John Tyndal (1820–1893) was Michael Faraday's successor at the Royal Institute. In comparison to Faraday, his contributions were by and large irrelevant to either actual science in general or physics in particular. Where Faraday was devout Christian and an elder within his church, Tyndall was an anti-Catholic, even somewhat fanatical, who campaigned tirelessly for liberation of science from ecclesiastical, or Church, influences. Many professors who hold to non-religious views are in fact his mondern day counterparts. In reality utterly ineffective in advancing science, because they lack any sort of relationship with God. As Paul Vitz puts it, "all creativity has its origin in God; and to claim that an individual human is really creative is either silly or blasphemous."