World History Final Exam 2009

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Instructions: Closed book; No penalty for wrong answers; 60 questions; 40 minutes long.

1. Which of the following countries had a revolution that included the dethroning and execution of the King and Queen, the destruction of churches and a horrible “Reign of Terror”?

(a) the United States
(b) England
(c) France
(d) Italy
(e) Germany

2. About how many total years are there in the recorded or written history of the world?

(a) 1000 years
(b) 2000 years
(c) 2500 years
(d) 5000 years
(e) 50,000 years

3. Mesopotamia is best known for which of the following?

(a) It was an early, ancient civilization
(b) It was the birthplace of Buddhism
(c) It was the successor to the Roman empire
(d) It was the origin of Communism
(e) It was the birthplace of the Industrial Revolution

4. Socrates, Plato and Aristotle were:

(a) Greek Olympic athletes
(b) Roman soldiers
(c) Greek philosophers
(d) Christian theologians
(e) Egyptian pharaohs

5. Order these religions from oldest to youngest:

I. Christianity
II. Islam
III. Hinduism

(a) I, II and III
(b) I, III and II
(c) III, II and I
(d) III, I and II
(e) II, I and III

6. In Acts 9:29, the Bible says that Saul (later renamed as Paul) “spoke boldly in the name of the Lord Jesus and disputed against the Hellenists ….” One question: who were the Hellenists?

(a) Greek-speaking Jewish people
(b) Indians
(c) Americans
(d) Chinese
(e) Japanese

7. David and Solomon were rulers over which ancient kingdom?

(a) Egypt
(b) Israel
(c) Roman empire
(d) Greek empire
(e) Assyrian empire

8. Alexander the Great was “great” at what?

(a) military conquest
(b) mathematical achievement
(c) writing philosophical essays
(d) converting people to Buddhism
(e) negotiating peace treaties

9. The Hammurabi Code includes which of the following:

(a) when your neighbor slaps you on one cheek, then you should turn the other cheek
(b) when someone converts to Christianity, he must be put to death
(c) a death penalty is given to someone who falsely accuses someone else of something
(d) light punishment for crimes compared to the Old Testament’s rules for punishment
(e) the Code was simply this: worship Hammurabi at all times

10. The Old, Middle and New Kingdoms describe which ancient empire, and which time period?

(a) Israel, 2000 to 1000 B.C.
(b) Egypt, 3100 to 700 B.C.
(c) Babylon, 5000 to 4000 B.C.
(d) India, A.D. 1500 to 2000
(e) China, 10,000 to 5,000 B.C.

11. Who was the Roman ruler when Jesus was born?

(a) Julius Caesar
(b) Augustus Caesar
(c) Nero
(d) Mark Antony
(e) Constantine

12. An example of a work of art produced during the Renaissance is

(a) a random splattering of paint on a canvas, to illustrate the artist’s emotions
(b) a life-size sculpture of the Mother of Jesus holding Him after the Crucifixion
(c) colorful paintings intended to create an “impression” rather than convey detail
(d) a music video that ends with the performers smashing their guitars on stage
(e) a random sampling of garbage nailed to a poster board to promote environmentalism

13. What was the “Pax Romana”?

(a) A peaceful period in the Roman empire that included the “Five Good Emperors”
(b) A peaceful period in the Greek empire that included rule by Alexander the Great
(c) A peaceful period in ancient China when gunpowder was developed
(d) The time in the Roman empire shortly after the life of Christ, when Constantinople converted
(e) A peaceful period in the Roman empire when Christians were treated with great respect

14. All of the following were effects of the Crusades EXCEPT:

(a) it led to increased trade between Europe and Asia
(b) it initially protected Christian pilgrims who went to the Holy Land
(c) it united the Eastern Orthodox Church with the Roman Catholic Church
(d) the Catholic Church gained more power
(e) it laid the foundation for the future change from feudalism to rule by kings

15. The following were civilizations in Central or South America EXCEPT:

(a) the Maya
(b) the Toltecs
(c) the Aztecs
(d) the Incas
(e) the Persians

16. All the following are “pillars” or basic principles of Islam EXCEPT:

(a) submission to Allah
(b) prayer to Allah several times a day
(c) fasting during daylight hours for the month of Ramadan
(d) donating to the poor
(e) love your neighbor as yourself

