Joe Biden's racist history
In addition to Joe Biden's longstanding alliance with fellow Democrat segregationists in the U.S. Senate, Biden is known for a history of making racially insensitive remarks. Reportedly, Biden’s political approach to race has long been geared toward assuaging the racial anxieties of white voters. Biden exposed his racial insensitivity towards the 2008 Democratic Presidential candidate and running mate, Barack Obama, when he declared, "I mean, you got the first mainstream African-American who is articulate and bright and clean and a nice-looking guy." He later claimed, "Barack Hussein Obama is change enough for most people." Biden called Confederate flag advocates "very fine people" and a disproportionate share of the U.S. military which are minorities as "stupid bastards"
Even after assuming office, Biden has been criticized by leftists and Democrats for racist and white supremacist views. Among one of Biden's first official racist acts was firing the nation's African American Surgeon General. He also issued racist and xenophobic travel ban orders against people from South Africa. At a Milwaukee townhall meeting in February 2021 Biden claimed Blacks and Hispanics were too stupid to understand how to use the internet.
After Biden occupied the White House, he described the filibuster as an old racist 'relic' of the Jim Crow era. Formerly Biden, Obama and Kamala Harris were major defenders of the filibuster. Biden refers to Senior Advisor to the President and Director of the Office of Public Engagement and former chair of the Congressional Black Caucus Cedric Richmond as "my boy".
- 1 You ain't Black
- 2 Biden Amendment repeals sections of the Civil Rights Act
- 3 Predators beyond the pale
- 4 Biden Crime Bill
- 5 Mass incarceration
- 6 Anita Hill hearings
- 7 Flagship of the Confederacy
- 8 Black Lives Matter
- 9 Xenophobia
- 10 Palestinian themed violence
- 11 Sexism
- 12 Degrading comments about Hispanics
- 13 Unvaccinated minorities
- 14 Haitian migrants
- 15 References
You ain't Black
- See also: Democrat plantation
Democrat presidential nominee Joe Biden made a particularly offensive racist comment about African Americans during a radio interview. Biden won the Democrat presidential nomination when South Carolina Rep. James Clyburn endorsed him, and the dominos of the Democrat machine fell into place. In short choreographed order, the remaining white candidates, Amy Klobuchar, Pete Buttigieg, Tom Steyer, Michael Bloomberg and a host of local officials began goosestepping in lockstep. Kamala Harris, Cory Booker, Julian Castro, and Tulsi Gabbard had been driven out earlier in a rigged process that allowed rich white billionaires - Steyer and Bloomberg - to buy their way in once all the minority candidates were forced out. Clyborn admitted he cringed when he heard Biden's racist attack on Black people.
Biden cynically tried to take advantage of George Floyd's killing, which occurred only days later, to repair his relations with Blacks by attacking the police and accusing them of systemic racism. Police groups and unions which Biden courted since the 1990s on behalf of the Clinton administration with the Biden Crime Bill, mass incarceration, and effort to put 100,000 new cops on the street to deal with "Superpredators", responded by withdrawing their support.
When Biden supporters tore down statues of George Washington and Thomas Jefferson because they were slave owners, Biden never condemned the violence and vandalism and accused President Trump of being America's first racist president. Biden conveniently overlooked the racism of President's Woodrow Wilson and Lyndon Johnson, and a dozen other Democrat presidents who were slave owners. Charlemagne tha God responded that he wished Biden would just "shut the eff up forever."
Biden Amendment repeals sections of the Civil Rights Act
The debate over the crimes of the Democrats slave power was reopened in 2019 while some far leftists were pushing for slave reparations. During Sen. Biden's decades long collaboration with segregationist Senators, there is no record of Biden ever calling them "clown's, "racists", or telling them to "shut up". Contrarily, Biden had nothing but kind and loving words of praise at their retirements and funerals.
In 1972 Biden re-cycled the racist rhetoric of John C. Calhoun, arguing that school segregation was a "positive good" for Blacks and that it reflected "black pride." Calhoun famously laid out his doctrine of separation of the races as a civilizing force among Blacks which became Democrat talking points before the Dred Scott decision, throughout the Civil War, Reconstruction, the Jim Crow era, and the New Deal. In a Democrat filibuster on the floor of the Senate, Calhoun famously said:
|"I hold that in the present state of civilization, where two races of different origin, and distinguished by color, and other physical differences, as well as intellectual, are brought together, the relation now existing in the slaveholding States between the two, is, instead of an evil, a good—a positive good."|
Biden resurrected the idea that segregation was "for their own good" and that Blacks were grateful for it.
