In World War II, Guam was occupied by the Japanese, but American forces landed in July 1944 and took back the island after a three-week battle. Out of 18,000 Japanese troops stationed on the island, only 500 survived to become prisoners of war.
The highest point in Guam is Mount Lamlam, which is 1,332 feet (406 m). The weather is usually hot and humid, ranging from 74° to 86°, with an average annual rainfall of 96 inches. Typhoons are common, especially during the months of October and November.
The population of Guam is estimated at 162,742 in July 2016. As of 2010, the largest ethnic groups on this island are Chamorro (37.3%), Filipino (26.3%), white (7.1%), and Chuukese (7%). The most common languages, as of 2010, are English (43.6%), Filipino (21.2%), and Chamorro (17.8%). About 85 percent of the population are estimated to be Roman Catholics.
Military and geopolitics
The United States Army and Navy maintains military bases on Guam, which cover 29% of the island's total land area. The U.S. military has maintained its military presence on the island since 1944, when it retook the island from the Japanese during World War II.
Guam is a strategically important U.S. territory in the Pacific.
- Governor: Lou Leon Guerrero (D)
- Rep. Michael San Nicolas [D, GU-0]
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