feinstein, D |
|Senator||Kamala Harris, D |
|Ratification of Constitution/or statehood||September 9, 1850 (31st)|
|Motto: Eureka (I have found it)|
California, known as the Golden State, became the 31st state on September 9, 1850. It is located on the west coast of the United States, by the Pacific Ocean and bordered by Oregon, Nevada and Arizona. It is the largest state in population but will be surpassed by the more conservative Texas by 2050. Its governor is Gavin Newsom. It has served as a poster child for liberalism since the 1960s, as in Hollywood values and San Francisco values, especially Los Angeles and San Francisco. California is an illustration of the failure of liberal policies, as the State is virtually insolvent, has one of the worst educational systems in the world, and has lost many high-achievers to other states.
However, the California economy has surpassed the atheistic United Kingdom, which illustrates that an atheistic ideology (which prevails in the UK) is even less productive than a liberal one. Still, liberals ran California into the economic ground. In 2012, its leftist politicians proposed making its citizens pay an extra $9-billion in new taxes, with half of that going into government pensions. In 2015, California faces a worsening water shortage after years of failed liberal policies toward the problem. Attempts at voluntary self-restraint in the use of water have been unsuccessful in its Leftist culture. Additionally, the state has seen a large number of people leave the state, disappointed at the state's liberal governance.
The state Constitution of California, like all of the other 50 states, acknowledges God or our Creator or the Sovereign Ruler of the Universe. It says:
- We, the People of the State of California, grateful to Almighty God for our freedom, in order to secure and perpetuate its blessings, do establish this Constitution.
- 1 History
- 2 Politics
- 3 Economy
- 4 Energy
- 5 Education
- 6 Spectator Sports
- 7 Places of Interest
- 8 Major Cities
- 9 Miscellaneous facts
- 10 See also
- 11 External links
- 12 References
- See also: History of California
California Attorney General Kamala Harris refused to defend Proposition 8 in court. The decision was significant. In 2013, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that proponents of the measure did not have the legal standing to defend Proposition 8 on appeal after Harris and Gov. Jerry Brown had refused to do so. The case was dismissed on technical grounds, removing the ban on same-sex marriage in California.
From 2003-2011 California's governor was liberal Republican Arnold Schwarzenegger. This is the same position that was once held by conservative icon Ronald Reagan in 1966-74. California is considered to be one of the "blue-est" states, consistently voting for Democratic legislative and Presidential candidates since 1992, mixed in with numerous Republican governors. Los Angeles and San Francisco are the centers of liberalism, while San Diego and other cities outside these localities are much more conservative. Prior to 1992, California was consistently a red state.
In the past, conservative areas of California included Orange and Ventura Counties, but Ventura County (Simi Valley) is heavily Democrat now like most of California. The Ronald Reagan Presidential Library is located in Ventura County. Orange County has also become significantly more left-wing because of immigration. The California GOP has become significantly weaker since the 1980s mainly because weak, liberal leadership that ostracized conservatives and tried to turn the party into a "Democrat-lite" party.
Since 2014 California has become more politically segregated, with conservatives mostly choosing to live in rural or suburban areas. Multiple polls, surveys, and news sources have indicated consistently among the largest populated places in California with conservative registered voters are Newport Beach and Yorba Linda, both in Orange County of Southern California.
- See also: Revolutionary Vanguard
The Committees of Correspondence (CoC), also known as the Committees of Correspondence for Democracy and Socialism (CCDS) was formed in 1992 after the collapse of the Soviet Union. Several prominent party Communist Party USA ruderless without the Soviet Union to offer funding and instructions, and disillusioned with the dictatorial rule of CPUSA General Secretary Gus Hall, split off and to form their own group.
The group's first organizational conference was held in Berkeley, California, July 17–19, 1992. Charlene Mitchell, who had been a leader of the California Communist Party, spoke at the conference. Mitchell said "the collapse of socialism in Eastern Europe left the United States in a near unchallenged position of world leadership." She continued,
|“||What began as a moment to take stock and ponder where to go from there has now become a very different entity. People from the Communist Party, from CrossRoads, from the Democratic Socialists of America, from NCIPA [National Committee for Independent Political Action], from Solidarity, from the Socialist Organizing Network and many others, including independent leftists and independent socialists, have come together here in Berkeley.||”|
Criticizing U.S. actions in the First Gulf War, Mitchell stated,
|“||progressive forces were nearly powerless in the face of an onslaught of demagogic, patriotic jingoism and yellow ribbons. This war, fought for no legitimate reason, was the crowning height of President [George H.W.] Bush's New World Order. Previously, the Soviet Union helped to provide a certain balance to rein in the crazies in this country. Now, that balance is no longer there. It is now up to us, the American people, to rein in our own crazies. The left must take a major responsibility in organizing this task.||”|
Former congressional investigator Herbert Romerstein said the CCDS has "a close working relationship with the Stalinist remnants in the former East Germany, now called the Party of Democratic Socialism..." Romerstein points out these were the people who ran the concentration camps and the Communist Party apparatus in East Germany.
