Manitoba's largest city is Winnipeg, which contains over one half the provincial population.
York Factory was founded in 1684 and was the provinces oldest settlement. Charles II had granted the entire Hudson Bay watershed to the Hudson's Bay Company, which was purchased from them by the Canadian Government in 1869 for 300,000 pounds. Manitoba joined confederation in 1870. The total area of Manitoba is 649,950 km2 and had a population of 1,182,921 in 2007 accounting for 3.6% of the national total.