|Former Senate Majority Leader|
From: January 3, 1995 – June 11, 1996
|Former U.S. Senator from Kansas|
From: January 3, 1969 – June 11, 1996
|Spouse(s)||Phyllis Holden (1948 - 1972)|
Elizabeth Dole (1975 - present)
|Service/branch||United States Army|
|Service Years|| 1942 – 1948|
|Rank|| Honorary Colonel|
|Unit||10th Mountain Division|
|Battles/wars|| World War II|
|Awards|| Bronze Star Medal|
Two Purple Hearts
Robert Joseph “Bob” Dole, born July 22, 1923 (age 97), was a United States Senator from Kansas from 1969 to 1996 and the Republican presidential candidate in the 1996 US election, as well as the running mate of Gerald Ford in the 1976 election.
Dole was the majority leader of the United States Senate from 1985–1987 and again from 1995 to 1996, when he resigned from his Senate seat to focus on his then-presidential campaign. He was defeated by incumbent president Bill Clinton. Dole also served as the Minority Leader from 1987–1995.
Dole grew up in the small town of Russell, Kansas, where he excelled as an athlete in multiple sports. He attended the University of Kansas, where he joined the school's famed basketball team. However, more pressing world matters forced his studies to wait for several years. (The University's famous Center for Politics is now named for Dole, as well as another building on campus.)
In 1942, Dole joined the Army's Enlisted Reserve Corps to fight in World War II. He became a second lieutenant in the Army's 10th Mountain Division. By April 1945, he was fighting the Germans in the hills of Italy where the action was fast-paced. One of the platoon's radio men was hit. Bob Dole crawled out of his foxhole to help him, but it was too late.
Suddenly, while trying to assist the downed radio man, Dole was hit by German machine gun fire in the upper right back destroying his shoulder, and his right arm was so damaged that it was unrecognizable. Dole was immediately given morphine by an Army field medic to alleviate the pain, and his forehead was marked with an "M" in his own blood to alert medics. He was not expected to live.
Dole waited nine long hours on the Italian battlefield before he was finally taken to the Fifteenth Evacuation Hospital. After a brief stay in a field Army hospital in Italy, he was transported back to the United States and to Topeka's Winter General Army Hospital, where he continued his painful recovery and endured a kidney operation. Then, he was transferred to Percy Jones Army Medical Center in Michigan, where he survived his second brush with death—blood clotting. He was a patient in that hospital along with Phillip A. Hart, whose name graces one of the U.S. Senate office buildings, where Bob Dole occupied an office.
Eventually, he returned to Percy Jones Army Medical Hospital for extensive therapy on his rebuilt arm. It took about three years and nine operations for Bob Dole to rehabilitate. He learned to strengthen his injured arm, and also had to learn how to write with his left hand, as the doctors could not rebuild the excessive damage done by the German machine gun fire.
Bob Dole was twice decorated for heroic achievement, receiving two Purple Hearts for his injuries, and the Bronze Star Medal for his attempt to assist the downed radio man.
Bob Dole is a conservative on most issues, the exception being abortion. Although his D.C. record on fiscal and military issues are conservative along with his support for traditional moral values, Dole's record on social issues is arguably somewhat spotty. Despite being more pro-life back in 1974 (before his run for presidency), Dole has later increasingly become more "pro-choice", including an apology to an abortionist over his past pro-life supporters' "over the top" rhetoric. In addition, he pushed for a "tolerance clause" in the 1996 Republican party platform specifically in the section regarding abortion.