Black Liberation Army
In 1970, Marin Count Judge Harold Haley's head was blown off by a sawed-off shotgun in a hostage incident in which members of the Black Panthers attempted to free Davis' lover, Black Panther member George Jackson. Jackson's younger brother took the judge, the prosecutor, and three female jurors as hostages and armed the defendants. Davis had purchased several of the firearms used in the attack, including the shotgun used to kill the judge. Davis was also found to have corresponded with Jackson. California considers "all persons concerned in the commission of a crime, whether they directly commit the act constituting the offense... principals in any crime so committed", and a warrant for her arrest was issued. J. Edgar Hoover listed Davis on the FBI's Ten Most Wanted List; the third woman to ever be listed behind Ma Barker and Bernardine Dohrn. She was apprehended and John Abt, general counsel of the Communist Party USA, represent her. Davis was eventually acquitted of any role in the plotting and execution of the crime.
Jim Jones was the original founder of the "Rainbow Family" in the late 1950s and early 1960s, a term Jones used to refer to his family. Jones moved to San Francisco in 1970 and was deeply involved in the city's progressive politics. Jones's Peoples Temple was instrumental in the election of Mayor George Moscone, serving as campaign workers and busing in unregistered people to vote. Jones was rewarded with post of housing commissioner.
It was Kamala Harris's mentor, Willie Brown, who brought Jones in contact with the California Democratic party. From there, Jones become involved with the DNC. Willie Brown supported same-sex marriage as early as 1977. Jones publicly met with vice president candidate Walter Mondale, and spoke at events with other leading Democrats at the San Francisco headquarters after the election in 1976, among them First Lady Rosalynn Carter and California governor Jerry Brown.
Harvey Milk, the first openly gay politician elected in California with Jones help would say: "My name is etched in stone with you." Milk wrote letters in support of Jones to President Jimmy Carter. Both Milk and Jones were homosexual activists.
People Organized to Win Employment Rights or POWER (Garza) evolved from the now defunct communist group STORM (Standing Together to Organize a Revolutionary Movement). Obama’s former “green jobs czar” and CNN contributor, the self-described “communist” and “rowdy black nationalist” Van Jones, served on STORM’s board. In January 2015, POWER merged with another Liberation Road group, Causa Justa, and Garza left. Garza wrote at about the same time,
"When I use Assata [Shakur]'s powerful demand in my organizing work, I always begin by sharing where it comes from, sharing about Assata’s significance to the Black Liberation Movement, what its political purpose and message is, and why it’s important in our context."
Assata Shakur is the former "queen" of the Black Liberation Army (BLA) terrorist group, who was convicted of the first-degree murder of a New Jersey State Trooper in 1973. She was convicted of murder and seven other felonies. While serving a life sentence, she escaped from the Clinton Correctional Facility for Women in 1979. She was granted political asylum in Cuba in 1984 where she has lived ever since, despite US government efforts to have her extradited. She is on the FBI Most Wanted Terrorists list, under her maiden name Joanne Deborah Chesimard. BLM founders openly admit to being "trained Marxists". Garza is a black separatist and more recently was affiliated with the Marxist Freedom Road Socialist Organization that wants to carve out an independent nation-state in the Bay Area.
Black Lives Matter murder a Black federal officer
Bay Area Democrats rioted in Oakland, California. Nearly 10,000 people took to the streets of the California community, looting stores like Target and Walgreens, and setting fire to a Chase bank. A Black officer from the Department of Homeland Security was murdered and another officer shot.
Oakland Mayor Libby Schaaf ordered a hate crime investigation after Oakland Police identified five ropes they described as “nooses” hanging from trees at Lake Merrit, with the city government apparently believing that the ropes were akin to racial intimidation tactics and allusions to lynchings carried out by groups such as the Ku Klux Klan. The FBI was called in support of the investigation. A black man stepped forward stating that he and some of his friends installed the rope and small nooses merely for use as swings and exercise equipment. The nooses were used to attach a makeshift swing. “It’s unfortunate that a genuine gesture of just wanting to create a good time got misinterpreted," stating that he couldn’t see how anyone would view the small ropes as a hangman’s noose. The Democrat mayor however, refused to accept the word of a Black man and continued to claim the findings are indicative of a hate crime and continued the witchhunt for white supremacists invading Oakland.
- See also: San Francisco values
San Francisco (colloquially known as Scat Francisco), California faces Environmental Protection Agency fines over the environmental damage done by the city in collaboration with its homeless partners.
The last Republican mayor was elected in 1964.
