Qatar

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دولة قطر
Dawlat Qatar
Qatar rel95.jpg
Flag of Qatar.png
Arms of Qatar.png
Flag Coat of Arms
Capital Doha
Government Constitutional monarchy
Language Arabic (official)
Monarch Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani (emir)
Prime minister Abdullah bin Nasser bin Khalifa Al Thani
Area 4,416 sq mi 11,437 KM2
Population 2,880,000 (2020)
GDP 2005 $180,000,000,000 (2020)
GDP per capita $62,500 (2020)
Currency Riyal

The State of Qatar is an emirate on a peninsula on the west coast of the Persian Gulf, with a population of over 900,000, although one quarter of that population are foreign workers and their families. The official language is Arabic and the capital is Doha. English is a commonly used second language. Qatar is known as the main financial sponsor for many radical Islamic groups like the Muslim Brotherhood and Hamas. Qatar is the owner of Anti-Semitic and Anti-American Al-Jazeera media network, and main supporter of many far-left media sites like The Young Turks network.[1]

People

Qatar people.jpg

Natives of the Arabian Peninsula, many Qataris are descended from a number of migratory tribes that came to Qatar in the 18th century from the neighboring areas of Nejd and Al-Hasa. Some came from neighboring Gulf emirates and others are descended from Persian merchants. Most of Qatar's 907,229 inhabitants live in Doha, the capital. Foreigners with temporary residence status make up about three-fourths of the population. Foreign workers comprise 52% of the total population and make up about 89% of the total labor force. Most are South and Southeast Asians, Egyptians, Palestinians, Jordanians, and Iranians. About 8,000 U.S. citizens reside in Qatar.

Ethnic groups: Arab 40%, Pakistani 18%, Indian 18%, Iranian 10%, other 14%.

The various ethnic groups of the country are Arab, Indian, Pakistani, Iranian and so on. Arabic is the official language of Qatar. However, English and Urdu are also spoken widely in various corners of the country.[2]

For centuries, the main sources of wealth were pearling, fishing, and trade. At one time, Qataris owned nearly one-third of the Persian Gulf fishing fleet. With the Great Depression and the introduction of Japan's cultured-pearl industry, pearling in Qatar declined drastically.

The Qataris are mainly Sunni Muslims. Salafi Islam is the official religion, and Islamic jurisprudence is the basis of Qatar's legal system, although civil courts have jurisdiction over commercial law. Education is compulsory and free for all Arab residents 6–16 years old. Qatar has an increasingly high literacy rate. 85% of the people are educated.

Government and Political Conditions

See also: Muslim agenda of the Obama administration
Doha Palace.

The ruling Al Thani family continued to hold power following the declaration of independence in 1971. The head of state is the Amir, and the right to rule Qatar is passed on within the Al Thani family. Politically, Qatar is evolving from a traditional society to one based on more formal and democratic institutions to meet the requirements of social and economic progress. The country's constitution formalizes the hereditary rule of the Al Thani family, but it also establishes an elected legislative body and makes government ministers accountable to the legislature. In current practice, the Amir's role is influenced by continuing traditions of consultation, rule by consensus, and the citizen's right to appeal personally to the Amir. The Amir, while directly accountable to no one, cannot violate the Shari'a (Islamic law) and, in practice, must consider the opinions of leading families and the religious establishment.

The opinions of the people are institutionalized in the Advisory Council, an appointed body that assists the Amir in formulating policy. However, it is possible that the first elections for this body will occured in 2008. Elections in 1999, in which both men and women participated, resulted in the formation of a municipal council. One woman candidate was elected to the municipal council in 2003.[3] Municipal elections were held for the third time in April 2007.

There has been no serious challenge to Al Thani rule. As the most visible sign of the move toward openness, the Al Jazeera satellite television station based in Qatar is considered the most free and unfettered broadcast source in the Arab world. In practice, however, Al Jazeera rarely criticizes the ruling Al Thani family.

Sheikh Hamad Bin Khalifa Al-Thani, one of the richest man in the world, is the ruling Emir of the State of Qatar since 1995. He rose to that position on June 26, 1995, after deposing his father Khalifa bin Hamad Al Thani who was on vacation in Switzerland at the time.[4]

At present there is not direct election in the electoral system. Since 1992, Sheikh Hamad has selected Qatar's cabinet as in an absolute monarchy.

Hamad Bin Khalifa Al-Thani and wife with Obamas.

