Last modified on September 30, 2021, at 01:22

Left-wing Anti-Semitism

A blatantly anti-Semitic cartoon depicting Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu as a guide dog with a Star of David collar leading a blind President Trump wearing a skullcap. The cartoon accompanied an op-ed published 4/25/19 in the International Edition of the New York Times.[1] Two days later, a Trump-hater shot up a California synagogue, killing one and injuring several. The shooter left a manifesto calling President Trump a “Zionist, Anti-White, Traitorous, C*********.”[2]

Although many leftists try to deny it, “modern, political anti-Semitism is a creature of the left as well as the right,” admits Warwick University Sociology Professor Robert Fine, a member of the Conference of Socialist Economists.[3] "[A]nti-Semitism that we might call populist or democratic.... is linked equally to the left and right," agrees George L. Mosse, professor of history at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, "to the new nationalism, but also to certain tendencies in socialism."[4] Omer Bartov of Brown University comments:

[O]ne of the most frightening aspects of Hitler's book is not that he said what he said at the time, but that much of what he said can be found today in innumerable places ... As long as it does not have Hitler's name attached to it, this deranged discourse will be ignored or allowed to pass. The voices that express these opinions do not belong to a single political or ideological current ... They belong to the right and the left, to the religious and the secular, to the West and the East, to the rabble and the leaders, to terrorists and intellectuals, students and peasants, pacifists and militants, expansionists and anti-globalization activists.[5]

In the 1970s and 80s, during the heart of the Cold War debate, anti-Americanism, anti-Israeli sentiment, and anti-Semitism "were fringe phenomena while now they are more fashionable and mainstream ... [T]hese sentiments are no longer the monopoly of any particular part of the political spectrum. They are there on the European Left, Right, and in the center," agrees Jeffrey Gedman, president of London's Legatum Institute.[6]

Origins of left-wing anti-Semitism

There were "strong anti-Semitic currents on the European left in Marx's time," writes Fine; "[T]here is a strong tradition of anti-Semitism on the Left.”[7] One "need not venture far into the pre-1930 literature of anti-economics before encountering conspicuous anti-Semitic effusions," observes William Coleman of the Australian National University. "One may say that, before about 1930, anti-economics and anti-Semitism existed in striking conjunction." He adds that "the conjunction was not accidental... [A]nti-economics and modern anti-Semitism shared some leading ideological contentions."[8]

From the outset, according to French historian Marc Crapez, European racism and socialism were closely affiliated.[9] In addition, "anti-capitalism and anti-Semitism were deeply intertwined," writes Mosse. "[I]n fact, they had been connected since the middle-ages."[10] "For centuries, Jewish economic success led anti-Semites to condemn capitalism as a form of Jewish domination and exploitation," writes Columbia University history professor Jerry Z. Muller, "or to attribute Jewish success to unsavory qualities of the Jews themselves."[11]

“The Marxist, postmodern and post-Zionist pseudo-liberal views on democracy lead back to the totalitarian democracy of the French Enlightenment, in which anti-Semitism formed an essential ingredient,” writes Shlomo Sharan of Tel Aviv University.[12] At that time, "the Jews symbolised the distressing symptoms of modernity ushered in by capitalism and political liberalism," writes Christian Wiese, professor of Jewish history at the University of Sussex.[13]

Dissatisfaction with the practical consequences of Liberalism was even stronger in economic than in political matters; anti-capitalism was, after all, one of the oldest and most natural forms of anti-Semitism. Liberal society was characterized by a high degree of social mobility with a premium on individual worth and ability. Perhaps this pill was the hardest to swallow. All those who had an assured place in an ordered hierarchy, even if it was a comparatively low one, looked with distaste on an order which allowed others to rise to positions of eminence and influence ... anti-Semitism is anti-capitalist since capitalism is one of the causes of social mobility.[14]

“[T]he sudden prominence of a few Jews who benefited from economic liberalisation provoked a backlash from the Left.”[15] In France, writes Göttingen historian Karlheinz Weissmann, many on the left saw the Jews "as the embodiment of capitalism."[16]

Some of the most prominent thinkers of the Enlightenment were virulent anti-Semites: Voltaire denounced the Jews as "the greatest scoundrels who have ever sullied the face of the globe".[17] The Jews, he wrote, "deserve to be punished," for it is their "destiny."[18] "The Jewish nation dares to display an irreconcilable hatred toward all nations, and revolts against all masters," wrote Voltaire, "always superstitious, always greedy for the well-being enjoyed by others, always barbarous—cringing in misfortune and insolent in prosperity."[19] Immanuel Kant expressed similar views: "'The Jews still cannot claim any true genius, any truly great man. All their talents and skills revolve around stratagems and low cunning ... They are a nation of swindlers."[20]

Early Socialist Anti-Semitism

"It was in those days that the complaint arose that Jews were 'unproductive middle men,' 'economic parasites,'" wrote Edward H. Flannery, a professor at the Institute of Judeo-Christian Studies at Seton Hall University.[21] "It was shaped for the most part by socialist writers and became a favorite theme with later racist antisemites of a socialist stripe."[22] "Certain anti-economists affiliated with the socialist movement held Jews to be potentates of an oppressive contemporary social order."[23] Among the French Left, observes Weissmann, were "numerous individuals and groups who considered class struggle and race struggle as one and the same thing—especially with reference to the Jews...."[24]

“Socialist anti-Semitism is indeed almost as old as modern Socialism,” writes historian Edmund Silberner of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.[25] Early socialism was inseparable from anti-Semitism, portraying Jews as exploiters, leeches and parasites.[26] "[V]irtually every major figure in the early history of socialism — including Friedrich Engels, Charles Fourier, Ferdinand Lassalle, Marx, and Joseph Proudhon — showed a marked antipathy to Jews," observes Daniel Pipes.[27] In his comprehensive survey of French socialist literature from 1820 to 1920, historian Zosa Szajkowski found not a single word on behalf of Jews.[28]

Leroux

Pierre Leroux (1797–1871), who coined the word "socialism", “identified the Jews with the despised capitalism, and regarded them as the incarnation of mammon, who lived by exploiting others.”[29] He said, "When we speak of the Jews, we mean the Jewish spirit – the spirit of profit, of lucre, of gain, the spirit of commerce, of speculation, in a word, the banker spirit."[30] "The true successor of Napoleon," wrote Leroux, "is the Jew."[31]

Fichte

"[T]hrough almost all countries of Europe there is spreading a powerful, hostile state, which is perpetually at war with all other States, and which in some of them oppresses the citizens with the utmost severity: it is Jewry."[32] wrote the early socialist Johann Gottlieb Fichte (1762–1814). "I see no other means of protecting ourselves against them, than by conquering their Promised Land and sending them all there."[33] Elsewhere, he suggested a more radical solution, in which Gentiles "chop off all their [Jews'] heads and replace them with new ones, in which there would not be a single Jewish idea."[34] In Fichte's text "we see the beginnings of the 'anticapitalist' impulse in modern antisemitism, which became central to revolutionist agendas for the redemption of humanity through the regeneration of Jewry," observes Guggenheim Fellow Anthony J. LaVopa.[35] Duquesne University professor Tom Rockmore comments that "available evidence points strongly to an early and perhaps enduring Marxian interest in Fichte's position."[36]

Fourier

Early socialist Charles Fourier (1768–1830) attacked (classical) "liberal retrogression" (i.e., laissez faire capitalism) for what he called "monstrous actions, such as the admission of the Jews to the rights of citizens" which, he wrote, introduce into society "parasites, unproductives." He added, "The Jewish nation is not civilised ... it devotes itself exclusively to traffic, to usury, and to mercantile depravity ... Every government having regard to good morals ought to repress the Jews," whom Fourier described as "all parasites, merchants, usurers, etc."[37] Fourier's disciple, Alphonse Toussenel, called Jews "the kings of the epoch," writing that "Europe is entailed to the domination of Israel. This universal domination, of which so many conquerors have dreamed, the Jews have in their hands."[38] "[I]ndustrial feudalism"—as Toussenel called capitalism—"is personified in the cosmopolitan Jew."[39]

Dühring

Marx's mentor Bruno Bauer published antisemitic articles by Marx's intellectual rival in the German Social Democratic Party, Eugen Dühring, "describing Jews as idle usurers exploiting productive labor."[40]

Proudhon

Pierre-Joseph Proudhon (1809–1865), one of the leading socialist theorists of his day (and a correspondent of Marx), as well as one of the founders of the anarchist movement, called Jews “the race which poisons everything” and “the enemy of the human race”;[41] "The Jew is by temperament an anti-producer, neither a farmer nor an industrialist nor even a true merchant," wrote Prodhon. "He is an intermediary, always fraudulent and parasitic, who operates, in trade as in philosophy, by means of falsification, counterfeiting, and horse-trading."[42] He wrote, "This race must be sent back to Asia, or exterminated."[43] "By fire or fusion, or by expulsion the Jew must disappear."[44]

