James Scullin

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James Scullin
Date of birth 18 September 1876
Date of death 28 January 1953
Wife Sarah Scullin
Party Australian Labor Party
Prime Minister
From 22 October 1929
To 6 January 1932
Succeeded Stanley Bruce
Preceded Joseph Lyons

The Rt. Hon. James Henry Scullin was the Prime Minister of Australia at the start of the Great Depression. He became the Prime Minister upon his party winning a 29-seat majority in the House of Representatives, but failure to win control of the Senate meant that his government was unable to carry out much of its program. His role as Prime Minister ended after losing a motion of no confidence, which led to the dissolution of Parliament and a new election.

Scullin was responsible for the appointment of Australia's first Australian-born Governor General, Sir Isaac Isaacs, the Chief Justice of the High Court, despite King George V preferring a member of the British nobility.


Australian Prime Ministers
Edmund Barton (1901)

Alfred Deakin (1903, 1905, and 1909)
John Watson (1904)
George Reid (1904)
Andrew Fisher (1908, 1910, and 1914)
Joseph Cook (1913)
William Hughes (1915)

Stanley Bruce (1923)

James Scullin (1929)
Joseph Lyons (1932)
Earle Page (1939)
Robert Menzies (1939 and 1949)
Arthur Fadden (1941)
John Curtin (1941)

Francis Forde (1945)

Joseph Chifley (1945)
Harold Holt (1966)
John McEwen (1967)
John Gorton (1968)
William McMahon (1971)
Gough Whitlam (1972)

Malcolm Fraser (1975)

Robert Hawke (1983)
Paul Keating (1991)
John Howard (1996)
Kevin Rudd (2007)