Difference between revisions of "Jair Bolsonaro"

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Bolsonaro, however, advocated for and advanced plans for a monetary union between Brazil and Argentina, something which would reduce Brazilian national sovereignty.<ref>[https://www.reuters.com/article/us-brazil-economy-currency/brazils-bolsonaro-doubles-down-on-monetary-union-with-argentina-idUSKCN1T81II Brazil's Bolsonaro doubles down on monetary union with Argentina]. ''Reuters''. June 7, 2019. Retrieved June 7, 2019.</ref>
Bolsonaro, however, advocated for and advanced plans for a monetary union between Brazil and Argentina, something which would reduce Brazilian national sovereignty.<ref>[https://www.reuters.com/article/us-brazil-economy-currency/brazils-bolsonaro-doubles-down-on-monetary-union-with-argentina-idUSKCN1T81II Brazil's Bolsonaro doubles down on monetary union with Argentina]. ''Reuters''. June 7, 2019. Retrieved June 7, 2019.</ref>
In August 2019, after disestablishing a left-wing Cuban slave doctor program, Bolsonaro created a Doctors for Brazil program, giving medical jobs to Brazilians.<ref>Martel, Frances (August 2, 2019). [https://www.breitbart.com/latin-america/2019/08/02/bolsonaro-cuban-slave-doctor-program-created-guerrilla-cells-brazil/ Bolsonaro: Cuban Slave Doctor Program Created ‘Guerrilla Cells’ in Brazil]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved August 3, 2019.</ref>

Revision as of 16:54, 3 August 2019

Jair Messias Bolsonaro
Jair Bolsonaro official photo.jpg
38th President of Brazil
From: January 1, 2019 – present
Vice President Hamilton Mourão
Predecessor Michel Temer
Successor Incumbent (no successor)
Party Social Liberal Party
Spouse(s) Rogéria Nantes Braga (div.)
Ana Cristina Valle (div.)
Michelle Bolsonaro
Religion Catholic
Military Service
Allegiance Brazil
Service/branch Army
Service Years 1971–1988
Rank Captain
Commands 8th Field Artillery Group
9th Parachute Artillery Group

Jair Messias Bolsonaro (born March 21, 1955) is the president of Brazil. He is a strongly conservative and anti-establishment[1][2][3][4] former congressman and retired army captain. He often invokes God in his speeches.

He supports the right of all non-criminals to own firearms and proposed this as one of his first initiatives upon taking the office of president. One of his favorite expressions is "combater o lixo marxista," which means "fight the marxist garbage."[5]

Life and career

Bolsonaro was born in the municipality of Glicério in São Paulo. He is of Italian descent. Bolsonaro served in Brazil's military from 1971 to 1988, graduating from Agulhas Negras Military Academy in 1977. Afterward, he served in Rio de Janeiro's city council from 1989 to 1991, and in Brazil's congress starting in 1991.

Bolsonaro has changed parties several times in his career, something not unusual considering the large number of parties in Brazil, along with the fact that conservative parties in the country tend to be weak. He was a member of the Progressive Party. The most leftist members of that party usually classify it as a PSNN (Progressista Só No Nome - Progressive In Name Only, PLINO). In March 2016, he left PP to join Social Christian Party, and he later joined the Social Liberal Party. All of these parties are conservative or conservative-leaning despite their names.

During the voting of the Dilma Rousseff in the Congress, on April 17, 2016, Bolsonaro dedicated his vote to Brilhante Ustra, the only militair that was declared by the Justice as a "torturer", and who allegedly was the torturer of Rousseff in the 1970s. Jean Wyllys, after he voted, spat on Bolsanaro.[6]

2018 presidential election

Results of the 2nd round of the 2018 presidential election

Bolsonaro successfully ran for the Brazilian presidency in 2018.[7] He tried in 2014, but the leaders of his party decided to support the Marxist government of Dilma Rousseff. Among the presidential proposals, Bolsonaro called for closing unnecessary ministries (such as Ministry of Finance, which keeps the government in control of the economy, and the Defense Ministry, which creates military subordination to political), the reduction of state in all its spheres, the free market, homeschooling, the neutral point of view in schools, private health, pro-gun rights,[3][8] the prohibition of same-sex "marriage" and abortion. He also ran on a strong anti-corruption program.[3][9][10][11][12][13]

