Human shields by terrorists

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The tactic of using human shields is very early, many have used human shields. The 'uniquness' of terrorists is by using its own people.


Among documented noted terror entities[1][2] using this method:

Palestine: 1939

Already in 1939, Yusuf Sa'id Abu Durra (1900 – 1940 - nom de guerre: Abu Abed), of Mohammed Amin Al-Husseini grand Mufti of a Jerusalem's terror gang, used women to escape.[23]

Anti-Israel forces

The use of its civilians (in attacking Israeli civilians - the double crime[24]) by anti-Israel Arab-"Palestinians" or Hezbollah goes back to at least 1982, by Arafat at PLO.[25][26][27][28][29][30][31] [32]

It has unfortunately caused many deaths while "successfully" duped the media or/and many reporters have played along.

This routine, practice, makes the anti-Israel Arab-Islamic forces the powerful destructive 'Goliath' vs 'David' - Israel - the careful side, despite its military capabilities.

Most widespread, by Islamic Jihad and Hamas.[33] [34] Even by own admission.[35]


Among its usage:


NATO has documented Hamas’ use of human shields in Gaza.[49]

Dubbed the 'dead baby strategy.'[50]

Hamas' human shields has been widely noted by international journalists,[51] and has even threatened journalists reporting about it.[52]

Already in 2008, Hamas openly bragged about the use of women and children as shields.[53]

In 2014 it called on the "Palestinian" people to use the tactic to defend their homes: "We in the Hamas movement call on our people to adopt this procedure."[54]

In June, 2021, Hamas leader Yahya Sinwar himself admitted that the terrorist group hides in civilian buildings in Gaza.[55][56]


As summarised, [57]

Certain facts are irrefutable. The terrorists are motivated by hatred and aim to wound or kill innocent women, men and children. Israel, by contrast, is motivated by the legal and moral imperative to protect and preserve life, and is always entirely justified in acting in its own self-defense...It is impossible to obtain reliable data on civilian casualties in Gaza. Data that is provided to and reported by the media come from the Gaza Health Ministry, which is run by Hamas, a U.S.-designated Foreign Terrorist Organization. What we do know — what is proven — is that Hamas commits war crimes by using Palestinians as human shields. No place in Gaza is safe from Hamas. Rockets, mortars, rifles and missiles are stored or fired from schoolsapartment buildingsofficesmosques and hospitals.


Anti-Israel Islamist terrorists see their methods, firing from residential places, schools, etc. as a win win situation. In case they save themselves and their weaponry, of course they then can keep on the assault on Israeli civilians. If many civilians on its own side die, then Israel's image is even more in shambles and graphic photos are most powerful in bringing sympathy and even recruitment.


Among the famous dates:

  • Dec.2000 letter by Arab women on use of kids as "cannon fodders";
  • the letter by US doctors;
  • the firing behind children stone throwers at intifada;
  • 2000-2002 increased use;
  • at IDF eliminating Jihadists in Jenin-2002 - which is why the IDF went door to door;
  • 2006 Beit-Hanoun widely reported internationally of using women and terrorists did escaped;
  • 2002-2006 use of ambulances;
  • 2008-2009 including on air real time Arab journalist reporting rockets fired from beneath;
  • In 2008, Hamas' Fathi Hanmad stated that they have been using women and children.

Hamas explains use of human shields: "We desire death as you desire life;"

  • In 2008, Fatah men accused Hamas of forcing them to act as human shields;
  • 2011 Hamas boasting, bragging of its launching actually showed in its provided images the residential locations where it fired from;
  • In 2014, Hamas' Sami Abu Zuhri called on the Palestinian people to use the tactic to defend their homes: "We in the Hamas movement call on our people to adopt this procedure;"
  • 2014, UN admitting its UNRWA was used;
  • July-2014 widely array of international journalists report of firing from civilian population and Hamas threatens;
  • M. Friedman of AP reports (in 2014) how Hamas uses and even controls journalists;
  • Hamas firing from besides offices of AP journalists; 2017-2021;
  • In 2018 Hamas' Sinwar: "We Decided To Turn The Bodies Of Our Women And Children Into A Dam Blocking Arab Collapse;"
  • In 2021 IDF aborting operations as kids were around;
  • rocket launchers found near school.
  • terror tunnels beneath schools - UNRWA acknowledges;
  • in June-2021 Hamas' Sinwar admitting to the operations located in residential places.


Or Hezbollah use - most notably:

  • using Christian villages
  • and UN recognized the fact in 2001
  • and in 2006
  • also by foreign journalist in 2006
  • and the wide report of using civilians in 2018-19.


Experts:[58]

Hamas has established an orderly paramilitary framework with brigades, battalions, companies, and platoons as well as dedicated units, including intelligence, commando and cyber units. Its arsenal includes thousands of rockets and missiles at their disposal, as well as dozens of kilometers of tunnels often built underneath highly-sensitive areas in the Gaza Strip such as hospitals. Rockets have even been found underneath UNRWA schools...

Moral and legal justifications that were developed after World War II for declaring and waging wars (specifically the Hague and Geneva Convention) were meant for sovereign states. They are not appropriate for waging wars fought against terrorist organizations like Hamas. This puts Israel at a significant disadvantage to effectively defend itself and its citizens.

In the current campaign between Israel and Hamas, the front and home front are blurred together. Hamas forces civilians in the Gaza Strip and Israel to be on the front lines. Hamas deliberately uses Palestinian civilians as human shields, since the terrorists are launching rockets and missiles from heavily-populated areas towards Israeli cities. Israel on the other hand, is trying to save innocent lives by always notifying Palestinian civilians in the building that is going to be targeted. The IDF does this by sending leaflets, making phone calls, using “knock on the roof” tactics and more.


In the course of the years, the IDF has developed and constantly improved methods, tools to minimze civilian casualties on the other side, including notifying owners of properties ahead of an operation so that civilians can evacuate and more precision guided weapons to hit more accurately at the target. Yet, nothing can ever be 100% a 100% of the times. Plus, the dilemmna is great, sacrificing in not eliminating terror targets such as arsenal, tunnels and operatives who cynically use its people.


As explained in a piece "The Media’s Role in Hamas' War Strategy":[59]

Hamas’ PR strategy can only work if international news media follows the script, whether willingly or under coercion...

