Johns Hopkins University
|Johns Hopkins University|
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The Johns Hopkins University (or JHU) is a private university in Maryland, which was founded as the nation's first research university in 1876, under President Daniel Coit Gilman. It is named after merchant Johns Hopkins, who died in 1873 and left $7 million to build a university and hospital in his name (the hospital opened in 1889).
The school ranked #14 in US News's 2008 "National Universities: Top Schools" list. Johns Hopkins ranks first among United States universities in receipt of federal research and development funds. The School of Medicine ranks first among medical schools in receipt of extramural awards from the National Institutes of Health. The Bloomberg School of Public Health is first among all public health schools in research support from the federal government.
After Hopkins's incorporation of both a university and hospital in 1867, George Peabody proposed the establishment of an institute in Baltimore to be comprised of a library, art gallery, academy of music, and a lecture series. The building of this school was completed in 1861, but the Civil War delayed its opening. It was incorporated as a part of Johns Hopkins University in 1977.
Johns Hopkins's first African American student came in 1887, when Kelly Miller sought a degree in mathematics. The school increased tuition by 25% two years later, due to the economic crisis, and Miller was forced to leave. Years later his former mathematics professor Simon Newcomb and President Gilman recommend Miller for a faculty position at Howard University, his undergraduate alma mater, where Miller subsequently served for many years as professor of mathematics and dean of arts and sciences. Johns Hopkins had an all male student body until 1970, when the first female students arrived on campus.
The Homewood campus has been the base for most undergraduates since 1916. It is located in Northern Baltimore on a former farm. As the need for more housing and dining facilities increased beyond what could be built on Homewood, the University acquired the site of the former Memorial Stadium to build additional housing there.
Johns Hopkins has three other campuses in Baltimore: the East Baltimore campus houses the schools of Medicine, Nursing, and Public Health as well as the Johns Hopkins Hospital; the Peabody campus, site of the Peabody Institute, the nation's oldest conservatory; and Harbor East campus, on Baltimore's inner harbor has the Carey Business School.
The School of Advanced International Studies has campuses in Washington, DC; Bologna, Italy; and Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, China.
In addition, in Laurel, Maryland, the Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory is a 453-acre site with 5,600 employees that conducts defense-related research.
Allegations of Covert Pro-Communist Activities
Among JHU's more notable alumni was Alger Hiss, who attended in 1922-26. According to Hiss, his favorite mentors at Hopkins included the committed Stalinist José Robles (who would go on to serve in Spain as a Colonel in the Red Army and interpreter for General Jānis Bērziņš head of Soviet military intelligence), and the well-known socialist Broadus Mitchell. Another JHU alumnus, Sidney Offit, would later write that he became Mitchell's "radical protegé in waiting." (Later serving as a Reserve Officer in Army Intelligence at a time when Communist couriers were infiltrating the US Merchant Marines, Offit wrote, "it was my job to interview prospective crewmen for merchant marine ships to be sure no advocates of Karl Marx were allowed aboard. Somehow or other I always found a reason to pass on these workingmen regardless of their flirtations with the 'forceful overthrow of the United States government.'") In addition, Owen Lattimore, who was identified in a unanimous report of the bipartisan Senate Judiciary Committee as "a conscious articulate instrument of the Soviet conspiracy," was director of the Walter Hines Page School of International Relations at Hopkins in 1939-53. Most recently, State Department official Walter Kendall Myers, sentenced in 2010 to life imprisonment for espionage, was for 20 years a faculty member at JHU's Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies in Washington.
Schools Centers Affiliates
The Johns Hopkins University has 10 divisions:
- Homewood Campus
- Krieger School of Arts and Sciences
- School of Education
- Whiting School of Engineering
- East Baltimore Campus
- School of Medicine
- School of Nursing
- Bloomberg School of Public Health
- Downtown Baltimore
- Carey Business School
- The Peabody Institute
- Washington, D.C.
- Nitze School of Advanced International Studies
- Laurel, Md.
- Applied Physics Laboratory
- The Official Athletic Site of Johns Hopkins University (English). Johns Hopkins. Retrieved on 2007-02-17.
- Frequently Asked Questions (English). Johns Hopkins University. Retrieved on 2007-02-17.
- 2011 NACUBO-Commonfund Study of Endowments. Retrieved on November 20, 2012.
