Mohammed Mossadegh (1882-1967) was a member of the Majlis (the Iranian legislature) from its beginning into the 1950s. Mossadegh became Prime Minister of Iran and nationalized the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company. He had also good relationships to the Communist Tudeh Party. Many believe that Mossadegh was democratically elected, but in fact during this time Iran was not a democracy, but a monarchy, and the election was a fraud. The Shah had the right to appoint and dismiss the prime minister, and while still in power after the election, he asked the CIA to depose him. Mossadegh even behaved like a dictator himself. He imprisoned thousands of his opponents. Some of Mossadegh´s former allies wrote to the United Nations to end his dictatorship.
In 1953 Mossadegh was overthrown by CIA agent Kermit Roosevelt, President Theodore Roosevelt's grandson. This event was called a "coup", but actually the CIA only reinstated Mohammed Reza Pahlavi, more commonly known as the Shah of Iran, who was the constitutional rightful leader.