17. When were the “Middle Ages”?

(a) 500 B.C. to A.D. 500
(b) A.D. 1 to 500
(c) A.D. 500 to 900
(d) A.D. 500 to 1500
(e) A.D. 1000 to 1700

18. A “Machiavellian” politician is someone who:

(a) puts the people first
(b) sacrifices himself for the good of the people
(c) manipulates politics for his own self-serving gain
(d) avoids politics to pursue something more meaningful
(e) heroically joins the army to fight for his nation

19. Martin Luther’s views included which of the following?

I. Justification is by faith alone
II. The Bible should remain in Latin, and not be translated into German
III. A church should not be selling indulgences

(a) I, II and III
(b) I and III
(c) I and II
(d) II and III
(e) II only

20. The King of Saudi Arabia was in the news in April when President Barack Obama bowed down before him. What religion or belief system does the King of Saudi Arabia have?

(a) Christian
(b) Jewish
(c) atheist
(d) Sunni Moslem having authority over Mecca
(e) Shiite Moslem having authority over Mecca

21. To illustrate how people in the Middle Ages accepted the existence of Hell, you could cite:

(a) Charles Darwin
(b) Dante
(c) Rembrandt
(d) Van Gogh
(e) Karl Marx

22. This major change occurred from 1760 to 1840, beginning in England and spreading to the American colonies and to parts of Western Europe. What was it?

(a) The Bubonic Plague
(b) The Black Death
(c) Communism
(d) The Industrial Revolution
(e) Atheism

23. An example of the rise in nationalism in the late 1800s was:

(a) Turkey
(b) Germany
(c) North Africa
(d) Canada
(e) South America

24. The final end to World War II came immediately after:

(a) capturing, trying and sentencing Adolf Hitler
(b) dropping the atomic bombs on Japanese cities
(c) intervention by the United Nations
(d) a cease-fire negotiated by France
(e) the communist revolution

25. The Scientific Revolution was started by the work of:

(a) Galileo
(b) Copernicus
(c) Einstein
(d) Newton
(e) Hume

26. Who had military success against the Japanese, the Mongols, and even the United States?

(a) the Chinese
(b) the Indians
(c) the Cambodians
(d) the Vietnamese
(e) the Australians

27. Age of Exploration lasted during which period?

(a) 1100 to 1300
(b) 1450 to 1650
(c) 1500 to 1750
(d) 1600 to 1850
(e) 1700 to 1950

28. Each of the following was an African kingdom during the Middle Ages EXCEPT:

(a) Nigeria
(b) Zimbabwe
(c) Aksum
(d) Kongo
(e) Ghana

29. The following are elements of imperialism EXCEPT:

(a) establish colonies and hold a direct influence or control over the colonies
(b) establish protectorates, allowing an independent nation but protecting it with a larger nation
(c) sending money to a dictator so that he can spend it however he likes
(d) establish “spheres of influence,” in which countries had special trading privileges in regions
(e) exert outside influence through private businesses profiting from the region

30. “Those who do not obey do not eat.” That famous quote describes which of the following systems?

(a) Capitalism
(b) Democracy
(c) Anarchy
(d) Communism
(e) Theocracy

31. Who said, “I am the successor, not of Louis XVI, but of Charlemagne”

(a) Julius Caesar
(b) George Washington
(c) Adolf Hitler
(d) Napoleon
(e) Barack Obama

32. Christian charitable organizations including the Red Cross and YMCA developed to help with social problems occurring after the:

(a) fall of the Roman empire
(b) Crusades
(c) Reformation
(d) Industrial Revolution
(e) World War II (in America only)

33. Trench warfare, poisonous gas, many millions of deaths, no accomplishments, the “Bloody Red Baron,” and unwise terms of settlement afterward. What do these describe?

(a) the Hundred Years’ War
(b) the “Great War”
(c) World War II
(d) the Cold War
(e) the Korean War

34. “We’re here because some crazy Germans decided they were supermen and that they had a right to rule the world. They’ve been pushing people around all over the world, looting, killing, and abusing millions of innocent men, women, and children. … If you don't like to fight, I don't want you around. You had better get out before I kick you out. There's one thing you have to remember. In war, it takes more than the desire to fight to win. You've got to have more than guts to lick the enemy. You also must have brains. It takes brains and guts to win wars. A man with guts but no brains is only half a soldier. We whipped the Germans in Africa and Sicily because we had brains as well as guts.” Who said that?

