|Founding Documents||United States Constitution|
He was born in 1740 in Hunterdon County, New Jersey, and received a classical education. He graduated from Princeton College in 1750 after studying law, and was admitted soon after to the bar, becoming an attorney in North Carolina.
In 1772 he was a member of the Colonial Assembly, and served in the Revolutionary War as colonel of a North Carolina regiment of the line and participated in the battles of Brandywine and Germantown
He was a member of the State Senate 1779-1782,1785-1787, and 1788; was governor of North Carolina 1782-1785 and 1789-1792
In 1787 he was a delegate to the convention to adopt the Federal Constitution with Richard Dobbs Spaight, William Richardson Davie, William Blount, and Hugh Williamson. He later attempted to join the Hillsborough Constitutional Convention, which is where North Carolina considered the ratification of the Constitution. His attempt to join was unsuccessful which meant that Alexander Martin was the only delegate of the Constitutional Convention who did not play a role in state ratification.
He was a United States senator from North Carolina, serving from December 2, 1793, to March 3, 1799
Martin died at Danbury, North Carolina, November, 1807.