Survivor Series is a pay-per-view event produced by World Wrestling Entertainment. It is one of the big four pay-per-view events produced by WWE. It is the second oldest pay-per-view event, with WrestleMania being the oldest. It features elimination matches, where two teams, usually of around five, eliminate members from the opposing team. The event is also notable for the debuts of certain wrestlers. The Undertaker made his WWE debut at the 1990 Survivor Series, Ric Flair in 1991, The Rock (then known as Rocky Maivia) in 1996, Kurt Angle in 1999, the Shield in 2012, and Sting in 2014. When Survivor Series first began, it occurred on Thanksgiving Night. However, it now occurs the Sunday prior to Thanksgiving.
The Survivor Series was originally created by WWF (now WWE) owner Vince McMahon as a last-minute counter to Starrcade, the main supercard event of National Wrestling Alliance flagship promotion Jim Crockett Promotions, which was slated to make its pay-per-view debut with that event. McMahon deliberately scheduled the Survivor Series against Starrcade (which traditionally took place on Thanksgiving night prior to its PPV debut) and coerced PPV operators into carrying his event only by not allowing them to carry his other events (including WrestleMania) if they carried Starrcade; as a result, most PPV operators chose to carry the Survivor Series instead.
The 1997 Survivor Series in Montreal is infamous for the Montreal Screwjob. At the time, the then-current WWF Champion, Bret Hart, was getting ready to leave the WWF and go to WCW. However, Hart did not want to drop the title to Shawn Michaels in Hart's native Canada. Various outcomes were thrown around, including the match at Survivor Series ending in a no-contest, with Hart appearing on Raw the following night, forfeiting the title. One of the main concerns was the fear that Hart would take the title with him to WCW, as a few years prior, Madusa, who wrestled under the name Alundra Blayze, took the Women's Championship with her to WCW, and threw the belt in the trash on an episode of WCW Monday Nitro.
The match happened as planned at the event. As seen in the 1998 documentary Wrestling With Shadows, Hart was led to believe that when Michaels put him in the Sharpshooter, which happened to be Hart's signature move, he would reverse it on Michaels. DX and The Hart Foundation would come to the ring and the match would end in a no-contest. However, when Michaels put Hart in the Sharpshooter, Vince McMahon, at ringside, called for the bell to be rung, and Shawn Michaels was declared the new champion. When Hart realized what had happened, he spat in McMahon's face, tore up the ringside announce tables, and proceeded to spell out the letters WCW. The pay-per-view went off-air abruptly.
As a result of the Montreal Screwjob, Bret Hart did not appear on WWF/WWE programming for several years. In 2006, he was inducted into the WWE Hall of Fame. On January 4, 2010, Hart would return to Raw for the first time in 12 years. The Screwjob also saw the beginnings of the Mr. McMahon character, the heel persona Vince McMahon would start using during the Attitude Era.
|Survivor Series (1987)||November 26, 1987||Richfield, OH||Richfield Coliseum||Andre the Giant, One Man Gang, King Kong Bundy, Butch Reed, and Rick Rude vs. Hulk Hogan, Paul Orndorff, Don Muraco, Ken Patera, and Bam Bam Bigelow in a 5-on-5 Survivor Series match|
|Survivor Series (1988)||November 24, 1988||Richfield, OH||Richfield Coliseum||The Mega Powers (Hulk Hogan and Randy Savage), Hercules, Koko B. Ware, and Hillbilly Jim vs. The Twin Towers (Akeem and The Big Boss Man), Ted DiBiase, Haku, and the Red Rooster in a 5-on-5 Survivor Series match|
|Survivor Series (1989)||November 23, 1989||Rosemont, IL||Rosemont Horizon||The Ultimate Warriors (The Ultimate Warrior, The Rockers (Shawn Michaels and Marty Jannetty) and Jim Neidhart) vs. The Heenan Family (Bobby Heenan, Andre the Giant, Haku, and Arn Anderson) in a 4-on-4 Survivor Series match.|
|Survivor Series (1990)||November 22, 1990||Hartford, CT||Hartford Civic Center||Hulk Hogan, The Ultimate Warrior, and Tito Santana vs. Ted DiBiase, Rick Martel, The Warlord, and Power and Glory (Hercules and Paul Roma) in a 3-on-5 Grand Finale Survivor Series match|
|Survivor Series (1991)||November 27, 1991||Detroit, MI||Joe Louis Arena||Hulk Hogan (c) vs. The Undertaker for the WWF Championship|
|Survivor Series (1992)||November 25, 1992||Richfield, OH||Richfield Coliseum||Randy Savage and Mr. Perfect vs. Ric Flair and Razor Ramon|
|Survivor Series (1993)||November 24, 1993||Boston, MA||Boston Garden||The All-Americans (Lex Luger, The Undertaker, Rick Steiner, and Scott Steiner) vs. The Foreign Fanatics (Yokozuna, Crush, Ludvig Borga, and Quebecer Jacques) in a 4-on-4 Survivor Series match|