According to its critics, Hamas' war strategy works like this:

1. Episodically attack Israel’s civilians in such as way as to provoke a counter-attack.

2. Hide behind Palestinian civilians (preferably in crowded neighborhoods, schools, and hospitals), while encouraging them, even forcing them, to stay, guaranteeing that the return fire wounds or kills civilians and damages civilian structures.

3. Encourage the Western news media to play up the civilian suffering, play down Hamas’ role in it, and accuse Israel.

4. Conjure a firestorm of outrage around the world that eventually pressures Israel into desisting from counteroffensive measures.

5. Survive to reap the propaganda victory and prepare the next round of hostilities.

6. Repeat, with each exchange hurting Israel more, and each round of international news coverage further savaging the Jewish State’s international reputation.

No matter what the Israeli response, the Hamas strategy is win-win. If the Israelis abort a strike to avoid civilian casualties (as they often do), then Hamas is spared the blow; if an Israeli strike causes civilian casualties, Hamas has dead babies to parade before the cameras. And eventually, the bloodletting will get so bad, the pictures so damning, that Israel will stop. Hamas’ endgame goals, at least at this stage of its asymmetrical war, are actually threefold: tie Israel down with constraints on its use of power, delegitimize and demonize it in the eyes of the world, and stir an aggressive “Muslim Street” in the West, where genocidal chants can lead to pogroms against the Jews worldwide.

Despite a pair of pro-Terror radical "activists" [one, a former al-Jazeera guy, caught lying already before,[60]

949 a.jpg

another one (Neve Gordon), extremist,[61] hugging, shielding Arafat in the height of 2002 Intifadah massacres,[62] lying as if he "doesn't" know who is responsible for the terror massacres,[63] accused of inciting anti-Semitism in Arab press by invoking old libels,[64] described as kind of a fascist type, [65] and who has been chastising, punishing his students for daring to challenge him on his distortion,[66] inciting vengeful treatment against a student who dared challenged his gross lie of his defining a road of all Israelis, Israelis-roads, both Arab and Jewish, as supposedly "just" Jewish. Thus inciting hatred.[67] Even the lefty Ben Gurion Uni condemned his ideas/views:[68] "We strongly reject the destructive views of Gordon, who cynically uses the existing freedom of expression in Israel and at Ben-Gurion University."] "book" promoted by two known hateful over-a-decade-propagandists[69] on wiki. Yet, facts are facts.

It has been pointed out, one might imagine, what would have happened, if Israel would, even once, albeit not go as far as to behave like its Arab Palestinian or Hezbollah side that actively aim at civilians while using its own, but with its mighty weapons just haden't gone to great length ['roof knocking',[70] developing precision 'Iron Sting' for precision preventing collateral damage[71] various nethods[72][73]] to minimize civilians from adversary territories.


It has been said: 'How the Vicious Cycle of Arab "Palestinian" or Hezbollah - Bringing About Dead Kids Can Be Diminished':[74]
Fight the death cult! Save lives!

The vicious cycle is ever repeating. Palestinian or Hezbollah attack Israeli civilians, Israel goes after the operatives and their tools.. it tries to avoid hitting non combatants, not always successful, as the only party interested in 'dead babies' are exactly those who make sure it happens. Each and every time. As it is mostly tough, technically, to show a clear photo where exactly the Hamas, Hezbollah or P.I.Jihad guy was standing prior to being eliminated, or the place how it served the terrorists. But a 'dead' or and any bloodied body, is always powerful prey by those bloodthirsty leaders. It's the greatest recruitment plus the demonization of Israel. It shocks, it enrages. It's what they 'live' off, literally. Financially too. What if leading media outlets, especially TV stations would stop showing graphic photos? Try it. You will see a drop in Arab dead bodies. Of course it's nearly impossible, unless Hamas's friends, the Qataris Al Jazeera for example would be embarrassed facing a collective western media blackout.

We are not talking about avoiding reporting the news. But a specific temporary ban on shocking images.


As Arab-Palestinian long time human rights activist (previously working at Betselem, before it became a total anti-Israel unreliable source of sheer propaganda) asserted:[75]

“The main difference between Israel and Hamas: Israel is using missiles to protect its people while Hamas is using its people to protect its rockets,” Eid told The Algemeiner. “Hamas does not care where these missiles land.”

Eid estimates based on his own Palestinian sources in the Gaza Strip that more than 50 Palestinians died because of errant rockets by the Hamas that were targeted towards Israel but which landed in Gaza. According to the Israeli army, about 4,340 rockets were fired by Hamas toward Israel during the 11 days of hostilities, with 640 of them falling within Gaza.

Even biased NPR in its anti-Israel reporting piece (re op. Guardian of Walls) cited the fact: ...In Gaza City, fully intact buildings stood right next to where others had been flattened. One building looked like a layer cake, with one story stacked on top of the other.[76] The nature routine and nethods, precision fighting the human shields of its enemies.

As in a nutshell, the classic example [May, 2021] described the situation:

The IDF, attempting to warn about an impending strike, pleading for the Arab man in Gaza to evacuate the building before the bombing because civilians are present. This is the conversation that took place:

- "I can’t get all of the people out I need at least two hours to get them out," the Palestinian says. 

- "Listen, we are going to bomb the building," the member of the IDF replies. 

- "You want to bomb? Bomb whatever you want," the man responds. 

- "No, brother, we need to do everything we can so you don’t die,” the IDF member says.

- "We want to die," the Palestinian answers. 

- "But you have a responsibility for children’s lives," the Israeli pushes back. 

- "If the children need to die then they’ll die," the Palestinian counters. 

- "God forbid, God forbid, what do you want, to die?!" the soldier asks. 

- "This is how we reveal your cruelty," the man responds.Sky News Arabic video showing a conversation between a Gaza Palestinian and an IDF soldier.[77][78][79][80]

Action

In 2014, a resolution was introduced in the House condemning Hamas and other terror organizations.[81]

In 2018, the US Senate passed bill sanctioning Hamas, Hezbollah 'human shields' practice.[82]

Hamas was condemned for its use of human shields in April-2018 by the EU,[83][84] and by the UN in June-2018.[85][86] Hamas and Hezbollah were condemned by the UN in July, 2021,[87] after Guardian of Walls.


