Difference between revisions of "Jair Bolsonaro"

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'''Jair Messias Bolsonaro''' (born March 21, 1955) is the president of [[Brazil]]. He is a strongly [[conservative]] and anti-[[establishment]]<ref name="TropicalTrump">Newman, Alex (September 3, 2018). [https://www.thenewamerican.com/world-news/south-america/item/29946-tropical-trump-bolsonaro-may-be-brazil-s-next-president “Tropical Trump” Bolsonaro May Be Brazil's Next President]. ''The New American''. Retrieved September 3, 2018.</ref><ref name="GlobalistsFreak"/><ref name="5Policies"/><ref>[https://www.reuters.com/article/us-brazil-politics/brazils-bolsonaro-says-political-class-is-an-impediment-idUSKCN1SQ1VA Brazil's Bolsonaro says political class is an impediment]. ''Reuters''. May 20, 2019. Retrieved May 20, 2019.</ref> former congressman and retired army captain.  He often invokes [[God]] in his speeches.
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'''Jair Messias Bolsonaro''' (born March 21, 1955) is the president of [[Brazil]] and a general POS. He is a strongly authoritarian, anti-indigenous, fascist, and mysogynistic.
 
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He supports the right of all non-criminals to own firearms and proposed this as one of his first initiatives upon taking the office of president.  One of his favorite expressions is "combater o lixo marxista," which means "fight the [[marxist]] garbage."<ref>https://twitter.com/jairbolsonaro/status/1079686972673806336</ref>
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==Life and career==
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Bolsonaro was born in the municipality of Glicério in São Paulo. He is of Italian descent. Bolsonaro served in Brazil's military from 1971 to 1988, graduating from Agulhas Negras Military Academy in 1977. Afterward, he served in [[Rio de Janeiro]]'s city council from 1989 to 1991, and in Brazil's congress starting in 1991.
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Bolsonaro has changed parties several times in his career, something not unusual considering the large number of parties in Brazil, along with the fact that conservative parties in the country tend to be weak. He was a member of the [[Progressive Party (Brazil)|Progressive Party]]. The most leftist members of that party usually classify it as a ''PSNN'' (''Progressista Só No Nome'' - ''[[Progressive]] In Name Only'', ''PLINO''). In March 2016, he left PP to join [[Social Christian Party]], and he later joined the [[Social Liberal Party]]. All of these parties are conservative or conservative-leaning despite their names.
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During the voting of the Dilma Rousseff in the Congress, on April 17, 2016, Bolsonaro dedicated his vote to [[Brilhante Ustra]], the only militair that was declared by the Justice as a "torturer", and who allegedly was the torturer of Rousseff in the 1970s. [[Jean Wyllys]], after he voted, spat on Bolsanaro.<ref>https://www.bbc.com/portuguese/noticias/2016/04/160417_momentos_marcantes_impeachment_ru</ref>
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==2018 presidential election==
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[[File:Brazilian presidential election, 2nd round, 2018.png|thumb|left|250px|Results of the 2nd round of the 2018 presidential election]]
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Bolsonaro successfully ran for the [[Brazil]]ian presidency in 2018.<ref>[http://politica.estadao.com.br/blogs/marcelo-moraes/2014/10/30/bolsonaro-serei-o-candidato-da-direita-a-presidencia-em-2018/ Bolsonaro: "I will be the right-wing candidate for the presidency in 2018"] - Estadão.</ref> He tried in 2014, but the leaders of [[Progressive Party (Brazil)|his party]] decided to support the [[Marxist]] government of [[Dilma Rousseff]]. Among the presidential proposals, Bolsonaro called for closing unnecessary ministries (such as Ministry of Finance, which keeps the [[socialism|government in control of the economy]], and the Defense Ministry, which creates [[fascism|military subordination to political]]), the reduction of state in all its spheres, the [[free market]], [[homeschooling]], the neutral point of view in schools, private health, pro-[[gun rights]],<ref name="5Policies"/><ref>Kew, Ben (October 2, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/national-security/2018/10/02/bolsonaro-campaign-importing-second-amendment-rights-brazil/ Bolsonaro Campaign Urges Importing Second Amendment Rights to Brazil]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved October 10, 2018.</ref> the prohibition of [[same-sex "marriage"]] and abortion. He also ran on a strong anti-corruption program.<ref name="5Policies"/><ref name="MeredithCNBC2018">Meredith, Sam (October 9, 2018). [https://www.cnbc.com/2018/10/09/brazil-election-all-you-need-to-know-about-jair-bolsonaro.html Who is the 'Trump of the Tropics?': All you need to know about Brazil's presidential frontrunner]. ''CNBC''. Retrieved October 9, 2018.</ref><ref name="CoalitionCabinet">Federowski, Bruno; Mandl, Carolina (October 9, 2018). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-brazil-election/brazils-far-right-bolsonaro-no-coalition-politics-in-cabinet-picks-idUSKCN1MJ27U Brazil's far-right Bolsonaro: No coalition politics in cabinet picks]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved October 9, 2018.</ref><ref>Martel, Frances (April 6, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/national-security/2018/04/06/martel-lula-arrest-imminent-brazils-conservatives-need-jair-bolsonaro-get-serious/ Martel: with Lula Arrest Imminent, Brazil’s Conservatives Need Jair Bolsonaro to Get Serious]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved October 10, 2018.</ref><ref>Kew, Ben (October 26, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/latin-america/2018/10/26/brazils-bolsonaro-makes-final-anti-corruption-push-our-country-isnt-a-criminal-gang/ Brazil’s Bolsonaro Makes Final Anti-Corruption Push: ‘Our Country Isn’t a Criminal Gang’]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved October 28, 2018.</ref><ref>Boadle, Anthony; Stargardter, Gabriel (October 28, 2018). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-brazil-election/far-right-bolsonaro-rides-anti-corruption-rage-to-brazil-presidency-idUSKCN1N203K Far-right Bolsonaro rides anti-corruption rage to Brazil presidency]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved October 28, 2018.</ref>
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During the 2018 election campaign, Bolsonaro survived an attempted assassination attempt, being stabbed.<ref>Multiple references:
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*Puglie, Frederic (September 18, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/sep/18/jair-bolsonaro-stabbing-emboldens-brazils-unlikely/ Assassination attempt only emboldens Brazil's Trump-like presidential front-runner]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved September 18, 2018.
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*Martel, Frances (September 6, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/national-security/2018/09/06/brazil-conservative-presidential-frontrunner-jair-bolsonaro-stabbed-on-video/ Brazil: Conservative Presidential Frontrunner Jair Bolsonaro Stabbed on Video]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved October 10, 2018.
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*Martel, Frances (October 31, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/latin-america/2018/10/31/jair-bolsonaro-thanks-god-surviving-campaign-stabbing-church-service/ Jair Bolsonaro Thanks God for Surviving Campaign Stabbing]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved October 31, 2018.</ref>
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Bolsonaro won 46% of the vote in the election's first round, significantly better than polls predicted and less than four percentage points to winning the election outright.<ref>Multiple references:
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*Martel, Frances (October 7, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/national-security/2018/10/07/brazil-conservative-bolsonaro-wins-round-1-of-presidential-race-heads-to-run-off-with-socialist/ Brazil: Conservative Bolsonaro Wins Round 1 of Presidential Race, Heads to Run-off with Socialist]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved October 9, 2018.
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*Pearson, Samantha; Magalhães, Luciana (October 8, 2018). [https://www.wsj.com/articles/brazil-votes-in-divisive-presidential-race-1538910000 Brazil’s Bolsonaro Takes Lead in First Round of Presidential Election]. ''The Wall Street Journal''. Retrieved October 9, 2018.
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*[https://www.wsj.com/articles/brazilian-swamp-drainer-1539039700 Brazilian Swamp Drainer]. ''The Wall Street Journal''. October 8, 2018. Retrieved October 9, 2018.</ref> His party performed very well in the congressional and gubernatorial elections held the same day.<ref>Multiple references:
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*Federowski, Bruno; Carolina Marcello, Maria (October 7, 2018). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-brazil-election-congress-analysis/bolsonaro-transforms-tiny-brazil-party-into-congressional-powerhouse-idUSKCN1MI07Q Bolsonaro transforms tiny Brazil party into congressional powerhouse]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved October 9, 2018.
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*Phillips, Dom (October 8, 2018). [https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/oct/08/bolsonaro-allies-ride-conservative-wave-in-brazil-elections Bolsonaro allies ride conservative wave in Brazil elections]. ''The Guardian''. Retrieved October 31, 2018.
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*Gamarski, Rachel, Adghirni, Samy (October 8, 2018). [https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-10-08/bolsonaro-election-effect-turns-brazil-s-congress-on-its-head Bolsonaro Election Effect Turns Brazil’s Congress on Its Head]. ''Bloomberg''. Retrieved November 1, 2018.
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*Martel, Frances (October 9, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/national-security/2018/10/09/brazil-doubles-number-military-veterans-congress/ Brazil More than Doubles Number of Military Veterans in Congress]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved October 10, 2018.
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*[https://www.reuters.com/article/us-brazil-politics/bolsonaros-party-eyes-forming-biggest-bloc-in-brazil-lower-house-idUSKCN1NR00S Bolsonaro's party eyes forming biggest bloc in Brazil lower house]. ''Reuters''. November 21, 2018. Retrieved November 21, 2018.</ref> Bolsonaro's campaign had strong momentum going into the runoff,<ref>Puglie, Frederic (October 21, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/oct/21/jair-bolsonaro-near-brazil-election-win-president/ 'Brazil's Trump' on track for presidential victory]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved October 21, 2018.</ref> and he received strong support from [[evangelical Christians]].<ref>Multiple references:
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*Puglie, Frederic (October 22, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/oct/22/jair-bolsonaro-aided-evangelicals-brazil-president/ Christian evangelical voters boost 'Brazil's Trump' in presidential bid]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved October 22, 2018.