|“I think the concept of busing … that we are going to integrate people so that they all have the same access and they learn to grow up with one another and all the rest, is a rejection of the whole movement of black pride, a rejection of the entire black awareness concept, where black is beautiful, black culture should be studied; and the cultural awareness of the importance of their own identity, their own individuality.”|
In the 21st century Biden tried to separate himself from his previous racist statements on school integration:
|"Poor kids are just as smart as white kids."|
Biden led a coalition of segregationists that was opposed by Republican Sen. Edward Brooke, the first African American senator elected since Democrats forced the end of Reconstruction after the Civil War. National Public Radio's David Ensor asked Biden, "What about a constitutional amendment? Isn’t that what you’re gonna have to end up supporting if you want to stop court ordered busing, too?" Biden responded,
|"That would clearly do it. I’m hopeful, and I have — now that I have some sort of new allies in this area, it’s become respectable now for liberals to at least say publicly what they’ve been saying in private, that busing doesn’t work. We are trying to figure out whether or not we can come up with an innovative piece of legislation which would limit the remedy, and I don’t — honestly don’t know whether we can come up with something constitutional. And if we can’t, I will not in an attempt to eliminate busing violate the Constitution. I won’t do that. The only way, if I’m gonna go at it, I’m gonna go at it through a Constitutional Amendment if it can’t be done through a piece of legislation."|
Ensor reported that Biden proposed renewing segregation because busing "wasn't working" ("wasn't working" to the electoral advantage of Democrats and not necessarily to the cause of equal rights for Blacks), and Biden was afraid that older liberal colleagues were blind to how Black separatists felt about their children being bused to white schools.
|"There are those of we social planners who think somehow that if we just subrogate man’s individual characteristics and traits by making sure that a presently heterogeneous society becomes a totally homogeneous society, that somehow we’re going to solve our social ills. Quite to the contrary."|
Title VI of the 1964 Civil Rights Act prohibits discrimination based on race, color, or national origin in programs or activities receiving federal financial assistance. Biden told the Philadelphia Enquirer on October 12, 1975:
|“Liberals have rejected common sense. Anybody who has studied the area knows that we don't have a workable rehabilitation program. Yet we continue to insist that the function of prison is to rehabilitate, not punish. I think the Democratic Party could stand a liberal George Wallace — someone who’s not afraid to stand up and offend people, someone who wouldn’t pander but would say what the American people know in their gut is right”|
George Wallace praised Biden as "one of the outstanding young politicians of America." Wallace is famous for coining the slogan in a gubernatorial inaugural address, Politico writes of the whole sordid affair,
|Biden morphed into a leading anti-busing crusader—all the while continuing to insist that he supported the goal of school desegregation, he only opposed busing as the means to achieve that end. This stance, which many of Biden’s liberal and moderate colleagues also held, was clever but disingenuous. It enabled Biden to choose votes over principles, while acting as if he was not doing so....In a seminal moment, the Senate thus turned against desegregation. The Senate had supported the 1964 Civil Rights Act, 1965 Voting Rights Act and 1968 Fair Housing Act....the Senate remained the last bastion for those who supported strong integration policies. Biden stormed that bastion...|
Sen. James Abourezk of South Dakota related how Biden reacted when Abrourezek tried to block the amendment:
|‘Abourezk, you **********, if I ever vote for another one of your bills, it'll be a cold day in hell.'
‘Calm down, Joe,' I told him, ‘You're eventually gonna thank me for doing this.'
‘Like hell I will you dirty *******.'
A few days later, Biden came into the scheduled committee meeting, this time with a broad, friendly grin aimed directly at me.
‘Jesus, Abourezk, you were right,' he said. ‘I am gonna thank you. You should see the Delaware newspapers—big front-page headlines saying, ‘Biden Battles Liberals in Washington.' He was unabashedly elated. ‘They love me back home, how did you know this would happen?'
The New York Times published a lengthy story on Biden's advocacy of segregation. In a 1977 congressional hearing related to anti-desegregation orders, Biden emphasized,
|"Unless we do something about this, my children are going to grow up in a jungle, the jungle being a racial jungle."|
Republican Sen. Edward Brooke, the first black senator ever to be popularly elected, called Biden's amendment “the greatest symbolic defeat for civil rights since 1964.” Brooke accused Biden of leading an assault on integration.