References

  1. Orde Kittrie, 'Time to Act on Human Shields.' FDD, October 15, 2020. https://www.fdd.org/2020/10/15/time-to-act-on-human-shields/#easy-footnote-bottom-39-111635
  2. Orde Kittrie: "Help NATO by Holding Hamas Accountable for Terrorist War Crimes." May 19, 2021. https://nationalinterest.org/feature/help-nato-holding-hamas-accountable-terrorist-war-crimes-185581
  3. 'Taliban using human shields, says Afghan army general.' The Guardian, Feb 17, 2010. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2010/feb/17/taliban-human-shields
  4. Civilians say Taliban use of human shields shows weakness, cruelty.' Dec. 12, 2018. https://afghanistan.asia-news.com/en_GB/articles/cnmi_st/features/2018/12/12/feature-02
  5. Islamic State use of human shields slows final assault on ISIS . ABC News, Mar 4, 2019. https://abcnews.go.com/Politics/islamic-state-human-shields-slows-final-assault-isis/story?id=61456501 The final assault on the last Islamic State enclave in Syria has slowed down after the discovery that ISIS was using civilians as human shields.
  6. 'ISIS Using Mosul Civilians as Human Shields Amid Offensive.' Time, Mar 30, 2017. https://time.com/4717319/mosul-iraq-offensive-civilians-human-shields/
  7. Mark Hollingsworth, Sandy Mitchell, 'Saudi Babylon: Torture, Corruption and Cover-Up Inside the House of Saud,' Random House, 2010
  8. Pakistan Horizon. Volume 63, Issue 1, 2010, p. 104
  9. 'Yemeni Govt Says Houthis Are Using Civilians as Human Shields."?' Asharq Al Awsat, Feb.10.2021
  10. 'Exclusive: U.N. report on Yemen says Houthis used human shields, Islamic State got cash.' Michelle Nichols. Reuters, Aug 4, 2016. https://mobile.reuters.com/article/amp/idUSKCN10F28B
  11. DEBKAfile Exclusive: Hizballah sub-contracts Palestinian launch squads, uses Christian villages as human shields.July 19, 2006. http://web.archive.org/web/20060719180552/http://www.debka.com/headline.php?hid=2926
  12. Canadian Soldier Says UN Position Used As Cover By Hezbollah. July 26, 2006. Ryan R. Jones. All Headline News Correspondent. http://web.archive.org/web/20060822035411/http://www.allheadlinenews.com/articles/7004343191
  13. UNITED NATIONS INTERIM FORCE IN LEBANON (UNIFIL) . Naqoura, 20 July 2006 PRESS RELEASE ... Hezbollah firing was also reported from the immediate vicinity of the UN positions in Naqoura and Maroun Al Ras areas at the time of the incidents. [1]
  14. 'On the target: Hezbollah's "human defenders" in Lebanon.' Israel Hayom, Jan 6, 2019. Hezbollah in Lebanon // Photo: Reuters. An open secret is that Hezbollah stores weapons in civilian buildings in southern Lebanon, thus creating a human shield against activity. https://www.israelhayom.co.il/interactive/amp/article/622059
  15. 'US Congress Urges UN to Crack Down on Lebanon's Hizbullah.' The Media Line, Nov 25, 2019. https://themedialine.org/mideast-daily-news/us-congress-urges-un-to-crack-down-on-lebanons-hizbullah/
  16. Hollie McKay: "28 Hezbollah missile launch sites detected in civilian areas, highlighting its 'human shield' tactic in Lebanon." Fox News - Last Update July 14, 2020. https://www.foxnews.com/world/28-new-hezbollah-missile-launch-sites-detected-in-civilians-areas-highlighting-its-human-shield-tactic
  17. Hezbollah - Using Lebanese Citizens as a "Human Shields". https://www.terrorism-info.org.il/Data/pdf/PDF_human_shields_1.pdf
  18. Hezbollah's Use of Human Shields https://www.idf.il/en/minisites/hezbollah/hezbollah/hezbollahs-use-of-human-shields/
  19. https://www.opindia.com/2021/06/pak-senator-boasts-about-training-hamas-terrorists-says-will-continue-to-do-so-watch-video/
  20. 1 killed, 10 injured in explosion at Gaza City market Tzvi Joffre, JPost, July 22, 2021. ... after a weapons storage belonging to the Palestinian Islamic Jihad terrorist movement at the Al-Zawiya market in Gaza City exploded on Thursday morning... The PIJ seemed to take some form of responsibility on Thursday evening, announcing that it would "rise up to its responsibilities" and follow up with all concerned parties concerning the explosion in the market. The terrorist movement expressed its "full solidarity" with those affected by the explosion. The injured were transferred to Shifa Hospital in the coastal enclave. The Palestinian killed in the incident was identified by Palestinian media as Atta Saqallah. "Instead of responding to UN calls for the reconstruction of Gaza, terrorist organizations continue to manufacture weapons and promote the construction of military sites," added Adraee. "These terrorist organizations store their weapons in the heart of residential neighborhoods and among civilians, exposing them directly to danger."
  21. IDF: The largest explosion in the Gaza Strip - an Islamic Jihad weapons depot, News 20. Thirteenth of Av 5781 (22/07/2021) .

    An IDF spokesman in Arabic reveals that the explosion that took place earlier today in the Gaza Strip and caused deaths and injuries was caused by a malfunction in the Islamic Jihad's weapons depot. IDF in Arabic Lt. Col. Avichai Adrei.

    Lt. Col. Avichai Adrai, the IDF's spokesman in Arabic, reveals on his Twitter account that the explosion that took place earlier today in the Gaza Strip and caused deaths and injuries was caused by a malfunction in the Islamic Jihad's weapons depot.