Since 2011, the city's Poop Patrol office has received 118,352 reports of turds in the street, or roughly am average of one every 90 seconds, around the clock, for eight solid years. With a growing population, the numbers can only be expected to increase. The San Francisco Chronicle reported in 2018 on the plight of residents unable to get a response from the city. A frustrated citizen finally called the newspaper after finding a suitcase full of human excrement on the corner of his block. The resident purchased a $750,000 condo for his wife and 2 `1/2 year old child. The paper described the neighborhood as "progressive." With the city already covered in feces, the newly elected Democrat district attorney vowed to not prosecute public urination.
In a city with an estimated homeless population of 8,000, the taxpayers liberally hand out 4.5 million free syringes annually, or roughly one every 16 hours, assuming (a) the needles are used exclusively by the homeless and (b) all 8,000 homeless are intravenous drug users. While homeowners and renters may take advantage of this taxpayer subsidy, there is no means testing. And the city leaders give little thought to the health and safety of children in public parks and elsewhere exposed to the careless disposal of dirty needles which are thrown away at a rate of some 12,000 daily. While the city has banned the use of plastics straws because they are a "threat to the environment." the city continues the distribution of disposal plastic syringes which are a threat to everybody's health and the environment.
Chesa Boudin was elected San Francisco district attorney in 2019. Chesa was elected with money from George Soros, is the child of two cop-killing communists, and is named after a cop killing communist. Chesa, a Democrat, was elected on a platform of not prosecuting criminals and opening the prisons as an important step in furthering the Marxist revolution. Chesa is named after Joanne Chesimard, also known as Assata Shakur of the FBI's 10 Most Wanted list currently living in Cuba. Chesimard was convicted of the murder of a New Jersey State Trooper in 1977 and escaped prison in 1979. Chesimard is the inspiration of Patrisse Cullors, founder of Black Lives Matter (BLM).
Chesa's mother is Kathy Boudin, who served 22 years in prison for the murder of two policemen and a Brink's guard. His father, David Gilbert, remains in prison. Chesa was adopted and raised by Weather Underground (WUO) self-admitted terrorists Bill Ayers and Bernardine Dohrn.
Chesa's namesake, Joanne Chesimard aka Assata Shakur, is the former "queen" of the Black Liberation Army (BLA) terrorist group, who was convicted of the first-degree murder of a New Jersey State Trooper in 1973. She was convicted of the murder in 1977 and seven other felonies. While serving a life sentence, she escaped from the Clinton Correctional Facility for Women in 1979. She was granted political asylum in Cuba in 1984 where she has lived ever since, despite US government efforts to have her extradited. She is on the FBI Most Wanted Terrorists list, under her maiden name Joanne Deborah Chesimard. BLM founders openly admit to being "trained Marxists." BLM co-founder Alicia Garza is a black separatist and more recently was affiliated with the Marxist Freedom Road Socialist Organization that wants to carve out an independent nation-state in the Bay Area. Garza wrote, "When I use Assata [Shakur]'s powerful demand in my organizing work, I always begin by sharing where it comes from, sharing about Assata’s significance to the Black Liberation Movement, what its political purpose and message is, and why it’s important in our context."
Los Angeles has had one Republican mayor since 1961.
Los Angeles currently is undergoing a typhus epidemic. Typhus is the name given to a group of bacterial infections transmitted to people living in crowded and unsanitary conditions by lice and fleas, coming from infected rats. The rats are attracted into the human environment by unsanitary conditions created by humans.
Los Angeles Democrats sold off all its emergency medical stockpiles and ventilators for a respiratory pandemic in 2011.
During the 2020 leftist uprising rioters beat up a cop and burnt a police vehicle. The city's Democrat mayor Eric Garcetti cut funding for the police department by $250 million. LAPD reported that during the week of May 31 to Jun 6 homicides went up 250% and victims shot went up 56% compared to the previous week.
Two police sheriff deputies in Los Angeles were shot in an ambush and sustained critical injuries; BLM terrorists attempted to block them from being transported to the emergency room and cursed death wishes at them. Several malicious bystanders laughed at the deputies when they had been initially injured, refusing to help them. The Gravel Institute, founded in 2019 to carry on the life work of former senator and 2020 Democrat primary presidential candidate Mike Gravel, reacted to the gunning down of two LA County Sheriffs officers by tweeting that “blue lives don’t matter” because they are not a “thing”. Anti-cop protesters there had previously chanted "Blue Lives don't matter here!" An NPR hack who interfered with police officers paid the price of being arrested.