Prof. Ronnie Dunn said opposition to busing was motivated by racism and that without the court-ordered policy Biden probably would not have become vice president in 2009. “What I find ironic is that [Biden] was the vice president under a president who, if it hadn’t been for the social interaction that occurred during the era of busing, I argue we likely would not have seen the election of Barack Obama." Dunn, an Urban Studies professor at Cleveland State University and author of the book Boycotts, Busing, & Beyond, said Biden made the case in favor of maintaining segregation. "That was an argument against desegregation.” Dunn said Biden must address the issue if he runs for president. “People have to be held accountable."
Biden's opposition to integration didn't stop there. HuffPo reported:
|In 1977, two black men nominated for key Justice Department posts by President Jimmy Carter easily won approval from the Senate Judiciary Committee. After confirmation by the full Senate, Drew Days III became the nation’s first black head of the department’s civil rights division and Wade McCree became the second black solicitor general. Only one member of the committee voted against them. It wasn’t segregationists Strom Thurmond (R-S.C.) or James Eastland (D-Miss.). It wasn’t even former Ku Klux Klan member Robert Byrd (D-W.Va.). The lone Judiciary Committee vote against the two men was Sen. Joe Biden (D-Del.).|
In 1981 Biden said in a Senate hearing, “sometimes even George Wallace is right about some things.” Wallace is famous for saying in 1963, “segregation now, segregation tomorrow, segregation forever.” Biden read the "N" word into the Congressional Record during an open hearing in 1986. In a farewell address to retiring Democrat segregationist Sen. John Stennis, Biden said:
|"To think that I would be one day on the floor of the United States Senate, being paid such accolades by such a man of character and courage as John Stennis is beyond my wildest dreams. And I mean that sincerely."|
When Biden announced his candidacy Politico attempted to poo-poo and explain away Biden and liberal Democrat racism with a back-handed slap at school vouchers for minority students, which liberal elites have strenuously opposed ever since the Biden Amendment passed:
|School desegregation, as part of a broader suite of civil rights reforms, was once as a vital component of the Democratic Party platform. Yet since the 1970s, Democrats, in the face of concerted white backlash, have largely accommodated themselves to increasing segregation in public schools across the nation. Party leaders, even the most progressive among them, rarely propose serious solutions to this vexing problem. A sincere critique of Biden’s busing record would require a broader reckoning of the Democratic Party’s—and by extension the nation’s—abandonment of this central goal of the civil rights movement. And it’s hard to see that happening anytime soon.|
|You don’t joke about calling black men 'boys'...frankly, I’m disappointed that he hasn’t issued an immediate apology for the pain his words are dredging up for many Americans. He should.|
Predators beyond the pale
|"cadre of young people, tens of thousands of them, born out of wedlock, without parents, without supervision, without any structure, without any conscience developing because they literally ... because they literally have not been socialized, they literally have not had an opportunity."|
|"It doesn't matter whether or not the person that is accosting your son or daughter or my son or daughter, my wife, your husband, my mother, your parents, it doesn't matter whether or not they were deprived as a youth. It doesn't matter whether or not they had no background that enabled them to become socialized into the fabric of society. It doesn't matter whether or not they're the victims of society. The end result is they're about to knock my mother on the head with a lead pipe, shoot my sister, beat up my wife, take on my sons."|
Biden said, that he didn't care "why someone is a malefactor in society" and that criminals needed to be "away from my mother, your husband, our families." Biden added "we should focus on them now" because "if we don't, they will, or a portion of them, will become the predators 15 years from now."
Biden's comments echoed first lady Hillary Clinton's inflammatory statement about "Superpredators" with "no conscience, no empathy" and "we need to bring them to heel."
Biden Crime Bill
- Main article: The New Jim Crow
Biden was a staunch opponent of school desegregation in the 1970s and leading crusader for mass incarceration in the 1980s and 1990s. Biden described African American felons in the aftermath of the Central Park Five jogger case as 'predators' too sociopathic to rehabilitate, and white supremacist senators as his friends.
Biden boasts as one of his greatest legislative achievements passage of the 1994 Crime bill which locked up 10% of the Black adult male population of the United States.
"In a nutshell, the President's plan does not include enough police officers to catch the violent thugs, enough prosecutors to convict them, enough judges to sentence them or enough prison cells to put them away for a long time."
Biden, Ted Kennedy, and Strom Thurmond worked on proposals that raised maximum penalties, removed a directive requiring the US Sentencing Commission to take into account prison capacity, and created the cabinet-level “drug czar” position. In 1984, they passed the Comprehensive Crime Control Act, which, among other things, abolished parole, imposed a less generous cap on “good time” sentence reductions, and allowed the Sentencing Commission to issue more punitive guidelines.