    "The explosion is further proof that the terrorist organizations prefer to continue their murderous activities over the interests of the residents of the Gaza Strip. "Instead of responding to UN calls for Gaza rehabilitation, terrorist organizations continue to manufacture weapons and promote the construction of military sites, storing their weapons in the heart of residential neighborhoods and among civilians, and exposing them directly to danger," Edrei wrote on his Twitter account.
  22. THE TERRORIST CONNECTION - IRAN, THE ISLAMIC JIHAD AND HAMAS Elie Rekhess "Justice", Vol. 5 (May 1995) [Fas.org]
  23. The Palestine Post⁩⁩, 3 February 1939

    MUFTI CONDEMNED RY EX-TERRORIST FAKHRI ABDUL HADI'S OPEN LETTER TO MUFTI

    In a leaflet which is being widely distributed among the Arabs, Fakhri Abdul Hadi, who was Fawzi Kaukaj's lieutenant during the 1936 disturbances and who returned to Palestine from Damascus (where he had been in exile) some three months has rinted an ago, repopen letter sent to Haj Amin al Husseini, in which he bitterly referred to the machinations against himiself of Izzat Darwuza and others in the Mufti's entourage. Fakhri Abdul Hadi is a native of Arrabeh village near Jenin, and he is reported to have led his own armed men in several clashes with gangs supporting the Mufti . Izzat Darwuza, the Mufti's kinsman, who was Director of Waqfs in Jerusalem, has been acting as treasurer for the Palestinian exfles in Syria and the terrorists operating in this country.

    ARAB VS. ARAB

    Abdul Hadi criticised the oppressive regime under which the local Arab populace was suffering, and said that when men came to Arrabeh and killed five innocent villagers, he and his men took arms and shot dead ten of the attackers. The souls of all these ascended to complain to Allah of your deeds, as such acts are apparently desirable in your eyes. We can only do to others as you are trying to do to us, he wrote. He revealed also that his men had made an attempt to capture Yussef Abu Darra "who escaped by hiding among the women." Abdul Hadi vehemently denied Darwuza's accusations that he was a traitor, and concluded by saying that the Palestine "revolt" had ceased to be directed against the Government and the Jews — the latter were now safe — but was a war of blind hatred amongst the Arabs themselves. He warned that this could no longer be tolerated .
  24. Terry Glavin: 'By using human shields, Hamas doubles down on its war crimes. There is no equivalence between Israel's defensive targeting of Hamas launch sites in Gaza and the rockets targeting Israeli civilians.' May 12, 2021. https://nationalpost.com/opinion/terry-glavin-by-using-human-shields-hamas-doubles-down-on-its-war-crimes
  25. United States Policy Toward Lebanon-relief and Rehabilitation... United States Congress. House Committee on Foreign Affairs. 1983, p. 131 THE PLO THREAT. Israel has found in Lebanon enough PLO weapons to equip a massive army and to supply untold numbers of terrorist cadres... Arafat boasts of PLO terrorists serving in El Salvador, Angola and... In two ways however, the PLO was different from conventional armies. First, the PLO consciously attacked only civilians and, secondly, the PLO used civilians as human shields to protect itself. Anyone who has been to the small country of Israel knows that there are many military targets to be easily found... Yet, the PLO could only find those “military" targets disguised as kibbutz nurseries, school buses, marketplaces or passenger airplanes. And the second factor that differentiates the PLO terrorist army from conventional armies is its hiding in the midst of civilian centers. Israeli troops uncovered PLO arsenals, emplacements and bases in schools, mosques, and apartment basements. According to Newsweek, June 14, Israeli soldiers in one engagement, were attacked by PLO fighters disguised as hospital patients.
  26. 'Current World Leaders,' 1982, p.676 PLO Subversion of Lebanon. The terrorists sought and found new bases in Lebanon... The Deliberate Use of Civilians as Shields Since the beginning of its operations against Israel, the PLO has cynically used heavily populated areas — such as refugee camps or inhabited areas in Beirut and other towns in Lebanom —  as bases of operation. Aware of Israeli reluctance to harm civilians, it has thus often used the latter as human shields.  And indeed, Israel acted with restraint. It elected not to attack targets in the midst of the refugee camps or the towns, but on their peripheries, in order to innocent human lives and ... However, Israel has no choice but to act in self-defense as long as acts of terrorism continue against its people...
  27. Stephen Karetzky, Peter E. Goldman, "The Media's War Against Israel: The Full Exposé No One Dared Publish." (Steimatzky/Shapolsky, 1986) p.266[2] By training their cameras on the stark rubble and bloody civilian casualties, the television reporters transformed the reality of Israel's most ... and the agony and casualties such attacks cause, and by rarely explaining how the PLO used civilians as shields, the knights of the Electronic Cyclops failed to give viewers a balanced picture of the fighting... responsibility for the carnage, or about the PLO's right to use the Lebanese capital's civilianpopulation as hostages to his political maneuverings.
  28. "World Refugee Survey," 1984, p.112 ...these organizations had "encamped themselves within civilian population centers in southern Lebanon, using the civilians as human shields and enabling them to launch Katyusha rockets and other weapons against Israeli soldiers and civilians with impunity. Faced with this deliberate provocation and escalation, Israel was forced to respond."
  29. Fatah claims: Hamas uses us as a "human shield" Ali Waked, Ynet, Jan 3, 2008. According to Fatah operatives, Hamas members dispersed their detainees in Gaza at the organization's outposts, leaving them there when IDF attacks began. One of the detainees was killed by IDF gunfire at a Hamas outpost near Khan Yunis. And her three children.
  30. Steven Carol, "Understanding the Volatile and Dangerous Middle East - A Comprehensive Analysis." (iUniverse) 2019. Pt145
    The PLO pioneered the tactic of operating in civilian surroundings during the Israel–PLO War in Lebanon in 1982. Testimony of this exploitation of innocent civilians came from the Lebanese who in effect were the hostages, "Palestinian fighters took their guns placed them next to our [Lebanese civilian] homes, next to apartment blocks and hospitals and schools. At their own Ayn Hilweh camp the Palestinians actually put their guns on the roof of the hospitals."
  31. 31.0 31.1 Viewpoint. Inside Lebanon: A Minister's View. Sumter Daily Item - Jan 29, 1983
    We saw the PLO headquarters in Sidon, built near the town square, but underground, beneath a large and popular amusement park (complete with ferris wheel and roller coaster), hiding beneath the skirts of women. We saw the Moslem hospital which the PLO used as an armament depot, marking their crates of live ammunition with the symbol of the Palestine Red Crescent (the local version of the Red Cross, and whose chairman is the brother of Yassar Arafat; most of the tragically inflated statistics on civilian casualties in Lebanon were provided by the Palestine Red Crescent issued without confirmation by the International Red Cross, which has since discovered how it was manipulated and has issued a formal retraction of the civilian casualty statistics). We talked with young men and old men in the streets of Sidon, candidly and happily. They told us how glad they are to have the Israeli army come in, how their freedom has been restored after eight years. They called the Israeli army "the army of liberation". Nowhere could we find a dissenting opinion.
  32. Preachers of Hate: Islam and the War on America Kenneth R. Timmerman, 2004, p.137.‎ (Quoting from Ahlmark, P.'s book) Tyranny and the Left: Is Demcracy for Everybody?, p.9:

