The Prayer of Azariah and Song of the Three Holy Children
The Song of the Three Holy Children, more fully titled The Prayer of Azariah and Song of the Three Holy Children is a portion of the Book of Daniel, chapter 3, found in the books of the Septuagint, the Old Testament accepted as inspired and canonical by the Orthodox Church in the Greek Orthodox Bible, and found in the books of the Old Testament of the Vulgate and included in the canon of inspired scripture by the Third Council of Carthage (397). It is included in the canon of the Ethiopian Orthodox Bible. Since the Council of Trent it is dogmatically accepted as inspired and canonical by the Catholic Church in the Catholic Bible—books of the Bible accepted as divinely inspired by the majority of Christian believers in the United States. The complete chapter is Daniel 3:1-100
This portion of the 3rd chapter of Daniel, verses 24-90, is regarded by the majority of Christians as inspired, originally composed in Hebrew or Aramaic, which has not been preserved, and translated from the Greek form of the Book of Daniel in the Septuagint. The Prayer of Azariah and Song of the Three Holy Children [of Israel] was first removed from the Old Testament and placed in the Apocrypha by Martin Luther in the 16th century. This separated portion of the 3rd chapter of the Book of Daniel is regarded as an apocryphal addition to the Old Testament by less than one-third of Christian believers.
In the King James Version of the Bible, in the Apocrypha, this separated portion of the 3rd chapter of Daniel is titled
- "The Song of the Three Holy Children
- Which followeth in the third Chapter of Daniel after this place—fell down bound into the midst of the burning fiery furnace. That which followeth is not in the Hebrew, to wit, and they walked.... unto these words, Then Nebuchadnezzar... verse 24."
In Ecumenical Bibles this portion of Daniel has been restored by the editors to its original place in Daniel chapter 3, often italicized, with verse numbers as they appear in the Apocrypha, verses 1-68 between verses 23 and 24 of Daniel 3.
- The Catholic Church is the world's largest Christian body comprised of several distinct "Rites". The Catholic Church (Latin Rite) is the largest religious body in the United States, with over 60 million adherents (4 times as large as the second largest church, the Orthodox).
“The Global Catholic Population,” © 2011, Pew Research Center.
The Largest Catholic Communities
The Eastern Orthodox Church, officially called the Orthodox Catholic Church, and also referred to as the Orthodox Church and Orthodoxy, is the second largest Christian church in the world, with an estimated 225–300 million adherents, most of whom live in Eastern Europe, the Middle East, and Russia.
The Greek (Eastern) Orthodox Church. Greek Orthodox Archdiocese Of America (1983). Retrieved on 7 May 2014.
Christianity:Basics:Eastern Orthodox Church Denomination. about.com. Retrieved on 22 May 2014.
Christianity. Major Branches of Religions Ranked by Number of Adherents. adherents.com. Retrieved on 22 May 2014.
- See Percentage of Christians in Protestant Denominations (29.5%).
- The Old Testament Text. (wmcarey.edu/browning/Classes)
- Septuagint Quotes in the New Testament
- Refuting an Attack on the Deuterocanonicals. A Response to 11 ‘reasons’ that the Deuterocanonicals Should be Thrown Out of the Bible, By Matt1618. Introduction (matt1618.freeyellow.com)
- Roman Catholic and Orthodox Faith Examined, and The Apocrypha: "Reasons why the Apocrypha does NOT belong in the Bible!" (bible.ca)
- CARM Christian Apologetics & Research Ministry: Reasons why the Apocrypha does not belong in the Bible, by Ryan Turner (carm.org)
- Reasoning From the Scriptures with Ron Rhodes Critique of Chapter 2, Does the Apocrypha Belong in the Bible?, by Matt1618
- Greek and English Septuagint
Latin and English Vulgate
Kings James Apocrypha Online