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*Polimédio, Chayenne (January 24, 2018). [https://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2018/01/the-evangelical-takeover-of-brazilian-politics/551423/ The Rise of the Brazilian Evangelicals]. ''The Atlantic''. Retrieved October 28, 2018.
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*Warren, Steve (October 29, 2018). [https://www1.cbn.com/cbnnews/cwn/2018/october/how-evangelical-christians-helped-elect-brazils-new-president How Evangelical Christians Helped Elect Brazil's New President]. ''CBN News''. Retrieved October 31, 2018.
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*[https://www1.cbn.com/content/brazilian-president-jair-bolsonaro-cbn-news-i-had-massive-support-evangelicals-brazil-0 Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro to CBN News: 'I Had Massive Support of the Evangelicals in Brazil']. ''CBN News''. Retrieved March 26, 2019.</ref>
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Bolsonaro won the election runoff with about 55% of the vote, marking a major shift in Brazilian<ref name="GlobalistsFreak">Newman, Alex (October 29, 2018). [https://www.thenewamerican.com/world-news/south-america/item/30481-globalists-freak-as-tropical-trump-bolsonaro-wins-in-brazil Globalists Freak as “Tropical Trump” Bolsonaro Wins in Brazil]. ''The New American''. Retrieved October 29, 2018.</ref><ref>Multiple references:
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*Martel, Frances (October 28, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/latin-america/2018/10/28/jair-bolsonaro-elected-president-of-brazil/ Conservative Jair Bolsonaro Elected President of Brazil]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved October 28, 2018.
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*Araújo, Guilherme Ferreira; Jones, Gualberto Garcia (October 28, 2018). [https://www.lifesitenews.com/news/brazil-elects-a-strong-pro-life-president-breaking-decades-of-leftist-rule Brazil elects a strong pro-life president, breaking decades of leftist rule]. ''LifeSiteNews''. Retrieved October 30, 2018.
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*Pearson, Samantha; Magalhaes, Luciana (October 28, 2018). [https://www.wsj.com/articles/brazilians-head-to-polls-in-divisive-presidential-election-1540724400 Antiestablishment Candidate Wins Brazil’s Presidential Race]. ''The Wall Street Journal''. Retrieved October 28, 2018.
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*Miles, Frank (October 28, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/world/far-right-congressman-wins-brazils-presidency Brazil elects anti-establishment candidate Jair Bolsonaro as president]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved October 28, 2018.
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*Birnbaum, Emily (October 28, 2018). [https://thehill.com/policy/international/413557-far-right-candidate-jair-bolsonaro-wins-brazils-presidential-race Far-right candidate Jair Bolsonaro elected president of Brazil]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved October 28, 2018.
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*Brito, Ricardo; Boadle, Anthony (October 29, 2018). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-brazil-election/brazil-elects-firebrand-bolsonaro-in-major-swing-to-the-right-idUSKCN1N315C Brazil elects firebrand Bolsonaro in major swing to the right]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved October 29, 2018.
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*Londoño, Ernesto; Darlington, Shasta (October 28, 2018). [https://www.nytimes.com/2018/10/28/world/americas/jair-bolsonaro-brazil-election.html Jair Bolsonaro Wins Brazil’s Presidency, in a Shift to the Far Right]. ''The New York Times''. Retrieved October 29, 2018.
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*Pearson, Samantha; Magalhaes, Luciana (October 26, 2018). [https://www.wsj.com/articles/brazils-likely-presidential-victor-sets-shift-to-right-1540568454 Brazil’s Likely Presidential Victor Sets Shift to Right]. ''The Wall Street Journal''. Retrieved October 28, 2018.
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*Pearson, Samantha; Magalhaes, Luciana (October 28, 2018). [https://www.wsj.com/articles/brazilians-head-to-polls-in-divisive-presidential-election-1540724400 Conservative’s Win Signals Sharp Rightward Turn in Brazil]. ''The Wall Street Journal''. Retrieved October 28, 2018.
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*[https://www.reuters.com/article/us-brazil-election-policy-factbox/factbox-from-crime-to-china-bolsonaro-plots-radical-new-course-for-brazil-idUSKCN1N300E Factbox: From crime to China, Bolsonaro plots radical new course for Brazil]. ''Reuters''. October 28, 2018. Retrieved October 28, 2018.
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*Martel, Frances (October 29, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/latin-america/2018/10/29/martel-bolsonaro-won-brazils-presidency-not-interrupting-lefts-mistakes/ Martel: Bolsonaro Won Brazil’s Presidency by Not Interrupting the Left’s Mistakes]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved October 30, 2018.
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*De Freitas Bento, Mauricio (October 31, 2018). [https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/opinion/op-eds/five-reasons-jair-bolsonaro-won-in-brazil Five reasons Jair Bolsonaro won in Brazil]. ''Washington Examiner''. Retrieved October 31, 2018.</ref> and [[Latin America]]n<ref>Kew, Ben (December 25, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/national-security/2018/12/25/crash-of-the-pink-tide-latin-america-continues-shift-rightwards-in-2018/ Crash of the Pink Tide: Latin America Continues Shift Rightwards in 2018]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved January 1, 2019.</ref> politics. He was congratulated by U.S. President [[Donald Trump]]<ref>Multiple references:
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*Kew, Ben (October 29, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/national-security/2018/10/29/trump-leads-americas-congratulating-jair-bolsonaro-brazilian-election-victory/ Trump Leads the Americas in Congratulating Jair Bolsonaro on Brazilian Election Victory]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved October 29, 2018.
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*Spiering, Charlie (October 29, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/politics/2018/10/29/donald-trump-congratulates-newly-elected-conservative-brazilian-president-jair-bolsonaro/ Donald Trump Congratulates Newly Elected Conservative Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved October 29, 2018.
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*Brooks, Brad (October 29, 2018). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-brazil-election-trump/a-trump-bolsonaro-bromance-could-be-brewing-after-brazilians-big-win-idUSKCN1N31BZ A Trump-Bolsonaro bromance could be brewing after Brazilian's big win]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved October 29, 2018.
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*Brito, Ricardo; Gaier, Rodrigo Viga (October 29, 2018). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-brazil-election/brazils-far-right-president-elect-eyes-close-u-s-ties-idUSKCN1N315C Brazil's far-right president-elect eyes close U.S. ties]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved October 29, 2018.
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*Watts, Jonathan (October 29, 2018). [https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/oct/29/jair-bolsonaro-brazil-trump-rightwing-axis Trump joy over Bolsonaro suggests new rightwing axis in Americas and beyond]. ''The Guardian''. Retrieved October 29, 2018.</ref> and Italian Deputy Prime Minister [[Matteo Salvini]],<ref>Friedman, Victoria (October 29, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/europe/2018/10/29/italys-populist-minister-salvini-congratulates-brazil-election-jair-bolsonar/ Like Minds: Italy’s Populist Salvini Congratulates President-Elect Bolsonaro of Brazil]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved October 29, 2018.</ref> among others. According to Brazilian professor Dawisson Belém Lopes, Brazil had elected "the most right wing leader of any democracy in the world."<ref>Tegel, Simeon (October 31, 2018). [https://www.nbcnews.com/news/latino/will-bolsonaro-win-brazil-usher-right-wing-ripple-effects-latin-n926816 Will Bolsonaro's victory in Brazil usher right-wing ripple effects in Latin America?] ''NBC News''. Retrieved November 1, 2018.</ref>
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==President of Brazil==
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===Transition and inauguration===
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Even before his inauguration, Bolsonaro had already begun making conservative changes.<ref>Londoño, Ernesto; Andreoni, Manuela (January 1, 2019). [https://www.nytimes.com/2019/01/01/world/americas/brazil-jair-bolsonaro-president.html Brazil Wanted Change. Even Before Taking Office, Jair Bolsonaro Delivered.] ''The New York Times''. Retrieved January 1, 2019.</ref> Among his other actions in preparation for assuming office, he nominated [[Ernesto Araújo]], a pro-Trump [[nationalist]], to be his foreign minister.<ref>Multiple references:
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*Schipani, Andres (November 14, 2018). [https://www.ft.com/content/4c328e0c-e846-11e8-8a85-04b8afea6ea3 Brazil’s Bolsonaro taps Trump-leaning diplomat as foreign minister]. ''Financial Times''. Retrieved November 14, 2018.
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*Savarese, Mauricio (November 14, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/world/pro-trump-diplomat-to-become-brazils-foreign-minister Pro-Trump diplomat to become Brazil's foreign minister]. ''Fox News'' (from the ''Associated Press''). Retrieved November 14, 2018.
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*Mainwaring, Doug (November 30, 2018). [https://www.lifesitenews.com/news/brazils-new-pro-trump-foreign-minister-trashes-climate-change-as-marxist-id Brazil’s new pro-Trump foreign minister trashes climate change as Marxist ‘ideology’]. ''LifeSiteNews''. Retrieved December 1, 2018.
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*Williams, Thomas D. (December 1, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/latin-america/2018/12/01/brazils-populist-minister-slams-climate-alarmism-as-marxist-ideology/ Brazil’s Populist Minister Slams Climate Alarmism as ‘Marxist Ideology’]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved December 1, 2018.
