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Capital Phoenix
Nickname The Grand Canyon State
Official Language English
Governor Doug Ducey, R
Senator Kyrsten Sinema, D
(202) 224-2235
Senator Mark E. Kelly, D
(202) 224-2235
Population 7,350,000 (2020)
Ratification of Constitution/or statehood February 14, 1912
Flag of Arizona Motto: "Ditat Deus"(God Enriches)

Arizona on February 14, 1912 became the forty-eighth state to enter the union, and the last of the "lower 48" (contiguous) states to enter. It is known as the Grand Canyon State. Its capital and largest city is Phoenix.[1]

Arizona has always been politically conservative, but until 1952 the conservative Democrats were in control. Thanks to Barry Goldwater, Republicans built a strong base and controlled the electoral vote. In recent years, the state has gained population rapidly and the two parties are evenly matched.

Arizona became the first state to recognize out-of-state occupational licenses.[2][3]

The state Constitution of Arizona, like all of the other 50 states, acknowledges God or our Creator or the Sovereign Ruler of the Universe. It says:

We the people of the State of Arizona, grateful to Almighty God for our liberties, do ordain this Constitution.

Geography & Population

  • The state is bordered by the following states: California, Nevada, Utah, Colorado, and New Mexico (the latter three meet at a single point known as the "Four Corners", the only place where four states meet; the site is a popular tourist attraction which allows people to photograph themselves physically in four states), as well as Mexico.
  • Total Land Area: 113,635 square miles
  • Highest Elevation: 12,633 ft (Humphreys Peak)
  • Population: 7,350,000 (2020)
  • Most populated cities in Arizona:
Phoenix, Population: 1,700,000
Tucson, Population: 550,000
Mesa, Population: 525,000
Chandler, Population: 265,000
Scottsdale, Population: 262,500

Arizona has a large population of people of Native American descent. The Indian tribes who inhabited the land that is now Arizona include the Apache, Navajo, Mojave and Yavapai.[4]

Political culture

In more recent years, the Republican Party has generally dominated Arizona politics and the state legislature. In 2004, President George W. Bush won the state's ten electoral votes by a margin of 10 percentage points with 55% of the vote, and in 2008 John McCain won the state with 54% of the vote. Republicans control both chambers of the state legislature. However, Arizona became the first U.S. state to vote against an anti-gay marriage amendment in the 2006 midterm elections. Arizona used to consistently be a solid red state in presidential elections. However, Democrats Kyrsten Sinema and Mark Kelly flipped Arizona's historically Republican senate seats in 2018 and 2020. Joe Biden also won the historic red state in 2020, the first Democrat to do so since Bill Clinton in 1996 and Harry Truman in 1948. There is currently an audit going on in Arizona for the 2020 election which is uncovering major voter fraud.

Notable Arizonans

Elected Officials



See also


  2. Boylan, Dan (April 14, 2019). Arizona now recognizes out-of-state occupational licenses. The Washington Times. Retrieved April 15, 2019.
  3. Folley, Aris (April 17, 2019). Arizona governor signs 'Blow Dry Freedom' law. The Hill. Retrieved April 17, 2019.