- Sen. Kamala D. Harris [D, CA]
- Sen. Dianne Feinstein [D, CA]
- Rep. Doug LaMalfa [R, CA-1]
- Rep. Jared Huffman [D, CA-2]
- Rep. John Garamendi [D, CA-3]
- Rep. Tom McClintock [R, CA-4]
- Rep. Mike Thompson [D, CA-5]
- Rep. Doris O. Matsui [D, CA-6]
- Rep. Ami Bera [D, CA-7]
- Rep. Paul Cook [R, CA-8]
- Rep. Jerry McNerney [D, CA-9]
- Rep. Josh Harder [D, CA-10]
- Rep. Mark DeSaulnier [D, CA-11]
- Rep. Nancy Pelosi [D, CA-12]
- Rep. Barbara Lee [D, CA-13]
- Rep. Jackie Speier [D, CA-14]
- Rep. Eric Swalwell [D, CA-15]
- Rep. Jim Costa [D, CA-16]
- Rep. Ro Khanna [D, CA-17]
- Rep. Anna G. Eshoo [D, CA-18]
- Rep. Zoe Lofgren [D, CA-19]
- Rep. Jimmy Panetta [D, CA-20]
- Rep. TJ Cox [D, CA-21]
- Rep. Devin Nunes [R, CA-22]
- Rep. Kevin McCarthy [R, CA-23]
- Rep. Salud Carbajal [D, CA-24]
- Rep. Katie Hill [D, CA-25]
- Rep. Julia Brownley [D, CA-26]
- Rep. Judy Chu [D, CA-27]
- Rep. Adam Schiff [D, CA-28]
- Rep. Tony Cárdenas [D, CA-29]
- Rep. Brad Sherman [D, CA-30]
- Rep. Pete Aguilar [D, CA-31]
- Rep. Grace Napolitano [D, CA-32]
- Rep. Ted Lieu [D, CA-33]
- Rep. Jimmy Gomez [D, CA-34]
- Rep. Norma Torres [D, CA-35]
- Rep. Raul Ruiz [D, CA-36]
- Rep. Karen Bass [D, CA-37]
- Rep. Linda Sánchez [D, CA-38]
- Rep. Gil Cisneros [D, CA-39]
- Rep. Lucille Roybal-Allard [D, CA-40]
- Rep. Mark Takano [D, CA-41]
- Rep. Ken Calvert [R, CA-42]
- Rep. Maxine Waters [D, CA-43]
- Rep. Nanette Barragán [D, CA-44]
- Rep. Katie Porter [D, CA-45]
- Rep. J. Luis Correa [D, CA-46]
- Rep. Alan Lowenthall [D, CA-47]
- Rep. Harley Rouda [D, CA-48]
- Rep. Mike Levin [D, CA-49]
- Rep. Duncan D. Hunter [R, CA-50]
- Rep. Juan Vargas [D, CA-51]
- Rep. Scott Peters [D, CA-52]
- Rep. Susan Davis [D, CA-53]
The economy has been badly battered by the Recession of 2008, especially by the collapse of the state's housing bubble. Unemployment in August 2009 reached 12.2%, the highest since 1940. Homebuilding this year is less than a quarter of what it was in 2005, and 500,000 of the state's job losses have been in construction, finance, real estate and industries related to construction. The state budget is in crisis, because it relied heavily on personal income taxes. The financial collapse greatly reduced personal wealth of rich Californians, and job losses related to the housing bust combined to sharply reduce that source of revenue. After bitter debate in the legislature a budget was passed in July 2009. It closed a roughly $24 billion two-year gap with extensive cuts to social services, parks and education, which in turn reduced consumer spending among laid off and furloughed government workers.Also greatly damaging the economy is their very socialist nature, being a state in which welfare is easy to come by increasing mass numbers of homeless how live to drink and get high
California scores poorly in state ratings of business climate. In a CNBC survey, it ranked 32nd overall but last in "cost of business" and 49th in "business friendliness." IT (Intel, Google, Hewlett Packard, Cisco, Apple, Yahoo!) and biotechnology remain strengths, but some traditional industries are struggling. High costs, as well as tax breaks from other states, have caused movie studios to shift production from California. In 1996, feature films involved 14,500 production days in Los Angeles County; in 2008, the total had fallen in half. Businessmen both in California and those who have moved out of the state have said that California has declared war on its own economy, with Los Angeles and San Francisco taking particular delight in job-killing legislation.
The state has had two severe budget crises in 2009, caused by high spending, a plunge in tax revenue (caused by the decline in income of the wealthy who pay most of the taxes), and a refusal of enough Republicans to provide the two-thirds majority in the legislature needed to raise taxes. Long term borrowing is not allowed—the state has to balance its budget annually, but many gimmicks are used.
