Islamic State (IS) (also known as Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) or 'Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant' (ISIL), as referred by Barack Obama or 'Daesh', as referred by John Kerry), is a terrorist organization that operates in Iraq and Syria. Founded by Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, it grew out of al Qaeda in Iraq. It was founded during the Operation Iraqi Freedom of 2003. Its leader until October 2019 was Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi. IS currently fights non-Muslims, Shiite Muslims, the Iraqi Army and Kurdish Peshmerga troops. The goal of IS is to construct an Islamic Caliphate in Syria and Iraq. By March 2019, the Islamic State had lost all the territory it had conquered. Al-Baghdadi was killed by U.S. forces in October 2019.
Ramzan Kadyrov, (Chechnya), 38, said the U.S. secretly controls the Islamic State. Documents obtained by a FOIA request of Judicial Watch show as early as 2012, U.S. intelligence predicted the rise of the Islamic State and the report envisions the terror group as a U.S. strategic asset in the fight against Bashar al-Assad. VP Joe Biden admitted in 2014 that Saudi Arabia, the UAE, Qatar and Turkey had funneled hundreds of millions of dollars to Islamist rebels in Syria. Biden was forced to retract that statement. The U.S. did precisely the same thing in terms of supplying and facilitating the Syrian opposition. Obama had requested $500 million to train fighters opposed to ISIS. In August, the Pentagon announced it would defend those forces from attacks by the Syrian government.
Turkey's president Erdogan has good relations with Barack Obama and they both support Assad's ouster from Syria. Turkey is a major transit point for both foreign fighters and weapons, which makes both presidents complicit in the failure to stop fighters from joining ISIS ranks.
- 1 Syria and Iraq
- 2 Turkey
- 3 Libya
- 4 Afghanistan
- 5 Egypt
- 6 Saudi Arabia
- 7 Yemen
- 8 Kuwait
- 9 Tunisia
- 10 Russia
- 11 ISIS-inspired killers
- 12 State support for ISIS
- 13 See also
- 14 References
- 15 External links
Syria and Iraq
In 2014 IS took control of the Iraqi cities of Fallujah and Mosul. Since then Christians in Mosul have to pay "Protection taxes" for their faith. In 2015 IS defeated Iraqi troops and seized the city of Ramadi. IS now controls all the border areas between Syria and Iraqi.
ISIS car bombs killed more than 200 people in Baghdad.
In 2019, the Kurds and the United States, as a result of increased military supplies and efficient strategic decisions by President Donald John Trump, captured the final remaining ISIS stronghold in Syria, stripping the terror organization of all its territory.
Turkish tanks and warplanes along with rebel ground forces captured the symbolic city of Dabiq in Syria, October 2016.
Turkish jets scrambled as tanks and artillery of its Fifth Armored Brigade shelled ISIS militants across the border in response to a suicide bombing in Turkey that killed 32 people.
Islamic State fighters fired on a Turkish border outpost in the Kilis region, killing one Turkish soldier and wounding five.
Istanbul suicide bomber who blew himself up in Sultanahmet square near the Blue Mosque and Hagia Sophia, killing 11 tourists.
Islamic State terrorists from Eastern Europe blew up the airport in Istanbul leaving 45 people dead.
Islamic terrorists strapped a bomb onto a child and sent him to a wedding party where he was detonated by remote control, killing over 50 people. Turkey responding by sending tanks and aircraft into a Syrian border town to attack ISIS militants.
Islamic State has created such a vast presence in Libya, 5000 fighters, that the U.S. government is scrambling to come up with a counter plan.
January 7, 2016, ISIS attacks the western city of Zliten with car bombs, killing 60 people.
January 17, 2016, the coastal town of Bin Jawad became the fourth to fall into ISIS control.
Over 10,000 loyalists of the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) terrorist group are based in the remote regions of Afghanistan and Pakistan. A suicide bombing of the Pakistani consulate killed 10 people. The U.S. military presence in Afghanistan has been given new rules of engagement in order to attack ISIS targets. ISIS claimed responsibility in an August 2019 bombing that killed 63 people.