During the 2018 election campaign, Bolsonaro survived an attempted assassination attempt, being stabbed.[14]

Bolsonaro won 46% of the vote in the election's first round, significantly better than polls predicted and less than four percentage points to winning the election outright.[15] His party performed very well in the congressional and gubernatorial elections held the same day.[16] Bolsonaro's campaign had strong momentum going into the runoff,[17] and he received strong support from evangelical Christians.[18]

Bolsonaro won the election runoff with about 55% of the vote, marking a major shift in Brazilian[2][19] and Latin American[20] politics. He was congratulated by U.S. President Donald Trump[21] and Italian Deputy Prime Minister Matteo Salvini,[22] among others. According to Brazilian professor Dawisson Belém Lopes, Brazil had elected "the most right wing leader of any democracy in the world."[23]

President of Brazil

Transition and inauguration

Even before his inauguration, Bolsonaro had already begun making conservative changes.[24] Among his other actions in preparation for assuming office, he nominated Ernesto Araújo, a pro-Trump nationalist, to be his foreign minister.[25] He also nominated an evangelical pro-lifer pastor to be his minister in charge of family, women, and indigenous issues.[26] Overall, his cabinet was comprised of conservatives and military men.[27] Bolsonaro was inaugurated on January 1, 2019, declaring in his inauguration speech that Brazil would now be "liberated from socialism, inverted values, the bloated state and political correctness."[28]


Bolsonaro's presidency represented a unique opportunity for Brazil to advance conservative policies and improve the standard of living.[29] He made many changes just in the first few days of his tenure.[30] In his first address in front of Brazil's congress, Bolsonaro stated that "we are going to unite the people, value the family, respect religions and our Judeo-Christian tradition, combat gender ideology, conserving our values," and he mentioned his campaign slogan of "Brazil first and God above everything."[31]

The Left used the same tactics and made the same attacks against Bolsonaro as it did against U.S. President Donald Trump.[32]

In Bolsonaro's first 100 days in office, analysts agreed that he kept more campaign promises than, at least, his two most recent predecessors.[33]

Gun rights

Bolsonaro announced that upon assuming office, he would sign a decree to allow all Brazilians to own firearms if they do not have a criminal record,[34] something he did on January 15, 2019.[35] On May 7, 2019, Bolsonaro signed another decree, increasing the amount of ammunition Brazilians could buy and reducing restrictions on gun imports.[36] On June 25, 2019, Bolsonaro reversed the May order, seeing that Brazil's congress would reject it.[37][38]


Bolsonaro sent soldiers to the province of Ceará to put down major gang violence.[39]

Economy, deregulation, and bureaucracy

Immediately upon assuming office, President Bolsonaro weakened the department protecting "indigenous rights," and instead promoting integration into Brazilian society, economic development, and improving indigenous quality of life.[40][41] He also signed several decrees promoting the free market, including reducing a planned minimum wage increase, reducing the number of ministries, and firing partisan civil service officers,[42] actions which caused Brazil's stock market to rise significantly[43][44] and business optimism to increase.[45] Bolsonaro's government promised to privatize about 100 government-run industries.[46][47] In his first few days in office, Bolsonaro abolished Brazil's labor department.[30]

Bolsonaro has promoted Brazil as an emerging free market society, criticizing his predecessors and stating that "the left wing will not prevail."[48]

Bolsonaro worked to reduce socialistic environmental regulations.[49]

After Brazil's congress rejected President Bolsonaro's decree to transfer indigenous land decisions to the Agriculture Department, Bolsonaro issued another decree reinstating this policy in June 2019.[50]


He also signed a decree eliminating the "diversity" division of Brazil's education ministry and created a new division to promote literacy,[51] the decree being signed as Bolsonaro vowed "to tackle the Marxist garbage" in Brazilian schools.[52] In February 2019, Bolsonaro announced it would revise public school textbooks to remove left-wing propaganda, including references to homosexuality and feminism.[53] On February 25, 2019, the Education Ministry under Bolsonaro instructed schools to have students sing the national anthem and that teachers read a patriotic statement to students,[54] and he encouraged students to call out their teachers when they promoted left-wing content.[55] Bolsonaro has attempted to remove left-wing bias from the history content in Brazilian schools.[56]