With a $26 billion deficit in its $92 billion budget, the state ran out of money and issued IOU's (warrants) before the solution was reached: massive spending cuts. In February 2009, the Legislature raised the state sales tax, bringing the total—including local sales taxes—to about 9 cents or more. Top income tax rates, already among the highest in the country, were raised. So were motor vehicle registration fees. Spending cuts approved in February and July are deep. Together, the cuts equal almost 30% of the general revenue fund and will affect schools, prisons, colleges and welfare. Some welfare benefits will be cut by half. California's student-teacher ratio, now about a third above the national average, will probably go even higher. The high prestige University of California system lost 20% of its state payments. It is raising tuition and student fees by 9.3%, imposing salary reductions of 4% to 10% on more than 100,000 workers, and postponing faculty hires until improvements occur.
Republicans claimed victory in the end, as they achieved large budget cuts and no new taxes.
Another budget crisis
An ugly budget crisis in 2009 was resolved after months of squabbling, with budget cuts, accounting gimmicks, and new taxes. The legislature in 2009 cut billions from education, healthcare and social services while temporarily hiking income, sales and vehicle taxes. The 2010 budget deficit is projected at $21 billion which must be closed somehow.
Suggested solutions include raising tobacco taxes; cutting pensions for retired public workers; repealing corporate tax breaks passed in 2008 and 2009; revising the tax rules for commercial and residential property; reducing the 2/3 legislative vote needed to pass a budget; and strengthening the firewall that protects local government and transportation money from being raided by the state. "There's a lot of people putting chess pieces on the board right now," said Jon Coupal, president of the anti-tax Howard Jarvis Taxpayers Assn. "The question is which of those chess pieces will be moving."
California is the most populous state in the nation and its total energy demand is second only to Texas. Although California is a leader in the energy-intensive chemical, forest products, glass, and petroleum industries, the State has one of the lowest per capita energy consumption rates in the country. The California government's energy-efficiency programs have contributed to low per capita energy consumption. Driven by high demand from California's many motorists, major airports, and military bases, the transportation sector is the State's largest energy-consumer. More motor vehicles are registered in California than any other State, and worker commute times are among the longest in the country.
California is one of the top producers of crude oil in the United States, with output accounting for more than one-tenth of total U.S. production. Drilling operations are concentrated primarily in Kern County and the Los Angeles basin, although substantial production also takes place offshore in both State and Federal waters. Concerns regarding the cumulative impacts of offshore oil and gas development, combined with a number of major marine oil spills throughout the world in recent years, have led to a permanent moratorium on offshore oil and gas leasing in California waters and a deferral of leasing in Federal waters. However, development on existing State and Federal leases is not affected and may still occur within offshore areas leased prior to the effective date of the moratorium.
A network of crude oil pipelines connects production areas to refining centers in the Los Angeles area, the San Francisco Bay area, and the Central Valley. California refiners also process large volumes of Alaskan and foreign crude oil received at ports in Los Angeles, Long Beach, and the Bay Area. Crude oil production in California and Alaska is in decline and California refineries have become increasingly dependent on foreign imports. Led by Saudi Arabia and Ecuador, foreign suppliers now provide more than two-fifths of the crude oil refined in California; however, California's dependence on foreign oil remains less than the national average.
California ranks third in the United States in petroleum refining capacity and accounts for more than one-tenth of total U.S. capacity. California's largest refineries are highly sophisticated; they are capable of processing a wide variety of crude oil types and are designed to yield a high percentage of light products like motor gasoline. To meet strict Federal and State environmental regulations, California refineries are configured to produce cleaner fuels, including reformulated motor gasoline and low-sulfur diesel.
Most California motorists are required to use a special motor gasoline blend called California Clean Burning Gasoline (CA CBG). In the ozone non-attainment areas of Imperial County and the Los Angeles metropolitan area, motorists are required to use California Oxygenated Clean Burning Gasoline, and the Los Angeles area is also required to use oxygenated motor gasoline during the winter months. By 2004, California completed a transition from methyl tertiary butyl-ether (MTBE) to ethanol as a gasoline oxygenate additive, making California the largest ethanol fuel market in the United States. There are four ethanol production plants in central and southern California, but most of California's ethanol supply is transported by rail from corn-based producers in the Midwest. Some supply is also imported from abroad.
Due to the relative isolation and specific requirements of the California fuel market, California motorists are particularly vulnerable to short-term spikes in the price of motor gasoline. No pipelines connect California to other major U.S. refining centers, and California refineries often operate at near maximum capacity due to high demand for petroleum products. When an unplanned refinery outage occurs, replacement supplies must be brought in via marine tanker. Locating and transporting this replacement gasoline (which must conform to the State's strict fuel requirements) can take from two to six weeks.