Biden bragged on the Senate floor that it was under his and Thurmond's leadership that Congress passed a law sending anyone caught with a rock of cocaine the size of a quarter to jail for a minimum of five years - the notoriously racist hundred-to-one sentencing disparity between crack and powder cocaine. In the same speech Biden took credit for civil asset forfeiture and seizure laws, and demanded to know why Papa Bush hadn't sentenced more drug dealers to life in prison or exercise the death penalty once Congress had given him that power.
Biden's version of a new crime bill added more than forty crimes that would be eligible for the death penalty. Biden boasted “we do everything but hang people for jaywalking.” The NAACP and other groups lobbied against the bill. Although the 1991 crime bill was defeated by Republicans, the 1994 Biden/Clinton crime bill was passed.
By 2001, the United States had the highest rate of incarceration in the world. Human Rights Watch reported that in seven states, African Americans constituted 80 to 90 percent of all drug offenders even though they were no more likely than whites to use or sell illegal drugs. Prison admissions for drug offenses reached a level in 2000 for African Americans more than 26 times the level they had been under Ronald Reagan. Biden's "social planning" had proven effective.
- See also: War on Drugs
|For a guy who helped to be an architect of mass incarceration, this in an inadequate solution to what is a raging crisis in our country.|
I’ve heard a very dangerous lie being told about how the systems of mass incarceration were built in this nation. I didn’t expect to have to respond this way because I didn’t expect Joe Biden to lie about the 1994 Crime Bill. He wrote it. He fought for it. And the results were devastating. Every single expert on this topic agrees.
This week Joe Biden took the stance that not only is he not sorry for the Crime Bill, but that it didn’t even increase mass incarceration. And it’s shameful because either he’s willfully lying, which is horrible, or he’s just plain ignorant about the true impact of the bill, which is also horrible. Either way, I have a major problem with it because these laws are still in effect and they are doing damage in our communities every single day, 24 hours a day.
The Leftist Jacobin magazine summed up Biden's record:
|"It’s not as if Biden didn’t know what he was doing.... He just didn’t care. Biden had made a calculated decision that the elections he would win were worth the damage he inflicted....|
But even if Biden has subsequently learned the error of his ways, the rank cynicism and callousness involved in his two-decade-long championing of carceral policies should be more than enough to give anyone pause about his qualities as a leader, let alone a progressive one."
Biden now advocates for a man sentenced to prison to choose to be incarcerated in a women's prison.
Anita Hill hearings
Biden as chair of the Judiciary Committee, called for extended hearings to delay a vote on Thomas and accommodate her last-minute allegations with televised hearings that traumatized the country. Biden told Sen. Arlen Specter that “It was clear to me from the way she was answering the questions, [Hill] was lying” about the central theme of her testimony. Biden used homophobia, allegations by a Republican Senator that Anita Hill had "certain proclivities" to discredit her testimony, to attack Hill's critics while at the same time fight the nomination of an uppity Black. Biden has been widely criticized for his racist, sexist, and bigotted handling of the hearings.
Thomas said he would rather have been the victim of an assassin's bullet than suffer what the hearings did to him. Democrats were outraged that a Republican president would nominate a conservative African-American role model for Black youths to the Supreme Court.
Flagship of the Confederacy
- See also: Southern Manifesto
The Southern Manifesto was a document written after the landmark Supreme Court 1954 ruling Brown v. Board of Education, which integrated public schools. It was drawn up by legislators in the United States Congress opposed to racial integration in public places. It was signed by politicians from the former Confederate States. All but twenty-eight of the 138 southern Democrat members of Congress signed the Manifesto, including 19 of the Majority Democrat Senators.
The Southern Manifesto was signed on a large mahogany conference table in Sen. John Stennis' office which Stennis used as his desk and referred to as "the flagship of the Confederacy." The table was used by segregationist and co-signer of the Southern Manifesto, Sen. Richard Russell, before his retirement. When Stennis retired in 1988, Biden took over Stennis' office, including the conference table. When Biden was elected vice-president in 2008, Biden had the conference table moved into the vice-president's office.