- About Us (English). Johns Hopkins Institutions.
- A Brief History Of Jhu (English). Johns Hopkins University.
- National Universities: Top Schools (English). US News.
- Facts At A Glance (English). Johns Hopkins University.
- Chronology (English). Johns Hopkins University.
- Homewood Campus (July 27, 2016). Retrieved on July 27, 2016.
- About the Washington Campus (July 27, 2016). Retrieved on July 27, 2016.
- Our History. Retrieved on July 27, 2016.
- Committee on Un-American Activities, House of Representatives, United States Congress, Espionage in the U.S. Government: Hearings under Public Law 601 (Washington: United States Government Printing Office, 1948), p. 644 (PDF 154)
- Matthew Richer, "The Ongoing Campaign of Alger Hiss: The Sins of the Father," Modern Age, Vol. 46, No. 4 (Fall 2004), p. 310 (PDF p. 4)
- Jason Powell, Review: The Breaking Point: Hemingway, Dos Passos, and the Murder of Jose Robles, eHistory at OSU (Ohio State University), January 2006
- Tony Hiss, Laughing Last: Alger Hiss by Tony Hiss (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1977), ISBN 039524899X
- Jeffrey Meyers, Hemingway: A Biography (Da Capo Press, 1999), ISBN 0306808900, p. 307; John P. Diggins, Up from Communism (Columbia University Press, 1994) ISBN 0231084889, p. 90
- Paul Johnson, Intellectuals (HarperCollins, 1990) ISBN 0060916575, p. 156; James R. Mellow, Hemingway: A Life Without Consequences (Da Capo Press, 1993) ISBN 020162620, p. 506; cf. Victor Alba and Stephen Schwartz, Spanish Marxism Versus Soviet Communism: A History of the P.O.U.M. in the Spanish Civil War (Transaction Publishers, 2008) ISBN 1412807336, p. 233
- Hugh Thomas, The Spanish Civil War (New York: Simon & Schuster, 1994) ISBN 0671758764, p. 380; Burnett Bolloten, The Spanish Civil War: Revolution and Counterrevolution (Chapel Hill: UNC Press, 1991) ISBN 0807819069, pp. 307-308, 310, 312, 838 n. 11.
- "... a well-known socialist named Broadus Mitchell." Jeff Kisseloff, Distorted Reflections, The Alger Hiss Story: Search for the Truth
- "My gifted economics teacher, Broadus Mitchell..." Alger Hiss, Draft of a Chapter Written By Alger Hiss on the Foundations For His Liberalism (Alger Hiss papers, Small Manuscript Collection, Special Collections, Harvard Law School Library)
- Mitchell "adopted me as his radical protégé-in-waiting." Sidney Offit, Friends, Writers, and Other Countrymen: A Memoir (Macmillan, 2008) ISBN 0312375220, pp. 71-72
- [Communist Activities Among Seamen and on Waterfront Facilities, Part I Communist Activities Among Seamen and on Waterfront Facilities, Part I], Hearings before the Committee on Un-American Activities, House of Representatives, 86th Cong., 2d Sess. (Washington: United States Government Printing Office, 1960), p. 1760 (PDF p. 22). Cf. FBI file: "Communist Infiltration of the American Merchant Marine," July 21, 1955
- Sidney Offit, Friends, Writers, and Other Countrymen: A Memoir (Macmillan, 2008) ISBN 0312375220, pp. 13-14
- S. Rpt. 2050: Institute of Pacific Relations, 82d Cong., 2d sess., Serial 11574, Report of the Committee on the Judiciary Pursuant to S. Res. 366, 1952 (Washington: United States Government Printing Office, 1952), pp. 214-218 (PDF pp. 222-226)
- Spencer S. Hsu, "Walter Myers, State Dept. analyst who spied for Cuba, gets life; wife 6 years," Washington Post, July 17, 2010, p. B1
- Del Quentin Wilber and Mary Beth Sheridan, "State Dept. Retiree Accused of Spying: Official, Wife Passed Secrets to Cuba For Decades, Federal Prosecutors Say," Washington Post, June 6, 2009
- History - Past Champions (English). NCAA Sports.
- Directories Johns Hopkins University.
- Peabody Directory Information Johns Hopkins University.
- Past Presidents