In April 2011, USAToday quoted Obama:

President Obama met with the emir of Qatar, praising his help in Libya and his leadership "when it comes to democracy in the Middle East."

That night, Obama provided political donors in Chicago with a somewhat different view of the emir and Qatar.

"Pretty influential guy," Obama said of Emir Hamad bin Khalifa al-Thani, noting that he basically owns the Al Jazeera television network. "He is a big booster, big promoter of democracy all throughout the Middle East. Reform, reform, reform -- you're seeing it on Al Jazeera."

But Obama: "Now, he himself is not reforming significantly. There's no big move towards democracy in Qatar.[5]

Days later an editorial in the Doha daily newspaper The Peninsula responded:

"Mr. President, we have often written about U.S. foreign policy having double standards and being unmindful of the process of change in the Middle East. We do not want U.S. to export democracy to us because we do not want to repeat the Iraq experience."[6]

Principal Government Officials

  • Amir, Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces, and Minister of Defense—HH Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani
  • Heir Apparent, Deputy Chief of the Armed Forces—HH Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani
  • Prime Minister—Abdullah bin Nasser bin Khalifa Al Thani
  • Minister of Energy and Industry and Deputy Prime Minister—Abdullah al-Attiyah
  • Ambassador to the U.S.--vacant

Foreign Relations

Qatar achieved full independence in an atmosphere of cooperation with the U.K. and friendship with neighboring states. Most Arab states, the U.K., and the U.S. were among the first countries to recognize Qatar, and the state promptly gained admittance to the United Nations and the Arab League. Qatar established diplomatic relations with the U.S.S.R. and China in 1988. It was an early member of OPEC and a founding member of the GCC.

In September 1992, tensions arose with Saudi Arabia when Saudi forces allegedly attacked a Qatari border post, resulting in two deaths. Relations have since improved, and a joint commission has been set up to demarcate the border as agreed between the two governments. Most, but not all, of the border issues have been resolved.

For years, both Qatar and Bahrain claimed ownership of the Hawar Islands. The case was eventually referred to the International Court of Justice (ICJ) in The Hague. The ICJ issued a ruling in June 2001, which both sides accepted. In the agreement Bahrain kept the main Hawar Island but dropped claims to parts of mainland Qatar, while Qatar retained significant maritime areas and their resources.

Qatar is aligned in ideological purpose with the Muslim Brotherhood – the political umbrella organization of authentic Islam (Taliban, al-Qaeda, ISIS, etc). The Qatari government previously assisted the U.S. State Department with covert weapons distribution during the Obama/Clinton era.[7][8] Qatar is aligned with the geopolitical interests of the Peoples Republic of China including the Belt and Road Initiative for broad global communist Chinese influence. Qatar, is ideologically aligned with extremist Islam and naturally aligned with Turkey and Pakistan. Qatar was the host to many Gitmo detainees that were removed from U.S. custody.[9] Qatar is where the leadership of the Taliban came from, when they returned to Afghanistan in 2021 to take control of advanced weapon technology abandoned by U.S. Democrat socialist leader Joe Biden.[10]

Libyan and Syrian wars and the Islamic State

See also: Arab Spring and Obama war crimes

Hillary Clinton's emails boast of Hillary Clinton engaging with UAE, Qatar, and Jordan between March 18–30, 2011 to seek their participation in coalition operations. Over the course of several days, all three devote aircraft to the mission.

After Muammar Gaddafi shut down Libya's Internet system in early March,[11] Qatar had given the rebel jihadis access to its satellites.[12]

A week after Gaddafi's murder, Qatar took credit for sending hundreds of troops into Libya to provide training, communications and strategy. Qatar "acted as the link between the rebels and Nato forces." Guardian adds,[13]

Some, however, express concern at the emirate's support for Islamist elements such as the 17 February Martyrs Brigade, one of the most influential rebel formations, led by Abdel-Hakim Belhaj.

On December 6, 2012 the New York Times confirmed

"Qataris provided weapons, money and training to various rebel groups in Libya [destined for Syria]. One militia that received aid was controlled by [Abdelhakim Belhadj], then leader of the Libyan Islamic Fighting Group, who was held by the C.I.A. in 2004..."[14]

On January 3, 2013 an arms flight was reported from Qatar to Istanbul destined for Islamic State rebels.