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*Watts, Jonathan (November 15, 2018). [https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/nov/15/brazil-foreign-minister-ernesto-araujo-climate-change-marxist-plot Brazil's new foreign minister believes climate change is a Marxist plot]. ''The Guardian''. Retrieved November 18, 2018.</ref> He also nominated an evangelical pro-lifer pastor to be his minister in charge of family, women, and indigenous issues.<ref>Multiple references:
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*Boadle, Anthony (December 6, 2018). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-brazil-politics-rights/brazils-bolsonaro-lumps-native-tribes-with-women-in-new-ministry-idUSKBN1O52CI Brazil's Bolsonaro lumps native tribes with women in new ministry]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved December 6, 2018.
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*Phillips, Dom (December 10, 2018). [https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/dec/06/outcry-over-bolsonaros-plan-to-put-conservative-in-charge-of-new-family-and-women-ministry Bolsonaro to abolish human rights ministry in favour of family values]. ''The Guardian''. Retrieved December 29, 2018.</ref> Overall, his cabinet was comprised of conservatives and military men.<ref>Multiple references:
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*[https://www.voanews.com/a/bolsonaro-government-has-military-conservative-streak/4695428.html Bolsonaro Government Has Military, Conservative Streak]. ''Voice of America'' (from ''Agence France-Presse''). December 11, 2018. Retrieved December 11, 2018.
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*[https://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2018/12/10/world/politics-diplomacy-world/brazils-jair-bolsonaro-fills-cabinet-rightist-environment-chief/#.XA_nvWhKhPY Brazil’s Jair Bolsonaro fills out Cabinet with rightist environment chief]. ''The Japan Times'' (from ''AFP-JIJI''). December 10, 2018. Retrieved December 11, 2018.
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*[https://www.voanews.com/a/brazilian-president-elect-adds-fifth-military-man-to-cabinet-/4675357.html Brazilian President-elect Adds Fifth Military Man to Cabinet]. ''Voice of America'' (from ''Reuters''). November 26, 2018. Retrieved December 11, 2018.
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*Garcia, Raphael Tsavkko (December 10, 2018). [https://brazilian.report/power/2018/12/10/jair-bolsonaro-cabinet/ Who's who in Jair Bolsonaro's new cabinet]. ''The Brazilian Report''. Retrieved December 11, 2018.
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*Schipani, Andres (November 22, 2018). [https://www.ft.com/content/cc6331fc-ecde-11e8-8180-9cf212677a57 Jair Bolsonaro’s inner circle: who’s who]. ''Financial Times''. Retrieved December 29, 2018.</ref> Bolsonaro was inaugurated on January 1, 2019, declaring in his inauguration speech that Brazil would now be "liberated from socialism, inverted values, the bloated state and political correctness."<ref>Multiple references:
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*Martel, Frances (January 2, 2019). [https://www.breitbart.com/latin-america/2019/01/02/bolsonaro-takes-helm-brazil-our-flag-never-red/ Bolsonaro Takes Helm in Brazil: ‘Our Flag Will Never Be Red’]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved January 2, 2019.
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*Pearson, Samantha; Trevisani, Paulo (January 1, 2019). [https://www.wsj.com/articles/brazils-bolsonaro-is-sworn-in-as-president-marking-rightward-shift-11546365060 Brazil’s Bolsonaro Is Sworn In as President, Marking Rightward Shift]. ''The Wall Street Journal''. Retrieved January 1, 2019.
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*Boadle, Anthony (December 31, 2018). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-brazil-politics/bolsonaro-takes-office-in-brazil-says-nation-liberated-from-socialism-idUSKCN1OV1AU Bolsonaro takes office in Brazil, says nation 'liberated from socialism']. ''Reuters''. Retrieved January 1, 2019.
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*Rua, Ellis; Lopes, Marina; Sheridan, Mary Beth (January 1, 2019). [https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/the_americas/right-wing-leader-jair-bolsonaro-set-to-become-brazils-president/2019/01/01/0ee6386c-0adf-11e9-8942-0ef442e59094_story.html With Jair Bolsonaro’s inauguration, Brazil moves sharply to the right]. ''The Washington Post''. Retrieved January 1, 2019.
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*Phillips, Dom (January 1, 2019). [https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/jan/01/jair-bolsonaro-inauguration-brazil-president Bolsonaro declares Brazil's 'liberation from socialism' as he is sworn in]. ''The Guardian''. Retrieved January 1, 2019.
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*[https://www.cbsnews.com/news/jair-bolsonaro-inaugural-address-brazil-new-president-2019-01-01/ Brazil's new far-right president promises sweeping changes in inaugural address]. ''CBS News''. January 1, 2019. Retrieved January 2, 2019.
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*Lima, Mario Sergio; Said, Flavia (January 1, 2019). [https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2019-01-01/former-army-captain-takes-brazil-s-reins-in-surge-of-nationalism Bolsonaro Takes the Reins in Brazil in Nationalist Surge]. ''Bloomberg''. Retrieved January 2, 2019.
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*Lawler, Dave (January 3, 2019). [https://www.axios.com/bolsonaro-ally-trump-lgbt-human-rights-ministry-0bc97f0e-6db2-46e6-b551-5651211debf7.html Arrival of Brazil's Bolsonaro draws praise from Trump, fear from critics]. ''Axios''. Retrieved January 3, 2019.
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*Phillips, Dom (December 31, 2018). [https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/dec/31/jair-bolsonaro-inauguration-brazil-president-brasilia-populist-leaders Populist leaders to attend Jair Bolsonaro's inauguration in Brazil]. ''The Guardian''. Retrieved January 2, 2019.
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*Samuels, Brett (January 1, 2019). [https://thehill.com/homenews/administration/423413-trump-congratulates-brazils-bolsonaro-on-inauguration-the-usa-is-with Trump congratulates Brazil’s Bolsonaro on inauguration: ‘The U.S.A. is with you’]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved January 1, 2019.
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*[https://www.reuters.com/article/us-brazil-politics-trump/trump-congratulates-brazils-president-bolsonaro-idUSKCN1OV1PU Trump congratulates Brazil's President Bolsonaro]. ''Reuters''. January 1, 2019. Retrieved January 1, 2019.
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*Bogorowski, Hanna (January 1, 2019). [https://dailycaller.com/2019/01/01/jair-bolsonaro-donald-trump-brazil/ Brazil's New President Thanks Trump — Vows to Bring Prosperity 'Under God's Protection']. ''The Daily Caller''. Retrieved January 2, 2019.
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*Rothwell, James; Avagnina, Gianluca (January 1, 2019). [https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2019/01/01/jair-bolsonaro-vows-work-donald-trump-gods-protection-sworn/ Jair Bolsonaro vows to work with Trump 'under God's protection' as he is sworn in as president of Brazil]. ''The Telegraph''. Retrieved January 2, 2019.
+
*Goodenough, Patrick (January 1, 2019). [https://www.cnsnews.com/news/article/patrick-goodenough/trump-praises-brazils-new-leader-who-vows-free-his-country-socialism Trump Praises Brazil’s New Leader, Who Vows to Free His Country From Socialism]. ''CNS News''. Retrieved January 2, 2019.
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*[https://www.cnbc.com/2019/01/01/trump-praises-brazils-new-president-bolsonaro-after-he-vowed-to-strengthen-democracy-.html Trump praises Brazil's new President Bolsonaro after he vowed to 'strengthen democracy']. ''CNBC'' (from ''Reuters''). January 1, 2019. Retrieved January 2, 2019.</ref>
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===Tenure===
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Bolsonaro's presidency represented a unique opportunity for Brazil to advance conservative policies and improve the standard of living.<ref>Pinkerton, James P. (January 5, 2019). [https://www.breitbart.com/environment/2019/01/05/pinkerton-opportunity-brazils-jair-bolsonaro-south-america-north-america/ Pinkerton: The Opportunity of Brazil’s Jair Bolsonaro for South America—and North America]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved January 5, 2019.<br>See also:
+
*Hodgson, Fergus (February 27, 2019). [https://www.theepochtimes.com/bolsonaros-agenda-is-what-the-doctor-ordered-for-brazil_2818849.html Bolsonaro’s Agenda Is What the Doctor Ordered for Brazil]. ''The Epoch Times''. Retrieved March 1, 2019.</ref> He made many changes just in the first few days of his tenure.<ref name="FirstDays">Multiple references:
+
*Douglas, Bruce (January 5, 2019). [https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2019-01-05/a-new-order-in-brazil-as-bolsonaro-marks-first-few-days-in-power A New Order in Brazil as Bolsonaro Marks First Few Days in Power]. ''Bloomberg''. Retrieved January 5, 2019.
+
*Lopes, Marina; Faiola, Anthony (January 5, 2019). [https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/the_americas/what-the-first-days-of-bolsonaros-presidency-say-about-the-direction-hell-take-brazil/2019/01/04/89d59e72-0ed7-11e9-8f0c-6f878a26288a_story.html What the first days of Bolsonaro’s presidency say about the direction he will take Brazil]. ''The Washington Post''. Retrieved January 5, 2019.
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*[https://www.timesnownews.com/international/article/far-right-jair-bolsonaro-puts-stamp-on-brazil-in-first-week/342466 Far-right Jair Bolsonaro puts stamp on Brazil in first week]. ''TimesNowNews.com'' (from ''AFP''). January 6, 2019. Retrieved January 6, 2019.
