Juan Domingo Perón (1895–1974) was the brutal dictator of Argentina from 1946 to 1955 and from 1973 to 1974. As head of an army group, he helped to overthrow Ramon Castillo in 1943. During his first Presidency, he was married to Eva Perón, the subject of the musical Evita, who was very popular with the people.
Peron was very anti-American and had close ties to Nazi Germany. He was excommunicated from the Catholic Church in case of his anti-Christian laws. Peron legalized divorce and prostitution and he banned religious instruction in public schools.
He was a member of the Justicialist Party. While President, Peron was fond of putting government in charge. He nationalized the Merchant Marine, the banks, the railroads, the telephone system, and he also nationalized many utility companies. Additionally, the Institute for the Promotion of Trade (IAPI) was formed as a single payer organization for grains, seed, and beef, and formed an important part of his Five-Year Plan.
After the bombing of the Plaza de Mayo in 1955, Perón was overthrown that same year.
Perón went into exile in Paraguay, Panama, Nicaragua, Venezuela, the Dominican Republic, and finally in Spain.
His second wife, a fascist named Eva Perón, supported him from 1946 to 1952, when she died of uterine cancer.
In 1961 he married María Estela Martínez in Spain, who later accompanied him as vice president in 1973 and succeeded him in his death.
- The New American Desk Encyclopedia, Penguin Group, 1989
- The Limits of Convergence: Globalization and Organizational Change in Argentina, South Korea, and Spain
- [https://digitalcommons.bard.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1081&context=senproj_s2018 Perón and the Argentine Paradox: An Investigation into an Economic Mystery]
- General Perón and the nationalisation of railways in Argentina
- Argentina struggles stem from Perón and patronage
- [https://economics.yale.edu/sites/default/files/files/Workshops-Seminars/Economic-History/alston-071114.pdf Electoral Fraud, the Rise of Peron and Demise of Checks and Balances in Argentina]
- Instituto Argentino de Promoción del Intercambio
- Perón's Legacy: Inflation In Argentina, An Institutionalized Fraud
- ARGENTINA: Five-Year Plan
- The Military and Domestic Politics: A Concordance Theory of Civil-Military Relations