Nectanebo II

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Nectanebo II was a Pharaoh of the 30th Dynasty. He was the last native Egyptian Pharaoh to rule over a united Egypt, and ruled for a period of 17 years from 360 to 343 BC. His rule was brought forcefully to an end by a Persian invasion, which he escaped by taking flight southward into Nubia.

His son survived, and remained in Egypt, where he became a high-ranking official in the regime of Ptolemy I.

Necanebo’s unused sarcophagus, a massive finely worked piece in dark granite, was discovered being used as a water cistern in Alexandria, and now resides in the British Museum.


  • Dodson, A and Hilton, D (2004), The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt, Thames & Hudson, London
  • Shaw, I et al. (2000), Oxford History of Ancient Egypt, Oxford University Press, Oxford