1948 Arab-Israeli War
|1948 Arab-Israeli War|
|Part of||Arab-Israeli conflict|
|Date||May 15, 1948-March 10, 1949|
|David Ben-Gurion||Abdul Rahman Hassan Azzam|
Farouk of Egypt
Abdullah I of Jordan
The 1948 Arab-Israeli War, referred to as the War of Independence (מלחמת השחרור) by Israelis, and The Catastrophe ("al Nakba", النكبة) by Arabs, where some 700,000 Palestinians were expelled or self evacuated  told by Arab leaders to leave (till after "victory") from their homeland, was the first armed conflict fought by the modern state of Israel, with a total population of approximately 600,000, against the armies of the Arab nations of Egypt, Syria, Jordan, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, Iraq, and other Arab militias. About 6,000 Israelis died in the war, or fully one percent of the population, but the war ended in 1949 with a United Nations-brokered armistice. As a result of the war, Israel grew by some 50% over the original Partition of British Palestine. Some 800,000 Jews were expelled from neighboring Arab states and allowed to settle in Israel.
At the time, Head of Muslim Brotherhood Hassan al-Banna declared: "If the Jewish state becomes a fact, and this is realized by the Arab peoples, they will drive the Jews who live in their midst into the sea"
- Tucker, Spencer C., ed. The Encyclopedia of the Arab-Israeli Conflict A Political, Social, and Military History (4 vol. 2008)