President Bolsonaro succeeded in increasing security and reducing left-wing influences in Brazil's public schools.[57]

Social issues

On his first day in office, President Bolsonaro signed a decree removing LGBT issues from the list of concerns of the human rights ministry,[41][58] and he signed another decree increasing oversight over NGOs and international organizations, which he argued inhibited indigenous integration into Brazilian society.[59]

President Bolsonaro created a national week to raise awareness of teen pregnancy in order to prevent it.[60]

In January 2019, President Bolsonaro announced he would end a program to create an "indigenous cryptocurrency."[61]

President Bolsonaro abolished the culture ministry shortly after assuming office.[62][63]

Pro-life Brazilian governmental officials vocally supported pro-life policies at the UN.[64]

President Bolsonaro made numerous changes to environmental policy.[65] In May 2019, he fired a far-left activist from his role as the leader of a government-controlled climate change group.[66]

On May 21, 2019, President Bolsonaro signed a proclamation consecrating Brazil to the Immaculate Heart of Mary.[67]

Foreign policy

Bolsonaro and U.S. President Donald Trump in March 2019

On his first day in office, President Bolsonaro signed a decree giving Brazil's government strong oversight over international organizations operating in Brazil.[59] Meanwhile, Brazil's foreign minister, Ernesto Araújo, stated that Brazil would reject globalism and oversight by international organizations.[44][68] In January 2019, Bolsonaro stated Brazil would move its embassy in Israel to Jerusalem,[69] though in March 2019, he announced Brazil would open a trade office in Jerusalem "as a part of its embassy in Israel."[70] Bolsonaro became the first Brazilian president to visit the Western Wall while being accompanied by a senior Israeli official.[71]

In January 2019, President Bolsonaro withdrew Brazil from the UN Migrant Treaty, citing a desire to protect the country's national sovereignty.[72] In a 2019 speech to the trade organization Mercosur, Bolsonaro advocated for national sovereignty.[73]

President Bolsonaro extradited a communist terrorist to Italy, where he had been wanted for several decades.[74] He refused to recognize Nicolás Maduro's Marxist Venezuelan government after a disputed election.[75]

Bolsonaro's first foreign trip was to the United States rather than Argentina, breaking a Brazilian precedent.[76]

Bolsonaro, however, advocated for and advanced plans for a monetary union between Brazil and Argentina, something which would reduce Brazilian national sovereignty.[77]


In August 2019, after disestablishing a left-wing Cuban slave doctor program, Bolsonaro created a Doctors for Brazil program, giving medical jobs to Brazilians.[78]


In its eighth consecutive term, Jair Bolsonaro is one of the most admired personalities and at the same time one of the most hated in Brazil. Bolsonaro is the most conservative and right-wing politician on the Brazilian political spectrum, and for defending Christian,[79][80] family,[81] traditional and conservative values, has been falsely labeled by the Brazilian media as "Nazi",[82] "homophobic",[83] "racist",[84] "fascist",[85] "sexist"[86] and "white supremacist". The international mainstream media has also been extremely biased against Bolsonaro.[87] He has been compared to U.S. President Donald Trump and even has the nickname "Tropical Trump."[1][9][88]

Bolsonaro takes strongly pro-life positions,[79][81][89] and he is critical of Carnival because of its immoral and degenerate practices.[90] He supports strong law and order policies on crime,[91] and he has a good relationship with Brazil's military.[92] He accurately condemns national socialism as a left-wing ideology.[93]

When he was first elected for the first time, Bolsonaro had a more friendly stance toward economic interventionism. Over the years, however, Bolsonaro has come to strongly support limited government, a free market without bureaucracy, and privatization.[3][10][94][95]

On foreign policy issues, Bolsonaro has voiced support for nationalist policies similar to those of President Trump,[3][96][97] and he views the United States positively.[98] Bolsonaro takes strongly pro-Israel positions,[79][81][99] supporting moving Brazil's embassy to Jerusalem, something he affirmed he would do after his election,[100][101] and closing the "Palestinian" embassy in Brazil.[102][103] He is seen as a critic of China,[104] Venezuela,[105] and Cuba.[106] However, after his election, he stated that he welcomed increased Chinese investment and trade.[107] Bolsonaro was critical of the globalist Mercosur trade agreement,[108] though he continued integrating Brazil into the organization.[109] Bolsonaro is strongly anti-communist, even stating in a speech after his election as president that he had "an obligation" to fight communism in Latin America.[110] He has made similar statements on the need for him to fight the Left.[111]