Bakhunin

Mikhail Bakunin, Marx's intellectual rival in the First International, called Jews “an exploiting sect, a bloodsucking people, a unique devouring parasite,”[45] Jews, he wrote, are disqualified from socialist leadership by "that mercantile passion which constitutes one of the principle traits of their national character."[46]

L'Affaire Dreyfus/"J'Accuse"

When the bourgeois[47] Victor Hugo, a cultural Catholic,[48] defended Alfred Dreyfus, a Jewish officer scapegoated by the French army, the French socialist press published a manifesto denouncing Hugo's crusade on the grounds that Jewish capitalists would use the rehabilitation of a single Jew to wash out "all the sins of Israel."[49]

Hyndman

Henry Hyndman, founder of Britain's atheistic, Marxist Social Democratic Federation (Britain's first socialist party) and National Socialist Party (now part of the Labour Party), "repeatedly invoked the stereotype of the 'rich capitalist Jew' in his anti-semitic remarks."[50] "Jew moneylenders," complained Hyndman's Justice, Organ of the Social Democracy (the first Marxist periodical in England),[51] "now control nearly every Foreign Office in Europe."[52] He blamed the Boer war on "Jew financial cliques" and the "Jew-jingo press."[53]

Sombart

Werner Sombart, a German economist, sociologist and self-proclaimed "convinced Marxist"[54] – praised by Friedrich Engels as the only German professor who understood Das Kapital[55] – wrote that "modern capitalism is nothing more or less than an expression of the Jewish spirit."[56] According to the Universal Jewish Encyclopaedia, Sombart "accused the Jews of having created capitalism" – as should perhaps be expected of a "convinced Marxist" (Marx viewed Jews as "responsible for capitalism," according to Princeton's Bernard Lewis.)[57]

Dreiser

Theodore Dreiser, an atheist[58] as well as a Communist,"[59] was also a virulent anti-Semite[60] and defender of Hitler.[61] New York is a "kike's dream of a ghetto," he wrote; Jews are not "pure Americans" and "lack integrity."[62]

Organizations

Perhaps more important than the widespread anti-Semitism among socialist leaders was the anti-semitism of socialist groups such as the Socialist International and the Fabian Society.

Second International

After reference to the exploitation of workers by Jewish capitalists and denunciation of "philo-Semitic agitation," the Second International (the original Socialist International) adopted a resolution condemning not just antisemitic, but "philo-Semite outbursts as one of the means by which the capitalist class and the reactionary circles seek to divert the Socialist movement from its purpose and divide the workers."[63]

Fabian Society

Britain's Fabian Society (which "set up the banner of socialism militant")[64] hosted a number of anti-Semites, including Beatrice Webb, George Bernard Shaw, H.G. Wells, J.A. Hobson, and Oswald Mosley.

Beatrice Webb, who played a crucial role in the founding of the Fabian Society, wrote that “the strongest impelling motive of the Jewish race” was “the love of profit as distinct from other forms of money-earning.” (Italics in original.)[65] "A careful study of anti-Semitism, prejudice and accusations might be of great value to many Jews," wrote H.G. Wells, "who do not adequately realize the irritation they inflict."[66] George Bernard Shaw once exhorted Jews to "stop being Jews and start being human beings."[67]

J.A. Hobson blamed London poverty on "the foreign Jew," whom he described as "a terrible competitor. He is ... almost void of social morality. No compunction or consideration for his fellow-worker will keep him from underselling and overreaching them; he acquires a thorough mastery of all the dishonourable tricks of trade which are difficult to restrain by law; the superior calculating intellect, which is a national heritage, is used unsparingly to enable him to take advantage of every weakness, folly, and vice of the society in which he lives."[68] "He craves the position of a sweating-master, the lowest step in a ladder that may lead to a life of magnificence, supported out of usury."[69] In his 1898 book Imperialism: A Study—which would profoundly influence Lenin's Imperialism, the Higherst Stage of Capitalism (1917) -- Hobson blamed the Boer War on "Jew power."[70] That war, he wrote, was fought for the benefit of "a small group of international financiers, chiefly German in origin and Jewish in race."[71]

One Fabian socialist from the 1920s and '30s, Oswald Mosley,[72] went on to found and lead the British Union of Fascists (which "at first was modeled after Mussolini’s example but later became patterned after Hitler"),[73] in which role he was lauded by Shaw.[74]

Anti-capitalist anti-semitism in Germany

During the 19th century, the center of left-wing anti-Semitism gradually shifted from Paris to Vienna, where the "radical-democratic and nationalist left wing" was headed by German Liberal Party leader Georg von Schönerer,[75] one of a group of "left-wing German liberals" who demanded "the exclusion of Jews from the new movement and as far as possible from public life";[76] Hitler would later ascribe to Schönerer "the wisdom of a prophet."[77] Wilhelm Marr, who coined the term "antisemitism," wrote that "anti-Semitism is a Socialist movement, only in nobler and purer forms than Social Democracy."[78] In late 19th century Germany, a popular critical view held that capitalism was a product of Jewish culture.[79] Adolf Stöcker, leader of the left-wing Christian Social Party, wrote, "I see in unrestrained capitalism the evil of our epoch and am naturally also an opponent of modern Judaism on account of my socio-political views."[80] Meanwhile, anti-capitalist leader Adam Müller said, “The Jewish messiah, the Antichrist, has come to earth in the guise of the steam engine, and this in order to speed up the end of the world.”[81] "The doctrine of egalitarian free economics and of corresponding human rights in economics, as they were formulated in a humanely well-meaning way by the Scotsmen Hume and Smith, were used by the Jews in order to derive from them their monopoly," according to the anti-semitic Die Judenfrage.[82] According to Tyler Cowen, professor of economics at George Mason University:

German writers picked up on earlier anti-Enlightenment theories of a Judeo-Masonic conspiracy to rule the world. During the French Revolution, the Jews, along with the Masons, were identified as forces for liberalism, secularism, and capitalism. German writers quickly found the Jews to be a more popular target than the Masons, perhaps because they were more visible or more different. The originally Judeo-Masonic theories eventually discarded the other conspirators, such as the Templars and the Illuminati, and focused on the Jews.[83]

20th century: Stalinist anti-Semitism

According to Henry L. Feingold, director of the Jewish Resource Center at Baruch College, "socialism contained the seeds to become the anti-Semitism of the intellectuals of the Left."[84] In the 20th century, those seeds took root and grew into a forest bearing poisonous fruit. For example, in the former Soviet Union, even after the death of the anti-Semite Stalin,[85] Soviet anti-Semitism persisted:

Since World War II Jews and Judaism have been liberated in every country and territory where capitalism has been restored to vigorous growth—and this includes Germany. By contrast, wherever anticapitalism or precapitalism has prevailed the status of Jews and Judaism has either undergone deterioration or is highly precarious. Thus at this very moment the country where developing global capitalism is most advanced, the United States, accords Jews and Judaism a freedom that is known nowhere else in the world and that was never known in the past. It is a freedom that is not matched even in Israel ... By contrast, in the Soviet Union, the citadel of anticapitalism, the Jews are cowed by anti-Semitism, threatened by extinction, and barred from access to their God.[86]

According to Nazi hunter Simon Wiesenthal, during the Six Day War on Israel in 1967, the East German Communist regime employed former Nazi propagandists to write anti-Israeli propaganda, with the substitution of a few words such as “Israeli” for “Jew” and “progressive forces” for “National Socialism.”[87]

On a similar note, Stalin before his death enacted the Doctor's plot, which persecuted various Jewish people under the pretense of their involvement in a conspiracy to poison Soviet leaders. Ironically, this led directly to Stalin's death via a brain hemorrhage due to the elimination of several of the USSR's best doctors.

Historian Susan Urban of the Jersusalem Center for Public Affairs writes, "Germany has seen a growth of leftist anti-Semitism along with anti-imperialist, antiglobalization, and anti-Zionist attitudes."[88] The Tupamoros-West Berlin, a Communist group headed by Dieter Kunzelmann (who would later become a leader of the Green Party),[89] attempted to bomb Berlin's Jewish Community Center during a commemoration of the anniversary of Kristallnacht in 1969.[90]

"Outside of the Western communist parties, which were mostly oriented solidly towards Moscow’s anti-Zionism, a fully articulated anti-Zionism appeared only in the early 1970s with the formation of the so-called New Left, which interpreted the Middle-East conflict in terms of its anti-imperialist and anti-colonialist rhetoric," reports the European Monitoring Centre on Racism and Xenophobia. "As many authors have shown since, the anti-Zionism of the 1970s was largely not just ideological criticism of Israel, but a form of secondary anti-Semitism. The rhetoric of these organizations, whose remnants survive into the present day, often indicates the antisemitic nature of their criticism."