+
See also:
+
*Puglie, Frederic (January 27, 2019). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2019/jan/27/jair-bolsonaro-brazils-trump-has-rocky-start/ 'Brazil's Trump' off to rocky start on domestic front]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved January 29, 2019.</ref> In his first address in front of Brazil's congress, Bolsonaro stated that "we are going to unite the people, value the family, respect religions and our Judeo-Christian tradition, combat gender ideology, conserving our values," and he mentioned his campaign slogan of "Brazil first and God above everything."<ref>Hoffman, Matthew Cullinan (January 7, 2019). [https://www.lifesitenews.com/news/brazils-new-president-declares-god-above-all-vows-to-fight-gender-ideology Brazil’s new president declares ‘God above all,’ vows to fight gender ideology]. ''LifeSiteNews''. Retrieved January 7, 2019.</ref>
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The Left used the same tactics and made the same attacks against Bolsonaro as it did against U.S. President Donald Trump.<ref>Wood, L. Todd (March 8, 2019). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2019/mar/8/left-wing-anti-trump-playbook-brazil-jairbolsonaro/ Left using anti-Trump playbook against Brazil's new conservative president]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved March 10, 2019.</ref>
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In Bolsonaro's first 100 days in office, analysts agreed that he kept more campaign promises than, at least, his two most recent predecessors.<ref>Alves, Lise (April 10, 2019). [https://riotimesonline.com/brazil-news/rio-politics/national-politics/100-days-of-bolsonaro-administration-campaign-promises/ 100 Days of Bolsonaro Administration: Campaign Promises]. ''The Rio Times''. Retrieved April 11, 2019.</ref> He promoted conservative policies in his first year.<ref>Savarese, Mauricio; Jeantet, Diane (December 31, 2019). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2019/dec/31/brazils-bolsonaro-keeps-far-right-entering-tough-2/ Brazil's Bolsonaro keeps to far right, faces tough 2nd year]. 'The Washington Times'' (from the ''Associated Press''). Retrieved December 31, 2019.</ref>
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====Gun rights====
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Bolsonaro announced that upon assuming office, he would sign a decree to allow all Brazilians to own firearms if they do not have a criminal record,<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Adelmann, Bob (January 1, 2019). [https://www.thenewamerican.com/world-news/south-america/item/31067-decree-by-brazil-s-new-president-keeps-his-campaign-promise-to-expand-gun-rights Decree by Brazil’s New President Keeps His Campaign Promise to Expand Gun Rights]. ''The New American''. Retrieved January 1, 2019.
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*Hawkins, Awr (December 31, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/politics/2018/12/30/brazils-president-elect-decree-protections-citizens-right-own-guns/ Brazil’s President-Elect to Decree Protections on Citizens’ Right to Own Guns]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved December 31, 2018.
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*[https://www.reuters.com/article/us-brazil-guns/brazils-president-elect-plans-decree-allowing-wider-gun-ownership-idUSKCN1OS0HN Brazil's president-elect plans decree allowing wider gun ownership]. ''Reuters''. December 29, 2018. Retrieved December 31, 2018.
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*Pearson, Samantha; Magalhaes, Luciana (January 1, 2019). [https://www.wsj.com/articles/brazil-has-an-idea-to-fix-rampant-gun-violence-more-guns-11546315200 Brazil Has an Idea to Fix Rampant Gun Violence: More Guns]. ''The Wall Street Journal''. Retrieved January 1, 2019.
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See also:
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*Hawkins, Awr (January 2, 2019). [https://www.breitbart.com/politics/2019/01/02/brazils-jair-bolsonaro-hoodlums-already-have-guns-time-to-level-playing-field/ Brazil’s Jair Bolsonaro: ‘Hoodlums Already Have Guns,’ Time to Level Playing Field]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved January 3, 2019.</ref> something he did on January 15, 2019.<ref>Multiple references:
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*Hawkins, Awr (January 16, 2019). [https://www.breitbart.com/politics/2019/01/16/president-bolsonaro-signs-decree-to-broaden-law-abiding-brazilians-access-to-firearms/ President Bolsonaro Signs Decree to Broaden Law Abiding Brazilians’ Access to Firearms]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved January 16, 2019.
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*Pearson, Samantha; Magalhães, Luciana (January 15, 2019). [https://www.wsj.com/articles/brazils-new-leader-eases-gun-restrictions-in-bid-to-combat-violence-11547568308 Brazil’s New Leader Eases Gun Restrictions in Bid to Combat Violence]. ''The Wall Street Journal''. Retrieved January 15, 2019.
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*Prengaman, Peter; Savarese, Mauricio (January 15, 2019). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2019/jan/15/brazils-bolsonaro-loosens-gun-laws-first-of-expect/ Bolsonaro loosens gun laws in Brazil, world murder capital]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved January 15, 2019.
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*Marcello, Maria Carolina; Stargardter, Gabriel (January 15, 2019). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-brazil-guns/bolsonaro-loosens-gun-laws-in-murder-ridden-brazil-idUSKCN1P91Q6 Bolsonaro loosens gun laws in murder-ridden Brazil]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved January 15, 2019.
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*Darlington, Shasta (January 15, 2019). [https://www.nytimes.com/2019/01/15/world/americas/bolsonaro-brazil-gun-rules.html Bolsonaro Signs Decree Making It Easier for Brazilians to Buy Guns]. ''The New York Times''. Retrieved January 15, 2019.
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*Phillips, Don (January 15, 2019). [https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/jan/15/brazil-bolsonaro-signs-decree-easing-gun-restrictions Brazil's Bolsonaro signs decree loosening gun ownership rules]. ''The Guardian''. Retrieved January 15, 2019.
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*Schipani, Andres (January 15, 2019). [https://www.ft.com/content/42865972-18db-11e9-b93e-f4351a53f1c3 Jair Bolsonaro makes it easier for Brazilians to buy and own guns]. ''Financial Times''. Retrieved January 15, 2019.</ref> On May 7, 2019, Bolsonaro signed another decree, increasing the amount of ammunition Brazilians could buy and reducing restrictions on gun imports.<ref>Multiple references:
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*Hayward, John (May 8, 2019). [https://www.breitbart.com/national-security/2019/05/08/bolsonaro-expands-brazilian-gun-rights-executive-order/ Bolsonaro Expands Brazilian Gun Rights with Executive Order]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved May 11, 2019.
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*Paraguassu, Lisandra (May 7, 2019). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-brazil-politics-guns/brazils-bolsonaro-signs-decree-easing-gun-import-ammo-limits-idUSKCN1SD2OU Brazil's Bolsonaro signs decree easing gun import, ammo limits]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved May 8, 2019.
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*[https://www.apnews.com/e0f64da5875a46ba9cc7f00291a1c843 Brazil’s Bolsonaro signs decree easing gun laws]. ''Associated Press''. May 7, 2019. Retrieved May 8, 2019.
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*[https://abcnews.go.com/International/wireStory/brazils-bolsonaro-signs-decree-easing-gun-laws-62888225 Brazil's Bolsonaro signs decree easing gun laws]. ''ABC News'' (from the ''Associated Press''). May 7, 2019. Retrieved May 8, 2019.
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*[https://www.dw.com/en/brazils-bolsonaro-signs-decree-further-easing-gun-rules/a-48645988 Brazil's Bolsonaro signs decree further easing gun rules]. ''Deutsche Welle''. May 8, 2019. Retrieved May 8, 2019.
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See also:
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*[https://www.reuters.com/article/us-brazil-politics-guns-taurus/brazil-gunmaker-taurus-shares-soar-as-bolsonaro-eases-gun-laws-idUSKCN1SE24K Brazil gunmaker Taurus' shares soar as Bolsonaro eases gun laws]. ''Reuters''. May 8, 2019. Retrieved May 8, 2019.</ref> On June 25, 2019, Bolsonaro reversed the May order, seeing that Brazil's congress would reject it.<ref>[https://www.reuters.com/article/us-brazil-guns/brazil-president-backtracks-on-looser-gun-restrictions-as-lawmakers-resist-idUSKCN1TQ2Z1 Brazil president backtracks on looser gun restrictions as lawmakers resist]. ''Reuters''. June 25, 2019. Retrieved June 25, 2019.</ref><ref>Said, Flavia (June 25, 2019). [https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2019-06-25/brazil-gun-decree-scrapped-by-bolsonaro-amid-congress-pushback Brazil Gun Decree Scrapped by Bolsonaro Amid Congress Pushback]. ''Bloomberg''. Retrieved June 30, 2019.</ref>
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====Crime====
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Bolsonaro sent soldiers to the province of Ceará to put down major gang violence.<ref>Kew, Ben (January 7, 2019). [https://www.breitbart.com/national-security/2019/01/07/violence-rages-northern-brazil-bolsonaro-deploys-military/ Violence Rages in Northern Brazil as Bolsonaro Deploys Military]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved January 7, 2019.</ref>
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In Christmas 2019, Bolsonaro issued a pardon to police officers convicted of involuntary crimes – committed out of self-defense.<ref>Biller, David (December 24, 2019). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2019/dec/24/brazils-bolsonaro-grants-police-officers-christmas/ Brazil's Bolsonaro grants police officers Christmas pardon]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved December 24, 2019.</ref>
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On Christmas Day 2019, Bolsonaro signed a major bill cracking down on crime.<ref>[https://www.reuters.com/article/us-brazil-politics-anti-crime/bolsonaro-signs-anti-crime-bill-designed-to-tackle-violence-in-brazil-idUSKBN1YT0MF Bolsonaro signs anti-crime bill designed to tackle violence in Brazil]. ''Reuters''. December 25, 2019. Retrieved December 25, 2019.</ref> On December 27, 2019, Bolsonaro signed a bill removing jail time as a possible punishment for military police and firefighters convicted of disciplinary offenses.<ref>[https://www.reuters.com/article/us-brazil-politics/bolsonaro-signs-law-ending-disciplinary-detention-for-military-police-and-firefighters-idUSKBN1YV0XX Bolsonaro signs law ending disciplinary detention for military police and firefighters]. ''Reuters''. December 27, 2019. Retrieved December 27, 2019.</ref>
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====Economy, deregulation, and bureaucracy====
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Immediately upon assuming office, President Bolsonaro weakened the department protecting "indigenous rights," and instead promoting integration into Brazilian society, economic development, and improving indigenous quality of life.<ref>Multiple references:
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*[https://www.abc.net.au/news/2019-01-02/new-brazilian-president-removes-indigenous-protections/10680166 Brazil's new President Jair Bolsonaro rolls back Indigenous tribe protections]. ''Abc.net.au''. January 2, 2019. Retrieved January 2, 2019.