California natural gas production typically accounts for less than 2 percent of total annual U.S. production and satisfies less than one-fifth of State demand. Production takes place in basins located in northern and southern California, as well as offshore in the Pacific Ocean. California receives most of its natural gas by pipeline from production regions in the Rocky Mountains, the Southwest, and western Canada. As with crude oil production, California natural gas production is in decline. However, State supply has remained relatively stable due to increasing amounts of natural gas shipped from the Rocky Mountains. California markets are served by two key natural gas trading centers—the Golden Gate Center in northern California and the California Energy Hub in southern California—and the State has nearly a dozen natural gas storage facilities that help stabilize supply. In part to help meet California's demand for natural gas, several companies have proposed building liquefied natural gas (LNG) import terminals in southern California.
Coal, Electricity, and Renewables
Natural gas-fired power plants typically account for more than one-half of State electricity generation. California is one of the largest hydroelectric power producers in the United States, and with adequate rainfall, hydroelectric power typically accounts for close to one-fifth of State electricity generation. California's two nuclear power plants account for almost one-fifth of total generation. Due to strict emission laws, only a few small coal-fired power plants operate in California.
California leads the nation in electricity generation from nonhydroelectric renewable energy sources. California generates electricity using wind, geothermal, solar, fuel wood, and municipal solid waste/landfill gas resources. A facility known as “The Geysers,” located in the Mayacamas Mountains north of San Francisco, is the largest complex of geothermal power plants in the world, with more than 750 megawatts of installed capacity. California has numerous wind farms in five major wind resource areas, and several new projects are currently under construction. The world's largest solar power facility operates in California's Mojave Desert. Two southern California utilities are planning to build new solar farms, a 500-megawatt facility in the Mojave Desert and a 300-megawatt plant in the Imperial Valley. These proposed plants would dwarf existing U.S. solar generation capacity. To further boost renewable energy use, California's Energy Action Plan includes incentives that encourage Californians to install solar power systems on their rooftops.
Due to high electricity demand, California imports more electricity than any other State. States in the Pacific Northwest deliver power to California markets primarily from hydroelectric sources, while States in the Desert Southwest deliver power primarily from coal- and natural gas-fired sources. Hydroelectric power comes to California primarily through the Western USA interconnection, which runs from northern Oregon to southern California. The system, also known as the Pacific Intertie, is the largest single electricity transmission program in the United States. Although the Pacific Intertie was originally designed to transmit electricity south during California's peak summer demand season, flow is sometimes reversed overnight and has occasionally been reversed during periods of reduced hydroelectric generation in the Northwest. California restricts the use of coal-fired generation within its boundaries; however, the Los Angeles Department of Water and Power (LADWP) operates the coal-fired Intermountain power plant in Utah, which delivers three-fourths of its output to LADWP and other California municipal utilities. A recent California law forbids utilities from entering into long-term contracts with conventional coal-fired power producers. Intermountain's existing contracts with southern California cities are set to expire in 2027.
In 2000 and 2001, California suffered an energy crisis characterized by electricity price instability and four major blackouts and caused by a supply and demand imbalance. Multiple factors contributed to this imbalance, including: a heavy dependence on out-of-State electricity providers, drought conditions in the northwest that reduced hydroelectric power generation, a rupture on a major natural gas pipeline supplying California power plants, strong economic growth leading to increased electricity demand in western States, an increase in unplanned power plant outages, and unusually high temperatures that increased electricity demand for air-conditioning and other cooling uses. Following the energy crisis, the California State government created an Energy Action Plan designed to eliminate outages and excessive price spikes. To achieve these goals, the plan calls for optimizing energy conservation, building sufficient new generation facilities, upgrading and expanding the electricity transmission and distribution infrastructure, and ensuring that generation facilities can quickly come online when needed.
The state of California has three tiers of public higher education: the California community colleges, the California State University (CSU) system, and the University of California (UC) system. Here are some notable universities from California.
- California Institute of Technology
- Stanford University
- University of California, Berkeley
- University of California, Los Angeles
- University of California, San Francisco, primarily a medical school
- University of Southern California
California has more professional sports teams than any other state.
- NBA - Los Angeles Lakers, Los Angeles Clippers, Golden State Warriors, Sacramento Kings
- NHL - Anaheim Ducks, Los Angeles Kings, San Jose Sharks
- NFL - Los Angeles Rams, Oakland Raiders, San Francisco 49ers, and San Diego Chargers
- Major League Baseball - Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim, San Diego Padres, Oakland Athletics, San Francisco Giants, Los Angeles Dodgers
- Major League Soccer - Los Angeles Galaxy, Los Angeles FC, San Jose Earthquakes
In college sports, UCLA, USC, Stanford, University of California, Berkeley and Santa Clara University have recently had great success, in basketball and football respectively, except for Santa Clara University which discontinued it's football program in 1992.