Berlin's Red Army Faction (RAF), a Communist group, was led by Ulrike Meinhof, who stated, "Auschwitz means that six million Jews were murdered and carted on to the rubbish dumps of Europe for being that which was maintained of them—Money-Jews."[91] She added that "Anti-Semitism is really hatred of capitalism."[92] Another founder of this Communist group, Horst Mahler, an anti-Semite and Holocaust denier,[93] was sentenced to six years in prison for incitement to racial hatred in 2005.[94] Despite being labeled “right-wing” in the media, this Communist revolutionary insisted in a 2007 interview that his beliefs had not changed ("The enemy is the same")[95] since his days as an informant for the Stasi,[96] the secret police of Communist East Germany. (After the fall of East German Communism in 1990, it was revealed that the Stasi had been supplying the RAF with funds and logistic support, including false identities and network of safehouses in West Belin.)[97] In 1976, the Revolutionary Cells (Revolutionäre Zellen), another German Communist group, joined with the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (a hard-line Marxist[98] terrorist group) to hijack an Air France flight to Entebbe, Uganda, where they singled out the Jewish passengers in a plot to murder them.[99] In 1979, the Sandinistas, a Marxist-Leninist group, seized control of the government of Nicaragua, supporting a newspaper that proclaimed that "the world's money, banking and finance are in the hands of descendants of Jews ... [C]ontrolling economic power, they control political power as now happens in the United States."[100]

In 1979 many of the country's approximately 250 Jews fled abroad in the face of persecution and imprisonment by the Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN). The FSLN bombed and partially destroyed the country's only synagogue, then confiscated the property shortly afterward and converted it into a youth training camp.[101]

In 1985, the Palestinian Liberation Front, then a Communist group, which had hijacked an Italian cruise ship, the MS Achille Lauro, murdered 69-year-old passenger Leon Klinghoffer, an American, shooting him to death and rolling his wheelchair off the deck, dumping his body into the ocean. The PLF singled out Klinghoffer for murder because he was Jewish.

"Outside of the Western communist parties, which were mostly oriented solidly towards Moscow’s anti-Zionism, a fully articulated anti-Zionism appeared only in the early 1970s with the formation of the so-called New Left, which interpreted the Middle-East conflict in terms of its anti-imperialist and anti-colonialist rhetoric," reports the European Monitoring Centre on Racism and Xenophobia. "As many authors have shown since, the anti-Zionism of the 1970s was largely not just ideological criticism of Israel, but a form of secondary anti-Semitism. The rhetoric of these organizations, whose remnants survive into the present day, often indicates the antisemitic nature of their criticism." A 2016 study by the Research Association on the SED [Socialist Unity Party] State at Berlin's Free University, financed by Germany's Federal Ministry of Family, Senior Citizens, Women and Youth, found that "there has been more left-wing violence in Germany since 2009 than right-wing violence." Researchers found extensive anti-Semitism among left-wing extremists in Germany, and said the view of anti-Jewish extremist leftism can be traced to the word “Jew” as a synonym for “capitalist” and “exploiter.”

Hillary Clinton was also known to refer to anyone who failed her as "You [censored] Jew!" (or at times "You Jew [censored]!" or "You [censored] Jew [censored]"), most notably to her Jewish campaign manager Paul Fray after Bill Clinton lost the House of Representatives election on 1974, and has even used the phrase towards her own husband Bill Clinton.[102][103]

21st-century anti-Semitism: the union of leftism and Islamism

See also: European migrant crisis

In the 21st century these seeds have festered into full flower, with the embrace of Islamist anti-Semitism by the Left:

Although traditional Trotskyite ideology is in no way close to radical Islamic teachings and the shariah, since the radical Islamists also subscribed to anticapitalism, antiglobalism, and anti-Americanism, there seemed to be sufficient common ground for an alliance. Thus, the militants of the far left began to march side by side with the radical Islamists in demonstrations, denouncing American aggression and Israeli crimes. In Britain a new political party named Respect was established, uniting Trotskyites, Stalinists, Muslim Brotherhood militants, and similar groups.[104]

For example, the European Union's European Monitoring Centre on Racism and Xenophobia decided not to publish its comprehensive study of the causes of anti-Semitism in Europe in 2003, a source familiar with the report told London's Financial Times, after the report uncovered "a trend towards Muslim anti-Semitism," and that "on the left there is also mobilization against Israel that is not always free of prejudice."[105] That year, one academic, Michael Neumann, Professor of Philosophy at Canada's Trent University, wrote that he wants to

help the Palestinians.... I am not interested in the truth, or justice, or understanding, or anything else, except so far as it serves that purpose. If an effective strategy means that some truths about the Jews don’t come to light, I don’t care. If an effective strategy means encouraging reasonable anti-Semitism, or reasonable hostility to Jews, I also don’t care. If it means encouraging vicious racist anti-Semitism, or the destruction of the State of Israel, I still don’t care.[106]

According to the progressive magazine Tikkun, "A.N.S.W.E.R. refuses to acknowledge or support the right of the Jewish people to national self-determination—though it supports that right for every other group with a history of oppression. When Jews are denied the rights of others, it is a tell-tale sign of anti-Semitism."[107]

[L]eftists who despise their own capitalist societies inevitably come to sympathize with militants—communists, Tier-mondistes, Islamists, it doesn't make any difference—who attack those societies from without. Right now, the only corner of the world putting up any sort of serious ideological fight against Western-style capitalism and liberalism is the Muslim Middle East. So, just as the left uncritically swallowed Stalin's propaganda in the 1930s, expect the left to increasingly swallow Arabist propaganda in our own era. And since one of the key elements of Arabist propaganda is a hatred of Israel and a suspicion of Jews, these building blocks of anti-Semitism will become more and more a part of mainstream leftist discourse.[108]

Thus in 2009, the "progressive" webzine Counterpunch.org, edited by Alexander Cockburn, son of Soviet agent[109] Claud Cockburn, could publish a revival of the "Blood Libel," alleging that Israeli Jews were killing Palestinian Muslims to harvest their organs.[110] By 2011, the Anti-Defamation League had documented the growing list of anti-semitic incidents at rallies of the left-wing "Occupy" movement. Ironically, the ADL itself, due to growing even further to the left thanks largely to Abe Foxman's time as director, began supporting anti-Semites, including Muslims, even awarding a notorious anti-Semite the Courage to Care Award.[111][112] A 2012 survey of 5,847 Jews in the European Union found that more than three out of four said anti-Semitism had increased over the preceding five years, and more respondents blamed perpetrators of the most serious incidents on the political left than the right, according to the EU's Fundamental Rights Agency.[113] Researchers at Tel Aviv University reported that anti-Semitic violence worldwide surged 40 percent in 2014.[114]

"[T]he left's anti-Semitism—which, of course, it never acknowledges and fervently denies—rather than the right's conventional version of this hatred comprises the key ingredient of anti-Semitism's current European existence."[115] Antisemitism may be found within much contemporary "antihegemonic, radical, liberal and socialist" discourse, admits David Hirsh of the University of London, who concedes that "antisemitism is a live and virulent threat."[116] "[T]he locus of anti-Semitism has moved from the right side of the political spectrum to the left ... These days, the hatemongers targeting Jews’ right to live peacefully spout the mantras of 'social justice' and 'peace studies,' not racial purity."[117]

The resurgence of anti-Semitism in Europe "hails much more from the left than the right. The latter—mainly because of the continued illegitimacy and unacceptability of Nazism and fascism in European public opinion—has had a much more circumspect influence on how Jews and Israel are depicted than the left has had. Because classical anti-Semitism—certainly in its praxis—was mostly associated with the European right, the left enjoyed a certain bonus when it came to discussing all matters relating to Jews and Israel. The left could take liberties with being anti-Israeli and anti-Semitic that the right could never have. This legitimacy bonus enabled the left to employ anti-Israeli discourse that—in the meantime—has become completely common and acceptable parlance in Europe. Because of this general acceptability and overall legitimacy, left-wing anti-Semitism is much more relevant and disturbing than right-wing anti-Semitism.[118]

As Urban concludes: "The extreme leftist trend in Germany contains elements that envision a world cleansed of the Jewish state."

