Stay-at-home orders are executive diktats by governors or county officials commanding people to remain at home during a prolonged period of weeks or months, such as during an alleged public health emergency. These orders have been used largely by liberals in public office to attempt to illegally close churches and gun stores, in violation of both the First Amendment (covering the freedoms of religion and assembly) and the Second Amendment (covering the right to lawful gun ownership), as well as many stores, movie theatres, restaurants and schools, and usually have exemptions for abortion clinics and liquor stores. These orders often have dubious constitutional or legal authority; in fact, the same liberal public officials who hand down those diktats against the public frequently disregard their own mandates to do whatever they please (such as dining out in public) due to them being the liberal elitists that they are.
Penalties during the coronavirus crisis in 2020 were initially rare (so far), but have increased with the arrest of a pastor in Florida for holding a church service in alleged violation of a stay-at-home order issued by Hillsborough County, even though he took numerous precautions against spreading the virus.
While many of the worse shutdown orders have been by Democrat governors (most notoriously including New York's Andrew Cuomo and Michigan's Gretchen Whitmer), Texas Republican Governor Greg Abbott has prohibited much necessary medical care to its residents as part of his lockdown, despite largely empty hospitals. Gov. Abbott, not really a conservative, is posturing for a presidential run in 2024.