    I was in Lebanon at the time Palme made his remark, and the only persecution of Palestinian children in refugee camps was being carried out by Arafat's PLO guerrillas, who used the refugees as human shields to forestall Israeli attacks on PLO military positions. Dozens of Palestinian men were arrested and tortured by the PLO as they attempted to flee Beirut that summer

    Dozens of Palestinian men were arrested and tortured by the PLO as they attempted to flee Beirut that summer; I met many of them in a secret Fatah detention."
  33. Search: [3] https://www.google.com/search?q=site%3Aidf.il+%22human+shields%22 . https://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/site-search?q=Human+shields+
  34. Hamas' Use of Human Shields, Explained. Published on May 18, 2021. The Hamas terror organization manufactures, stores, and launches weapons among civilian areas in Gaza. This is a blatant violation of human rights—both Hamas and Palestinian Islamic Jihad use Gazan civilians as human shields to protect their weapons by putting them in the direct line of fire. Following Hamas' relentless rocket attacks since May 10, 2021, Israel has had no choice but to defend itself. In contrast to its enemies, the IDF goes above and beyond international law to warn and protect Gazan civilians while striking terror targets in Gaza. https://youtu.be/_IWrLkTYRO0
  35. "Hamas Quietly Admits It Fired Rockets from Civilian Areas." Sep 12, 2014 — Throughout the seven- week conflict, Israel frequently charged that Hamas had been using schools, hospitals, and homes to fire . https://amp.theatlantic.com/amp/article/380149
  36. Congressional Record. Extensions of Remarks, Vol. 160, Pt. 9. Page 13211. "Israel Has The Right To Defend Itaelf." ... Lou Barletta of Pennsylvania In The House Of Representatives. July 25, 2014. Hamas, which was designated as a terrorist organization by the United States.. has a history of using schools, hospitals and civilians areas as staging grounds and launch sites for their attacks against Israel. They have also built a network of tunnels under those locations to facilitate the movement of soldiers and weapons for use against Israel. When Israel responds to these attacks by specifically targeting these missiles launchers, Hamas uses human shields--many times children--as propaganda tools. The civilized world should be horrified at such tactics by Hamas and condemn them absolutely.
  37. UNRWA uncovers Hamas-dug tunnel under school in Gaza. Palestinian refugee agency condemns Gaza rulers' underground network; Israel's UN envoy: 'Cruelty of Hamas' knows no bounds. By TOI STAFF, 9 June 2017
  38. ​UNRWA finds attack tunnel under one of its Gaza schools. By Tovah Lazaroff, June 6, 2021, JPost.com; Khaled Abu Toameh: @KhaledAbuToameh UNRWA 'condemns the existence and potential use by Palestinian armed groups of tunnels underneath its schools (in Gaza) in the strongest possible terms It is unacceptable that students and staff be placed at risk in such a way.' Jun 5, 2021
  39. Exclusive documentation: A Hamas tunnel was exposed at a UNRWA school in Gaza Gal Berger, Kann News, June 10, 2021. Exclusive documentation: Exposed. The tunnel was excavated about 7 meters below the school grounds, where children's sports and leisure activities are routinely held. UNRWA has announced that it condemns any excavation of tunnels under their facilities, and has appealed to the Hamas administration in the Gaza Strip for clarification.
  40. How Hamas Uses Schools & Hospitals | Military.com Aug 7, 2014. https://www.military.com/video/operations-and-strategy/terrorism/how-hamas-uses-schools-hospitals/3719616045001
  41. Fighting terrorists who move around in ambulances - The Jerusalem Post. Jul 20, 2014 — Hamas is an expert at embedding itself in the midst of the Palestinian civilian population and using it as human shields... https://m.jpost.com/operation-protective-edge/analysis-fighting-terrorists-who-move-around-in-ambulances-363498/amp
  42. https://static.timesofisrael.com/www/uploads/2017/12/Using-an-Ambulance-as-a-Shield-2.jpeg
  43. https://static.educalingo.com/img/en/800/human-shield.jpg
  44. Steven Carol, "Understanding the Volatile and Dangerous Middle East - A Comprehensive Analysis." (iUniverse) 2019. Pt145

    The Hamas terrorist group in the Gaza Strip used UN ambulances to evacuate armed terrorists from clashes with Israeli forces...

    In a much-noted case, on May 24, 2004, a video tape filmed by Reuters, broadcast on numerous television networks worldwide, showed two ambulances arriving at the site where an exchange of fire took place between the IDF and terrorist operatives during an IDF action in the Gaza Strip. One of the ambulances was clearly marked with a Red Crescent and “UN,” and flying a UN flag...

    During the 2008–09 First Gaza War, Hamas used human shields again...

    Pt146

    A Gaza ambulance driver who described how Hamas operatives tried to force him to use his ambulance to....

    pt147

    During the Israeli retaliation for the incessant rocket fire— Operation Cast Lead— Hamas operatives made several attempts to commandeer the Al-Quds Hospital's (located in the Tel al-Hawa neighborhood in Gaza City) fleet of ambulances to move terrorists, thus copying their tactics from 2004.