Black Lives Matter
When the appointment of white supremacist Los Angeles mayor Eric Garcetti as commissar of housing was announced, it was met with peaceful protests by Black Lives Matter. Biden promised a "Dark Winter" for America and made clear that he would not hold China accountable for the CCP pandemic. He pledged to raise taxes by undoing the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017, which caused the economic boom under President Trump, and threatened to promote the Green New Deal to extinguish capitalism and supposedly will replace jobs lost during the coronavirus with so-called clean energy jobs, and pass the so-called "Equal Rights Amendment." Biden told his junta organizing committee,
|“||This country is doomed! It is doomed not just because of African Americans, but because by 2040 this country is going to be minority white European! Hear me! Minority white European!||”|
Biden told an audience in 2006,
|"the country that isn't an erstwhile democracy, where they have the greatest disparity, and it's one of the wealthiest countries in the hemisphere. And because of a corrupt system that exists in Mexico, there is the 1% of the population at the top, a very small little middle class, and the rest in abject poverty.
Folks, I voted for a fence. I voted and, unlike most Democrats - some of you won't like it - I voted for 700 miles of fence. Let me tell you, we can build a fence 40 stories high - unless we change the dynamic in Mexico, and you will you like this - and punish American employers who knowingly violate the law when in fact they hire illegals. Unless you do those two things, all the rest is window dressing. Now I know I'm not supposed to say it that bluntly. But they are facts. They are the facts.
And so, everything else we do is in between here, everything else we do is at the margin. The reason why I thought, parenthetically, why I believe the fence is needed is not really related to immigration as much as drugs. I'm the guy who wrote the national crime bill. I'm the guy that wrote the national drug trafficing. I'm the guy who wrote the law that set up a drug czar. Let me tell you something, folks. People are driving across that border with tons, tons, hear me, tons, of everything from by products for methamphetamine, to cocaine, to heroin. It's all coming up through corrupt Mexico.
So I would have, as they say in the southern part of my state, I had an altar call. I had a come to the Lord meeting. You think I'm joking? I'm not joking. Maybe you know about me. I've been doing this a long time. I've known every single major world leader in every country for the past 20 years. And I know a lot of them well...don't tell me, in Mexico, you expect to get the same kind of treatment that we give other democracies, and then you don't act in a democratic way. Not on my watch., Not on my watch.
Palestinian themed violence
After Biden restored funding to Gaza, a wave of violent attacks and hate crimes against members of the Jewish community occurred in California, New York, New Jersey, Illinois, Utah, Arizona, and Florida. Restaurant diners in Los Angeles were assaulted and a firebomb thrown at Jews in New York's Diamond District. Gov. Andrew Cuomo, Senate Majority Leader Chuck Schumer, and Democratic New York Rep. Jerry Nadler were silent after the attack.
The Anti-Defamation League documented disturbing antisemitism on multiple platforms -- from Facebook and Twitter to TikTok and Instagram – with more than 17,000 tweets which used variations of the phrase, “Hitler was right”, including anti-Semitic tweets from CNN contributor Adeel Raja.
Biden failed to condemn the violence and anti-Semitic attacks. The New York Post reported "the Biden administration is on the cusp of indirectly providing funds to Hamas, using Iran as a pass-through." Sec. of State Antony Blinken told Clinton propagandist George Stephanopoulos that Biden would continue to seek lifting sanctions on Iran despite Iran's funding terrorism.
Biden's deep-rooted anti-female, sexist, misogynist, and bigoted contempt for women was revealed in his oft retelling of the legend of Corn Pop. Corn Pop, was a bad dude. And in Biden's version of the incidents leading up to the life-threatening confrontation, it was sparked by an offhand sexist comment intended to be disparaging toward Corn Pop, but in reality is a disparaging remark toward all women, and particularly competitive and successful women. The events of the original tale is thought to have occurred circa 1962. In Biden's telling, the violent confrontation began with Biden mocking Corn Pop, an African American man, as a woman. According to Biden he provoked the incident at a Wilmington, Delaware public swimming pool when he said to Corn Pop, "Hey, Esther," a reference to three-time US national swimming champion Esther Williams, who went on to a successful Hollywood movie career and was a beauty icon and model of grace and femininity of the era.
Degrading comments about Hispanics
Biden implied that all Hispanics, including those who were born in the United States or are residents legally, are illegal aliens. In speaking about Hispanics, Biden shows no respect for the Spanish language and uses the leftist derogatory language, 'Latinx' to refer to people with an Hispanic background.
In 1994, Biden said, "if Haiti just quietly sunk into the Caribbean or rose up 300 feet, it wouldn't matter a whole lot."
