Last modified on 13 July 2019, at 13:29

Cleveland

For the 22nd and 24th President, see Grover Cleveland

Cleveland is a city in the state of Ohio located on the southern shore of Lake Erie, and 60 miles from the Pennsylvania border in northeast corner of the state. Cleveland was founded in 1796, near the Cuyahoga River and was a manufacturing center for many years but now has a service based economy. In the 2000 US Census the city of Cleveland had a population of 478,403,[1] however Greater Cleveland (Cleveland-Akron-Elyria-Mentor Combined Statistical Area) is a larger metropolitan area, with a population of 2,945,831 and is the 14th largest in the United States.[2] A Major Tourist Attraction in Cleveland is the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.

History

Cleveland was once a major steel manufacturing center and even was an early center of the automobile industry before the latter centered in Detroit, Michigan. The city reached its peak in the 1950s and early 60s, but began to decline after that, due in part to inept leadership and a changing business climate. Under the ill-fated mayorship of Dennis Kucinich, the city defaulted on its loans. In the 1980s, George Voinovich took over as mayor and the city experienced something of a rebirth. The precursor to this was the Playhouse Square project. This project involved rehabilitating and restoring a series of 1920s theaters that had been abandoned and fell into disrepair. Although many viewed the project as a pipe dream, a few dedicated individuals made progress and the city's business community gave heavy support to it, and eventually the restoration effort became a great success and created a vibrant arts district. Both Kucinich and (especially) Voinovich were big supporters of this. Also in the 1980s, the flats district, on the Cuyahoga River, hosted a brief revival and several new buildings were built downtown. The revival continued into the 1990s while Michael White was mayor (Voinovich had become the Ohio's Governor by this point), when the Society Bank (now called Key Bank) built its headquarters on public square, new football, baseball, and basketball venues were built downtown, and the city's Rock and Roll Hall of Fame opened. Cleveland's fortunes declined in the 2000s, but recently there have been signs of a revival: The Flats are being revitalized and a number of major projects are underway downtown, many of which have been supported by the JobsOhio program created by Governor John Kasich.

Cleveland is also prominent in the arts and music. The University Circle neighborhood is home to the acclaimed Cleveland Museum of Art and the internationally renowned Cleveland Orchestra. Several other museums are in this area. The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame is located on the waterfront, next to the Great Lakes Science Center.

Government

Currently, the mayor of Cleveland is Frank G. Jackson, who is in his record breaking fourth term, having first been elected as mayor in 2005. The city has been run by Democratic mayors since 1990, with the last Republican mayor being George V. Voinovich (1980-1989) - who then went on to serve two terms each as Ohio governor (1991-1998) and as U.S. senator from Ohio (1999-2011). The 17-person Cleveland city council is currently comprised exclusively of Democrats.

Sports

Cleveland is home to the NFL's Browns, the NBA's Cavaliers, Baseball's Indians, and the AHL's Monsters. The Cavaliers rose to prominence in the late 2000s and 2010s under star player LeBron James, who led the Cavs to the NBA Championship in 2016, giving the city it's first major sports title since the 1964 Browns won the NFL Championship.

The Indians have (by and large) been of the top MLB teams from the mid 1990s into the 2010s, winning three American League pennants and winning 10 Central Division titles during that time frame.

The Browns - who had been considered one of the NFL's most respected franchised from the 1940s until the team moving to Baltimore in 1995 - have been known for their futility since returning to the NFL in 1999, with the absolute low point occurring in 2017 when they went 0-16, becoming only the second NFL team to do so in the 16-game season era.

Media

TV

The city is served by 10 full power TV stations (with accompanying digital sub channels)

Channel (virtual) call letters Network
3 WKYC NBC
Justice Network (.2)
Cozi TV (.3)
Quest (.4)
5 WEWS ABC
Grit (.2)
Laff (.3)
Court TV (.4)
8 WJW Fox
Antenna TV (.2)
Comet (.3)
Charge! (.4)
17 WDLI Ion Plus
19 WOIO CBS
Me TV/My Network TV (.2)
23 WVPX Ion
Qubo (.2)
Ion Shop (.3)
QVC (.5)
HSN (.6)
25 WVIZ PBS
Ohio Channel (.2)
PBS World (.3)
Create (.4)
PBS Kids (.5)
43 WUAB CW
Bounce (.2)
55 WBNX Independent
Happy Channel (.2)
Movies (.3)
H & I (.4)
Start TV (.5)
Decades (.6)
61 WQHS Univision
Unimas (.2)
Get TV (.3)
Escape (.4)

Radio

AM

Frequency Call letters Branding Format Notable programming
850 WKNR ESPN 850 Sports Cleveland Browns AM flagship
Ohio State Buckeyes
ESPN Radio
1000 WCCD Radio 1000 Religious/gospel
1100 WTAM Newsradio WTAM 1100 News/talk/sports Cleveland Indians AM Flagship
Cleveland Cavaliers AM flagship
Rush Limbaugh Show
Glenn Beck Program
1220 WHKW AM 1220 The Word Religious
1260 WCCR AM 1260 The Rock Religious
1300 WERE Praise 94.5
(named for FM translator)
Gospel
1420 WHK AM 1420 The Answer News/talk Cleveland State Vikings flagship
Akron Zips football
Salem Radio Network
1490 WERE Newstalk 1490 WERE News/talk
1540 WWGK ESPN 1540 Sports ESPN Radio
Jim Rome Show

FM

Frequency Call letters Branding Format Notable programming
87.7 WLFM 87.7 La Mega Spanish Cleveland Browns (Spanish)
Cleveland Cavaliers (Spanish)
88.3 WBWC 88.3 The Sting Alternative Rock
(Baldwin Wallace University)
88.7 WJCU -- College radio
(John Carroll University)
89.3 WCSB -- College radio
(Cleveland State University)
90.3 WCPN -- NPR/Jazz
92.3 WFHM 92.3 The Fan Sports Cleveland Browns flagship
CBS Sports Radio
NFL on Westwood One
93.1 WZAK -- Urban AC Tom Joyner Show
95.5 WFHM 95.5 The Fish Christian Contemporary
96.5 WAKS 96.5 KISS FM Top 40/Current hits Elvis Duran Morning Show
Ryan Seacrest Live
98.5 WNCX -- Classic rock Cleveland Browns flagship
99.5 WGAR -- Country Bobby Bones Show
100.7 WMMS The Buzzard Rock/talk/sports Cleveland Indians FM Flagship
Cleveland Cavaliers FM flagship
Rover's Morning Glory
102.1 WDOK Star 102.1 Adult contemporary
103.3 WCRF Moody Radio Cleveland Religious
104.1 WQAL Q 104 Top 40/Current hits
104.9 WCLV Classical 104.9 Classical music
105.7 WMJI Majic 105.7 Classic hits
106.5 WHLK 106.5 The Lake Adult hits
107.3 WNWV 107.3 The Wave Smooth AC
107.9 WENZ Z 107.9 Hip-hop/rap Rickey Smiley Show

For the UK county of Cleveland, see Cleveland (UK) See Cleveland, TN

References

  1. 2000 Census
  2. 2000 Census