Other professional sports teams
|Baseball|| California League
(Class A-Advanced MiLB)
|Inland Empire 66ers||San Bernardino|
|Lake Elsinore Storm||Lake Elsinore|
|Rancho Cucamonga Quakes||Rancho Cucamonga|
|San Jose Giants||San Jose|
|Pacific Association||Napa Silverados||Napa|
|San Rafael Pacifics||San Rafael|
| Pacific Coast League
|Sacramento River Cats||West Sacramento, California|
|Basketball||American Basketball Association||California Golden Tigers||Oakland|
|California Sea-Kings||Marina, California|
|Modesto Super Kats||Modesto|
|Orange County Novastars||Irvine|
|San Diego Surf||San Diego|
|NBA G League||Agua Caliente Clippers||Ontario|
|Santa Cruz Warriors||Santa Cruz|
|South Bay Lakers||El Segundo|
|Women's National Basketball Association||Los Angeles Sparks||Los Angeles|
|Ice hockey||American Hockey League||Bakersfield Condors||Bakersfield|
|Palm Springs||Palm Springs|
|San Diego Gulls||San Diego|
|San Jose Barracuda||San Jose|
|Soccer||USL Championship||Fresno FC||Fresno|
|LA Galaxy II||Carson|
|Orange County SC||Irvine|
|Sacramento Republic FC||Sacramento|
|Major Arena Soccer League||Ontario Fury||Ontario|
|San Diego Sockers||San Diego|
|Ultimate||American Ultimate Disc League||Los Angeles Aviators||Los Angeles|
|San Diego Growlers||San Diego|
|San Francisco FlameThrowers||Oakland|
|San Jose Spiders||Los Altos Hills|
Places of Interest
- Agua Tibia Wilderness
- Alcatraz Island (San Francisco)
- Beverly Hills
- Golden Gate Bridge (San Francisco)
- Hollywood and elsewhere in Los Angeles
- Monterey Bay Aquarium
- Palomar Mountain
- Redwood Forest
- California was the first state to remove school prayer from its public schools, legalize abortion in the later 1960s (1967 for "therapeutic" reasons, "on-demand" in 1969) before the U.S. Supreme Court's Roe v. Wade in 1973 and passed the U.S.' first no-fault divorce laws, signed by Governor Ronald Reagan in 1969.
- California surpassed France in 2000 to become the fifth largest economy in the world
- Los Angeles hosted the Summer Olympics in 1932 and 1984.
- The California Redwood was named the official state tree in 1937.
- The state flower is the Golden poppy.
- The state bird is the California quail.
- San Bernardino County is the largest county in the United States; Los Angeles is the largest by population.
- Since 2000, California has offered domestic partnerships, which are similar to same sex marriage. Same-sex marriage was briefly legal in 2008, but this ended when Proposition 8, a voter referendum to define marriage as only being between a man and woman, passed.
- While the brown bear is extinct in California, it is California's state mammal.
- Ronayne, Kathleen (October 20, 2019). California relishes role as liberal trendsetter, Trump foe. Associated Press. Retrieved October 21, 2019.
- Adelmann, Bob (November 7, 2019). California Shrinking: A Million Have Left, More to Follow. The New American. Retrieved November 7, 2019.
- Donnelly, Tim (November 20, 2018). Donnelly: The California Republican Party Was Destroyed by Its Moderate Leaders and Donors. Breitbart News. Retrieved November 20, 2018.
- Wisckol, Martin (August 25, 2014). . Survey: 3 O.C. cities are state’s most conservative. Retrieved December 26, 2019.
- Martin, Ted (May 17, 2018). . The ten most conservative cities in California. Retrieved December 26, 2019.
- "The Communist Party of the United States has disintegrated, as has
the party in Minnesota, as a result of its own failures and misdeeds. The political and ideological crisis that brought down the Soviet Union and the Eastern European socialist countries produced crises in Communist Parties throughout the world from which none have emerged unscathed.
The CPUSA survives at present only as a shell, with many of its most active members and best-known national leaders having given up the attempt to reform from within and leaving to work in a new form.
These reform forces have regrouped as the Committees of Correspondence, for the exchange of information, promotion of education and discussion and coordination of activities....
On February 9, the Northern California district, with the second largest (after New York) membership in the CPUSA, declared its independence from the national party and joined the Committees of Correspondence. Retaining its Marxist-Leninist ideological and political framework, the Northern California organization stated:
"We desire to be a working-class, multiracial, internationalist, anti-imperialist organization of women and men, regardless of sexual orientation, with a commitment to coalition politics and mass struggle and a goal of participating in the leadership of such movements. Our work will be based upon participation with people and organizations in struggle, earning leadership through our concrete deeds.
"The struggles of working people, the racially and nationally oppressed, and women are central to the struggle for social progress, indispensable to fundamental economic and political change. The growing alliance of these forces is central to the building of a broad coalition of democratic forces that will challenge the rule of monopoly capital in this country. The victory of such an anti-monopoly coalition and the establishment of an anti-monopoly government is a necessary step toward the development of socialism in the United States."