Bolsonaro is a critic of the left-wing mainstream media.[112]

While originally pledging to leave the globalist Paris climate agreement, Bolsonaro later retracted that conservative promise.[113]

Personal life

Bolsonaro has been married three times, and he has five children, with his three oldest sons – including Eduardo Bolsonaro – also serving as conservative elected officials. Bolsonaro has been baptized in the Jordan River.[114]

See also


  1. 1.0 1.1 Newman, Alex (September 3, 2018). “Tropical Trump” Bolsonaro May Be Brazil's Next President. The New American. Retrieved September 3, 2018.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Newman, Alex (October 29, 2018). Globalists Freak as “Tropical Trump” Bolsonaro Wins in Brazil. The New American. Retrieved October 29, 2018.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 Kew, Ben (October 29, 2018). Who is Jair Bolsonaro? Five Conservative Policies Brazil’s President-Elect Champions. Breitbart News. Retrieved October 29, 2018.
  4. Brazil's Bolsonaro says political class is an impediment. Reuters. May 20, 2019. Retrieved May 20, 2019.
  5. https://twitter.com/jairbolsonaro/status/1079686972673806336
  6. https://www.bbc.com/portuguese/noticias/2016/04/160417_momentos_marcantes_impeachment_ru
  7. Bolsonaro: "I will be the right-wing candidate for the presidency in 2018" - Estadão.
  8. Kew, Ben (October 2, 2018). Bolsonaro Campaign Urges Importing Second Amendment Rights to Brazil. Breitbart News. Retrieved October 10, 2018.
  9. 9.0 9.1 Meredith, Sam (October 9, 2018). Who is the 'Trump of the Tropics?': All you need to know about Brazil's presidential frontrunner. CNBC. Retrieved October 9, 2018.
  10. 10.0 10.1 Federowski, Bruno; Mandl, Carolina (October 9, 2018). Brazil's far-right Bolsonaro: No coalition politics in cabinet picks. Reuters. Retrieved October 9, 2018.
  11. Martel, Frances (April 6, 2018). Martel: with Lula Arrest Imminent, Brazil’s Conservatives Need Jair Bolsonaro to Get Serious. Breitbart News. Retrieved October 10, 2018.
  12. Kew, Ben (October 26, 2018). Brazil’s Bolsonaro Makes Final Anti-Corruption Push: ‘Our Country Isn’t a Criminal Gang’. Breitbart News. Retrieved October 28, 2018.
  13. Boadle, Anthony; Stargardter, Gabriel (October 28, 2018). Far-right Bolsonaro rides anti-corruption rage to Brazil presidency. Reuters. Retrieved October 28, 2018.
  14. Multiple references: See also:
  15. Multiple references: See also:
  16. Multiple references: See also:
  17. Puglie, Frederic (October 21, 2018). 'Brazil's Trump' on track for presidential victory. The Washington Times. Retrieved October 21, 2018.
  18. Multiple references: See also:
  19. Multiple references: See also:
  20. Kew, Ben (December 25, 2018). Crash of the Pink Tide: Latin America Continues Shift Rightwards in 2018. Breitbart News. Retrieved January 1, 2019.
  21. Multiple references: See also:
  22. Friedman, Victoria (October 29, 2018). Like Minds: Italy’s Populist Salvini Congratulates President-Elect Bolsonaro of Brazil. Breitbart News. Retrieved October 29, 2018.
  23. Tegel, Simeon (October 31, 2018). Will Bolsonaro's victory in Brazil usher right-wing ripple effects in Latin America? NBC News. Retrieved November 1, 2018.
  24. Londoño, Ernesto; Andreoni, Manuela (January 1, 2019). Brazil Wanted Change. Even Before Taking Office, Jair Bolsonaro Delivered. The New York Times. Retrieved January 1, 2019.
  25. Multiple references: See also:
  26. Multiple references:
  27. Multiple references: See also:
  28. Multiple references: See also:
  29. Pinkerton, James P. (January 5, 2019). Pinkerton: The Opportunity of Brazil’s Jair Bolsonaro for South America—and North America. Breitbart News. Retrieved January 5, 2019.
    See also:
  30. 30.0 30.1 Multiple references: See also:
  31. Hoffman, Matthew Cullinan (January 7, 2019). Brazil’s new president declares ‘God above all,’ vows to fight gender ideology. LifeSiteNews. Retrieved January 7, 2019.
  32. Wood, L. Todd (March 8, 2019). Left using anti-Trump playbook against Brazil's new conservative president. The Washington Times. Retrieved March 10, 2019.
  33. Alves, Lise (April 10, 2019). 100 Days of Bolsonaro Administration: Campaign Promises. The Rio Times. Retrieved April 11, 2019.
  34. Multiple references: See also:
  35. Multiple references:
  36. Multiple references: See also:
  37. Brazil president backtracks on looser gun restrictions as lawmakers resist. Reuters. June 25, 2019. Retrieved June 25, 2019.
  38. Said, Flavia (June 25, 2019). Brazil Gun Decree Scrapped by Bolsonaro Amid Congress Pushback. Bloomberg. Retrieved June 30, 2019.
  39. Kew, Ben (January 7, 2019). Violence Rages in Northern Brazil as Bolsonaro Deploys Military. Breitbart News. Retrieved January 7, 2019.
  40. Multiple references:
  41. 41.0 41.1 Savarese, Mauricio (January 2, 2019). Brazil’s Bolsonaro targets minorities on 1st day in office. Associated Press. Retrieved January 2, 2019.
  42. Multiple references:
  43. Multiple references: See also:
  44. 44.0 44.1 Lima, Mario Sergio; Biller, David (January 2, 2019). Brazilian Assets Soar as Bolsonaro Starts to Deliver on Promises. Bloomberg. Retrieved January 2, 2019.
  45. Harris, Bryan (April 11, 2019). Brazil’s business optimism bounces back under Bolsonaro. Financial Times. Retrieved April 12, 2019.
  46. Kew, Ben (January 4, 2019). Brazil’s Bolsonaro Pledges to Privatize as Many Industries as Possible. Breitbart News. Retrieved January 5, 2019.
  47. Brazil plans to privatize or liquidate 100 state-run companies. Reuters. January 8, 2019. Retrieved January 8, 2019.
  48. Kew, Ben (January 22, 2019). Jair Bolsonaro Introduces ‘New Brazil’ at Davos: ‘The Left Will Not Prevail’. Breitbart News. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  49. Spring, Jake (May 8, 2019). Ex-ministers blast Bolsonaro for dismantling Brazil's environment protections. Reuters. Retrieved May 8, 2019.
  50. Brazil's Bolsonaro hands indigenous land decisions back to farm sector. Reuters. June 19, 2019. Retrieved June 19, 2019.
  51. Multiple references: See also:
  52. Multiple references: See also:
  53. Multiple references:
  54. Multiple references: Brazil's education department revised its policy after criticism:
  55. Kaiser, Anna Jean (May 3, 2019). Call for students to film 'biased' teachers brings Brazil's culture wars to classroom. The Guardian. Retrieved May 8, 2019.
  56. Pearson, Samantha (April 12, 2019). Bolsonaro Takes Aim at Brazil’s History. The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved April 12, 2019.
  57. Watson, Katy (May 7, 2019). How Brazil's culture wars are being waged in classrooms. BBC News. Retrieved May 8, 2019.
  58. Gstalter, Morgan (January 2, 2019). Brazil’s new president removes LGBT concerns from human rights ministry. The Hill. Retrieved January 2, 2019.
  59. 59.0 59.1 Stargardter, Gabriel (January 2, 2019). Bolsonaro presidential decree grants sweeping powers over NGOs in Brazil. Reuters. Retrieved January 2, 2019.
  60. Semana nacional vai conscientizar para evitar a gravidez na adolescência. Planalto.gov.br. January 4, 2019. Retrieved January 6, 2019.
  61. Brazil’s New President Jair Bolsonaro Shuts Down ‘Indigenous Cryptocurrency’ Project. AltCoin News. January 8, 2019. Retrieved January 9, 2019.