The assassination of a government official has been linked to ISIS. The Sinai Provine, an ISIS-affiliated terrorist group, launched dozens of simultaneous attacks on North Sinai. The Egyptian military announced 17 soldiers and 100 militants were killed in fighting. Israel has closed its border with Egypt in response to the developments.
Islamic State claims responsibility for a missile attack on an Egyptian warship.
On October 31, 2015, Russian airline Metrojet left an Egyptian airport and blew up in flight killing 224 people. ISIS has claimed responsibility for placing a bomb on board.
Islamic State suicide bomber kills 21 at Saudi Shi'ite mosque.
On May 29, another suicide bomber killed 4 people in a Shiite mosque attack.
August 6, suicide bomber kills 15 at a mosque in the headquarters of the Special Emergency Force in Abha.
Suicide bombers hit targets in the city of Medina, 4 known deaths confirmed.
Islamic State suicide bomber strikes a Shiite mosque injuring 13 people. Also in May 2015, IS forces executed 15 Yemeni soldiers by beheading.
ISIS has claimed responsibility for an apparent bomb blast at the Shi'ite-affiliated Al-Sadiq mosque on June 26, 2015.
Gunmen killed at least 27 people at a beachfront Tunisian hotel on June 26, 2015.
ISIS claimed responsibility for a bomb attack on a Russian police convoy in Dagestan. One person was killed and two were injured.
Many adherents to ISIS, with little or no formal training, act on behalf of the group outside of the region where the fighting is taking place.
December 2014, 18 hostages were held at The Martin Place Lindt café in Sydney by Man Haron Monis. Two hostages and the gunman were killed in a raid by Australian security forces.
Amedy Coulibaly attacked a kosher supermarket in Paris that killed a policewoman and four shoppers.
June 26, 2015, One person has been beheaded and two people injured in a terrorist attack at a U.S.-owned gas factory near Lyon.
November 13, 2015, multiple attacks left 129 people dead in a terrorist attack at in Paris, explosions were made by Stade de France (with a Soccer game between France and Germany) and a mass shooting in the Bataclan Theatre.
A Tunisian man living in France used his truck to murder 84 people on 14 July 2016 in Nice, 3 Americans were dead.
On 12 May 2018 a Chechen-born knifeman attacked passers-by in Paris while shouting “Allahu akbar”. He killed one man and wounded four others. Previously the attacker made a video in which pledged allegiance to the leader of the Islamic State, Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi.
ISIS militants took hostages in a take over of the Holey Artisan Bakery in Dhaka. 20 people that could not recite the Koran were murdered. Security forces would seize the shop from the terrorists. Current death toll at 20 dead including 3 Americans.
In January 2015, two suspects died a the shootout with police. The raid turned up four Kalashnikovs, handguns, bomb-making materials and police uniforms.
The ringleader of the ISIS cell that committed mass-murder in France, Salah Abdeslam, was captured in Brussels.
ISIS Jihadi's bombed the Brussels airport in March 2016, killing 32 and injuring more than 300.
Seven people were killed in Jakarta after gunmen and suicide bombers attack a cafe.
In March 2017 (a year after the Bombings in Brussels) a terrost attack in London took place, a 52-year-old man drove into pedestrians at the Westminster Bridge, 5 were dead (of which are 3 pedestrians, 1 police officer and the perpetrator), weapons used by the offender had a knife.
In May 2015, two suspects were killed by security guards as they went to attack Draw Muhammad Cartoon event in Garland, Texas hosted by Pamela Geller.
July 2015, ISIS militant attacks U.S. military base in Chattanooga, TN. 4 service members were killed.
Radicalized San Bernardino shooter Tashfeen Malik pledged allegiance to ISIS before killing 14 in California December 3, 2015.
State support for ISIS
Former ISIS fighters in Afghanistan have said that the Pakistani military provided weapons to them. In June 2017, Abdul Saboor Sabet stated that Pakistani Militias gave reinforcement to ISIS militants against the Afghan Army in the Tora Bora region.
