East Turkestan (Country)
East Turkestan is country currently under the occupation of China.  The main inhabitants of East Turkestan are the Uighurs among other Turkic peoples such as Kazakhs, Kirghiz, Uzbek and Tatars.
East Turkestan was an independent country until the year 1949, when it was invaded by the Communist Chinese. From the years 1951-1959, there were over 14 major armed rebellions against the Chinese occupation. The largest armed rebellion took place in Khotan from December 28-31, 1954.
- Ma Dazheng, National Interest is beyond Everything–Observations and Reflections on the [East Turkistan] Xinjiang Stability (Institute of Social Science of China, 2002)
- Hassan H. Karrar, The New Silk Road Diplomacy: China’s Central Asian Foreign Policy Since the Cold War