Oslo Accords

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President Clinton with Yitzhak Rabin and Yassir Arafat on the South Lawn, September 13, 1993.

The Oslo Accords were the culmination of a series of negotiations between Israel and the Palestinians. The accords allowed for the eventual creation of a Palestinian state, but in return the Palestinians gave up the right of return for "refugees" as well as any hope of reclaiming any Israeli land that they believed they had rights to.

The Declaration of Principles (DOP), also known as the Oslo Accords, were approved in 1993 with Yassir Arafat signing for the Palestine Liberation Organization and Shimon Peres signing for Israel. The accords required Israel to withdraw from parts of the Gaza Strip and West Bank and recognize a new Palestinian Authority. More controversial issues concerning Jerusalem, refugees, Israeli settlements and borders were left undecided.

Arafat agreed to revise the Palestine Liberation Organization covenant which had called for “the liquidation of the Zionist presence”. However, in a speech given to the Palestine Legislative Council he justified this step by referring to Muhammad’s Treaty of Hudaybiyah with the Koresh tribe. This peace pact was used by Muhammad to muster enough military strength to conquer the Koresh who would surrender without a single fight.[1]

Extremists on both sides of the Israel-Arab question were not satisfied with the accords. Yitzhak Rabin was assassinated by a Zionist extremist for giving up Judea and Samaria, and Yasser Arafat lost much of his support for recognizing the right of Israel to exist.

The October 2000 Ramallah lynching shocked Israelis and became iconic.[2] It worsened Israelis' trust. Human rights activist:[3]

When the latest round of violence broke out last September, many Israelis were shocked by the depth of hatred the Palestinians displayed towards them...

The animalistic lynching of our soldiers and the calls of "Death to the Jews" that echoed through the Arab world shocked even the most ardent supporters of peaceful compromise.
Official:[4]
This was not the first massacre perpetrated by Palestinians in the post Oslo agreements era, but the savagery and the PA complicity shocked all Israelis. This was the beginning of the Second Intifada, which lasted till early 2005 and cost the lives of over 1000 Israelis.


Further reading

  • Deeb, Dennis J. The Collapse of Middle East Peace: The Rise & Fall of the Oslo Peace Accords (2003) excerpt and text search
  • Tucker, Spencer C., ed. The Encyclopedia of the Arab-Israeli Conflict A Political, Social, and Military History (4 vol. 2008)

References

  1. Horowitz, David (February 11, 2013). WHY ISRAEL IS THE VICTIM. FrontpageMag. Retrieved September 17, 2018.
  2. Sue Surkes, Palestinian policeman convicted of 2000 Ramallah lynch freed TOI, March 28, 2017
  3. Natan Sharansky on 'Why Oslo Failed,' The Journal of International Security Affairs. No. 1, Summer 2001. p. 33. Natan Sharansky: "From Helsinki to Oslo." The Recent Violence.
  4. Emmanuel Nahshon (@EmmanuelNahshon) Tweeted: This was not the first massacre perpetrated by Palestinians in the post Oslo agreements era, but the savagery and the PA complicity shocked all Israelis. This was the beginning of the Second Intifada, which lasted till early 2005 and cost the lives of over 1000 Israelis. [1] Oct 11, 2020