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*Inouye, Stefani; Boadle, Anthony (January 2, 2019). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-brazil-politics-agriculture/bolsonaro-gives-brazil-farm-ministry-powers-on-indigenous-land-in-win-for-farmers-idUSKCN1OW0OS Bolsonaro gives Brazil farm ministry powers on indigenous land, in win for farmers]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved January 2, 2019.
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*Biller, David (January 2, 2019). [https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2019-01-02/brazil-s-new-leader-quick-to-please-farmers-cap-natives-lands Bolsonaro Caps Natives’ Lands, Pleasing Farmers in One of First Acts]. ''Bloomberg''. Retrieved January 2, 2019.
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*Londoño, Ernesto (January 2, 2019). [https://www.nytimes.com/2019/01/02/world/americas/brazil-bolsonaro-president-indigenous-lands.html On Day 1, Brazil’s New President Undermines Indigenous Land Rights]. ''The New York Times''. Retrieved January 2, 2019.</ref><ref name="Savarese2019">Savarese, Mauricio (January 2, 2019). [https://www.apnews.com/c754faab167c43d1bb883dda1b511c54 Brazil’s Bolsonaro targets minorities on 1st day in office]. ''Associated Press''. Retrieved January 2, 2019.</ref> He also signed several decrees promoting the [[free market]], including reducing a planned minimum wage increase, reducing the number of ministries, and firing partisan civil service officers,<ref>Multiple references:
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*Martel, Frances (January 4, 2019). [https://www.breitbart.com/latin-america/2019/01/04/brazil-bolsonaro-promises-fire-communist-government-employees/ Brazil: Bolsonaro Promises to Fire ‘Communist’ Government Employees]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved January 5, 2019.
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*Khan, Shehab (January 4, 2019). [https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/americas/jair-bolsonaro-brazil-president-civil-servants-fire-far-right-left-wing-a8711116.html Jair Bolsonaro: Brazil’s new far right president fires hundreds of ‘left wing’ civil servants]. ''The Independent''. Retrieved January 4, 2019.</ref> actions which caused Brazil's stock market to rise significantly<ref>Multiple references:
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*Lewis, Jeffrey T. (January 2, 2019). [https://www.wsj.com/articles/brazils-new-finance-chief-urges-quick-pension-overhaul-11546455741 Brazil’s New Conservative Leader Moves to Revamp Economy]. ''The Wall Street Journal''. Retrieved January 2, 2019.
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*Boadle, Anthony (January 2, 2019). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-brazil-politics/brazil-markets-soar-as-new-government-vows-to-shrink-state-idUSKCN1OW19Y Brazil markets soar as new government vows to shrink state]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved January 2, 2019.
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*Yuk, Pan Kwan (January 2, 2019). [https://www.ft.com/content/37a1a98c-0ec0-11e9-a3aa-118c761d2745 Brazilian stocks: new year, new record high]. ''Financial Times''. Retrieved January 2, 2019.
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*Lima, Mario Sergio; Said, Flavia (January 2, 2019). [https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2019-01-02/brazil-economy-chief-vows-to-drain-the-swamp-of-government-waste Brazil’s Economy Chief Vows to Drain the Swamp of Government Waste]. ''Bloomberg''. Retrieved January 3, 2019.
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*Motson, Nikki (January 3, 2019). [https://p.dw.com/p/3Ays0 Markets soared in response to new president Jair Bolsonaro taking office in Brazil]. ''Deutsche Welle''. Retrieved January 3, 2019.
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See also:
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*Deveau, Scott (Febraury 6, 2019). [https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2019-02-06/brookfield-bullish-on-brazil-with-bolsonaro-s-pro-business-bent Brookfield Bullish on Brazil With Bolsonaro’s Pro-Business Bent]. ''Bloomberg''. Retrieved February 7, 2019.
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*McGeever, Jamie (February 28, 2019). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-latam-stocks-poll/brazil-stocks-to-enjoy-prolonged-bolsonaro-boost-mexico-more-muted-reuters-poll-idUSKCN1QH0OS Brazil stocks to enjoy prolonged Bolsonaro boost, Mexico more muted: Reuters poll]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved February 28, 2019.</ref><ref name="Deliver">Lima, Mario Sergio; Biller, David (January 2, 2019). [https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2019-01-02/brazilian-assets-soar-as-bolsonaro-starts-to-deliver-on-promises Brazilian Assets Soar as Bolsonaro Starts to Deliver on Promises]. ''Bloomberg''. Retrieved January 2, 2019.</ref> and business optimism to increase.<ref>Harris, Bryan (April 11, 2019). [https://www.ft.com/content/c897ee82-5a02-11e9-9dde-7aedca0a081a Brazil’s business optimism bounces back under Bolsonaro]. ''Financial Times''. Retrieved April 12, 2019.</ref> Bolsonaro's government promised to privatize about 100 government-run industries.<ref>Kew, Ben (January 4, 2019). [https://www.breitbart.com/economy/2019/01/04/brazils-bolsonaro-pledges-privatize-many-industries-possible/ Brazil’s Bolsonaro Pledges to Privatize as Many Industries as Possible]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved January 5, 2019.</ref><ref>[https://www.reuters.com/article/us-brazil-infrastructure/brazil-plans-to-privatize-or-liquidate-100-state-run-companies-idUSKCN1P2197 Brazil plans to privatize or liquidate 100 state-run companies]. ''Reuters''. January 8, 2019. Retrieved January 8, 2019.</ref> In his first few days in office, Bolsonaro abolished Brazil's labor department.<ref name="FirstDays"/>
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Bolsonaro has promoted Brazil as an emerging free-market society, criticizing his predecessors and stating that "the left wing will not prevail."<ref>Kew, Ben (January 22, 2019). [https://www.breitbart.com/national-security/2019/01/22/jair-bolsonaro-declares-new-brazil-davos-left-will-not-prevail/ Jair Bolsonaro Introduces ‘New Brazil’ at Davos: ‘The Left Will Not Prevail’]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved January 23, 2019.</ref>
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Bolsonaro worked to reduce socialistic environmental regulations.<ref>Spring, Jake (May 8, 2019). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-brazil-environment/ex-ministers-blast-bolsonaro-for-dismantling-brazils-environment-protections-idUSKCN1SE2IQ Ex-ministers blast Bolsonaro for dismantling Brazil's environment protections]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved May 8, 2019.</ref>
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After Brazil's congress rejected President Bolsonaro's decree to transfer indigenous land decisions to the Agriculture Department, Bolsonaro issued another decree reinstating this policy in June 2019.<ref>[https://www.reuters.com/article/us-brazil-politics-indigenous/brazils-bolsonaro-hands-indigenous-land-decisions-back-to-farm-sector-idUSKCN1TK37O Brazil's Bolsonaro hands indigenous land decisions back to farm sector]. ''Reuters''. June 19, 2019. Retrieved June 19, 2019.</ref>
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Under Bolsonaro's presidency, Brazil's congress passed a major pension reform bill to improve the country's financial situation.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*McGeever, Jamie; Marcello, Maria Carolina (October 22, 2019). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-brazil-politics-pension/brazils-bolsonaro-heralds-great-day-as-senate-approves-pension-reform-idUSKBN1X11UT Brazil's Bolsonaro heralds 'great day' as Senate approves pension reform]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved October 22, 2019.
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*Marcello, Maria Carolina; McGeever, Jamie (October 23, 2019). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-brazil-politics-pensions/brazil-pension-reform-awaits-ratification-after-clearing-senate-idUSKBN1X2290 Brazil pension reform awaits ratification after clearing Senate]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved October 23, 2019.</ref>
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Under Bolsonaro, Brazil saw an increase in economic growth and investment.<ref>Multiple references:
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*Lewis, Jeffrey T. (December 3, 2019). [https://www.wsj.com/articles/investors-tune-out-discord-to-embrace-brazils-economic-turnaround-11575369000 Investors Tune Out Discord to Embrace Brazil’s Economic Turnaround]. ''The Wall Street Journal''. Retrieved December 3, 2019.
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*Lewis, Jeffrey T.; Trevisani, Paulo (December 3, 2019). [https://www.wsj.com/articles/brazils-economy-expands-at-fastest-pace-in-six-quarters-11575377914 Brazil’s Economy Expands at Fastest Pace in Six Quarters]. ''The Wall Street Journal''. Retrieved December 3, 2019.</ref>
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====Education====
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He also signed a decree eliminating the "diversity" division of Brazil's education ministry and created a new division to promote literacy,<ref>Multiple references:
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*Saldaña, Paulo (January 2, 2019). [https://www1.folha.uol.com.br/educacao/2019/01/velez-desmonta-secretaria-de-diversidade-e-cria-nova-subpasta-de-alfabetizacao.shtml Vélez desmonta secretaria de diversidade e cria nova subpasta de alfabetização]. ''Folha De S.Paulo''. Retrieved January 2, 2019.
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* https://twitter.com/jairbolsonaro/status/1080567217031393283
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See also:
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*[https://www.voanews.com/a/new-brazil-government-drops-diversity-from-school-books/4736666.html New Brazil Government Drops ‘Diversity' from School Books]. ''Voice of America'' (from ''Agence France-Presse''). January 9, 2019. Retrieved March 31, 2019.</ref> the decree being signed as Bolsonaro vowed "to tackle the Marxist garbage" in Brazilian schools.<ref>Multiple references:
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* https://twitter.com/jairbolsonaro/status/1080461738666012672
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*Schow, Ashe (January 2, 2019). [https://www.dailywire.com/news/39879/new-brazil-president-vows-tackle-marxist-garbage-ashe-schow New Brazil President Vows To Tackle ‘Marxist Garbage’ In Schools]. ''The Daily Wire''. Retrieved January 2, 2019.