(a) Neville Chamberlain
(b) Adolf Hitler
(c) George Patton
(d) Douglas MacArthur
(e) Erwin Rommel

35. The Great Depression resulted in which of the following:

(a) the election of Republican Presidents
(b) a successful government jobs programs that brought rapid recovery
(c) better cooperation between different nations as they worked more together
(d) the rise of fascism in Germany and Italy
(e) an increase in the value of the stock market

36. Countries that have had much higher percentages of belief in evolution compared to the United States are: (a) France only
(b) England and Germany, the main combatants in World Wars I and II
(c) Turkey
(d) Poland and South Korea
(e) England and Germany, who were on the same side in World Wars I and II

37. An example of modern terrorism is

(a) the attack on the World Trade Center known as “9/11”
(b) the invasion of Iraq by American soldiers
(c) peaceful protests against war
(d) criticism of government
(e) the pro-life March for Life on January 22nd each year in D.C.

38. The first democracy in the world was in:

(a) London
(b) Rome
(c) Athens
(d) Cairo
(e) Washington, D.C.

39. Jesus was unique among religious leaders because:

(a) He performed miracles to heal people
(b) He willingly accepted crucifixion, despite being innocent
(c) He emphasized the power and importance of faith
(d) His teachings included parables to illustrate important and logical truths
(e) All of the above

40. The King James Version of the Bible was significant because:

(a) it translated the entire Bible into majestic English in the early 1700s, and was an instant success
(b) it translated the entire Bible into majestic English in the early 1600s, and was so influential that it improved the development of the English language
(c) it translated the entire Bible into the English language before King Henry VIII split from the Catholic Church in Rome
(d) it was a widely used Latin translation of the Bible circulated through use of the printing press
(e) it was the version of the Bible used by Martin Luther when he translated it into German

41. I mastered the High Seas as a boy and, partly motivated by a desire to spread Christianity, discovered the New World by reaching islands in the Caribbean. I left some men and provisions there. After returning to Europe, I then sailed back to the America and found the exact same location again. Who am I?

(a) Amerigo Vespucci
(b) Magellan
(c) John Cabot
(d) Christopher Columbus
(e) Captain Bligh

42. The State of Virginia is named after whom?

(a) the wife of the explorer who discovered it
(b) the person who wrote the first account of it
(c) the “Virgin Queen” of England: Queen Elizabeth.
(d) the Indian who helped the first settlers
(e) no one has any idea where the name came from

43. The effects of the spread of communism to China included:

I. Chairman Mao stole people’s property
II. Women were treated just like men
III. Chairman Mao formed “Red Guards,” who were students who enforced his ideas
IV. People stopped working, causing a great famine
V. Chairman Mao held the Cultural Revolution to imprison or kill intelligent people
VI. People worked harder and invented marvelous new technology to benefit others

(a) I, III, IV, V, VI
(b) I, II, III, IV, V
(c) I, II, III, IV, V, VI
(d) I only
(e) none of them

44. The Haitian Revolution:

I. Occurred in 1750
II. Was fought by 100,000 slaves
III. Successfully obtained independence for Haiti
IV. Was a revolution against French control

(a) I, II and III
(b) I, III and IV
(c) II, III and IV
(d) I, II, III and IV
(e) II and IV

45. The “Strategic Defense Initiative” (SDI), known by its critics as “Star Wars,” had which of the following effects:

(a) it stopped the terrorist attack on 9/11
(b) it saved the United States from an all-out nuclear attack by the Soviet Union in the late 1980s
(c) it was traded by President Reagan to the Soviet Union in exchange for its promise not to attack
(d) it became a blockbuster movie starring Tom Hanks and Jen Aniston
(e) it weakened the threatening power of the Soviet Union and its leaders, and thereby led to the peaceful end of communism in the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe

46. This person was the youngest general in the history of the world, taking command of an army at the age of only 17:

(a) Alexander the Great
(b) Hannibal
(c) Archimedes
(d) Attila the Hun
(e) Joan of Arc

47. The modern nation of Israel has existed since when?

(a) 1804
(b) 1919
(c) 1940
(d) 1948
(e) 1963

48. The slave trade ended in England when:

(a) The United States banned it in 1808
(b) The Democratic Party took a strong stand against it during the Civil War
(c) Christian reformers, and especially William Wilberforce, worked hard to stop it
(d) The “invisible hand” of Adam Smith stopped it
(e) Atheists refused to support it any longer