Europe, which has seen millions of Muslim migrants enter due to the European Union's open borders policies, has also seen large numbers of Jews immigrate to Israel due to Europe's anti-Semitism.[119][120][121] Additionally, according to the EU Agency for Fundamental Rights in 2013, one-third of all European Jews due to fears of security caused by anti-Semitism.[122][123] According to a study released by the University of Oslo in June 2017, which examined anti-Semitism between 2005 and 2015 in seven European nations, large proportions of European Jews felt unsafe in their home countries and were considering immigrating to Israel, including half of all French Jews.[124] By 2016, Jews were leaving France in record numbers,[125] and a 2017 YouGov poll found that nearly a third of all British Jews considered leaving the country due to anti-Semitism, among other findings.[126][127] According to the University of Teacher Education in Vienna in 2017, half of all Muslim youth in Austria held anti-Semitic views.[128] A survey released in December 2018 found that one-third of Jews considering emigrating from Europe.[129] In Berlin, anti-Semitic attacks tripled in 2018 compared to the previous year,[130] and in Germany overall, violent anti-Semitic attacks increased by 60%.[131] In France, anti-Semitic acts increased 74% in 2018.[132] In May 2019, Germany's commissioner on anti-Semitism urged Jews to avoid wearing the kippah "everywhere, all the time" because of anti-Semitism.[133] A 2019 study found that younger European Jews face greater anti-Semitism than their older peers.[134] An EU agency reported in 2019 that anti-Semitism had become worse in Europe since 2014.[135]

UK Labour Party

In the United Kingdom, the Labour Party has seen a large surge of anti-Semitism inside its ranks in the early 21st century which has especially increased with the beginning of the leadership of Jeremy Corbyn.[136] In April 2018, the Israeli Labour Party cut ties with the UK Labour Party due to the latter's anti-Semitism.[137] The party adopted a definition of anti-Semitism in response to these developments, but this definition was criticized as "toothless" as it held a much narrower definition of anti-Semitism than that of Jewish groups, such as still allowing Israel-Nazi comparisons and accusing Israel of racism.[138][139] In August 2018, veteran MP Frank Field resigned from the party, as it had become "a force for anti-Semitism."[140] In 2018, the Simon Wiesenthal Center mentioned Corbyn in its list of top ten worst anti-Semitism incidents that year.[141] In February 2019, seven Labour MPs left the party, partially because of its anti-Semitism,[142] and more MPs subsequently left because of anti-Semitism.[143] In April 2019, Corbyn admitted that the Labour Party may have "ignored" evidence of anti-Semitism.[144] In July 2019, three Labour Party lords resigned the party whip because of its anti-Semitism.[145]

In 2011, Corbyn wrote the forward of a book claiming that Jews control the banking and media industries.[146]

In May 2019, the Equality and Human Rights Commission began an investigation into the Labour Party over its anti-Semitism allegations.[147] In July 2019, over 60 members of the House of Lords condemned Corbyn for anti-Semitism in the Labour Party.[148]

In June 2019, the Labour Party readmitted an MP who had been suspended for anti-Semitic comments.[149] In September 2019, a Labour Party-aligned pro-Israel group pulled out of a Labour Party conference because it feared anti-Semitic abuse from Labour Party activists.[150] In November 2019, the UK's chief rabbi publicly voiced opposition to Corbyn becoming prime minister because of the Labour Party's anti-Semitism.[151] Files leaked in December 2019 found over 130 outstanding anti-Semitism cases in the party despite having been reported over 18 months earlier in many cases.[152][153] Additionally, the Simon Wiesenthal Center stated the Labour Party was the number one threat to the Jews.[153] Because of the party's anti-Semitism, Jewish voters "deserted" the party.[154] Even the U.S. Democratic Party worried about the Labour Party's anti-Semitism.[155]

U.S. Democratic Party

The Democratic Party is becoming increasingly anti-Semitic.[156] The problem is, instead of the Left condemning and strongly opposing these attacks, antisemitism has found a home in the Democratic Party and has become a shameful problem that the Left must confront.[157] Far-left Democrat Arab congresswoman Rashida Tlaib hung a map in her congressional office with a sticky note calling Israel "Palestine."[158] She earlier endorsed the anti-Israel BDS movement.[159] In addition to these anti-Semitic actions, Tlaib also made a bigoted tweet accusing Jewish-Americans of having divided loyalties, an attack frequently made by anti-Semites.[160] In January 2019, Tlaib willingly photographed herself with a Hezbollah-praising activist to also denied Israel's right to exist.[161]

In 2019, the Democratic Party appointed far-left Islamist Representative Ilhan Omar – who takes very anti-Israel positions – to the House Foreign Affairs Committee.[162] Later, in August 2019, Omar attacked Israel because of the Palestinian government's decision to ban LGBT activities.[163]

Leftist U.S. representative Betty McCollum, referred by some as "BDS Betty",[164] a DFL anti-Zionist similar to Ilhan Omar, has called Israeli policies "apartheid".[165] McCollum in mid-February 2020 lashed out at the AIPAC for attacking her record, ironically accusing the pro-Israel organization of "anti-Semitism".[166] She had been one of seventeen members of Congress in July 2019 to vote against a bipartisan resolution condemning the BDS movement.[167] She had also voted in 2006 against an anti-Hamas bill;[168] the terrorist organization is known for their despicable use of children as human shields.[169][170][171][172] McCollum received recognition from a pro-Palestinian group in mid-September 2020,[173] and joined anti-Semitic House colleagues Ilhan Omar and Rashida Tlaib a month later at a conference with terrorist funders.[174] She has been dubbed a "useful idiot" for Hamas.[175]

Many left-wing anti-Semites claim to love Jews while condemning Zionism and Israel, though their comments in relation to Judaism shown otherwise.[176]

In April 2019, The New York Times published an anti-Semitic cartoon depicting President Trump and Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu. The cartoonist had a history of drawing anti-Semitic cartoons.[177][178] The American Jewish Committee did not accept the NYT's non-apology.[179] The newspaper only apologized several days later despite having the chance to do so earlier.[180] If it could not get any worse, the NYT published another anti-Semitic cartoon a few days later.[181]

After despicable NYT's Catie Edmondson's piece on Sept. 23, 2021 (following radicals' attempt to halt improvement for defense system Iron Dome for Israeli civilians from terror Arab-Palestinians), NYT was slammed:[182] To the @NYTimes, Israel haters have "principles" while the Israel lobby has "power." And major news Syndicate asked Will the Nytimes editors admit to echoing Antisemitic tropes about (supposed) Jewish "power" used against good, and apologize?[183]

Various anti-Semitic attacks in the U.S. have disproven the left-wing claim that anti-Semitism is only a "right-wing" or "white nationalist" trait.[184]

In late March 2020 amidst the CCP virus in the United States, NYC mayor Bill de Blasio, sometimes referred to as Bill de Blowhard, threatened a permanent closure of churches and synagogues that don't abide by his restrictive totalitarian orders.[185] A month later, he tweeted a threat to arrest Jews who gather at synagogues[186] following opposition to his anti-Semitic rhetoric in blaming the Jewish community for spreading the CCP virus;[187] note the similarity between such and Hitler's blaming of Jews for systemic problems. He has even targeted Jewish schoolchildren under his mayorship.[188] On September 9, 2020, left-wing Democrat Max Rose released an ad calling de Blasio "the worst mayor in the history of New York City."[189]

In late October 2020, a Jewish family in New York who participated at a pro-Trump rally was attacked, with far-left rioters splashing paint on their car and pepper-spraying the children inside, leaving them traumatized.[190][191][192] Some at the rally were punched and had rocks thrown at them.[193] BLM rioters in Philadelphia around this time also harassed Jews[194] and screamed that their synagogues were "of Satan".[195]

Durban hate fests

By 2021, some 31 States have shunned[196] the racist "anti racism" conference. The Festival of Hate.[197] Writer elaborates on: 'Twenty years after Durban, what we still get wrong about left-wing anti-Semitism.'[198]

Palestinian themed anti-Semitism and violence

See also: Omar Shakir and Palestinian themed anti-Semitism under the Biden junta
George Floyd depicted as a Palestinian martyr.

Palestinian-themed violence refers to violence perpetrated by Palestinian-Arab and other jihadis as well as leftwing radicals (with their own agenda). Most ethnic Palestinian-Arabs do not support Hamas per se or their Iranian benefactors. Like the Black Lives Matter movement, where most BLM supporters are not Black, a segment of alleged "protesters" are non-Palestinian extremists.

Under the incompetence of the Biden junta in 2021, escalations in conflicts between Israel and the Arab "Palestinians" increased, and many Jewish Americans have been the victims of violent attacks in the United States.[199][200] Acting junta leader Joseph Robinette "Joe" Biden, who courted Jewish voters in the 2020 U.S. presidential election by vowing to fight anti-Semitism,[201] has turned his back on them amidst rising anti-Semitic hate crimes by remaining silent.[202]

Biden has praised the virulent anti-Semite Rashida Tlaib,[203] who previously used a bigoted dogwhistle to smear supporters of Israel.[204] Tlaib and the rest of the Squad have spouted talking points by the terrorist group Hamas,[205] which uses human shields.[206][207][208][209][210][211]


One thing was clear, the attackers were not wearing MAGA hats...[212]

At times, its crude violent attacks targeting Jews under the Palestine flag, banner were accompanied by Islamic themes such as Allahu Akhbar.[213]


On May 20, 2021, violent Arab-Palestinians in New York City brutally assaulted pro-Israel demonstrators in Times Square.[214] Among those beaten was a seventeen year-old Jewish teenager, who was punched in the head and arm. The perpetrators shouted anti-Semitic slurs including "f***ing Zionist". Several days previously, a Palestinian mob in Los Angeles attacked Jews at a restaurant.[215]


On May 20, 2021, group of six to eight Arab men confronted Luca Lewis of New York Red Bulls, the Arab mob threatened him with knives who asked if he was Jewish. [216]