On May 16 the Financial Times reported Qatar had spent $3 billion over the past two years bankrolling the jihadi rebels in Syria.

Aid to the Islamic State and the Benghazi massacre

See also: Benghazi massacre
CIA pipeline of arms from Qatar to groups in Turkey which became the Islamic State.[15] Illustration: New York Times

In early 2012, President Barack Obama signed a Presidential Finding authorizing transfer of captured weapons from Libya to groups that became the Islamic State.[16] Reuters reported

under provisions of the presidential finding, the United States was collaborating with a secret command center operated by Turkey and its allies.

Last week, Reuters reported that, along with Saudi Arabia and Qatar, Turkey had established a secret base near the Syrian border to help direct vital military and communications support to Assad’s opponents.

This “nerve center” is in Adana, a city in southern Turkey about 60 miles (100 km) from the Syrian border, which is also home to Incirlik, a U.S. air base where U.S. military and intelligence agencies maintain a substantial presence.

Turkey’s moderate Islamist government has been demanding Assad’s departure with growing vehemence. Turkish authorities are said by current and former U.S. government officials to be increasingly involved in providing Syrian rebels with training and possibly equipment.

European government sources said wealthy families in Saudi Arabia and Qatar were providing significant financing to the rebels. Senior officials of the Saudi and Qatari governments have publicly called for Assad’s departure.[17]

Amb. Christopher Stevens was put in charge of the covert operation.[18] The aim was to arm jihadist groups which then transformed themselves into the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria with the goal of overthrowing Bashar al Assad.[19]

The New York Times reported David Petraeus had been instrumental in helping to get an aviation network moving to supply ISIS rebels and prodded various countries to work together on it. Three Royal Jordanian Air Force C-130s landed in Esenboga, Turkey in a hint at what would become a stepped-up Jordanian and Saudi role.[20] "As the Jordanian flights were under way, the Qatari flights continued and the Royal Saudi Air Force began a busy schedule, too — making at least 30 C-130 flights into Esenboga from mid-February 2013 to early March 2013, according to flight data provided by a regional air traffic control official.” American officials have confirmed that senior White House officials were regularly briefed on the shipments.”[21]

Edward Snowden leaked details of a program that trained approximately 10,000 jihadi fighters at a cost of $1 billion a year.[22]

2021 Gaza War

See also: Guardian of Walls

The building demolished by the Israeli Defense Forces housed anti-Israel Al Jazeera which is owned by Qatar, a supporter of Hamas.[23]

After the ceasefire in May/2021, Al Jazeera was applauded in Gaza rally.[24]

Taliban takeover August-2021

See also: Fall of Kabul

In August 2021, Qatar's managed Al-Jazeera celebrated the Taliban take over as a fanatical-religious win for the entire Islamic nation. The Ummah.[25] It joined other Islamic infamous group such as Islamist organizations such as Hamas, the Palestinian Islamic Jihad. As Qatar is aligned in ideological purpose with the Muslim Brotherhood.

Unsurprisingly, Al-Jazeera channel received from Taliban exclusive access to the presidential palace in Kabul.[26]

In fact, ond of the big gainers at Taliban's rise is the "tiny Qatar", capable of disproportionate intervention in their affairs not hers.[27]

The French magazine Charlie Hebdo publicized a cartoon exposing Qatar's hypocrisy: On the one hand, there is the transfer of Messi to Paris Saint-Germain And on the other hand host and fund the Taliban. [28]

Immediately after the Kabul airport suicide bombing killing 170, and the withdrawal of American troops, the Taliban requested assistance from Qatar to run the airport.[29]

CCP United Front Work Department

See also: United Front Work Department

The Brookings Institution Doha Center, the think tank’s hub in Qatar, signed a memorandum of understanding with the Shanghai Academy of Social Sciences in January 2018. The partnership piqued the FBI's interest about potential Chinese Communist Party (CCP) espionage activities at the think tank, which employed nearly two dozen foreign policy advisers to the Joe Biden 2020 presidential campaign.[30]

Clinton Foundation

The Clinton Foundation accepted multimillion-dollar donations from Saudi Arabia and Qatar, two Gulf Arab states that also financed the Islamic State.[31]

Apartheid and racism

Arab Apartheid, such as anti Asian racism, is rampant in Qatar.[32] And Qatar can't explain the thousands of deaths in a decade.[33]