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*Woodall, Crystal (January 3, 2019). [https://www1.cbn.com/cbnnews/2019/january/brazils-donald-trump-to-battle-marxist-garbage-bolsonaro-signals-new-era-for-us-and-latin-america 'Brazil's Donald Trump' to Battle 'Marxist Garbage': Bolsonaro Signals New Era for US and Latin America]. ''CBN News''. Retrieved January 3, 2019.
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*Pentchoukov, Ivan (January 2, 2019). [https://www.theepochtimes.com/bolsonaro-vows-to-tackle-the-marxist-garbage-in-brazils-schools_2755389.html Bolsonaro Vows to ‘Tackle the Marxist Garbage’ in Brazil’s Schools]. ''The Epoch Times''. Retrieved January 3, 2019.
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See also:
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*[https://www.voanews.com/a/brazil-education-overhaul-aims-at-ousting-marxist-ideology-/4774799.html Brazil Education Overhaul Aims at Ousting 'Marxist Ideology']. ''Voice of America'' (from ''Reuters''). February 6, 2019. Retrieved March 31, 2019.</ref> In February 2019, Bolsonaro announced it would revise public school textbooks to remove left-wing propaganda, including references to homosexuality and feminism.<ref>Multiple references:
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*Barillas, Martin M. (February 11, 2019). [https://www.lifesitenews.com/news/brazils-new-president-to-eliminate-transgender-pro-gay-ideology-from-school Brazil’s new president to eliminate transgender, pro-gay ideology from schools]. ''LifeSiteNews''. Retrieved February 13, 2019.
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*Ciccotta, Tom (February 12, 2019). [https://www.breitbart.com/tech/2019/02/12/bolsonaro-erase-marxist-rubbish-from-brazilian-colleges/ Bolsonaro: Erase ‘Marxist Rubbish’ from Brazilian Colleges]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved February 13, 2019.
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*Osborne, Samuel (February 12, 2019). [https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/americas/brazil-jair-bolsonaro-school-textbook-feminism-homosexuality-lgbt-violence-women-a8775271.html Bolsonaro regime to remove Brazilian textbook references to feminism and homosexuality]. ''The Independent''. Retrieved February 13, 2019.</ref> On February 25, 2019, the Education Ministry under Bolsonaro instructed schools to have students sing the national anthem and that teachers read a patriotic statement to students,<ref>Multiple references:
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*[https://www.foxnews.com/world/brazil-ministry-tells-students-to-recite-bolsonaro-slogan Brazil ministry tells students to recite Bolsonaro slogan]. ''Fox News'' (from the ''Associated Press''). February 26, 2019. Retrieved February 27, 2019.
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*[https://www.nbcnews.com/news/world/brazil-s-new-right-wing-government-asks-schools-read-out-n975901 Brazil's new right-wing government asks schools to read aloud a President Bolsonaro slogan]. ''NBC News'' (from ''Reuters''). February 25, 2019. Retrieved February 27, 2019.
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Brazil's education department revised its policy after criticism:
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*Phillips, Dom (February 26, 2019). [https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/feb/26/brazil-education-minister-bolsonaro-slogan-students-recite Outrage after Brazil ministry asks schools to read aloud Bolsonaro slogan]. ''The Guardian''. Retrieved March 1, 2019.</ref> and he encouraged students to call out their teachers when they promoted left-wing content.<ref>Kaiser, Anna Jean (May 3, 2019). [https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/may/03/brazil-schools-teachers-indoctrination-jair-bolsonaro Call for students to film 'biased' teachers brings Brazil's culture wars to classroom]. ''The Guardian''. Retrieved May 8, 2019.</ref> Bolsonaro has attempted to remove left-wing bias from the history content in Brazilian schools.<ref>Pearson, Samantha (April 12, 2019). [https://www.wsj.com/articles/bolsonaro-takes-aim-at-brazils-history-11555080030 Bolsonaro Takes Aim at Brazil’s History]. ''The Wall Street Journal''. Retrieved April 12, 2019.</ref> In September 2019, Bolsonaro announced his administration would draft legislation to ban far-left gender ideology indoctrination in public schools.<ref>Barillas, Martin M. (September 10, 2019). [https://www.lifesitenews.com/news/brazilian-president-moves-to-protect-schoolkids-from-lgbt-gender-ideology Brazilian president moves to protect schoolkids from LGBT gender ideology]. ''LifeSiteNews''. Retrieved September 10, 2019.</ref>
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President Bolsonaro succeeded in increasing security and reducing left-wing influences in Brazil's public schools.<ref>Watson, Katy (May 7, 2019). [https://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-48039435 How Brazil's culture wars are being waged in classrooms]. ''BBC News''. Retrieved May 8, 2019.</ref>
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====Social issues====
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On his first day in office, President Bolsonaro signed a decree removing LGBT issues from the list of concerns of the human rights ministry,<ref name="Savarese2019"/><ref>Gstalter, Morgan (January 2, 2019). [https://thehill.com/policy/international/human-rights/423594-brazils-new-president-removes-lgbt-concerns-from-human Brazil’s new president removes LGBT concerns from human rights ministry]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved January 2, 2019.</ref> and he signed another decree increasing oversight over NGOs and international organizations, which he argued inhibited indigenous integration into Brazilian society.<ref name="NGOdecree">Stargardter, Gabriel (January 2, 2019). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-brazil-politics-ngos/bolsonaro-presidential-decree-grants-sweeping-powers-over-ngos-in-brazil-idUSKCN1OW1P8 Bolsonaro presidential decree grants sweeping powers over NGOs in Brazil]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved January 2, 2019.</ref>
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President Bolsonaro created a national week to raise awareness of teen pregnancy in order to prevent it.<ref>[http://www2.planalto.gov.br/acompanhe-o-planalto/noticias/2019/01/semana-nacional-vai-conscientizar-para-evitar-a-gravidez-na-adolescencia Semana nacional vai conscientizar para evitar a gravidez na adolescência]. ''Planalto.gov.br''. January 4, 2019. Retrieved January 6, 2019.</ref>
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In January 2019, President Bolsonaro announced he would end a program to create an "indigenous cryptocurrency."<ref>[https://www.ccn.com/brazils-new-president-jair-bolsonaro-shuts-down-indigenous-cryptocurrency-project/ Brazil’s New President Jair Bolsonaro Shuts Down ‘Indigenous Cryptocurrency’ Project]. ''AltCoin News''. January 8, 2019. Retrieved January 9, 2019.</ref>
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President Bolsonaro abolished the culture ministry shortly after assuming office.<ref>Neuendorf, Henri (January 9, 2019). [https://news.artnet.com/art-world/brazil-disbands-ministry-culture-1434835 Brazil’s New Right-Wing President Jair Bolsonaro Has Disbanded the Country’s Ministry of Culture]. ''Artnet News''. Retrieved January 9, 2019.</ref><ref>Angeleti, Gabriella (January 9, 2019). [https://www.theartnewspaper.com/news/brazilian-culture-ministry-bolsonaro-osmar-terra Jair Bolsonaro’s government extinguishes Brazilian ministry of culture]. ''The Art Newspaper''. Retrieved January 9, 2019.</ref>
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Pro-life Brazilian governmental officials vocally supported pro-life policies at the UN.<ref>[https://www.lifesitenews.com/news/brazilian-pro-life-voices-make-themselves-heard-at-un-womens-conference Brazilian pro-life voices make themselves heard at UN women’s conference]. ''LifeSiteNews'' (from the ''Campaign Life Coalition''). March 26, 2019. Retrieved March 26, 2019.</ref> Bolsonaro's government criticized the [[World Health Organization]] for pro-abortion guidelines.<ref>Gennarini, Stefano (October 11, 2019). [https://www.lifesitenews.com/news/brazilian-minister-says-world-health-orgs-abortion-guidelines-risk-girls-lives Brazilian minister says World Health Org’s abortion guidelines risk girls’ lives]. ''LifeSiteNews''. Retrieved October 11, 2019.</ref>
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President Bolsonaro made numerous changes to environmental policy.<ref>Jeantet, Diane (May 15, 2019). [https://www.apnews.com/6ba1d372640641749278a3054f3a47d4 AP Explains: Brazil’s environmental changes under Bolsonaro]. ''Associated Press''. Retrieved May 15, 2019.</ref> In May 2019, he fired a far-left activist from his role as the leader of a government-controlled climate change group.<ref>Spring, Jake (May 10, 2019). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-brazil-environment/brazils-bolsonaro-fires-militant-head-of-climate-change-action-group-idUSKCN1SG2BT Brazil's Bolsonaro fires 'militant' head of climate change action group]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved May 10, 2019.</ref> He accused left-wing NGOs of manipulating deforestation statistics to make his record look bad,<ref>Kew, Ben (August 22, 2019). [https://www.breitbart.com/national-security/2019/08/22/brazil-bolsonaro-suggests-ngos-started-amazon-wildfires-after-cutting-their-funding/ Brazil: Bolsonaro Suggests NGO’s Started Amazon Wildfires After Cutting Their Funding]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved August 22, 2019.<br>See also:
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*Kew, Ben (August 23, 2019). [https://www.breitbart.com/national-security/2019/08/23/amazon-fires-brazils-bolsonaro-urges-macron-stop-meddling-after-he-threatens-veto-trade-deal/ Amazon Fires: Brazil’s Bolsonaro Urges Macron to Stop Meddling After He Threatens to Veto Trade Deal]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved August 23, 2019.