- See also: Obama administration
under provisions of the presidential finding, the United States was collaborating with a secret command center operated by Turkey and its allies.
Last week, Reuters reported that, along with Saudi Arabia and Qatar, Turkey had established a secret base near the Syrian border to help direct vital military and communications support to Assad’s opponents.
This “nerve center” is in Adana, a city in southern Turkey about 60 miles (100 km) from the Syrian border, which is also home to Incirlik, a U.S. air base where U.S. military and intelligence agencies maintain a substantial presence.
Turkey’s moderate Islamist government has been demanding Assad’s departure with growing vehemence. Turkish authorities are said by current and former U.S. government officials to be increasingly involved in providing Syrian rebels with training and possibly equipment.European government sources said wealthy families in Saudi Arabia and Qatar were providing significant financing to the rebels. Senior officials of the Saudi and Qatari governments have publicly called for Assad’s departure.
these were not average members of the Free Syrian Army. Abu Khuder and his men fight for al-Qaida. They call themselves the ghuraba’a, or “strangers”, after a famous jihadi poem celebrating Osama bin Laden’s time with his followers in the Afghan mountains, and they are one of a number of jihadi organisations establishing a foothold in the east of the country now that the conflict in Syria has stretched well into its second bloody year.
They try to hide their presence. “Some people are worried about carrying the [black] flags” ...
...[they] are working closely with the military council that commands the Free Syrian Army brigades in the region. “We meet almost every day,” he said. “We have clear instructions from our [al-Qaida] leadership that if the FSA need our help we should give it. We help them with IEDs and car bombs. Our main talent is in the bombing operations” ...
“The FSA lacks the ability to plan and lacks military experience. That is what [al-Qaida] can bring. ...
“In the beginning there were very few. Now, mashallah, there are immigrants joining us and bringing their experience,” he told the gathered people. “Men from Yemen, Saudi, Iraq and Jordan...“[Al-Qaida’s] goal is establishing an Islamic state and not a Syrian state,” he replied. “Those who fear the organisation fear the implementation of Allah’s jurisdiction...
The New York Times reported David Petraeus had been instrumental in helping to get an aviation network moving to supply ISIS rebels and prodded various countries to work together on it. Three Royal Jordanian Air Force C-130s landed in Esenboga, in a hint at what would become a stepped-up Jordanian and Saudi role. “Within three weeks, two other Jordanian cargo planes began making a round-trip run between Amman, the capital of Jordan, and Zagreb, the capital of Croatia, where, officials from several countries said, the aircraft were picking up a large Saudi purchase of infantry arms from a Croatian-controlled stockpile." Two Jordanian Ilyushins bearing the logo of the Jordanian International Air Cargo firm but flying under Jordanian military call signs made a combined 36 round-trip flights between Amman and Croatia from December 2012 through February 2013. The same two planes made five flights between Amman and Turkey in January 2013. "As the Jordanian flights were under way, the Qatari flights continued and the Royal Saudi Air Force began a busy schedule, too — making at least 30 C-130 flights into Esenboga from mid-February 2013 to early March 2013, according to flight data provided by a regional air traffic control official.” American officials have confirmed that senior White House officials were regularly briefed on the shipments.”
- Multiple references:
- Coles, Isabel (October 27, 2019). Baghdadi, Brutal Leader of Islamic State, Inspired Terrorism Around the Globe. The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved October 27, 2019.
- Schreck, Adam; Karam, Zeina (October 27, 2019). Islamic State leader leaves a legacy of terror. Associated Press. Retrieved October 27, 2019.
- Krauss, Joseph (October 27, 2019). Al-Baghdadi’s death a blow, but IS has survived other losses. Associated Press. Retrieved October 27, 2019.
- https://apnews.com/b35c5ac2cdee48dda3eefaaece769d06 Timeline of the rise and fall of the Islamic State group. Associated Press. October 27, 2019. Retrieved October 27, 2019.
- Putin Points Muslim Rage at Cold War Foes.