    pt148

  45. Matthew Levitt (2008). "Hamas: Politics, Charity, and Terrorism in the Service of Jihad." p. 95 Indicted in September 2002, Attalah admitted to using his U.N. vehicle on multiple occasions that summer to transport arms, explosives, and armed PRC activists.
  46. John Oliver Blames Israel for Hamas War Crimes. Emanuel Miller, HR, May 18, 2021 See, for example, the video below of an Al-Arabiya journalist expressing shock in 2009 that Hamas fired a Grad rocket at Israel from under the building in which she was located. “They launched from under the office,” she exclaims. https://honestreporting.com/john-oliver-blames-israel-for-hamas-war-crimes/
  47. Blinken: Israel provided US secret justification for flattening AP building in Gaza. By Steven Nelson, NY Post May 18, 2021. https://nypost.com/2021/05/18/blinken-israel-gave-us-secret-justification-for-flattening-ap-building-in-gaza/. .. Tommy Vietor, a spokesman for the White House National Security Council under former President Barack Obama, said that the building was long known as an operational center for the Islamic fundamentalist group. "I'm sure Hamas offices were in that building [and] that they purposely co-locate operations with civilians" Vietor wrote on Twitter. He added that "I talked to people who worked in the building."
  48. UN report outlines how Hamas used kids as human shields Post Editorial Board, NYPost, May 2, 2015
  49. Hybrid Threats: Hamas’ use of human shields in Gaza StratCom | NATO Strategic Communications Centre of Excellence Riga, Latvia. By: James Pamment Vladimir Sazonov Francesca Granelli Sean Aday Māris Andžāns Una Bērziņa-Čerenkova John-Paul Gravelines Mils Hills Irene Martinez-Sanchez Mariita Mattiisen Holger Molder Yeganeh Morakabati Aurel Sari Gregory Simons Jonathan Terra. ISBN: 978-9934-564-33-8 Year: 2019. This is one of the Case Studies from the report "Hybrid Threats. A Strategic Communications Perspective". Executive Summary. Hamas, an Islamist militant group and the de facto governing authority of the Gaza Strip, has been using human shields in conflicts with Israel since 2007. According to the Statute of the International Criminal Court (ICC), the war crime of using human shields encompasses “utilizing the presence of a civilian or other protected person to render certain points, areas, or military forces immune from military operations.” Hamas has launched rockets, positioned military-related infrastructure-hubs and routes, and engaged the Israeli Defense Forces (IDF) from, or in proximity to, residential and commercial areas. The strategic logic of human shields has two components. It is based on an awareness of Israel’s desire to minimise collateral damage, and of Western public opinion’s sensitivity towards civilian casualties. If the IDF uses lethal force and causes an increase in civilian casualties, Hamas can utilise that as a lawfare tool: it can accuse Israel of committing war crimes, which could result in the imposition of a wide array of sanctions. Alternatively, if the IDF limits its use of military force in Gaza to avoid collateral damage, Hamas will be less susceptible to Israeli attacks, and thereby able to protect its assets while continuing to fight. Moreover, despite the Israeli public’s high level of support for the Israeli political and military leadership during operations, civilian casualties are one of the friction points between Israeli left-wing and right-wing supporters, with the former questioning the outcomes of the operation.
  50. Why do the media keep encouraging Hamas violence? A. Dershowitz, JPost, May 17, 2018. Calling this the “dead baby strategy” may seem cruel, because it is cruel. But don’t blame the messenger for accurately describing this tactic.
  51. Foreign journalists reveal Hamas' false front Daniel Bettini, Ynet, Jul 8, 2014.

    The world didn't believe Israel, but it might believe foreign reporters who were afraid to offer real-time reports but now tell all: A Hamas HQ at Al-Shifa Hospital, launchers near UN facilities, and staged bomb scenes.

    It has been said that when the cannons are heard, the muses are silent. In the case of foreign reporters in the Gaza Strip, their silence stemmed mostly from fear.

    A day after Operation Protective Edge ended, a truer picture slowly began emerging: foreign reporters leaving the Gaza Strip revealed what Israel has claimed all along – that Hamas had fired out of population hubs and near UN facilities.

    Why didn't they report those facts during the ongoing fighting? According to the reporters, they feared for their lives. "We saw the Hamas men," a Spanish reporter admitted. "But had we dared point the cameras at them, they would have opened fire at us and killed us."

    Now that they're out of the Gaza Strip, the reporters are revealing what Hamas tried to prevent the world from seeing. An Indian reporter, for example, documented how Hamas militants launched rockets from a post right outside the window of the hotel where he was staying in the Gaza Strip, shortly before the ceasefire came into effect. The video aired only after the reporter left Gaza. When asked about it, he replied: "There's a conspiracy of silence rooted in fear – no one wants to report in real-time".

    Report by Indian journalist showing assembly, firing of rocket in Gaza.

    The report by Indian journalist Sreenivasan Jain for Hindi language news channel NDTV went as follows:  "It began with a mysterious tent with a blue canopy that bobbed up yesterday (August 4) at 6:30 am in an open patch of land next to our window. We saw three men making a multitude of journeys in and out of the tent, sometimes with wires.

    "An hour later, they emerged, dismantled the tent, changed their clothes and walked away."

    The journalist stressed that it is "important to report on how Hamas places those very civilians at risk by firing rockets deep from the heart of civilian zones."

    FRANCE 24 correspondent Gallagher Fenwick aired a report showing rockets being launched just 50 meters away from the hotel where foreign journalists were staying and 100 meters away from a UN facility.

    This France 24 report shows children surrounding a rocket launch site.

    “The Israeli army has repeatedly accused the Palestinian militants of shooting from within densely populated civilian areas and that is precisely the type of setup we have here. Rockets set up right next to buildings with a lot of residents in them," he reported after leaving.

    Italian journalist Gabriele Barbati also told the truth about Hamas once he left the Strip, no longer under their threat. In a tweet, Barbati said: “Out of #Gaza far from #Hamasretaliation: misfired rocket killed children yday (yesterday) in Shati. Witness: militants rushed and cleared debris.” He added: “@IDFSpokesperson said truth in communique released yesterday about Shati camp massacre. It was not #Israel behind it.”

    Another foreign reporter said that it is an open secret that Hamas uses Al-Shifa hospital as its command center, but that reporters in Gaza would not report that out of fear that it would endanger them.

    However, not only foreign reporters were afraid of Hamas' potential revenge. Palestinian reporters also suffered threats when they attempted to criticize the terrorist organization and give truthful reports.

    Local Palestinian reporter Radjaa Abu Dagga, for example, reported that he was summoned for questioning at Al-Shifa hospital, where armed Hamas militants attempted to determine whether he writes for an Israeli newspaper. Abu Dagga said that his passport was taken from him, and he was prohibited from leaving the Gaza Strip. Later he published an article in French newspaper Libération, but was forced to remove it after receiving threats.

    Reporters in Gaza were subject not only to threats but also to Hamas' manipulations. The Washington Post's Sudarsan Raghavan detailed how the organization's men staged the IDF attack scenes: he said that he was taken to photograph a mosque that had been bombed, and discovered that someone had "prepared" the scene and placed a prayer mat and burnt Quran pages.

    He later reported that it was obvious that someone had put them there to create empathy for the Palestinian struggle.