On May 22, 2021, two Jewish teens in Brooklyn, New York, were surrounded by a mob who assaulted them after they refused to yell hate-filled and antisemitic phrases including "kill all the Jews." [217]

On May 22, 2021, near Chicago, a so-called "pro-Palestinian" was arranged to attack participants of a demonstration, with chants of 'Kill the J**s' and the Islamic call of "Khyber."[218]

Another notable arrest in New York occured when an Arab, Waseem Awawdeh, who with others carried out a horrific lynching on a Jew wearing a kippah in Manhattan.[219] Another Arab, Daniel Shaukat was arrested for him with others attacking Jews in Brooklyn, New York, while yelling anti-Semitic statements including "Kill all J**s". [220][221]

Two were arrested in the attack on Jews in Los Angeles, who threw bottles and chanted "death to Jews" and "free Palestine," and men got out of the vehicles and began asking who was Jewish: Xavier Pabon (of Banning)[222] and Samer Jayylusi (of Whittier). [223]

Incitement

Islamic and radical-left politicians

Waves of physical attacks came after the radical left's insults, demonization[224] of Israel such as by bigoted[225] Arab Muslims Ilhan Omar, Rashida Tlaib,[226] followed by AOC[227] (which she tried to justify by relying on anti-Israel hacks such Omar Shakir[228][229] and Hagai Elad of B'tselem,[230][231][232] both abusing Human rights banners/ positions for their extreme record long agenda) and others. Biden's press Secretary, Jen Psaki refused to denounce inflammatory anti-Israel rhetoric from House ‘Squad’.[233]

A journalist noted on May 24, 2021 that "still not a single elected Democrat--not one--has criticized the squad directly over their recent rhetoric. Not a single one."[234]

When Bernie Sanders was confronted about some liberals' use of the term "apartheid" [235][236][237][238][239][240][241][242][243] [244][245][246][247][248][249][250] [251][252][253][254][255][256][257][258][259]) prompting vitriol which has led to an increase in anti-Semitic attacks, he shifted to blame (exclusively) "right wing" extremists.[260] At the same interview, while using the term "racists" Sanders could still not bring himself to use it on (incited by preachers and political leaders) Arabs inside Israel attacking Jews (since before Guardian of Walls operation began) nor on Hamas. Nor on some Muslims attacking Jews in the US under "Palestine" flag.

NYT's columnists protested on the limited stand in face of the attacks; singling out Israel; incorrectness in descriptions and confronting reality to 'progressives who claim to be horrified by every form of prejudice':[261]

 ...it is especially despicable when Israel is singled out in ways that apply to no other country. To take just one example, when was the last time you heard of a campus demonstration or a call for boycotts and divestment in response to Turkey’s 47-year occupation of northern Cyprus or its routine bombardment, using U.S.-made jets, of Kurdish militants in Iraq?

The accusations made against Israel — stealing Palestinian land (despite the fact that Israel vacated the territory from which it was subsequently attacked) and wanton violence against Palestinian civilians, particularly children (despite the fact that Israel regularly warned its targets to vacate buildings before targeting them) — can’t help but make me think of ancient libels about Jewish greed and bloodlust.

Also echoing ancient libels is the idea that 11 days of fighting between Israel and Hamas somehow constitute a unique global horror, even as the world barely takes notice of the Taliban’s murder this month of 85 people at a school in Kabul. The anti-Semitic worldview is always Judeocentric, in the sense that it is obsessed with Jewish behavior as the supreme factor in domestic and international political life. The left has lately been awfully Judeocentric.

This ought to be whistling loudly in the ears of progressives who claim to be horrified by every form of prejudice. Instead, they have indulged an anti-Israel movement that keeps descending into the crudest forms of anti-Semitism. They remind me of a certain kind of Trump voter who would occasionally voice disgust at his most outrageous behavior, only to come back into alignment with him a few days later. After a while, it becomes clear that the outrage is cheap, if it isn’t simply fake.

Progressives will have to come to their own reckoning about what to do about the burgeoning anti-Semitism in their midst. As for Jews, they should take the events of the last few days less as an outrage than as an omen.

Journalist decried[262] the (daughters of Arab billionaire Mohamned) Hadid sisters' and their liberal friends' contribution to the increase in anti-Semitic attacks. The sisters who "have three times more followers than the total Jewish population in the world as of 2021," and that "when they spread their Fake News and increase antisemitism in the world - for some reason, everyone is silent. And if you were wondering what about the Palestinians - you just proved that this is not the conflict that interests you, because what is the connection between it - and beatings that a Jew gets in New York." She said.

...these two supermodels blatantly circulated antisemitic posts, falsely portraying the Jews of Israel as white supremacists and colonialists, through fake news, blatant lies, infographics based on unreliable sources and a variety of techniques. With the goal to express support for the Palestinians, according to them. They removed the posts later, either because of outside criticism or out of an understanding that what underpinned the posts they shared with many millions around the world, is of course pure anti-Semitism. But in simple terms: both have three times more followers than the total world Jewish population, after Adolf Hitler - that one, of those posts "Hit... was right" - succeeded in exterminating more than a third of the Jewish population in the Holocaust. This is after my family members have been attacked only because of their identity.


Journalist in Germany decried on Islamic hate crimes being hidden. Crime statistics on anti-Semitic attacks are manipulated to hide Muslim perpetrators, blatantly misleading for years and which automatically classify alleged anti-Semitic crimes as ‘right-wing’ motivated if they cannot be attribute to anything else.[263]

Islamic incitement - US

The South Florida Muslim Federation disseminated a malicious campaign of vilification, distortion.[264]  

Rallies

In response, some 14 rallies were held around the States. Including under banner "United Against Anti-Semitism. United Against Terror. United for Us".[265]

Anti-capitalism, Anti-Americanism and anti-Semitism

"[I]n North America," wrote Marx, the "practical domination of Judaism over the Christian world" had achieved what he called "its unambiguous and normal expression."[266] According to Sombart, “what we call Americanism is nothing else, if we may say so, than the Jewish spirit distilled.”[267]

“The anti-American left... is at least as anti-Jewish as the clerical conservative right, especially among those who have embraced a pronounced 'antifascist' and 'antiracist' credo.”[268] "Anti-Americanism in the Islamic world and Anti-Americanism in Europe are in fact linked, and both bear an uncanny resemblance to anti-Semitism."[269]

"America and Jews are seen by many Europeans as paragons of a modernity they dislike and distrust: money-driven, profit-hungry, urban, universalistic, individualistic, mobile, rootless, inauthentic, and thus hostile to established traditions and values."[270] "Jews were blamed for the evils of capitalism in earlier centuries. Americans are blamed for globalization, that is, technological and economic change to the max, in our days."[271] "America today has become the world's market-dominant minority," while "Jews are a market-dominant mionority in the Middle East."[272]

Thus post-unification Germany, observed a journalist in 2005, is marked by "a poisonous cocktail of the three big As: anti-Americanism, anti-Semitism and anti-capitalism."[273] This association of Jews with America was illustrated in 2006, when German Neo-Nazis burned a copy of Anne Frank: Diary of a Young Girl together with an American flag.

Despite the growth of liberal anti-Semitism, left-wingers who happen to be Jewish have largely ignored anti-Semitism on the Left.[274]