...Dissent and disaffection within the CPUSA became an outright split because party chair Gus Hall blamed the crisis in the world Communist movement entirely on attacks by imperialism and the weakness of Gorbachev. He did not acknowledge the corrosive role of the autocratic, bureaucratic, paternalistic administrative structures passed down from the Stalin period through the Communist International (Comintern) to most of the Communist Parties in the world, including the CPUSA.
In reality, these undemocratic structures were ultimately responsible for the inability of the socialist economies to develop to a level that would enable them to counteract the economic offensives of the industrialized capitalist countries against them.
A second major division arose over domestic political strategy. The Gus Hall leadership wanted to continue a policy of concentrating primarily on blue-collar workers in basic industry, on the grounds that they are most exploited and the sole source of capitalist profit. Critics of this narrow focus argued that the majority of workers contributing to capitalist profit are no longer industrial workers in basic industry, that Marxists must pay particular attention to those sectors of the working class in which there is the greatest opportunity to develop militant resistance to corporate onslaught on living standards, whether in industry, trade, or services, in the private or public sector.
The most militant labor struggles, they say, are now emerging where there are the greatest concentrations of the most oppressed sections of the working class, particularly African-Americans, Latinos and women. A labor policy ignoring these realities of the contemporary U.S. work force is, in practical effect, racist and sexist.
The first significant criticism of Gus Hall's political leadership came with near unanimity from leading African-American members. The rigged convention subsequently purged most African-Americans, including Angela Davis, Charlene Mitchell, Kendra Alexander and Carl Bloice, from the national committee. No one among over one-third of the Party's members who had signed a call for reform in the party, including Herbert Aptheker, was safe; all were purged.
As more and more U.S. Communists re-thought their understanding of socialism and political activism, they confronted a blank wall at the top of the party. Those seeking reform were branded as enemies. The effective lack of inner-party democracy became impossible to ignore. The doctrinaire rigidity of party policies that had rejected rank-and-file union reform groups (unless party-led), denigrated labor organizing of service and clerical workers, lagged in supporting the women's movement, ignored gay and lesbian issues, branded other socialist and progressive organizations as the "phony left" and have been blind or dishonest about "existing socialism," was intolerable if members could not hope to change these policies....The Committees of Correspondence provide hope for new ways of drawing together progressives to work for the replacement of capitalism with a just, humane and democratic socialism, created by and for the working people of this country." -Erwin Marquit is a Professor in Physics, Doris G. Marquit is on the adjunct faculty in the English and Women's Studies Departments."Party survives, but as a shell", Minnesota Daily, February 19, 1992. (Archive.org copy)
- Aptheker, Bettina (1997). The Morning Breaks: The Trial of Angela Davis. Cornell University Press.
- "Search broadens for Angela Davis", August 17, 1970.
- Angela Davis’ Archive Comes to Harvard. Smithsonian Magazine (16 February 2018).
- "A Shotgun That Miss Davis Purchased Is Linked to the Fatal Shooting of Judge", The New York Times, April 18, 1972.
- Freedom on My Mind. Bedford/St. Martin's. ISBN 978-0-312-64884-8.
- Biography. Davis (Angela) Legal Defense Collection, 1970–1972.
- (1993) Advocate and Activist: Memoirs of an American Communist Lawyer. Urbana, Illinois: University of Illinois Press. ISBN 978-0-252-02030-8.
- Jim Jones, The Most Admired Democrat of The 1970s, Censored Info, youtube
- Reiterman & Jacobs 1982, p. 65
- "Jonestown: The Life and Death of Peoples Temple - Race and the Peoples Temple". PBS.org. February 20, 2007.
- Jim Jones on gay marriage, women's rights, white privilege and other Progressive causes, youtube.
- Causa Justa/Just Cause – a Black-Latino solidarity organization allied with the Grassroots Global Justice Alliance, the Right to the City Alliance, and others. Its 2013 revenues, $1.6 million, included $689,484 in government grants. Causa Justa has received over $2.3 million since 2010, mostly from the California Endowment, Marguerite Casey, and a few others.
- A Herstory of the #BlackLivesMatter Movement.
- Black Lives Matter Unmasked, Lee Stanahan, 2020.
- Black Lives Matter Unmasked, Lee Stanahan, 2020.
- A Herstory of the #BlackLivesMatter Movement.
- Multiple references (Warning: Foul language, graphic videos):
- PURE EVIL: Bystanders Laugh, Mock Deputies including 31-Year-Old Mother After They Are Ambushed, Shot in the Head — NO ONE Runs to Help Them
- Two references:
- Two references:
- Shane Goldmacher, "California faces a projected deficit of $21 billion," LosAngeles Times Nov. 18, 2009
- See Energy Information Administration, State Report 2009