  62. Neuendorf, Henri (January 9, 2019). Brazil’s New Right-Wing President Jair Bolsonaro Has Disbanded the Country’s Ministry of Culture. Artnet News. Retrieved January 9, 2019.
  63. Angeleti, Gabriella (January 9, 2019). Jair Bolsonaro’s government extinguishes Brazilian ministry of culture. The Art Newspaper. Retrieved January 9, 2019.
  64. Brazilian pro-life voices make themselves heard at UN women’s conference. LifeSiteNews (from the Campaign Life Coalition). March 26, 2019. Retrieved March 26, 2019.
  65. Jeantet, Diane (May 15, 2019). AP Explains: Brazil’s environmental changes under Bolsonaro. Associated Press. Retrieved May 15, 2019.
  66. Spring, Jake (May 10, 2019). Brazil's Bolsonaro fires 'militant' head of climate change action group. Reuters. Retrieved May 10, 2019.
  67. Barillas, Martin M. (May 23, 2019). Brazilian president signs proclamation consecrating nation to Virgin Mary. LifeSiteNews. Retrieved May 23, 2019.
  68. Brazil's new foreign minister says country will abandon globalism. Reuters. January 2, 2019. Retrieved January 2, 2019.
    See also:
  69. Giaritelli, Anna (January 4, 2019). Brazil to follow US by moving its embassy in Israel to Jerusalem. Washington Examiner. Retrieved January 4, 2019.
  70. Multiple references: See also:
  71. Multiple references:
  72. Multiple references:
  73. Martel, Frances (July 18, 2019). Bolsonaro Channels Trump to South American Trade Bloc: ‘I Want Brazil to Be Great’. Breitbart News. Retrieved July 18, 2019.
  74. Tomlinsom, Chris (January 15, 2019). Brazil’s Bolsonaro Fulfils Promise to Italy’s Salvini, Hands Over Communist Terrorist. Breitbart News. Retrieved January 15, 2019.
  75. Kew, Ben (January 14, 2019). Brazil Recognizes Venezuelan Assembly Leader as Rightful President. Breitbart News. Retrieved January 15, 2019.
    See also:
  76. Brazil leader Jair Bolsonaro woos Donald Trump, opens base to US rockets, visits CIA and dines with Steve Bannon. South China Morning Post. Retrieved March 19, 2019.
    See also:
  77. Brazil's Bolsonaro doubles down on monetary union with Argentina. Reuters. June 7, 2019. Retrieved June 7, 2019.
  78. Martel, Frances (August 2, 2019). Bolsonaro: Cuban Slave Doctor Program Created ‘Guerrilla Cells’ in Brazil. Breitbart News. Retrieved August 3, 2019.
  79. 79.0 79.1 79.2 Bohon, Dave (November 5, 2018). Brazil’s New President: Christian, Pro-Life, Pro-Israel. The New American. Retrieved November 5, 2018.
  80. Thomas, Goerge (March 20, 2019). 'We Are God-Fearing Men': Brazil's President a Friend to Trump and Biblical Values. CBN News. Retrieved March 26, 2019.
  81. 81.0 81.1 81.2 Chapman, Michael W. (November 1, 2018). Brazil's New President is Pro-Life, Pro-Family, and Strong Supporter of Israel. CNS News. Retrieved November 2, 2018.
  82. The Bolsonaro wave and the awakening of neo-Nazism - CartaCapital
  83. Earth. "I'll sue the Bolsonaro" says Mott on pamphlets - Terramagazine.terra.com.br.
  84. Chief of Seppir consider statements such as "explicit racism" of Bolsonaro. - UOL (April 1, 2011). Visited on April 2, 2011.
  85. Mario Jakobskind (May 29, 2009). Torture Never Again! Joildo.net
  86. MNDH want full pressure against Bolsonaro - MNDH.
  87. Jasper, William F. (October 10, 2018). Fake News Media in a Froth as “Trump of the Tropics” Bolsonaro Seems Headed to Be Brazil’s President. The New American. Retrieved October 10, 2018.
    See also:
  88. Dilorenzo, Sarah; Prengaman, Peter (October 9, 2018). AP Explains: How Brazil's Bolsonaro used Trump tactics. Fox News (from the Associated Press). Retrieved October 9, 2018.