See also

External links

References

  1. https://thehill.com/homenews/media/440957-ny-times-opinion-apologizes-for-cartoon-depicting-anti-semitic-tropes
  2. http://archive.is/9rV3Y
  3. Robert Fine, “Karl Marx and the Radical Critique of Anti-Semitism,” Engage, No. 2 (May 2006).
  4. George L. Mosse, Modern Jewish History - Summary: Lecture #7, March 1, 1971, George L. Mosse Program in History, Department of History, University of Wisconsin-Madison
  5. Omer Bartov, "He Meant What He Said," The New Republic, February 2, 2004
  6. Jeffrey Gedmin, "Experiencing European Anti-Americanism and Anti-Israelism," Post-Holocaust and Anti-Semitism, No. 27 (December 2004), Institute for Global Jewish Affairs
  7. Robert Fine, “Karl Marx and the Radical Critique of Anti-Semitism,” Engage, No. 2 (May 2006)
  8. William Coleman, "Anti-Semitism in Anti-economics," History of Political Economy, Vol. 35, No. 4 (Winter 2003), pp. 759-777
  9. Marc Crapez, L'antisémitisme de gauche au XIXe siècle (Paris: Berg international, 2002) ISBN 2-911289-43-9
  10. George L. Mosse, Modern Jewish History - Summary: Lecture #7, March 1, 1971, George L. Mosse Program in History, Department of History, University of Wisconsin-Madison
  11. Jerry Z. Muller, Capitalism and the Jews (Princeton University Press, 2010) ISBN 0691144788, p. 2
  12. Shlomo Sharan, Israel and the Post-Zionists: A Nation at Risk (Sussex Academic Press, 2003) ISBN 1903900522 , p. 125
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  24. Karlheinz Weissmann, "The Epoch of National Socialism," The Journal of Libertarian Studies, Vol. 12, No. 2 (Fall 1996), pp. 257–294, citing Edmund Silberner, Sozialisten zur Judenfrage: Ein Beitrag zur Geschichte des Sozialismus vom Anfang des 19.Jahrhunderts bis 1914 (Berlin, 1962), pp. 65–82
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  92. Antisemitismus eigentlich Haß auf Kapitalismus ist. George Watson, "Race and the Socialists. On the Progressive Principle of Revolutionary Extermination," Encounter 47, 1976, pp. 15-18
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  94. Neo-Nazi Horst Mahler transferred to prison in Bavaria,” European Jewish Press, December 29, 2006
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    See also:
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  139. Friedman, Victoria (July 17, 2018). UK Jewish Leaders Condemn Labour Party for Watering Down Definition of Anti-Semitism. Breitbart News. Retrieved July 17, 2018.
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  141. Lane, Oliver JJ (December 28, 2018). UK Opposition Leader Corbyn Makes Simon Wiesenthal Anti-Semitism List. Breitbart News. Retrieved December 28, 2018.
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  144. Kent, Simon (April 14, 2019). Jeremy Corbyn Concedes UK Labour May Have ‘Ignored’ Evidence of Anti-Semitism. Breitbart News. Retrieved April 14, 2019.
  145. Friedman, Victoria (July 9, 2019). ‘Institutionally Antisemitic’: Three Labour Lords Resign Whip over Antisemitism. Breitbart News. Retrieved July 9, 2019.
  146. Friedman, Victoria (May 1, 2019). Corbyn Criticised for Endorsing Book Claiming Jews Control Banks, Media. Breitbart News. Retrieved May 1, 2019.
  147. Klar, Rebecca (May 29, 2019). UK watchdog launches probe into allegations of anti-Semitism by Labour Party. The Hill. Retrieved May 29, 2019.
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  149. British Labour Party readmits lawmaker suspended over anti-Semitism comments. Reuters. June 26, 2019. Retrieved June 26, 2019.
    See also:
  150. Friedman, Victoria (September 20, 2019). Pro-Israel Group Pulls out of Labour Conference for Fear of Abuse. Breitbart News. Retrieved September 20, 2019.
  151. Multiple references: See also:
  152. Crilly, Rob (December 8, 2019). Leaked files expose extent of anti-Semitism in British Labour Party. Washington Examiner. Retrieved December 9, 2019.
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  154. Zindulka, Kurt (December 11, 2019). Jewish Voters Have ‘Deserted’ Labour Under Corbyn over Antisemitism. Breitbart News. Retrieved December 11, 2019.
  155. Kelly, Laura (December 12, 2019). Democrats worried by Jeremy Corbyn's UK rise amid anti-Semitism. The Hill. Retrieved December 12, 2019.
  156. Murphy, James (March 8, 2019). Do Democrats Have an Anti-Semitism Problem? The New American. Retrieved March 8, 2019.
  157. https://www.jpost.com/opinion/the-rise-of-antisemitism-in-the-left-and-in-america-637017 The rise of antisemitism on the Left and in America] Matthew Wearp, JPost, July 31, 2020
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  159. Chasmar, Jessica (December 4, 2018). Democratic Rep.-elect Rashida Tlaib endorses anti-Israel BDS movement. The Washington Times. Retrieved January 5, 2019.
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  162. Multiple references:
  163. Richardson, Valerie (August 20, 2019). Ilhan Omar blasts Israel after Palestinian Authority cracks down on LGBT rights. The Washington Times. Retrieved August 20, 2019.
  164. Antisemite Of The Week: Betty McCollum - aka BDS Betty
  165. Rep. Betty McCollum: “It’s Called Apartheid”
  166. Multiple references:
  167. Two references:
  168. Lawmaker, Aipac Feud After Fight Over Hamas Bill
  169. Hamas’ disturbing ‘human shields’ manual
  170. UN report outlines how Hamas used kids as human shields
  171. Does Hamas use civilians as human shields?
  172. The inhumanity of Hamas' human shields
  173. US congresswoman Betty McCollum receives award for Palestinian children advocacy
  174. Multiple references:
  175. US Rep Betty McCollum – ‘Useful Idiot’ for Hamas
  176. Brog, David (January 21, 2019). Beware the fork-tongued anti-Semites who claim to love Jews. Washington Examiner. Retrieved January 21, 2019.
  177. Morton, Victor (April 28, 2019). Cartoonist whose work was pulled by New York Times had pattern of anti-Semitic tropes. The Washington Times. Retrieved April 29, 2019.
  178. Spiro, Amy (April 29, 2019). Cartoonist Behind 'NYT' Caricature has History of Controversy. The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved April 29, 2019.
  179. Danan, Deborah (April 28, 2019). American Jewish Committee to NY Times: ‘Apology Not Accepted’ on Anti-Semitic Cartoon. Breitbart News. Retrieved April 28, 2019.
  180. Boyle, Matthew (April 28, 2019). Under Fire, New York Times Finally Apologizes for Antisemitic Cartoon After Days of Failing to Do So. Breitbart News. Retrieved April 29, 2019.
  181. Boyle, Matthew (April 29, 2019). New York Times Prints Another Anti-Israel Cartoon Amid Antisemitism Scandal Rocking Newspaper. Breitbart News. Retrieved April 29, 2019.
  182. Elder of Ziyon (@elderofziyon) Tweeted Sep 24, 2021: To the @NYTimes, Israel haters have "principles" while the Israel lobby has "power." https://t.co/o4h1mU0cyy
  183. Jewish News Syndicate (@JNS_org) Tweeted (Sep 26, 2021): Will the @nytimes editors admit to echoing #antisemitic tropes about Jewish power used against good, and apologize? @deanbaquet @JosephKahn https://t.co/NmwmsLbr3b
  184. Bailey, Beth (December 30, 2019). Latest anti-Semitic attacks make it clear: Hatred of Jews doesn't just come from white supremacists. Washington Examiner. Retrieved January 6, 2020.
  185. Two references:
  186. Multiple references:
  187. After Orthodox funeral, liberal Jews slam de Blasio for anti-Semitic tweet, threat of arrests
  188. Bill de Blasio targets New York Jewish schoolchildren with new anti-Semitic tweet
  189. Two references:
  190. Jewish Family Traumatized by Pepper-spray Attack on ‘Jews for Trump’ Caravan
  191. Family describes horror as violent maskless rioters throw rocks, attack 'Jews for Trump' convoy
  192. Jewish Trump Supporters Attacked in New York City (Video)
  193. WATCH: ‘Jews for Trump’ Caravan Rolls Thru New York City; Punches, Rocks Thrown
  194. “Get the F**k Out! Get the F**k Out!” — Black Lives Matter Screams at Jews Who Joined Their Philly Protest (VIDEO) (Warning: Article contains foul language)
  195. WATCH: BLM Protesters Target Jews in Philadelphia While Yelling ‘Synagogue of Satan’
  196. Yoseph Haddad (@YosephHaddad) Tweeted (Sep 22, 2021):
    This is what the Durban Conference looks like: empty thanks to dozens of countries that refused to participate and who was left participating in this hate conference? Countries like Iran, Syria, Afghanistan, China and North Korea ... and that says it all! Disgrace! https://t.co/VMjDlFiFJG
  197. Gerald M Steinberg, "Durban IV: The UN’s festival of hate", JNS, Sep 22, 2021.
    Now, as in 2001, many of those who claim to speak in the name of morality and law continue to support the perpetrators of inhuman brutality, and erase the victims of terror and injustice.
  198. D. Bernstein, "Twenty years after Durban, what we still get wrong about left-wing anti-Semitism," JNS, Sep 26, 2021.
    Talking about the anti-Semitism at Durban without reference to postcolonialist ideology is like talking about the attacks of Sept. 11 without reference to extreme Islamist ideology. The Durban conference was a watershed moment for Jews around the world, a stark reminder that the deliverance from the forces of history was not yet in the offing. The world’s oldest hatred was alive and well, not just in the remnants of an unreconstructed Eastern Europe or the aggrieved masses of the Third World, but among the cosmopolitan classes of the West. Yet few people addressed a basic question about this revival of anti-Semitism: What was the underlying ideology driving the Jew-hatred at Durban? And, 20 years later, with a resurgence of left-wing anti-Semitism in the United States and Europe, many still haven’t figured out how a variant of that same virus generates anti-Semitism today.
  199. Chavez, Nicole; Gingras, Brynn; Sgueglia, Kristina (May 21, 2021). Anti-Semitic attacks are being reported in US cities as tensions flare over the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. CNN. Retrieved May 22, 2021.
  200. Frantzman, Seth J. (May 22, 2021). Militia-like pro-Palestinian gangs attack Jews across US, West - analysis. The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved May 22, 2021.
  201. Biden, Joe (January 2, 2020). Joe Biden: My plan to fight anti-Semitism. Jewish Telegraphic Agency. Retrieved May 22, 2021.
  202. Talcott, Shelby (May 21, 2021). Joe Biden Remains Silent On Wave Of Anti-Semitic Crimes In US. The Daily Caller. Retrieved May 22, 2021.
  203. Boyer, Dave (May 18, 2021). Biden heaps praise on Tlaib: 'Thank you for being a fighter'. Washington Times. Retrieved May 22, 2021.
  204. Rashida Tlaib casually dives into anti-Semitism. New York Post. Retrieved May 22, 2021.
  205. Cooper, Abraham; Moore, Johnnie (May 18, 2021). Will Dems Rebuke the Squad for Parroting Hamas Talking Points? | Opinion. Newsweek. Retrieved May 22, 2021.
  206. Operation Cast Lead: Hamas’s Human Shields. Jewish Virtual Library. Retrieved May 22, 2021.
  207. Katz, Yaakov (March 15, 2010). 'Hamas used kids as human shields'. The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved May 22, 2021.
  208. Does Hamas use civilians as human shields?. 4 News. Retrieved May 22, 2021.
  209. Fredericks, Bob (August 5, 2014). Hamas’ disturbing ‘human shields’ manual. New York Post. Retrieved May 22, 2021.
  210. UN report outlines how Hamas used kids as human shields. New York Post. Retrieved May 22, 2021.
  211. Wilson, Joe (May 31, 2018). The inhumanity of Hamas' human shields. Washington Times. Retrieved May 22, 2021.
  212. Antisemitic attacks spread like ‘wildfire’ in the U.S. during Gaza conflict, PBS Newshour, May 24, 2021.
    ... The span of these attacks, they spread like wildfire across the country. You mentioned a few, California, Arizona, Wisconsin, Illinois, Michigan, New York, New Jersey, South Carolina, Florida, acts of harassment and vandalism and violence.

