Law and Justice
|Law and Justice|
|Party leader||Jarosław Kaczyński|
|Political ideology|| Conservatism|
|Political position||Economic centre left to right-wing|
|International affiliation||Alliance of Conservatives and Reformists in Europe|
|Color(s)||red and blue|
Law and Justice (Polish: Prawo i Sprawiedliwość, PiS) is a conservative and moderately eurosceptic party in Poland, founded on June 13, 2001, by twin brothers Lech Kaczyński and Jarosław Kaczyński. The party was founded on the wave of popularity gained by Lech Kaczyński during his tenure as a Justice minister in Polish government from July 2000 to June 2001.
Law and Justice is a conservative party and is widely considered as the main force of the Polish right-wing. It is socially conservative and opposes legalizing abortion and homosexual "marriage". Law and Justice takes populist and less conservative positions on economic issues, including support for a progressive tax, nationalization of some corporations, universal state-owned healthcare, the welfare state, and the concept of "social justice". It opposes privatization which it considers to be "stealing of national property" and usually justifies increasing economic regulation as fighting potential corruption. The PiS has pushed back against the homosexual agenda in public schools and elsewhere. Despite the party's pro-life stance, some social conservatives have criticized it, along with other European conservatives, for not pushing hard enough for pro-life policies at the European and international levels. The PiS has taken pro-coal stances, but in 2019, its energy policies shifted in a more liberal direction.
The PiS has attempted to de-communize Poland's judiciary, and it believes the country's liberal faction did not go far enough in rejecting communism in the 1990s. The party is critical of liberal Western culture, including the homosexual agenda, and has warned against the "social diseases that dominate there." Like other Eastern European conservatives, Poland's history under communist domination influences the PiS's views. The party holds to a patriotic interpretation of Polish history, as opposed to anti-nationalist revisionism.
The PiS is critical of the European Union and its liberal values. It supports decentralizing the EU and takes a critical stance toward a common EU military. It has criticized the concept of a "United States of Europe," and it has taken a pro-Israel stance. In 2019, the PiS opposed adopting the Euro until Poland's economy would become as large as Germany's. It also opposed the EU's online copyright law, arguing it would result in internet censorship, and in 2021, it proposed legislation to protect against Big Tech censorship.
Law and Justice won the 2005 parliamentary election. It created a coalition government with the national conservative League of Polish Families and the populist left-wing Self-Defence of the Republic of Poland. The coalition fell in 2007 because of corruption allegations on the part of Andrzej Lepper, leader of Self-Defence and Deputy Prime Minister. The Sejm voted its own dissolution, and early elections were held in October 2007.
In 2006, the League of Polish Families proposed to amend the Polish constitution to protect life from the moment of conception. Initially, Law and Justice supported the amendment, but then the text of the amendment was changed so that it would only claim that "human dignity is inherent from the moment of conception". After the amended bill was rejected by the Sejm, Marshal of the Sejm (speaker) Marek Jurek resigned from the office, left Law and Justice and created a new right-wing party called Right of the Republic, which is supported by less than 1% of voters (only 0,24% in 2011 election). In 2007, some of Law and Justice leaders, including Jarosław Kaczyński, stated that they are against tightening of abortion law, which means they support so-called "compromise" which allows abortion when the women's life or health is threatened, when pregnancy is a result of rape or incest and when the fetus is irreversibly damaged. Nevertheless, in 2011 Law and Justice voted in favor of totally banning abortion, but the bill was rejected anyway.
In 2011 a few prominent members were excluded from the party due to internal conflict and lack of acceptance for their ideas for reforming the party. In 2012, they founded a new party called Solidary Poland (Polish: Solidarna Polska) with Zbigniew Ziobro, former Minister of Justice, as its leader.
2015 landslide elections and aftermath
In May 2015 Polish presidential election, the conservative and Euroskeptic challenger Andrzej Duda of PiS won in an upset, defeating the pro-EU incumbent. In the October 2015 general election, PiS won in a landslide, becoming the first Polish party to win enough votes to govern the country alone since the fall of communism in 1989. This landslide election frightened Europeanist leaders and politicians. It was also the first election where no left-of-center parties sat in the Polish parliament.
The PiS went to work immediately after the elections. In March 2017, PiS Prime Minister Beata Szydło stated that "I hear in Europe very often: do not connect the migration policy with terrorism, but it is impossible not to connect them." It chose to defy the European Union on various issues, such as on reforming the nation's courts to weaken globalist influence in them and decreeing that Christian principles be a factor in their decisionmaking. A CBOS poll in September 2017 found that PiS was enjoying record popular support, and subsequent polls showed similar results.
The European Union began taking legal action against Poland in July 2017 due to its enacting, and attempted enacting, of conservative judicial reforms that went against EU ideology. However, Poland received support from the conservative Hungarian government. However, the PiS has fallen to EU pressure and was forced at times to revise conservative laws opposed by the globalist organization.
PiS also enacted a law gradually banning businesses from being open on Sundays so families can remain together that day. In December 2018, the PiS, along with Hungary, killed a proposed EU statement speaking favorably of "LGBTQI" people. In January 2019, the PiS-controlled lower house of parliament passed a bill providing pensions to mothers who raised four or more children. The PiS worked to balance Poland's budget.
The PiS performed strongly in the May 2019 European Parliament elections, outperforming expectations and giving the party its best-ever result in the parliament. In the October 2019 national elections, the PiS increased its share of the popular vote from its 2015 results, though because several liberal opposition parties united together, the PiS lost control of Poland's senate.
- Friedman, Victoria (November 20, 2019). Conservative Polish PM Vows to Win ‘Culture War’, Defends NATO. Breitbart News. Retrieved November 20, 2019.
- Multiple references:
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- Multiple references:
- Friedman, Victoria (February 7, 2018). Record Support for Conservative, Pro-Sovereignty Governments in Hungary, Poland. Breitbart News. Retrieved February 7, 2018.
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- Multiple references:
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- Multiple references:
- Hale, Virginia (May 27, 2019). EU Elections: ‘Disaster’ for Globalists in Poland as Govt Storms to Record Victory. Breitbart News. Retrieved May 27, 2019.
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- Multiple references:
- Montgomery, Jack (October 14, 2019). Triumph of Traditionalism: Poland’s Law and Justice Party Increases Majority in National Elections. Breitbart News. Retrieved October 14, 2019.
- Goclowski, Marcin; Barteczko, Agnieszka (October 14, 2019). Poland's nationalists win majority in parliament again, eye court reforms. Reuters. Retrieved October 14, 2019.
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