Guantanamo Bay Detention Camp
The Guantanamo Bay Detention Camp, also known as Gitmo or the Spa is a military prison of the United States of America on the southeastern tip of the island of Cuba. In this prison terrorists / enemy combatants can be held indefinitely without charge or trial. The liberal organization Center for Constitutional Rights is organizing attorneys to file habeas corpus petitions in the Washington, D.C., federal court on behalf of the detainees at Guantanamo Bay.
Guantanamo Bay is a coastal area on southeastern Cuba occupied and controlled by the United States government pursuant to a 1903 Lease Agreement with the newly independent Republic of Cuba subsequent to the Spanish–American War. The Agreement established that:
|“||While the United States recognizes the continuance of the ultimate sovereignty of the Republic of Cuba over the [leased areas], the Republic of Cuba consents that during the period of the occupation by the United States . . . the United States shall exercise complete jurisdiction and control over and within said areas.||”|
In 1934 the United States and Cuba entered into another treaty that provided that, absent an agreement to modify or abrogate the lease, it would remain in effect "[s]o long as the United States of America shall not abandon the . . . Naval Station of Guantanamo."
- Fox News; Mixed Rulings on Terror Detention Policies, June 28, 2004
- First post-Supreme Court habeas petitions filed on behalf of detainees at Guantanamo Bay, Center for Constitutional Rights, 2004.
- Enemy Combatant Detainees: Habeas Corpus Challenges in Federal Court, updated April 6, 2007.
- Rasul v. Bush, 542 U.S. 466 (2004) (quoting lease).