    So, number one, the span is much greater than what we have seen, but secondly the tone, the brazenness, the audacity of these assaults in broad daylight. We have seen people basically say, if you are wearing a Star of David, you must be a Zionist and you should be killed.

    We have seen people hurling bottles and objects at homes with mezuzot on the door that were identifiably Jewish. We have seen people driving cars or marauding through Jewish neighborhoods and yelling, "We're going to rape your women," right, or yelling things like "Allahu akbar," and literally then wreaking physical violence on people.

    And one of the incidents that was captured was in broad daylight in Times Square, a group of people beating and bloodying a Jewish man whose only crime was he was wearing a kippah, to the point where he was left unconscious in the street while people kicked him, bloodied him with like crutches. 

    ... Well, let's be clear. None of the people committing these crimes wearing MAGA hats, right?

    The reality is.. I do believe that political language can have real world consequences. But this is very different kind of political language... in this case, we have people waving Palestinian flags and then beating Jewish people. And, in this case, you know what I might really draw a parallel to is the hate crimes committed against Asian Americans, where unhinged, fictionalized conspiracies about China first spouted by political leaders led to real-world consequences, as Asian Americans were attacked on the streets.

    Well, today, we have unhinged, fictionalized conspiracies about Israel, that somehow the Jewish state is systematically slaughtering children or committing genocide. And then that leads to real-world attacks on Jewish people in the streets of America, on our campuses, in our communities.

    So, although, again, the political tenor may be different, the real outcome is the same. And that's why we think people, regardless of where you are on the spectrum, need to speak out clearly and firmly and forcefully and say, in an unambiguous way, that anti-Semitism is unacceptable, because, again, this isn't activism. It's hate, and it should be called out as such.
  213. LA Jewish man chased by 2 vehicles waving Palestinian flags: 'They were yelling Allahu Akbar' Jewish Los Angeles resident said he 'thought they were going to kill me' By Yael Halon. Fox News, May 20, 2021. https://www.foxnews.com/us/la-jewish-man-chased-palestinian-flags-yelling-allahu-akbar
  214. Sales, Ben (May 22, 2021). Antisemitism in New York City: What we know about Thursday’s attacks. Jewish Telegraphic Agency. Retrieved May 22, 2021.
  215. Multiple references:
  216. "Luca Lewis of New York Red Bulls Says He Was Threatened by Men With Knives Who Asked if He Was Jewish", Daniel Villarreal, Newsweek, 5/21/21....a group of six to eight Palestinian men confronted him and his friend during their walk around New York City on Thursday night.
  217. Jewish Teens in New York Assaulted by Group Demanding They Yell 'Kill All the Jews' Benjamin Fearnow, Newsweek, May 23, 2021. Two Jewish teens in Brooklyn, New York, were surrounded Saturday night by a mob of people who assaulted them after they refused to yell hate-filled and antisemitic phrases including "kill all the Jews," police said... Police said the suspects demanded that the two Jewish teens chant out various antisemitic phrases or face physical violence. After refusing, the teens were allegedly punched in the head and face numerous times, and one of the suspects put the 17-year-old victim in a chokehold.
  218. “‘Kill the Jews’: Arab mob attacks pro-Israel rally in Illinois,” Arutz Sheva, May 24, 2021. https://www.israelnationalnews.com/News/News.aspx/306739

    A pro-Israel rally held outside of Chicago over the weekend was crashed by a mob of Arab protesters who attacked the pro-Israel demonstration and called for the slaughter of Jews.

    The incident occurred on Sunday in downtown Naperville, a city of roughly 150,000 less than 30 miles west of Chicago….

    In the week leading up to the event, the Instagram account created for the march received over 1,300 comments containing vile anti-Semitism, hate speech, calls for violence at the event, and death threats toward the organizers said Daniel Raab, one of the people behind the rally... a counter-demonstration, dubbed the “Naperville Protest for Palestine”, was later planned, “with the explicit intention to intimidate the Jewish run rally and march onto city hall to confront the 50 Jews and allies gathered for Israel. Violent intentions were expressed as the goal of the confrontations.”... gathering was interrupted when multiple trucks filled with men waving Palestinian flags drove by, swearing at the attendees and yelling “Free Palestine”….

    “We could hear the mob chanting while they marched toward us ‘From the river to the sea Palestine will be free’, ‘Intifada Intifada long live the Intifada’, and ‘Khyber Khyber ya Yahood, Jaish Muhammed sa Yahood,’” said Raab. “They were cursing at us and saying to ‘kill the Jews’.”