49. One reason someone might oppose “free trade” is because:

(a) it increases the prices of goods like toothpaste and dog food
(b) it enables foreign enemies to insert, even unintentionally, poison into goods like dog food and toothpaste, and to smuggle deadly drugs more easily into the United States
(c) higher tariffs are an advantage of free trade
(d) disputes under free trade are handled by courts in the United States
(e) NAFTA is a good agreement

50. The religion or belief system that has almost as many participants as Christianity, and may soon surpass it in population, is:

(a) Buddhism
(b) Hinduism
(c) Judaism
(d) Islam
(e) Atheism

HONORS (all should attempt to answers all these questions):

51. We should all be grateful to the Phoenicians for which reason?

(a) discovering the phoenix, a beautiful bird
(b) defeating the Romans
(c) inventing the alphabet
(d) proving the Pythagorean Theorem
(e) being the first to transcribe the Gospels

52. The “miracle of Dunkirk” was what?

(a) A magnificent Renaissance painting by Rembrandt while he was staying in Belgium
(b) When the Nazis had trapped over 300,000 Allied forces in a harbor town on the northernmost tip of France, by the grace of God they were able to escape across the Channel to England.
(c) It is a German expression for how German soldiers survived England’s trick maneuver of planting 19 huge land mines during a battle in World War I
(d) A victory by the British forces during a battle in World War I
(e) A book written by a leading philosopher during the Enlightenment

53. The Magna Charta provided which of the following rights to nobles, at the expense of the king’s power?

I. Trial by jury
II. Equal protection under the law
III. No taxation without representation
IV. Freedom of speech

(a) I and II
(b) I and III
(c) I, II and III
(d) I, II, III and IV
(e) II only

54. The term “divine right” (of kings) has which date of origin in the English language?

(a) 500 B.C.
(b) A.D. 500
(c) A.D. 1000
(d) A.D. 1600
(e) A.D. 1900

55. From which era or movement did the concept that “beauty is solely in the eye of the beholder” (in other words, there is no objective beauty) arise?

(a) Renaissance
(b) Scholasticism
(c) Enlightenment
(d) Ancient World
(e) Great Awakening

56. For more than a billion people, the history of the 20th century can be summed up in one phrase:

(a) death by war
(b) independence for their nations
(c) conversion to Hinduism
(d) monarchy
(e) violent revolution

57. An American soldier who refused to serve under the command of the United Nations was:

(a) Bill Clinton
(b) Jimmy Carter
(c) Barack Obama
(d) Michael New
(e) Arnold Schwarzenegger

58. Who first said, “Power should be a check to power.”

(a) Abraham Lincoln
(b) Napoleon
(c) Hitler
(d) Montesquieu
(e) Mussolini

59. How was the “Enigma” “solved”?

(a) by asking Caesar for the answer
(b) by using the Rosetta Stone
(c) by applying mathematics to how often letters (such as vowels) appear in messages
(d) by torturing someone with “water-boarding” until they gave the answer
(e) by sending spacecraft into outer space

60. Who were the “Anglo-Saxons”?

(a) Germanic tribes that conquered England ruled it in a chaotic manner until A.D. 1066
(b) Germanic tribes that conquered England ruled it after A.D. 1066
(c) Norman tribes that conquered England ruled it in a chaotic manner until A.D. 1066
(d) Norman tribes that conquered England ruled it after A.D. 1066
(e) English nobility


(Boys only) An example of the great benefits of chivalry is:

(a) parents and adults will give you more respect when you treat girls and others with respect
(b) you’ll get better job opportunities when you treat girls and others with respect
(c) chivalry is a free and easy way to improve the lives of people around you
(d) when you are chivalrous, you’ll benefit from chivalry in return
(e) there is an art and skill to chivalry and it is enjoyable perfecting it (f) all of the above

(Girls only) An example of the great benefits of chivalry is:

(a) chivalry encourages protection of others, including the unborn
(b) you will find that others prefer to be chivalrous when given the opportunity
(c) when you are chivalrous, you’ll benefit from chivalry in return
(d) chivalry is fun and helps reduce conflicts and accidents
(e) all of the above