Profit is the excess of total revenue over total cost for a business. Alternatively, it is the return to anyone or anything that engages in an entrepreneurial activity.
Profits of 500 largest American corporations, 1935-2009
There are different forms of profit in economics:
- Economic Profit - achieved when the Total Cost (TC) subtracted from Total Revenue (TR) yields a positive gain.
- Normal Profit - a firm is making normal profit when it makes enough revenue to just cover its day-to-day operating costs. Therefore, it is sometimes viewed as a cost.
- There is nothing easier to do than boost profits in the short term. All a manager has to do is cut any expense related to the long term: training, maintenance, purchase of new capital, etc.