Defense

Qatar's defense expenditures are estimated to be in the range of 10% of GDP. Qatar maintains a military force of about 12,000 men, including an army, navy, and air force. The country has a public security force of about 8,000 men, including a coast guard, national firefighting force, air wing, marine police, and an internal security force. Qatar also has signed defense pacts with the U.S., U.K., and France. Qatar plays an active role in the collective defense efforts of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC—the regional organization of the Arab states in the Gulf; the other five members are Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, the U.A.E., and Oman). Qatari forces played an important role in the first Gulf War, and Qatar has supported U.S. military operations critical to the success of Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom. Al Udeid, one of America's largest Air Force bases, remains a critical asset to operations in both Iraq and Afghanistan.[34] Qatar hosts CENTCOM Forward Headquarters.

Economy

Oil formed the cornerstone of Qatar's economy well into the 1990s and still accounts for about 62% of total government revenue. In 1973, oil production and revenues increased sizably, moving Qatar out of the rank of the world's poorest countries and providing it with one of the highest per capita incomes. In 2006, Qatar's per capita income of nearly $62,000 was the fifth-highest in the world.

Industrial Gas Oil Qatar.jpg

Qatar's economy suffered a downturn from in the mid-1990s. Lower Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) oil production quotas, a fall in oil prices, and the generally unpromising outlook on international markets reduced oil earnings. In turn, the Qatari Government cut spending plans to match lower income. The resulting recessionary local business climate caused many firms to lay off expatriate staff. With the economy recovering in the late 1990s, expatriate populations have grown again.

Oil production is currently around 835,000 barrels a day (bpd), and is expected to reach 1.1 million bpd by 2009. At the current production pace, oil reserves are expected to last more than 40 years. Moreover, Qatar's proven reserves of gas are the third-largest in the world, exceeding 900 trillion cubic feet (14% of the world's total proven gas reserves). Qatar shares with Iran the largest single non-associated gas field in the world, the North Field. Qatar is now the world's largest producer of liquefied natural gas (LNG), with a capacity of more than 31 million metric tons per annum (mmta), and it expects to reach 77.5 mmta of LNG exports by 2010. By 2010, Qatar will account for one-third of the world's LNG supply.

The 1991 completion of the $1.5-billion Phase I of the North Field gas development project strongly boosted the economy. In 1996, Qatar began exporting liquefied natural gas to Japan. Further phases of North Field gas development costing billions of dollars are in various stages of planning and development, and Qatar has concluded agreements with the U.A.E. to export gas via pipelines and to Spain, Turkey, Italy, the U.S., France, South Korea, India, China, Taiwan, and the U.K. via ship. However, the government has halted any further expansion of gas production until 2010, as it assesses its plans for future exploitation of the field.

Qatar's natural gas liquefaction facilities and related industries are located in Ras Laffan Industrial City, site of the world's largest LNG exports of more than 31 million metric tons per year. Qatar's heavy industrial base, located in Messaieed, includes a refinery with a 140,000 bpd capacity, a fertilizer plant for urea and ammonia, a steel plant, and a petrochemical plant, and several new petrochemical plants will be built in the coming years. All these industries use gas for fuel. Most are joint ventures between U.S., European, and Japanese firms and the state-owned Qatar Petroleum (QP). The U.S. is the major equipment supplier for Qatar's oil and gas industry, and U.S. companies are playing a major role in the development of the oil and gas sector and petrochemicals.

The country's economic growth has been stunning. Qatar's nominal GDP, currently around $52.7 billion, has grown an average of 15% over the past five years. GDP is expected to grow approximately 8.3% in 2007. Qatar's per capita GDP is more than $60,000, and projected to soon be the highest in the world. The Qatari Government's strategy is to utilize its wealth to generate more wealth by diversifying the economic base of the country beyond hydrocarbons.

Qatar pursues a vigorous program of "Qatarization," under which all joint venture industries and government departments strive to move Qatari nationals into positions of greater authority. Growing numbers of foreign-educated Qataris, including many educated in the U.S., are returning home to assume key positions formerly occupied by expatriates. In order to control the influx of expatriate workers, Qatar has tightened the administration of its foreign manpower programs over the past several years. Security is the principal basis for Qatar's strict entry and immigration rules and regulations.