  89. Risdon, James (October 19, 2018). Outspoken pro-life candidate leads in Brazil’s presidential election race. LifeSiteNews. Retrieved October 19, 2018.
  90. Chakraborty, Barnini (March 6, 2019). Brazil's far-right president slams Carnival, tweets x-rated clip and asks about 'golden shower'. Fox News. Retrieved March 6, 2019.
  91. Carolina Carcello (October 21, 2018). Brazil's Bolsonaro says he intends to use armed forces to fight violence. Reuters. Retrieved October 21, 2018.
  92. Pearson, Samantha; Magalhaes, Luciana (October 29, 2018). Brazil’s New President Set to Give Military More Clout. The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved October 29, 2018.
  93. Multiple references:
  94. Prengaman, Peter (October 8, 2018). A look at the campaign proposals made by Brazil's Bolsonaro. Fox News (from the Associated Press). Retrieved October 9, 2018.
  95. Ayres, Marcela (October 24, 2018). After converting Bolsonaro, free-market guru must convince Brazil. Reuters. Retrieved October 24, 2018.
  96. Boadle, Anthony (October 16, 2018). Brazil right-winger would follow Trump's lead on foreign policy. Reuters. Retrieved October 16, 2018.
  97. Schipani, Andres; Rathbone, John Paul (October 30, 2018). Jair Bolsonaro poised to upend Brazil’s foreign policy. Financial Times. Retrieved November 2, 2018.
  98. Brazil's Bolsonaro opens doors to host U.S military base. Fox News (from the Associated Press). January 4, 2019. Retrieved January 6, 2019.
  99. Keinon, Herb (January 7, 2019). Netanyahu Completes Embrace of Bolsonaro. The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved January 7, 2019.
  100. Samuels, Brett (November 1, 2018). Brazil's Bolsonaro confirms plan to move Israel embassy to Jerusalem. The Hill. Retrieved November 1, 2018.
  101. Shaw, Adam (November 2, 2018). Brazil president-elect Jair Bolsonaro intends to move Israel embassy to Jerusalem. Fox News. Retrieved November 2, 2018.
  102. Dilorenzo, Sarah; Savarese, Mauricio; Prengaman, Peter (October 8, 2018). Brazil’s far-right, pro-Israel candidate falls just short of election stunner. The Times of Israel (from the Associated Press). Retrieved October 9, 2018.
  103. Keinon, Herb (October 29, 2018). Netanyahu Congratulates New Populist, Pro-Israel Brazilian President. The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved October 31, 2018.
  104. Multiple references:
  105. Multiple references: See also:
  106. Multiple references:
  107. Brazil's Bolsonaro welcomes Chinese investment, trade. Reuters. November 5, 2018. Retrieved November 5, 2018.
    See also:
  108. Adghirni, Samy; Gamarski, Rachel (October 17, 2018). After Nafta Rewrite, Brazil’s Bolsonaro Eyes Mercosur Changes. Bloomberg. Retrieved November 2, 2018.
  109. Brazil's Bolsonaro says Mercosur will soon sign EU trade deal. Reuters. June 6, 2019. Retrieved June 7, 2019.
  110. Martel, Frances (December 10, 2018). Bolsonaro: Brazil Has ‘an Obligation’ to Help Latin America Fight Communism. Breitbart News. Retrieved December 11, 2018.
    See also:
  111. Preissler Iglesias, Simone (March 18, 2019). Bolsonaro Sees Himself Ending ‘Dirty Ideology of the Left’ in Brazil. Bloomberg. Retrieved March 18, 2019.
  112. Boadle, Anthony; Slattery, Gram (November 4, 2018). Brazil's next president declares war on 'fake news' media. Reuters. Retrieved November 4, 2018.
  113. Viga Gaier, Rodrigo (October 25, 2018). Brazil's Bolsonaro scraps pledge to quit Paris climate deal. Reuters. Retrieved October 25, 2018.
    See also:
  114. Dias Carneiro, Júlia (January 5, 2019). Jair Bolsonaro: Brazil’s unlikely president. BBC News. Retrieved January 10, 2019.