1948 Arab-Israeli War

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1948 Arab-Israeli War
1948 arab israeli war - May15-June10.jpg
Overview
Part of Arab-Israeli conflict
Date May 15, 1948-March 10, 1949
Location Israel
Combatants
Flag of Israel.png Israel Arab League
Consisting of:
Egypt
Syria
Jordan
Lebanon
Saudi Arabia
Iraq
Commanders
David Ben-Gurion Abdul Rahman Hassan Azzam
Farouk of Egypt
Abdullah I of Jordan
Muzahim al-Pachachi
Husni al-Za'im
Strength
Casualties


The 1948 Arab-Israeli War, referred to as the War of Independence (מלחמת השחרור) by Israelis, and The Catastrophe ("al Nakba", النكبة) by Arabs, where some 700,000 Palestinians were expelled or self evacuated [1][2][3] told by Arab leaders to leave (till after "victory") from their homeland, was the first armed conflict fought by the modern state of Israel, with a total population of approximately 600,000, against the armies of the Arab nations of Egypt, Syria, Jordan, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, Iraq, and other Arab militias. About 6,000 Israelis died in the war, or fully one percent of the population, but the war ended in 1949 with a United Nations-brokered armistice. As a result of the war, Israel grew by some 50% over the original Partition of British Palestine. Some 800,000 Jews were expelled from neighboring Arab states and allowed to settle in Israel.

At the time, Head of Muslim Brotherhood Hassan al-Banna declared: "If the Jewish state becomes a fact, and this is realized by the Arab peoples, they will drive the Jews who live in their midst into the sea"[4]


Further reading

  • Tucker, Spencer C., ed. The Encyclopedia of the Arab-Israeli Conflict A Political, Social, and Military History (4 vol. 2008)
  • Were the Palestinians Expelled? The historical record has something definitive to say about the next big item on the anti-Israel agenda: a "right of… by Efraim Karsh, Commentary Magazine, July/August 2000
  • Myths & Facts - The Refugees - Jewish Virtual Library
  • Contradicting Its Own Archives, New York Times Cites Expulsion of Haifa’s Arabs By T. Sternthal, CAMERA, May 18, 2020
  • Aim To Oust Jews Pledged By Sheikh; Head of Moslem Brotherhood Says U.S., British 'Politics' Has Hurt Palestine Solution. Special to THE NEW YORK TIMES By Dana Adams Schmidt, Aug. 2, 1948, page 4 CAIRO, Egypt, Aug. 1 -- Sheikh Hassan el-Bana, head of the Moslem Brotherhood, largest of the extremist Arab nationalist organizations, declared in an interview today: "If the Jewish state becomes a fact, and this is realized by the Arab peoples, they will drive the Jews who live in their midst into the sea ...