For 2011, despite the global financial crisis, Qatar has maintained its economic growth of the last several years. Qatari authorities throughout the crisis sought to protect the local banking sector with direct investments into domestic banks. GDP rebounded in 2010 largely due to the increase in oil prices. Economic policy is focused on developing Qatar's nonassociated natural gas reserves and increasing private and foreign investment in non-energy sectors, but oil and gas still account for more than 50% of GDP, roughly 85% of export earnings, and 70% of government revenues. Oil and gas have made Qatar the second highest per-capita income country - following Liechtenstein - and the world's second fastest growing - following Macau. Proved oil reserves of 15 billion barrels should enable continued output at current levels for 37 years. Qatar's proved reserves of natural gas exceed 25 trillion cubic meters, about 14% of the world total and third largest in the world. Qatar's successful 2022 world cup bid will likely accelerate large-scale infrastructure projects such as Qatar's metro system and the Qatar-Bahrain causeway. GDP - per capita: $145,300 (2010 est.); Country comparison to the world: 1; GDP (official exchange rate): $126.5 billion (2009 est.). Agriculture - products: fruits, vegetables; poultry, dairy products, beef; fish; Industries: liquefied natural gas, crude oil production and refining, ammonia, fertilizers, petrochemicals, steel reinforcing bars, cement, commercial ship repair. Oil - proved reserves: 25.41 billion bbl (1 January 2010 est.) country comparison to the world: 12 [35]

History

Map of Persia - Arabia, with the adjacent countries, 1855, (detail).

Qatar has been inhabited for millennia. The Al Khalifa family of Bahrain dominated the area until 1868 when, at the request of Qatari nobles, the British negotiated the termination of the Bahraini claim, except for the payment of tribute. The tribute ended when the Ottoman Empire occupied Qatar in 1872.

When the Ottomans left at the beginning of World War I, the British recognized Sheikh Abdullah bin Jassim Al Thani as ruler. The Al Thani family had lived in Qatar for 200 years. The 1916 treaty between the United Kingdom and Sheikh Abdullah was similar to those entered into by the British with other Gulf principalities. Under it, the ruler agreed not to dispose of any of his territory except to the U.K. and not to enter into relationships with any other foreign government without British consent. In return, the British promised to protect Qatar from all aggression by sea and to lend their good offices in case of a land attack. A 1934 treaty granted more extensive British protection.

In 1935, a 75-year oil concession was granted to the Qatar Petroleum Company, a subsidiary of the Iraq Petroleum Company, which was owned by Anglo-Dutch, French, and U.S. interests. High-quality oil was discovered in 1940 at Dukhan, on the western side of the Qatari peninsula. However, the start of WWII delayed exploitation of Qatar's oil resources, and oil exports did not begin until 1949.

Doha Mosque.

During the 1950s and 1960s gradually increasing oil revenues brought prosperity, rapid immigration, substantial social progress, and the beginnings of Qatar's modern history. When the U.K. announced a policy in 1968 (reaffirmed in March 1971) of ending the treaty relationships with the Gulf sheikdoms, Qatar joined the other eight states then under British protection (the seven trucial sheikdoms—the present United Arab Emirates—and Bahrain) in a plan to form a union of Arab emirates. By mid-1971, as the termination date of the British treaty relationship (end of 1971) approached, the nine still had not agreed on terms of union. Accordingly, Qatar declared independence as a separate entity and became the fully independent State of Qatar on September 3, 1971.

In February 1972, the Heir Apparent, Sheikh Khalifa bin Hamad, deposed his cousin, Amir Ahmad, and assumed power. Key members of the Al Thani family supported this move, which took place without violence or signs of political unrest.

On June 27, 1995, the Deputy Amir, Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa, deposed his father Amir Khalifa in a bloodless coup. An unsuccessful counter-coup was staged in 1996. The Amir and his father are now reconciled, though some supporters of the counter-coup remain in prison. The Amir announced his intention for Qatar to move toward democracy and has permitted a freer and more open press and municipal elections as a precursor to expected parliamentary elections. Qatari citizens approved a new constitution via public referendum in April 2003, which came into force in June 2005.