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*Richardson, Valerie (August 29, 2019). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2019/aug/29/nasa-area-burned-by-global-wildfires-dropped-by-25/ NASA: Area burned by global wildfires dropped by 25% since 2003]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved September 8, 2019.
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*Richardson, Valerie (August 26, 2019). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2019/aug/26/amazon-fires-normal-agriculture-despite-internatio/ Annual Amazon farmland burn sets records for international outrage]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved September 8, 2019.
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*[https://twitter.com/lyndseyfifield/status/1167114222247075847 Lyndsey Fifield]. ''Twitter''. August 29, 2019. Retrieved September 8, 2019.
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*[https://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/images/145464/fires-in-brazil Fires in Brazil]. ''Earthobservatory.nasa.gov''. August 22, 2019. Retrieved September 8, 2019.
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*Murphy, James (November 30, 2019). [https://www.thenewamerican.com/world-news/south-america/item/34189-brazil-s-bolsonaro-puts-blame-for-some-amazon-fires-on-hollywood-s-leonardo-dicaprio Brazil’s Bolsonaro Puts Blame for Some Amazon Fires on Hollywood’s Leonardo DiCaprio]. ''The New American''. Retrieved November 30, 2019.
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*Mass, Warren (December 11, 2019). [https://www.thenewamerican.com/tech/environment/item/34301-brazil-s-president-dares-to-call-greta-thunberg-a-brat Brazil’s President Dares to Call Greta Thunberg a Brat]. ''The New American''. Retrieved December 11, 2019.</ref> though he later sent soldiers to stop fires in the Amazon.<ref>De Souza, Marcelo Silva (August 24, 2019). [https://www.apnews.com/526be768cbab450c9dabc394e662cb32 Brazilian troops begin deploying to fight Amazon fires]. ''Associated Press''. Retrieved August 24, 2019.
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*Smits, Jeanne (August 30, 2019). [https://www.lifesitenews.com/blogs/global-elites-myths-and-lies-about-amazon-fires-burning-hot-and-heavy Global elites’ myths and lies about Amazon fires burning hot and heavy]. ''LifeSiteNews''. Retrieved August 30, 2019.</ref>
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On May 21, 2019, President Bolsonaro signed a proclamation consecrating Brazil to the Immaculate Heart of Mary.<ref>Barillas, Martin M. (May 23, 2019). [https://www.lifesitenews.com/news/brazilian-president-signs-proclamation-consecrating-nation-to-virgin-mary Brazilian president signs proclamation consecrating nation to Virgin Mary]. ''LifeSiteNews''. Retrieved May 23, 2019.</ref>
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====Foreign policy====
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[[File:Trump and Bolsonaro, March 2019.jpg|thumb|250px|Bolsonaro and U.S. President [[Donald Trump]] in March 2019]]
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On his first day in office, President Bolsonaro signed a decree giving Brazil's government strong oversight over international organizations operating in Brazil.<ref name="NGOdecree"/> Meanwhile, Brazil's foreign minister, [[Ernesto Araújo]], stated that Brazil would reject globalism and oversight by international organizations.<ref name="Deliver"/><ref>[https://www.reuters.com/article/us-brazil-politics-araujo/brazils-new-foreign-minister-says-country-will-abandon-globalism-idUSKCN1OW1OO Brazil's new foreign minister says country will abandon globalism]. ''Reuters''. January 2, 2019. Retrieved January 2, 2019.<br>See also:
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*Paraguassu, Lisandra; Brito, Ricardo (January 3, 2019). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-brazil-politics/brazil-wants-to-move-embassy-to-jerusalem-push-reform-at-wto-idUSKCN1OX1SR Brazil wants to move embassy to Jerusalem, push reform at WTO]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved January 3, 2019.
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*Araujo, Ernesto (January 7, 2019). [https://www.bloomberg.com/opinion/articles/2019-01-07/brazil-s-bolsonaro-brings-foreign-policy-revolution-says-araujo Bolsonaro Was Not Elected to Take Brazil as He Found It]. ''Bloomberg''. Retrieved January 7, 2019.</ref> In January 2019, Bolsonaro stated Brazil would move its embassy in [[Israel]] to [[Jerusalem]],<ref>Giaritelli, Anna (January 4, 2019). [https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/news/brazil-to-follow-us-by-moving-its-embassy-in-israel-to-jerusalem Brazil to follow US by moving its embassy in Israel to Jerusalem]. ''Washington Examiner''. Retrieved January 4, 2019.</ref> though in March 2019, he announced Brazil would open a trade office in Jerusalem "as a part of its embassy in Israel."<ref>Multiple references:
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*[https://www.timesofisrael.com/brazil-to-open-trade-office-in-jerusalem-as-a-part-of-its-embassy/ Brazil to open trade office in Jerusalem ‘as a part of its embassy’]. ''The Times of Israel''. March 31, 2019. Retrieved March 31, 2019.
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*Burke, Michael (March 31, 2019). [https://thehill.com/policy/international/436643-brazil-opening-diplomatic-office-in-jerusalem-as-bolsonaro-visits-israel Brazil opening 'diplomatic office' in Jerusalem as Bolsonaro visits Israel]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved March 31, 2019.
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*Levingston, Ivan; Moura, Fabiola (March 31, 2019). [https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2019-03-31/brazil-to-open-diplomatic-office-in-jerusalem-israel-says Brazil Will Open Trade Office in Jerusalem, Bolsonaro Says]. ''Bloomberg''. Retrieved March 31, 2019.
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*Landau, Noa; Tibon, Amir (March 31, 2019). [https://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/.premium-brazil-formally-announces-opening-business-office-in-jerusalem-instead-of-embassy-1.7068760 Brazil Announces Opening Jerusalem 'Business Office' - Instead of Promised Embassy]. ''Haaretz''. Retrieved March 31, 2019.
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*[https://www.breitbart.com/news/brazil-to-open-diplomatic-office-in-jerusalem/ Brazil to open diplomatic office in Jerusalem]. ''Breitbart News'' (from ''UPI''). March 31, 2019. Retrieved March 31, 2019.
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*Williams, Dan (March 31, 2019). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-israel-brazil/brazil-opens-israel-trade-mission-in-jerusalem-short-of-full-embassy-move-idUSKCN1RC097 Brazil opens Israel trade mission in Jerusalem, short of full embassy move]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved April 2, 2019.
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See also:
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*Danan, Deborah (March 31, 2019). [https://www.breitbart.com/middle-east/2019/03/31/brazils-bolsonaro-to-netanyahu-i-love-israel/ Brazil’s Bolsonaro to Netanyahu: ‘I Love Israel’]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved March 31, 2019.
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*Bedard, Paul (March 29, 2019). [https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/washington-secrets/brazil-to-relocate-embassy-to-jerusalem-despite-pushback Brazil to relocate embassy to Jerusalem despite ‘pushback’]. ''Washington Examiner''. Retrieved March 31, 2019.
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*Danan, Deborah (December 15, 2019). [https://www.breitbart.com/middle-east/2019/12/15/brazil-to-move-embassy-to-jerusalem-presidents-son-vows-at-opening-of-trade-mission/ Brazil Opens Trade Office in Jerusalem Ahead of Expected Embassy Move]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved December 15, 2019.
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*Roberts, Katabella (December 16, 2019). [https://www.theepochtimes.com/brazil-opens-trade-office-in-jerusalem-after-pledge-to-relocate-embassy-by-2020_3175341.html Brazil Opens Trade Office in Jerusalem After Pledge to Relocate Embassy by 2020]. ''The Epoch Times''. Retrieved December 16, 2019.
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*[https://www.reuters.com/article/us-israel-brazil-embassy/netanyahu-says-brazil-committed-to-move-embassy-to-jerusalem-in-2020-idUSKBN1YJ0IS Netanyahu says Brazil committed to move embassy to Jerusalem in 2020]. ''Reuters''. December 15, 2019. Retrieved December 15, 2019.</ref> Bolsonaro became the first Brazilian president to visit the [[Western Wall]] while being accompanied by a senior Israeli official.<ref>Multiple references:
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*Danan, Deborah (April 2, 2019). [https://www.breitbart.com/middle-east/2019/04/02/in-first-brazils-bolsonaro-visits-western-wall-with-netanyahu/ WATCH: In First, Brazil’s Bolsonaro Visits Western Wall with Netanyahu]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved April 2, 2019.
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*Rosenberg, Ilan; Paraguassu, Lisandra (April 1, 2019). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-israel-brazil/bolsonaro-visits-western-wall-palestinians-angry-at-jerusalem-mission-idUSKCN1RD2OW Bolsonaro visits Western Wall, Palestinians angry at Jerusalem mission]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved April 2, 2019.</ref>
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In January 2019, President Bolsonaro withdrew Brazil from the [[UN Migrant Treaty]], citing a desire to protect the country's [[national sovereignty]].<ref>Multiple references:
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*Kew, Ben (January 9, 2019). [https://www.breitbart.com/national-security/2019/01/09/bolsonaro-pulls-brazil-out-u-n-migration-pact-we-will-define-our-rules/ Bolsonaro Pulls Brazil Out of U.N. Migration Pact: ‘We Will Define Our Rules’]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved January 9, 2019.
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*Paris, Francesca (January 9, 2019). [https://www.npr.org/2019/01/09/683634412/brazilian-president-bolsonaro-withdraws-from-u-n-compact-on-migration Brazilian President Bolsonaro Withdraws From U.N. Compact On Migration]. ''NPR''. Retrieved January 9, 2019.
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*Londoño, Ernesto (January 9, 2019). [https://www.nytimes.com/2019/01/09/world/americas/bolsonaro-brazil-migration-accord.html Bolsonaro Pulls Brazil From UN Migration Accord]. ''The New York Times''. Retrieved January 9, 2019.
