Biological weapon

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Biological weapons are infectious or toxic agents used in warfare. They are banned under the Biological Weapons Convention of 1975[1] but some countries still have stocks of them. Biological weapons have the potential of a deadly threat against civilian populations.


Smallpox may have been used as a biological weapon in North America in the 18th century.[2] During World War II Britain conducted experiments with anthrax as a biological weapon on Gruinard Island, Scotland.[3] Anthrax was used in a terrorist attack on American citizens in 2001.


China agreed to the Biological Weapons Convention in 1984, but both academics and government agencies have asserted that the regime is a world leader in bioweapon production.[4]

James Giordano, a neurology professor at Georgetown University and senior fellow in biowarfare at the U.S. Special Operations Command, said China’s growing investment in bio-science, looser ethics around gene-editing and other cutting-edge technology and integration between government and academia raise the spectre of deadly pathogens being weaponized.[5] In a 2015 academic paper Dany Shoham, a biological and chemical warfare expert at Israel’s Bar-Ilan University asserts that more than 40 Chinese facilities are involved in bio-weapon production.[6]

See also