In 1996 Al Jazeera launches the first independent Arab satellite news channel, breaking the monopoly of state controlled media in the region and in 2006 Qatar becomes the world's largest exporter of liquefied natural gas (LNG) and acts as the first Arab host of the Asian Games. [1]

External links

References

  1. Report: YouTube to Fund Far-Left Young Turks Journalism ‘Academy’
  2. http://www.mapsofworld.com/country-profile/qatar-economy-people-culture-and-flag.html
  3. http://www.todayszaman.com/newsDetail_getNewsById.action?load=detay&link=142359
  4. http://www.nationmaster.com/country/qa-qatar/dem-democracy
  5. Obama: "No big move toward democracy in Qatar".
  6. https://www.upi.com/Top_News/World-News/2011/04/19/Editorial-Qatar-passes-on-US-democracy/UPI-80331303219157/#ixzz1KXWgdFv3
  7. https://shoebat.com/2014/08/01/turkey-qatar-state-sponsors-terrorism/
  8. On July 25, 2012 a US Chinook helicopter was shot down by the Taliban in Afghanistan by the latest generation of the Stinger available for export. A serial number from the missile casing was recovered, tracing the Stinger's origin to a lot entrusted to the CIA which was delivered to Qatar. Under Obama's covert action finding the Stinger was intended for Libya and Syrian jihadis. Hillary Clinton's State Dept. and John Brennan's CIA jointly ran the covert weapons supply program, http://nypost.com/2014/06/08/how-the-taliban-got-their-hands-on-modern-us-missiles/ leaving the Pentagon and Gen.Michael Flynn's Defense Intelligence Agency out of the loop.
  9. https://www.memri.org/reports/qatars-prot%C3%A9g%C3%A9s-%E2%80%93-hamas-officials-muslim-brotherhood-al-jazeera-reporters-%E2%80%93-praise-talibans
  10. https://pjmedia.com/news-and-politics/victoria-taft/2021/08/18/left-behind-billions-in-u-s-equipment-for-the-afghanistan-taliban-to-use-against-us-n1470346
  11. http://goodtimesweb.org/surveillance/wsj-libya-spies-firms-aug-30-2011.html
  12. https://consortiumnews.com/2011/10/28/sen-mccains-libyan-two-step/
  13. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2011/oct/26/qatar-troops-libya-rebels-support
  14. https://www.nytimes.com/2012/12/06/world/africa/weapons-sent-to-libyan-rebels-with-us-approval-fell-into-islamist-hands.html
  15. https://fair.org/home/down-the-memory-hole-nyt-erases-cias-efforts-to-overthrow-syrias-government/
  16. https://web.archive.org/web/20170216061621/https://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/08/01/obama-secret-syria-order_n_1730712.html?tw_p=twt
  17. The Guardian reported,
    these were not average members of the Free Syrian Army. Abu Khuder and his men fight for al-Qaida. They call themselves the ghuraba’a, or “strangers”, after a famous jihadi poem celebrating Osama bin Laden’s time with his followers in the Afghan mountains, and they are one of a number of jihadi organisations establishing a foothold in the east of the country now that the conflict in Syria has stretched well into its second bloody year.

    They try to hide their presence. “Some people are worried about carrying the [black] flags” ...

    ...[they] are working closely with the military council that commands the Free Syrian Army brigades in the region. “We meet almost every day,” he said. “We have clear instructions from our [al-Qaida] leadership that if the FSA need our help we should give it. We help them with IEDs and car bombs. Our main talent is in the bombing operations” ...

    “The FSA lacks the ability to plan and lacks military experience. That is what [al-Qaida] can bring. ...

    “In the beginning there were very few. Now, mashallah, there are immigrants joining us and bringing their experience,” he told the gathered people. “Men from Yemen, Saudi, Iraq and Jordan...

    “[Al-Qaida’s] goal is establishing an Islamic state and not a Syrian state,” he replied. “Those who fear the organisation fear the implementation of Allah’s jurisdiction... https://www.theguardian.com/world/2012/jul/30/al-qaida-rebels-battle-syria