- EXPOSED: 2012 Defense Dept. Documents Reveal Obama Regime Sought To Create An “Islamic State” In Syria And Iraq, PatDollard.com, May 22, 2015
- Joe Biden forced to apologise to UAE and Turkey over Syria remarks, The Telegraph, October 6, 2014
- U.S. to Defend New Syria Force From Assad Regime, WSJ, August 2, 2015
- Duke, Selwyn (February 24, 2019). When the West Harbors the Nazis of Our Time. The New American. Retrieved February 25, 2019.
- "Full horror of the Yazidis who didn’t escape Mount Sinjar: UN confirms 5,000 men were executed and 7,000 women are now kept as sex slaves", The Daily Mail, 14 October 2014.
- Syrian rebels seize village, OANN.com, October 16, 2016
- U.S. Jets to Use Turkish Bases in War on ISIS, NYT, July 23, 2015
- Face of a killer: Turkish police release first mugshot of the Istanbul ISIS bomber, Dailymail.co.uk, January 13, 2016
- Obama Is Pressed to Open Military Front Against ISIS in Libya, NYT, February 4, 2016
- Gaddafi's home town falls to Islamic State in anarchic Libya, Reuters, May 21, 2015
- ISIS Makes Inroads In Libya, WBUR.org, January 14, 2016
- Pentagon Expands ISIS Strikes To Afghanistan, Mintpressnews.com, January 23, 2016
- Mora, Edwin (August 19, 2019). Afghanistan Vows to ‘Eliminate’ ISIS Safe Havens After Wedding Bombing Killed 63. Breitbart News. Retrieved August 19, 2019.
- Egypt Officially Announces ‘State Of War’ EgyptianStreets.com, July 1, 2015
- WARSHIP BURNS AS ISLAMIC STATE LAUNCHES MISSILE ATTACK ON EGYPTIAN NAVY, Breitbart, July 16, 2015
- Russian plane crash: Bomb theory supported by ISIS chatter, officials say, CNN, November 9, 2015
- ISIS Claims Responsibility for Blast at Italian Consulate in Cairo, NYT, July 11, 2015
- Suicide bomber kills 21 at Saudi Shi'ite mosque, Islamic State claims attack, Reuters, May 23, 2015
- Breaking: Suicide Blast In Medina Near Burial Place Of Muhammad…Update: At Least 4 Security Officers Killed, 5 Injured…, WeaselZippers.us, July 4, 2016
- Islamic State beheads, shoots 15 Yemeni soldiers, The Long War Journal, May 1, 2015
- The Washington Post, September 6, 2014
- Independent, August 19, 2016
- CBS News, March 30, 2016
- Osborne, Samuel (May 14, 2018). Khamzat Azimov: Who is the Paris attacker responsible for stabbing five people, killing one? Independent. Retrieved September 21, 2018.
- Source: Belgium terror cell has links to ISIS, some members still at large, CNN.com, January 16, 2015
- Germany axe attack: Assault on train in Wuerzburg injures HK family
- Hjelmgaard, Kim (December 20, 2016). ISIL calls Berlin attacker a 'soldier' as manhunt for killer resumes. USA Today. Retrieved December 20, 2016.
- ISIS militants claim responsibility for attack in Jakarta in first strike at Indonesia, BusinessInsider, January 13, 2015
- WeaselZippers, July 16, 2015
- Breaking: U.S. Officials: San Bernardino Shooter Tashfeen Malik Pledged Allegiance To ISIS, WeaselZippers.us, December 4, 2015
- McKay, Hollie (June 6, 2019). ISIS plotted to send westerners to U.S through Mexico border: report. Fox News. Retrieved June 6, 2019.
- Mass, Warren (June 10, 2019). Defector Says ISIS Invited Him to Cross U.S. Border to Engage in Financial Attacks. The New American. Retrieved June 10, 2019.
- The rise and fall of Islamic State, whose ‘caliphate’ is now said to be over, The Times of Israel (from the Associated Press), March 23, 2019.