Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine

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The Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine (DFLP) / The Popular Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PDFLP) initially held a radical Marxist-Leninist ideology, cooperated with other radical left-wing organizations. It was founded on February 22, 1969, when it split from the PLO's Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP).[1]

It bolds Palestinian goals can be achieved solely through revolution of the masses.[2]

Since the terrorists were expelled from Lebanon (1982) its position has become somewhat more pragmatic and usually similar to that of Fatah.[1]

In early 1980s, occupied political stance midway between Arafat and the rejectionists. Spilt into two factions in 1991; Nayif Hawatmah leads the majority and more hardline faction, which continues to dominate the group. It joined with other rejectionist groups to form the Alliance of Palestinian Forces (APF) to oppose the Declaration of Principals signed in 1993. It broke from the APF--along with the PFLP. And since the mid-1990s it has made some moves toward merging with the PFLP

Terrorism

In the 1970s it carried out numerous small bombings and minor assaults and some more spectacular operations in Israel and the disputed territories, concentrating on Israeli targets. It is involved in border raids since 1988. It continues to oppose the Israel-PLO peace agreement.[2]

  • Terrorist attack on the northern border town of Ma'alot (May 15, 1974); 25 Israeli civilians murdered, many of them children.
  • Attack on a private home in the town of Beit Shean (November 19, 1974); 4 Israeli civilians murdered.
  • A wagon rigged with a bomb which exploded in Jerusalem (November 13, 1975); 7 Israeli civilians murdered.[1]

It has also participated in the Damour massacre.[3]

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Palestinian Terror Groups: Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine (DFLP) JVL
  2. 2.0 2.1 Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine (DFLP) Fas
  3. Brian Lee Davis (January 1, 1990). Qaddafi, Terrorism, and the Origins of the U.S. Attack on Libya. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 978-0-275-93302-9.