  18. https://www.nytimes.com/2012/12/06/world/africa/weapons-sent-to-libyan-rebels-with-us-approval-fell-into-islamist-hands.html
  19. https://www.nytimes.com/2013/03/25/world/middleeast/arms-airlift-to-syrian-rebels-expands-with-cia-aid.html
  20. “Within three weeks, two other Jordanian cargo planes began making a round-trip run between Amman, the capital of Jordan, and Zagreb, the capital of Croatia, where, officials from several countries said, the aircraft were picking up a large Saudi purchase of infantry arms from a Croatian-controlled stockpile." Two Jordanian Ilyushins bearing the logo of the Jordanian International Air Cargo firm but flying under Jordanian military call signs made a combined 36 round-trip flights between Amman and Croatia from December 2012 through February 2013. The same two planes made five flights between Amman and Turkey in January 2013.
  21. https://archive.is/RQHyy
  22. http://fair.org/home/down-the-memory-hole-nyt-erases-cias-efforts-to-overthrow-syrias-government/
  23. Spencer S. Hsu: "Lawsuits by U.S. victims accuse top Qatar banks and charity of financing terrorism in Israel." Washington Post, Dec. 15, 2020. https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/legal-issues/lawsuits-by-us-victims-accuse-top-qatar-banks-and-charity-of-financing-terrorism-in-israel/2020/12/15/4ebea7fe-244a-11eb-a688-5298ad5d580a_story.html
  24. WATCH: Gazans Applaud Al-Jazeera Correspondent During Hamas ‘Victory’ Celebrations Joshua Klein, May 24, 2021
  25. Al-Jazeera Reporters Celebrate 'Taliban Victory', 'U.S. Defeat' As Historic Triumph For Islamic Ummah, Memri, August 18, 2021.

    Qatar | Special Dispatch No. 9503

    The U.S. withdrawal from Afghanistan and the Taliban's takeover of the country sparked many reactions worldwide, including in the Arab world. Conspicuous among these reactions were expressions of joy by Islamist organizations such as Hamas, the Palestinian Islamic Jihad,the International Union of Muslim Scholars and various elements identified with the Muslim Brotherhood.
  26. roi kais (@kaisos1987) Tweeted: The Qatari Al-Jazeera channel receives from Taliban exclusive access to the presidential palace in Kabul. No need to be surprised https://t.co/h53JupS8OP Aug 15, 2021
  27. Ilan Zalayat @ilanzalayat Tweeted:
    While everyone is talking about the effects of the turbulent upheaval in Afghanistan on neighbors like China or Iran, it is becoming clear that one of the big gainers is actually the tiny Qatar capable of disproportionate intervention in their affairs not hers.

    Aug 19, 2021

  28. For Qatar lovers and interested people, French 'Charlie Hebdo' On the hypocrisy and Qatari bipolarity On the one hand, there is the transfer of Messi to Paris Saint-Germain And on the other hand it hosts and funds the Taliban. Aug 23, 2021 (It reads "It's worse than what we thought")
  29. https://theconservativetreehouse.com/blog/2021/08/27/taliban-ask-qatar-for-technical-assistance-running-kabul-airport/
  30. https://freebeacon.com/national-security/brookings-institution-partnered-with-shanghai-policy-center-under-scrutiny-for-spying/amp/
  31. "Saudi Arabia and Qatar bankroll ISIS -- and the Clinton Foundation," Frontpage Mag.
  32. Asian Town, Qatar's mall for migrants: 'You can't ignore the racial undertones', Pete Pattisson and Naveen Nair in Doha, The Guardian, Oct 9, 2018.
    The new Asian Town mall was designed to cater to Qatar’s roughly 2 million migrant workers – but critics say it is simply a way to segregate them... The Gulf countries take deliberate measures to dissuade migrants bringing their families with them, and then justify the ghettos and zoning regulations under the pretext of security,” Saraswathi said. “Time and again, Asian male migrants are kept away because they are ‘bachelors’, while the same wouldn’t apply to western or Arab single men. One can’t ignore the racial undertones.”
  33. Pete Pattisson, "Qatar has failed to explain up to 70% of migrant worker deaths in past 10 years – Amnesty," The Guardian , Aug 26, 2021.

    World Cup host has not properly investigated fatalities, rights group says, citing concerns over heat stress and safety

    World Cup host Qatar has failed to investigate the deaths of thousands of migrant workers in the past decade, according to a new report by Amnesty International.

    The human rights organisation said the majority of migrant worker deaths in Qatar are attributed to “natural causes”, cardiac or respiratory failure; classifications which are “meaningless” without the underlying cause of death explained, according to one expert cited.

    As a result, as many as 70% of deaths may be unexplained. “In a well resourced health system, it should be possible to identify the exact cause of death in all but 1% of cases,” the report said.... In February the Guardian revealed that more than 6,500 migrant workers from south Asia had died in Qatar in the past decade...

    In February the Guardian revealed that more than 6,500 migrant workers from south Asia had died in Qatar in the past decade.
  34. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9C0CE3DA133DF93BA15757C0A9659C8B63&sec=&spon=&pagewanted=1
  35. Qatar Economy 2011, CIA World Factbook.

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