    “When we evacuated a car with four teenage boys, one Jew and three non-Jews from the Walk for Israel got caught in the mob at a traffic light. They were surrounded by the mob with people jumping on and into their car, spitting and punching.”..
  219. Waseem Awawdeh has been hit with multiple charges, including a hate crime, NY Post, May 21, 2021
  220. 20-year-old Daniel Shaukat arrested in a series of attacks on Jewish victims in Brooklyn. Eyewitness News, May 25, 2021. Police say Shaukat and two others parked outside the synagogue shouted an anti-Semitic threat. They allegedly shouted, “Free the Palestinians! Kill all the Jews!” with four male victims standing outside the place. Two of the suspects got out of the car and began hitting the front door of the synagogue. They couldn’t get inside. Police say they kicked and destroyed the side mirrors of a nearby car on their way back to the car. Shortly thereafter, another bias incident may have occurred at Kensington’s Ocean Parkway ... Shawkat and another man approached the victim and his cousin and demanded that they “release Palestine.” Shawkat is said to have hit the back of his head with a suction cup when the victim tried to stop Shawkat from hitting his cousin. Next, a second man with a bat chased them to Ocean Parkway...
  221. Man accused of hurling threats outside Jewish synagogue apologizes. By Paul Martinka, Tina Moore and Jesse O’Neill, NYPost, May 25, 2021. The Bensonhurst resident was allegedly among the young men who yelled “f**k the Jews,” “kill the Jews” and “free Palestine” on Saturday as worshippers gathered to pray. Shaukat was also involved in two other bias crimes, officials said... He is facing hate crime charges of aggravated harassment, and is expected to be arraigned later Tuesday or Wednesday morning.
  222. Arrest made in assault on Jewish diners outside Los Angeles restaurant By Samuel Chamberlain, May 23, 2021. Xavier Pabon was arrested in connection to the assault on a group of Jewish diners at Sushi Fumi in Los Angeles.
  223. Beverly Grove restaurant attack: 2nd suspect arrested after attack on Jewish men seen on video, LAPD says, abc7.com. ...people in the caravan threw bottles and chanted "death to Jews" and "free Palestine," and men got out of the vehicles and began asking who was Jewish. 35-year-old Samer Jayylusi of Whittier, was arrested overnight Monday in Anaheim and booked on suspicion of assault with a deadly weapon, "with hate crime enhancements being sought."... police arrested Xavier Pabon, 30, of Banning, for allegedly taking part in the attack, which was one of two assaults on Jewish victims last week that sparked community outrage and calls for an end to hate-motivated violence in the city.
  224. Michelle Boorstein: "Jewish American groups appeal to Biden White House after string of antisemitic attacks related to Israel." May 21, 2021. https://www.washingtonpost.com/religion/2021/05/21/jews-antisemitic-attack-los-angeles-times-square-biden-israel-palestine
    Near Miami, a family was assaulted as they walked in Bal Harbour on Tuesday. The Orgen family was visiting from New Jersey when a car of people yelling “Free Palestine” and “We’re going to rape your wife,”...since May 8 and that the ADL this week reported finding 17,000 tweets between May 7 and May 14 with variations of the words “Hitler was right.”... Rubin, who handled Jewish outreach for Bernie Sanders’s 2020 presidential campaign, said the current level of vitriol in the United States against Jews is higher than he’s ever seen it. He pointed to an increased use of the term “apartheid” by progressive politicians and the appearance of White nationalists in the Palestinian cause... “There is language being used to describe Israel that is heading us on a path to arguments about delegitimization, that Israel should not exist, that the issue is that it exists,” said Rubin, executive director of the American Jewish Congress. “Words are being used about Israel that are incredibly unsettling to the Jewish community that go further, and in a direction that makes the community feel very vulnerable. And that vulnerability is not a good place to be..
  225. Ilhan Omar, Rashida Tlaib, Jeremy Corbyn top list of worst antisemites Corbyn, violent antisemitism in the US, Germany, Italy, France led the list, compiled by the Simon Wiesenthal Center. By Benjamin Weinthal, JPost, December 20, 2019.
  226. Democrats must punish Tlaib and Omar if they're truly serious about antisemitism Reps. Rashida Tlaib and Ilhan Omar support policies that are considered antisemitic - and Democrats refuse to call it out. They should. Farley Weiss, May 19, 2021
  227. Hillel Neuer (@HillelNeuer) tweeted: A congresswoman, that U.N. report accusing Israel of 'apartheid' was authored by 9/11 conspiracy theorist Richard Falk, who was denounced by his own UN chief Ban Ki-moon and by the UK for antisemitism, and it was commissioned by Syria, Libya and 18 other Arab states. #factsmatter https://twitter.com/HillelNeuer/status/1394077789767323648?s=20
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  232. '"B'Tselem", do not advance your agenda on my back.' Yosef Haddad, Israel Hayom, January 16, 2021.
  233. Press Secretary Psaki Pointedly Refuses To Denounce Anti-Israel Rhetoric From House Democrats. GOP War Room, May 20, 2021. https://youtu.be/Oq9LCUc4V3A
  234. Seth Mandel (@SethAMandel) Tweeted: Still not a single elected Democrat--not one--has criticized the squad directly over their recent rhetoric. Not a single one. I wish I could say Dems were insufficiently policing their caucus, but that would require any policing at all whatsoever. [May 24, 2021]
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  256. https://www.jpost.com/jerusalem-report/israel/the-apartheid-slur
  257. http://cgis.jpost.com/Blogs/troy/entry/treat_the_apartheid_slur_the
  258. Calling Israel an apartheid state is both racist and a lie By Karen Harradine and Paul T Horgan, Conservative Wonan, July 16, 2019
  259. Israel and the Human Rights Distortion Christian Friends of Israel, Apr 28, 2021
  260. 5/23: Sanders, Gates, Honoré. This week on "Face the Nation," will the fragile ceasefire in the Middle East continue to hold? Plus, more hopeful signs that we're reaching the end of the pandemic. https://www.cbsnews.com/video/523-sanders-gates-honore/. J. Dickerson:

    Let me ask you how this is played out here at home, the ADL says, there were 193 reports of anti-Semitic incidents this week, up from 131 the previous week, so that's during the period while the crisis began...

    B. Sanders:

    Anti-Semitism is rising in America, it is rising all over the world. We have to combat anti-Semitism. We have to combat the increase in hate crimes in this country, against Asians, against African-Americans, and against Latinos, so we have a serious problem of a nation which is being increasingly divided, being led by right wing extremists..

    J. Dickerson:

    There are a number of liberals who use the the word "apartheid".. a number of liberals in the house used that language.

    The executive director of the American Jewish Congress, who handled Jewish outreach for your campaign, Joel Rubin has said that the use of that language has increased the level of vitriol that has contributed to this anti-Semitism...
  261. Anti-Zionism isn’t anti-Semitism? Someone didn’t get the memo Bret Stephens, The New York Times, May 24, 2021
  262. For the information of the Hadid sisters and their liberal friends: You have a responsibility to the harming of Jews Natasha Kirtziuk-Gutman, Ynet, May 25, 2021
  263. German newspaper complains that crime statistics on anti-Semitic attacks are manipulated to hide Muslim perpetrators, Medforth, September 25, 2021.

    German politics misses the point when it comes to anti-Semitism. Journalist Lennart Pfahler is convinced of this. As he writes in the early edition of the newspaper “Welt am Sonntag” (September 26), Muslim anti-Semitism is still taboo in Germany.

    Whoever names it must fear being called a “right-winger” or a “fig leaf” if they are Muslim themselves. This is a “criminal failure of discourse”: “Apart from the police crime statistics, which have been blatantly misleading for years and which automatically classify alleged anti-Semitic crimes as ‘right-wing’ motivated if they cannot be attributed to anything else, there is little to support the convenient thesis of the marginal phenomenon.

    In a survey by the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights, 41 per cent of Jews in Germany said they felt most threatened by Islamic anti-Semitism.

    Conservative politicians and Jewish associations regularly pointed out the problem. Too often, the response from “left-liberal columnists and Muslim activists” was appeasing. The debate about the broadcaster Nemi El-Hassan shows how much the fight against anti-Semitism has degenerated into a political question of opinion.

    Background: German public broadcaster WDR wanted to hire the journalist as a presenter. After protests – among other things because of El-Hassan’s participation in an anti-Israel Al-Quds demonstration – WDR suspended its decision. Prominent voices now wanted to stall the reappraisal of the case, Pfahler writes. Especially for those Muslims who tried to address the issue in their own community, this defensive attitude was a slap in the face...
  264. Dangerous Incitement From the South Florida Muslim Federation by Dexter Van Zile, The Algemeiner, May 20, 2021.

     ...the video, protesters can be heard chanting, “Netanyahu, You Can’t Hide, We Charge You With Genocide,” “From the River to the Sea, Palestine Will Be Free!” and “Israel, What Do You Say? How Many Kids Have You Killed Today.”

    At about eight and a half minutes into the video, which can be seen on Facebook here, a keffiyeh-wearing protester is shown displaying a sign that reads “IS...= NAZI/They Are Committing Genocide.”.... the letter, Kakli complains about the deaths of Palestinian children in the Gaza Strip, failing to mention that many of these deaths are caused by Hamas rockets that have fallen short and landed on the homes of Palestinians — or because Hamas uses civilians (and children) as human shields.

    In his plea for peace in Jerusalem, Kakli makes no reference to the “TikTok Attacks” that took place in April, during which young Arab men recorded themselves attacking Orthodox Jews walking the streets of the Holy City and posted these videos on the Internet.

    Kakli makes no reference to the ongoing incitement from the Al-Aqsa Mosque, where imams call for acts of violence against Jews, nor does he acknowledge the call from a leader of Hamas for his followers to buy a five-shekel knife and decapitate Jews with said knife.

    In the story told by Kakli and promoted by the organization he leads, everything is Israel’s fault... question for Deputy Hamze: Does the incitement his organization promotes against Israel make Jews in Florida more or less safe?

  265. Thousands rally for Israel at Ground Zero. Rally is one of 14 pro-Israel gatherings coast-to-coast. Arutz Sheva Staff, May 23, 2021. https://www.israelnationalnews.com/News/News.aspx/306707
  266. Karl Marx, "On The Jewish Question," Deutsch-Französische Jahrbücher, February 1844, reprinted in Karl Marx, Early writings (Penguin, 1992) ISBN 0140445749, p. 232
  267. Werner Sombart, The Jews and Modern Capitalism (E. P. Dutton, 1913), p. 44
  268. Robert S. Wistrich, European Anti-Semitism Reinvents Itself, [The American Jewish Committee, 2002], p. 11
  269. Natan Sharansky, "On Hating Jews: The inextricable link between anti-Semitism and anti-Americanism," The Wall Street Journal, November 17, 2003
  270. "European Anti-Americanism and Anti-Semitism: Similarities and Differences," An Interview with Andrei S. Markovits, Post-Holocaust and Anti-Semitism [Institute for Global Jewish Affairs], No. 16 [January 1, 2004]
  271. Josef Joffe, quoted in Mark O'Keefe, "Anti-Semitism and Anti-Americanism," Pew Forum on Religion & Public Life, May 5, 2006
  272. Amy Chua, World on fire: how exporting free market democracy breeds ethnic hatred and global instability [Random House, Inc., 2004] ISBN 0385721862, pp. 218, 229
  273. Wolfgang Munchau, "Anti-Americanism, anti-Semitism, anti-capitalism," The Spectator, May 21, 2005
  274. Markowicz, Karol (November 25, 2018). Liberal Jews are still turning a blind eye to anti-Semitism on the left. New York Post. Retrieved November 29, 2018.