Mark I Tank

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Mark I Tank
Male Mark I Tank.jpg
A "male" Mark I tank
Type Heavy Tank
Origin United Kingdom
Entered production 1915
Length 9.9m
Width 4.2m
Height 2.44m
Weight Male 28.4 tonnes
Female 27.4 tonnes
Crew 8
Armor plate
Max. thickness 12mm
Primary amament Male 2 x Hotchkiss 6-pounder "quick fire" guns
Female 4 x .303 Vickers machine guns
Secondary armament Male 4 x 8 mm Hotchkiss machine guns
Female 2 x 8 mm Hotchkiss machine guns
Max. road speed 4 mph
Engine Foster-Daimler 13000cc 6 cyl petrol
Power output 105 hp

The Mark I was the world's first tank, designed by the British to break the deadlock of trench warfare in World War I. In February 1915, the First Lord of the Admiralty, Winston Churchill created the "Landships Committee" to investigate a mechanical solution combining firepower, protection and mobiility to the stalemate of trench warfare. The first successful prototype, known as "Mother", completed secret trials in early 1916, and the new Mark I tank was used in battle for the first time at Flers-Courcelette, France on September 15, 1916.