|Survivor Series (1994)||November 23, 1994||San Antonio, TX||Freeman Coliseum||The Undertaker vs. Yokozuna in a Casket Match with special guest enforcer Chuck Norris|
|Survivor Series (1995)||November 19, 1995||Landover, MD||USAir Arena||Diesel (c) vs. Bret Hart in a No Disqualification match for the WWF Championship|
|Survivor Series (1996)||November 17, 1996||New York City||Madison Square Garden||Shawn Michaels (c) vs. Sycho Sid for the WWF Championship|
|Survivor Series (1997)||November 9, 1997||Montreal, Quebec, Canada||Molson Centre||Bret Hart (c) vs. Shawn Michaels for the WWF Championship|
|Survivor Series (1998)||November 15, 1998||St. Louis, MO||Kiel Center||The Rock vs. Mankind in the finals of the Deadly Games Tournament for the vacant WWF Championship|
|Survivor Series (1999)||November 14, 1999||Detroit, MI||Joe Louis Arena||Triple H (c) vs. The Big Show vs. The Rock for the WWF Championship|
|Survivor Series (2000)||November 19, 2000||Tampa, FL||Ice Palace||Stone Cold Steve Austin vs. Triple H in a No Disqualification match|
|Survivor Series (2001)||November 18, 2001||Greensboro, NC||Greensboro Coliseum||Team WWF (The Rock, Chris Jericho, The Undertaker, Kane, and The Big Show) vs. Team Alliance (Stone Cold Steve Austin, Booker T, Rob Van Dam, Kurt Angle, and Shane McMahon) in a 5-on-5 Survivor Series Winner Take All match|
|Survivor Series (2002)||November 17, 2002||New York City||Madison Square Garden||Triple H (c) vs. Rob Van Dam vs. Chris Jericho vs. Booker T vs. Kane vs. Shawn Michaels in an Elimination Chamber match for the World Heavyweight Championship|
|Survivor Series (2003)||November 16, 2003||Dallas, TX||American Airlines Center||Goldberg (c) vs. Triple H for the World Heavyweight Championship|
|Survivor Series (2004)||November 14, 2004||Cleveland, OH||Gund Arena||Team Orton (Randy Orton, Chris Benoit, Chris Jericho, and Maven) vs. Team Triple H (Triple H, Edge, Batista, Snitsky) in a 4-on-4 Survivor Series match|
|Survivor Series (2005)||November 27, 2005||Detroit, MI||Joe Louis Arena||Team Raw (Shawn Michaels, Kane, The Big Show, Carlito, and Chris Masters) vs. Team SmackDown! (Batista, Rey Mysterio, John "Bradshaw" Layfield, Bobby Lashley, and Randy Orton) in a 5-on-5 Survivor Series match|
|Survivor Series (2006)||November 26, 2006||Philadelphia, PA||Wachovia Center||King Booker (c) vs. Batista for the World Heavyweight Championship|
|Survivor Series (2007)||November 18, 2007||Miami, FL||American Airlines Arena||Batista (c) vs. The Undertaker in a Hell in a Cell match for the World Heavyweight Championship|
|Survivor Series (2008)||November 23, 2008||Boston, MA||TD Banknorth Garden||Chris Jericho (c) vs. John Cena for the World Heavyweight Championship|
|Survivor Series (2009)||November 22, 2009||Washington, D.C.||Verizon Center||John Cena (c) vs. Triple H vs. Shawn Michaels for the WWE Championship|
|Survivor Series (2010)||November 21, 2010||Miami, FL||American Airlines Arena||Randy Orton (c) vs. Wade Barrett in a Pinfall-and-submissions only match for the WWE Championship with special guest referee John Cena|
|Survivor Series (2011)||November 20, 2011||New York City||Madison Square Garden||The Rock and John Cena vs. Awesome Truth (The Miz & R-Truth)|
|Survivor Series (2012)||November 18, 2012||Indianapolis, IN||Bankers Life Fieldhouse||CM Punk (c) vs. John Cena vs. Ryback for the WWE Championship|
|Survivor Series (2013)||November 24, 2013||Boston, MA||TD Garden||Randy Orton (c) vs. Big Show for the WWE Championship|
|Survivor Series (2014)||November 23, 2014||St. Louis, MO||Scottrade Center||Team Cena (John Cena, Dolph Ziggler, Ryback, Erick Rowan, and Big Show) vs. Team Authority (Seth Rollins, Kane, Mark Henry, Rusev, and Luke Harper) in a 5-on-5 Survivor Series match|
|Survivor Series (2015)||November 22, 2015||Atlanta, GA||Philips Arena||Roman Reigns vs. Dean Ambrose for the WWE World Heavyweight Championship|
|Survivor Series (2016)||November 20, 2016||Toronto, Ontario, Canada||Air Canada Centre||Brock Lesnar vs. Goldberg|
|Survivor Series (2017)||November 19, 2017||Houston, TX||Toyota Center||Team Raw (Kurt Angle, Triple H, Braun Strowman, Finn Bálor, and Samoa Joe) vs. Team SmackDown (Shane McMahon, Randy Orton, Bobby Roode, Shinsuke Nakamura, and John Cena) in a 5-on-5 Survivor Series match|
|Survivor Series (2018)||November 18, 2018||Los Angeles, CA||Staples Center||WWE Universal Champion Brock Lesnar (Raw) vs. WWE Champion Daniel Bryan (SmackDown) in a non-title brand supremacy match|
|Survivor Series (2019)||November 24, 2019||Rosemont, IL||Allstate Arena||Raw Women's Champion Becky Lynch vs. SmackDown Women's Champion Bayley vs. NXT Women's Champion Shayna Baszler in a non-title triple threat brand supremacy match|