Chinese Civil War

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The Chinese Civil War was fought between 1946 and 1949 between the People's Liberation Army of the Chinese Communist Party led by Mao Zedong and the Guomindang forces led by Chiang Kai-shek. The Communists emerged victorious, and Mao declared the People's Republic of China's founding in Beijing on October 1, 1949. The Nationalists retreated to the island province of Taiwan and claimed that as the Republic of China they were the true government of China, a difference in viewpoint that still remains unresolved today.