    The CBN news website said that apart from mosques, Hamas is also using church compounds to launch attacks. In his report, journalist George Thomas said that Gaza's most prominent Christian leader, Archbishop Alexios, "took CBN News to the roof terrace outside his office to show how Islamists used the church compound to launch rockets into Israel."

    The Archbishop explained that "Islam is the rule of this place and whatever Hamas says we must obey or face consequences," Thomas added.

    A foreign reporter's testimony: Hamas' manipulations

    Yedioth Ahronoth exclusive

    Hamas' control of the foreign journalists' coverage during the days of fighting in Gaza was not very sophisticated, but very effective.

    First, Hamas determined that the organization's spokesmen could be interviewed only in the the courtyard of Al-Shifa hospital. As a result, long lines of reporters waiting for an interview were created, and during their wait, they witnessed wounded people who arrived to receive treatment. This created the impression Hamas was seeking to convey: a state of immediate emergency and humanitarian disaster.

    Secondly, Hamas has never allowed foreign reporters access to military sites attacked by Israel, whether they are bases, rocket-launching sites or other Hamas targets. The dead and wounded of the organization were not captured on film as well, and hence from a media perspective they didn't even exist. All this served Hamas' purpose in creating an impression that all the victims were civilians.

    Thirdly, it was clear that Hamas was launching rockets out of populated civilian areas, but the organization demanded that the press photographers not document the launch sites, so as to not expose their tactic, nor disclose the location of the launchers.

    The reporter requested that his name not be used.
  52. Journalists threatened by Hamas for reporting use of human shields, Lahav Harkov, JPost, Jul 31, 2014. Foreign correspondents asked to leave enclave for social media posts on Hamas' utilization of civilian sites to attack Israel.
  53. Hamas MP Fathi Hammad: We Used Women and Children as Human Shields Source: Al-Aqsa TV (Hamas/Gaza). Feb.29. 2008.
  54. Hamas again uses Gazan civilians as human shields July 2014, MFA, Jul 11, 2014
  55. Hamas leader Yahya Sinwar admits that the terrorist group [4]
  56. Yoseph Haddad (@YosephHaddad) Tweeted: Plain and simple: Sinwar the leader of Hamas in Gaza admits in his own words that they use civilian areas for terrorist purposes. Next you blame Israel for killing innocent civilians understand that Hamas are using their people as human shields https://t.co/Hn2ioFoB25 Junne 5, 2021
  57. Speak Up for Israel, Hadassah, May 21, 2021
  58. The need for a Marshall Plan in the Gaza Strip Bradley Martin and Dr. Liram Koblentz-Stenzler, The Washington Times, May 18, 2021.
  59. Richard Landes: "The Media's Role in Hamas’ War Strategy." The American Interest, August 5, 2014. https://www.the-american-interest.com/2014/08/05/the-medias-role-in-hamas-war-strategy/?utm_content=buffer84617
  60. UN researcher reports UN session on Israel that never happened - UN Watch. Feb 22, 2013. Nicola Perugini, a UN researcher in the Palestinian territories for UNESCO and UNIFEM... https://unwatch.org/al-jazeera-reports-on-un-session-that-never-happened/
  61. "Let Hagai Elad speak." Neve Dromi, Haaretz, Jan 20, 2021. This is what happened to me: The solid right-wing position I hold today was formed when I was a student of Prof. Niv [Neve] Gordon, an extreme leftist. The discussions with him made me realize that he represents a completely wrong position. B'Tselem is an organization that arouses disgust...
  62. Murderer of 'Ghandi' Jailed, but Protectors still Free, INN, Sep. 23, 2008. Gordon as human shield for murderers [5], "Beyond Chutzpah: A Tale of Slander, Plagiarism, and Holocaust Revisionism," TI, Dec 2006. By Susan L. Rosenbluth
  63. E. Weiss, Ynet, Feb.3.2002 Niv [Neve] Gordon, in the photo with Arafat, tells Ynet: "I do not know who is responsible for the attacks..." Asked if he felt comfortable embracing the chairman of the Palestinian Authority, who is responsible for terrorism in Israel..
  64. Prof. Niv [Neve] Gordon of Ben-Gurion University, wrote an article for the Al Jazeera network ... Liran Levy 01/04/18. Current affairs and news, political. The head of the policy department at the "If You Will" movement and a graduate of the Department of Politics and Government at Ben-Gurion University, Alon Schwartzer, responded to the publication, saying: "The use of the term 'Passover massacre' by Niv [Neve] Gordon is not accidental. Its purpose is to direct the world of connotations to the most horrific anti-Semitic blood libels against the Jews who have falsely held that Jews practice killing children on Passover to prepare matzah. "Thousands of Jews have been murdered for these lies over the generations and a professor belonging to the Israeli academy is now dancing for it. Gordon is also known for calling for a boycott of Israel. We call on outgoing university president Rebecca Carmi to make amends for her personal career There is only one thing worse than anti-Semitism and that is the Jews who feed it." [6][7]
  65. Hypocrites at their worst, A. Roll, September 4, 2009.

    The debates surrounding the wrongful act of a lecturer at Ben-Gurion University are not forgotten. Niv Gordon, a left-wing extremist from the fascist genre, infamous as the human shield of "The Man with the Hair on His Face" Yasser Arafat, in a Muqata in Ramallah during "Operation Defensive Shield", did so again and published an article in the Los Angeles Times calling for a boycott.. This is not about academic freedom, as they call for a boycott of the State of Israel and the academic institutions in it, first and foremost, thus constraining the existence of the Israeli academy and the destruction of the academy and the freedom of speech in it as a result.

