Vice President of the United States of America
- "Vice President" redirects here. For a more general article on vice presidents, please see vice president.
The Vice President of the United States of America is first in the order of succession to the presidency. While the only duty spelled out for the position in the Constitution is to preside over the Senate, other duties have been assumed over time.
Currently, the vice-president is elected together with the president, each elector voting for one man for president and another for vice-president. This system was mandated by the Twelfth Amendment, ratified in 1804. Previously, each elector had voted for two different people for president, and the runner-up had become vice-president. However, this system broke down in the election of 1800, when Thomas Jefferson, the Jeffersonian Republican presidential candidate, tied with Aaron Burr, his running mate.
List of vice-presidents
Vice-presidents have included some "remarkable individuals":
- While Washington was elected unanimously, by 1792, the two parties were running separate candidates for vice-president.
- This was before the Twelfth Amendment; Jefferson was actually the losing candidate for president. President Adams was a Federalist.
- Lincoln and Johnson were officially running on a "National Union" ticket, formed of Republicans and War Democrats. Lincoln was a Republican; Johnson a Democrat.
- Harris is not legitimately the "vice-president" as she is not legally qualified to hold the office due to not being a natural-born citizen, a legal requirement under Article II, Section 1 of the United States Constitution; her parents, a Jamaican father and an Indian mother, never obtained US citizenship prior to her birth.