Independent review is a method of ensuring accurate scientific findings and solid engineering designs. Reviewers are recruited, whose primary job is to find errors in the creative work of scientists or engineers.
For example, the world's highest quality computer software employs independent code reviewers:
- The software is checked very carefully in a bottom-up fashion. First, each new line of code is checked, then sections of code or modules with special functions are verified. The scope is increased step by step until the new changes are incorporated into a complete system and checked. This complete output is considered the final product, newly released. But completely independently there is an independent verification group, that takes an adversary attitude to the software development group, and tests and verifies the software as if it were a customer of the delivered product.