    This action by Gordon joins the actions of (many) .. to exert dictatorial-fascist pressure on Israel because their arguments no longer stand up to public logic. For the past 20 years, hundreds and thousands of organizations have been working to fund anti-Semitic anti-Israelis overseas in order to bring the State of Israel to its knees and eliminate it as a sovereign, Jewish, independent entity.
  66. 'Nicola Perugini, distorter, typical inciter.' Aug 9, 2020. http://www.danielpipes.org/comments/259883
  67. Studying with Prof. Neve Gordon at the University of Michigan, Jacob Shrybman, Israel Behind the News, August 25, 2009.
  68. Ben-Gurion University condemns the lecturer: his words are destructive, Uri Binder, Maariv, Aug 23, 2009.
  69. https://www.theisraelgroup.org/post/anti-israel-editor-nishidani
  70. Yaakov Katz, "How the IDF invented 'Roof Knocking', the tactic that saves lives in Gaza." Jerusalem Lost, March 25, 2021. https://m.jpost.com/arab-israeli-conflict/the-story-of-idfs-innovative-tactic-to-avoid-civilian-casualties-in-gaza-663170
  71. Seth Frantzman @sfrantzman: Iron Sting is a 'networked precision fire system' – a mortar munition that employs laser and GPS to engage targets accurately and prevent collateral damage. Trials have been conducted successfully, concluding the system’s development. Mar 14, 2021.
  72. 'How Israel moves Gazan civilians out of the way of attacks on Hamas.' Israel uses phone calls and roof-knock munitions to evacuate Gazans ahead of airstrikes. "We select warheads with the necessary lethality to hit those who need to be hit and to reduce the impact on others," Israeli official explains. By Reuters and ILH Staff. 05-14-2021. https://www.israelhayom.com/2021/05/14/how-israel-keeps-innocent-gazans-safe-from-iaf-airstrikes/
  73. 'More Accurate Better Bombs and Sparing Human Shields.' WSJ, August 10, 2018. A key reason for civilian casualties other than faulty intelligence or inaccurate ordnance: The deliberate use of civilians as human shields by terrorist groups. https://www.wsj.com/articles/more-accurate-better-bombs-and-sparing-human-shields-1533938542
  74. How the Vicious Cycle of Arab "Palestinian" or Hezbollah - Bringing About Dead Kids Can Be Diminished, DP, May 20, 2021
  75. ‘Israel Is Using Missiles to Protect Its People, Hamas Is Using Its People to Protect Its Rockets,’ Says Palestinian Human Rights Activist. Algemeiner, Sharon Wrobel, May 26, 2021. https://www.algemeiner.com/2021/05/26/israel-is-using-missiles-to-protect-its-people-hamas-is-using-its-people-to-protect-its-rockets-says-palestinian-human-rights-activist/
  76. NPR, May 21, 2021
  77. "Social Media Video Shows Gaza Palestinian Telling IDF Soldier ‘If the Children Need to Die, Then They’ll Die’". Algemeiner.com. May 19, 2021. https://www.algemeiner.com/2021/05/19/social-media-video-shows-gaza-palestinian-telling-idf-soldier-if-the-children-need-to-die-then-theyll-die/
  78. 'Shocking' Phone Call Between IDF and Gazan Reveals 'Entire Conflict in a Nutshell'. Leah Barkoukis  |  @LeahBarkoukis  | May 19, 2021 A short but “shocking” phone call between the Israeli Defense Forces and a Palestinian in Gaza reveals “the entire conflict in a nutshell,” https://townhall.com/tipsheet//leahbarkoukis/2021/05/19/shocking-phone-call-between-idf-and-gazan-reveals-entire-conflict-in-a-nutshell-n2589676
  79. Hank Berrien, "Shock Video: IDF Warns Gazan Man To Evacuate Children Before Bombing. He Responds: ‘If The Children Need To Die Then They’ll Die’". May 19, 2021. DailyWire.com Before strikes on buildings in Gaza, the Israel Defense Forces call residents of those buildings to give them a chance to evacuate and preserve their lives. A new video shows the IDF pleading with a Gazan man on the other end of the line to evacuate a targeted building, saying he had a responsibility for children’s lives. The man responded, “If the children need to die then they’ll die.” In the video, aired by Sky News (below), the Gazan man initially tries to stall for time, saying, “I can’t get all of the people out; I need at least two hours to get them out.” https://www.dailywire.com/news/shock-video-idf-warns-gazan-man-to-evacuate-children-before-bombing-he-responds-if-the-children-need-to-die-then-theyll-die
  80. יוסף חדאד - Yoseph Haddad (@YosephHaddad) Tweeted: Through a 30 second conversation between the IDF and a Palestinian in #Gaza you can understand who is choosing life and who is choosing death. A shocking phone call, must watch: https://t.co/4soDBV2AVE May 19, 2021
  81. Denouncing the Use of Civilians as Human Shields by Hamas and Other Terrorist Organizations in Violation of International Humanitarian Law; and Condemning the Murder of Israeli and Palestinian Children in Israel and the Ongoing and Escalating Violence in that Country: Markup Before the Subcommittee on the Middle East and North Africa of the Committee on Foreign Affairs, House of Representatives, One Hundred Thirteenth Congress, Second Session on H. Con. Res. 107 and H. Res. 665, July 25, 2014. United States. Congress. House. Committee on Foreign Affairs. Subcommittee on the Middle East and North Africa. U.S. Government Printing Office, 2014 - Crimes against humanity (International law) - 24 pages. [8][9] [10]
  82. Senate passes bill sanctioning Hamas, Hezbollah 'human shields' practice, Michael Wilner, JPost, Oct 12, 2018. The legislation, titled the STOP Using Human Shields Act, was authored and supported by Republican and Democrats.
  83. In first, European Parliament condemns Hamas for terror, use of human shields. TOI, Apr 19, 2018
  84. EU Condemns Hamas For Using Civilians As Human Shields, i24 News, Apr 20, 2018
  85. Israel praises UN condemnation of terrorists’ use of human shields. TOI Staff and AP, June 27, 2018. Envoy Danny Danon calls update to counter-terrorism strategy an 'important step in our activities to change the rules of the game at the UN'.
  86. UN General Assembly condemns terrorists' use of citizens as 'human shields', JNS, Jun 27, 2018. The resolution was specifically aimed as Hamas, which has used human shields, including women and children, during its conflicts with Israel.
  87. UN condemns use of civilians as human shields, anti-Semitic terror, i24NEWS, Ynetnews, July 7, 2021.
    The United Nations on Wednesday passed a resolution condemning the use of civilians as human shields by terrorist groups, a strategy frequently used by organizations such as Hamas and Hezbollah.

    The UN General Assembly adopted the resolution of the Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy (GCTS), which was first approved in 2006 and is reviewed every two years. This year marked the seventh review of the document that prioritizes the counter-terrorism strategy of member states.

    The international body also condemned anti-Semitic terrorism for the first time, as well as the use of the internet as a tool for the recruitment of terrorists.