Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia
From 1948, militant conservative, liberal and communist groups fought against each other. In 1964 the Colombian army and the CIA won control over the cities. But on the 5th May 1966, the militant communists formed a guerrilla organization, called the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia. A second group was founded under the name Ejército de Liberación Nacional in 1964. In October 2012 peace talks between the FARC and the government began.
In 2016, the Colombian government approved a peace accord with the FARC in an effort to end a war that had killed more than 220,000 people. However, voters narrowly rejected the peace deal in a referendum, as there were worries that the deal was far too lenient towards the FARC. In November 2016, the Colombian government approved a revised treaty with FARC, changed to address some, but not all, of the concerns of conservatives. This time, the treaty was not brought before the voters, but rather the Colombian Congress. It was reported in April 2017 that FARC continued to possess weapons despite the deal that was made. It was reported in mid-May that FARC members continued to engage in violence and kidnappings. FARC announced it would transform into a political party.
The organization obtains its money from drug trade and extortion. FARC was often criticized because child soldiers are fighting in the conflict.
- Karl, Robert (October 1, 2016). Here’s the century-long history behind Colombia’s peace agreement with the FARC. The Washington Post. Retrieved October 1, 2016.
- Murphy, Helen & Cobb, Julia Symmes (October 3, 2016). Colombia's peace deal in limbo after shock referendum. Reuters. Retrieved October 4, 2016.
- Casey, Nicholas (November 24, 2016). Colombia and FARC Sign New Peace Deal, This Time Skipping Voters. The New York Times. Retrieved November 26, 2016.
- Arostegui, Martin (April 20, 2017). Colombia's FARC concealing weapons despite deal, intelligence analysts say. Fox News. Retrieved April 20, 2017.
- Martel, Frances (May 15, 2017). Colombia: FARC Terrorists Abduct Ranchers, UN Employee as Peace Deal Kicks In. Breitbart News. Retrieved May 16, 2017.
- Bocanegra, Nelson; Cobb, Julia Symmes (August 27, 2017). After decades of war, Colombia's FARC rebels debut political party. Reuters. Retrieved December 25, 2017.