After inviting more than 2 million white Hispanics into the country illegally, Matt Stieb of New York magazine reported, Border Patrol Agent Uses Whip to Chase Down Haitian Migrants. Steib reported,
|"The apparent whipping comes as more than 14,500 Haitians are camped under a bridge in Del Rio as they wait to be processed by Border Patrol; on Monday it was 104 degrees in the town. In response to the increase in undocumented migrants from Haiti — impacted this summer by the assassination of Jovenel Moïse and an earthquake that killed over 2,000 — U.S. officials have begun a mass deportation of Haitians and have sent over 600 Border Patrol agents to the area. This weekend, around 3,300 people were removed from the make-shift camp in Del Rio and sent to detention centers or placed on flights back to the island nation. The Biden administration has used a Trump-era Centers for Disease Control policy called Title 42 to justify the deportation of migrants without allowing them to file asylum claims."|
The Biden regime expelled more than 10,000 Black Haitians, rounding them up on horseback with whips. Rep. Ilhan Omar accused the junta of “human rights abuses.” Minister of Homeland Security Alejandro Mayorkas accused a reporter of “assuming the facts” when asked about the possible use of whips. Chief propagandist Jen Psaki said, “I don’t think anyone seeing that footage would think it acceptable or appropriate,” she said at a press briefing. “It’s horrible to watch.”
Rep. Maxine Waters said, "I'm pissed. I'm unhappy and I'm not just unhappy with the cowboys who were running down Haitians and using their reins to whip them. I'm [unhappy] with the administration. ...he is the one that does not follow the constitution and would not allow those seeking refuge to petition to get into the country. What the hell are we doing here? What we witnessed takes us back hundreds of years. What we witnessed was worse than what we witnessed in slavery … cowboys with their reins, again, whipping black people." Rep. Ayanna Pressley criticized the "cruel, the inhumane, and flat out racist treatment" of Haitian migrants: "We cannot and we must not look away in this moment....Instead of leading with compassion and grace, these families have been met with cruelty," Pressley claimed, saying those that have fled to America have been "rounded up like cattle, whipped, handcuffed, and detained....Haitian lives are black lives, and if we truly believe that black lives matter, then we must reverse course."
The junta's Special Envoy to Haiti, Daniel Foote, who was appointed only two months earlier issued a scathing resignation letter to Antony Blinken. Foote, a career foreign service officer, denounced the Biden regime's “inhumane” policy toward Haitian refugees. PBS's Yamiche Alcindor asked Psaki, "These are images that are traumatizing Haitian Americans that he [Biden] promised to treat respectfully & with humanity. Why isn't the President telling people himself these images that people say look like slavery are wrong? Does the President believe anything in this letter that Daniel Foote is saying rings true, has some sort of point that he — that he believes is — is true" that the Biden administration has been "inhumane" toward Haitian illegal immigrants?" Psaki dodged the question on the regime's racist policies and handed it off to the State Department.
- Ryan Grim | The Intercept_, Joe Biden’s Stunningly Racist Answer on the Legacy of Slavery Has Been Overlooked, https://theintercept.com/2019/09/13/joe-biden-democratic-debate-slavery/, September 13, 2019
- Fredericks, Bob (June 21, 2019). Joe Biden’s years-old letters to racist senator revealed. New York Post. Retrieved January 17, 2021
- Biden now calls filibuster ‘a relic of the Jim Crow era’ but Kamala Harris is among Dems who have embraced it
- Biden in 2005 said nixing the filibuster 'upsets the constitutional design' and would 'eviscerate the Senate'
- Watch Barack Obama In 2005 Defend The Filibuster He Now Says Is Racist
- Byron York's Daily Memo: The Democrats’ filibuster hypocrisy
- Montanaro, Domenico (June 28, 2019). LISTEN: Biden Supported A Constitutional Amendment To End Mandated Busing In 1975. NPR. Retrieved August 24, 2021.
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- September 18, 1975. ANTIBUSING MEASURE APPROVED IN SENATE. The New York Times. Retrieved August 24, 2021.
- TO AMEND H.R. 8069 TO PROVIDE THAT NO FUNDS SHALL BE USED TO REQUIRE ANY SCHOOL, AS A CONDITION FOR RECEIVING FEDERAL FUNDS, TO ASSIGN TEACHERS OR STUDENTS TO SCHOOLS FOR REASONS OF RACE.. GovTrack.us. Retrieved August 24, 2021.
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- The First Civil Right: How Liberals Built Prison America, Naomi Murakawa.
- Why Hillary Clinton Doesn’t Deserve the Black Vote, Michelle Alexander, The Nation, February 10, 2016
- p. x
- pg. 51