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*[https://www.reuters.com/article/us-brazil-migration/brazil-quits-u-n-migration-pact-will-still-take-in-venezuelan-refugees-source-idUSKCN1P22G0 Brazil quits U.N. migration pact, will still take in Venezuelan refugees: source]. ''Reuters''. January 8, 2019. Retrieved January 8, 2019.</ref> In a 2019 speech to the trade organization Mercosur, Bolsonaro advocated for national sovereignty,<ref>Martel, Frances (July 18, 2019). [https://www.breitbart.com/latin-america/2019/07/18/bolsonaro-trump-mercosur-speech/ Bolsonaro Channels Trump to South American Trade Bloc: ‘I Want Brazil to Be Great’]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved July 18, 2019.</ref> and he did the same at a [[United Nations General Assembly]] speech later that year in which he also criticized socialism.<ref>Multiple references:
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*Pearson, Samantha; Lewis, Jeffrey T. (September 24, 2019). [https://www.wsj.com/articles/brazils-bolsonaro-defends-right-to-develop-amazon-11569338624 Brazil’s Bolsonaro Defends Right to Develop Amazon]. ''The Wall Street Journal''. Retrieved September 24, 2019.
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*Martel, Frances (September 24, 2019). [https://www.breitbart.com/environment/2019/09/24/bolsonaro-asks-u-n-to-fight-colonialist-macron-environmentalists-on-amazon-fires/ Bolsonaro Asks U.N. to Fight ‘Colonialist’ Macron, Environmentalists on Amazon Fires]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved September 25, 2019.
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*Laurence, Lianne (September 25, 2019). [https://www.lifesitenews.com/news/brazils-president-slams-socialism-defends-sovereignty-in-hard-hitting-un-address Brazil’s president slams socialism, defends sovereignty in hard-hitting UN address]. ''LifeSiteNews''. Retrieved September 25, 2019.</ref>
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President Bolsonaro extradited a communist terrorist to Italy, where he had been wanted for several decades.<ref>Tomlinsom, Chris (January 15, 2019). [https://www.breitbart.com/europe/2019/01/15/communist-terrorist-cesare-battisti-arrives-italy-fulfilling-bolsonaro-promise/ Brazil’s Bolsonaro Fulfils Promise to Italy’s Salvini, Hands Over Communist Terrorist]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved January 15, 2019.</ref> He refused to recognize [[Nicolás Maduro]]'s Marxist Venezuelan government after a disputed election.<ref>Kew, Ben (January 14, 2019). [https://www.breitbart.com/national-security/2019/01/14/brazil-recognizes-venezuelan-assembly-leader-rightful-president/ Brazil Recognizes Venezuelan Assembly Leader as Rightful President]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved January 15, 2019.<br>See also:
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*[https://www.reuters.com/article/us-venezuela-politics-brazil/brazils-bolsonaro-formally-recognizes-venezuelan-opposition-envoy-idUSKCN1T5312 Brazil's Bolsonaro formally recognizes Venezuelan opposition envoy]. ''Reuters''. June 4, 2019. Retrieved June 5, 2019.</ref> In November 2019, Brazil under Bolsonaro was one of only three countries to vote against an annual UN resolution condemning U.S. sanctions on Cuba.<ref>Lederer, Edith M. (November 7, 2019). [https://apnews.com/966ea6e0d9f74c5f8b246702f2f75acf UN votes overwhelmingly to condemn US embargo on Cuba]. ''Associated Press''. Retrieved November 7, 2019.</ref>
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Bolsonaro's first foreign trip was to the United States rather than Argentina, breaking a Brazilian precedent.<ref>[https://www.scmp.com/news/world/united-states-canada/article/3002295/brazil-leader-jair-bolsonaro-woos-donald-trump Brazil leader Jair Bolsonaro woos Donald Trump, opens base to US rockets, visits CIA and dines with Steve Bannon]. ''South China Morning Post''. Retrieved March 19, 2019.<br>See also:
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*Fox, Ben (March 19, 2019). [https://www.apnews.com/bdc70648e5814d25b549d1c252910006 Brazil’s new president signals better relations with the US]. ''Associated Press''. March 19, 2019. Retrieved March 19, 2019.</ref>
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Bolsonaro, however, advocated for and advanced plans for a monetary union between Brazil and Argentina, something which would reduce Brazilian national sovereignty.<ref>[https://www.reuters.com/article/us-brazil-economy-currency/brazils-bolsonaro-doubles-down-on-monetary-union-with-argentina-idUSKCN1T81II Brazil's Bolsonaro doubles down on monetary union with Argentina]. ''Reuters''. June 7, 2019. Retrieved June 7, 2019.</ref>
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Bolsonaro adopted a weak position on China as president, contrasting with the strong position he took during his campaign,<ref>Multiple references:
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*Biller, David; Jeantet, Diane (November 13, 2019). [https://apnews.com/e99b67b41fe8478a9e513d39f2168a5a Economy in mind, Bolsonaro changes tack and cozies up to Xi]. ''Associated Press''. Retrieved November 13, 2019.
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*Trevisani, Paulo (November 15, 2019). [https://www.wsj.com/articles/brazil-deepens-china-ties-in-about-face-11573772734 Brazil Deepens China Ties in About-Face]. ''The Wall Street Journal''. Retrieved November 17, 2019.</ref><ref name="ChinaBrazilTrade2019">Hayward, John (November 14, 2019). [https://www.breitbart.com/national-security/2019/11/14/bolsonaro-expands-free-trade-china-threatening-brazilian-industry/ Bolsonaro Expands ‘Free Trade’ with China, Threatening Brazilian Industry]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved November 16, 2019.</ref> and some conservatives criticized him for this.<ref>Brian, Paul (November 1, 2019). [https://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/even-latin-americas-trump-is-kowtowing-to-the-chinese/ Even Latin America’s Trump is Kowtowing to the Chinese]. ''The American Conservative''. Retrieved November 1, 2019.</ref> Additionally, Bolsonaro adopted a trade policy more in line with the [[establishment]] that also threatened Brazilian industry.<ref name="ChinaBrazilTrade2019"/><ref>Multiple references:
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*[https://www.reuters.com/article/us-brics-summit-brazil/bolsonaro-says-brazils-trade-policy-is-realistic-and-pragmatic-idUSKBN1XO24Y Bolsonaro says Brazil's trade policy is realistic and pragmatic]. ''Reuters''. November 14, 2019. Retrieved November 14, 2019.
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*[https://www.reuters.com/article/us-brics-summit-bolsonaro/bolsonaro-says-wants-no-role-for-brazil-in-u-s-china-trade-war-idUSKBN1XO1XY Bolsonaro says wants no role for Brazil in U.S.-China trade war]. ''Reuters''. November 14, 2019. Retrieved November 14, 2019.
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*Hayward, John (November 15, 2019). [https://www.breitbart.com/national-security/2019/11/15/bolsonaro-brazil-will-stay-out-of-u-s-china-trade-dispute/ Bolsonaro: Brazil Will Stay Out of U.S.-China Trade Dispute]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved November 16, 2019.</ref>
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====Other====
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In August 2019, after disestablishing a left-wing Cuban slave doctor program, Bolsonaro created a Doctors for Brazil program, giving medical jobs to Brazilians.<ref>Martel, Frances (August 2, 2019). [https://www.breitbart.com/latin-america/2019/08/02/bolsonaro-cuban-slave-doctor-program-created-guerrilla-cells-brazil/ Bolsonaro: Cuban Slave Doctor Program Created ‘Guerrilla Cells’ in Brazil]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved August 3, 2019.</ref> In 2019, Bolsonaro ended visa requirements for tourists and business people from China, India, the United States, Canada, Japan, and Australia.<ref>[https://www.reuters.com/article/us-brazil-visas/brazil-says-it-will-no-longer-require-visas-from-chinese-indian-citizens-idUSKBN1X32AX Brazil says it will no longer require visas from Chinese, Indian citizens]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved October 27, 2019.</ref>
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In December 2019, Bolsonaro signed an order allowing small farmers to gain the title of the land they farm.<ref>[https://www.reuters.com/article/us-brazil-politics-landrights/brazils-bolsonaro-moves-on-land-titles-for-small-farmers-idUSKBN1YE2R1 Brazil's Bolsonaro moves on land titles for small farmers]. ''Reuters''. December 10, 2019. Retrieved December 10, 2019.</ref>
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==Views==
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In its eighth consecutive term, Jair Bolsonaro is one of the most admired personalities and at the same time one of the most hated in [[Brazil]]. Bolsonaro is the most conservative and [[right-wing]] politician on the Brazilian political spectrum, and for defending [[Christian values|Christian]],<ref name="ProLifeIsrael"/><ref>Thomas, Goerge (March 20, 2019). [https://www1.cbn.com/cbnnews/politics/2019/march/we-are-god-fearing-men-brazils-president-is-a-friend-to-president-trump-and-biblical-values 'We Are God-Fearing Men': Brazil's President a Friend to Trump and Biblical Values]. ''CBN News''. Retrieved March 26, 2019.</ref> [[family values|family]],<ref name="Chapman2018"/> [[traditional values|traditional]] and [[conservative values]], has been falsely labeled by the Brazilian media as "[[Nazi]]",<ref>[http://www.cartacapital.com.br/tecnologia/a-onda-bolsonaro-e-o-despertar-do-neonazismo The Bolsonaro wave and the awakening of neo-Nazism] - [[CartaCapital]]</ref> "[[homophobic]]",<ref>[http://terramagazine.terra.com.br/interna/0,,OI5125255-EI6578,00-Vou+processar+o+Bolsonaro+diz+Mott+sobre+panfletos.html Earth. "I'll sue the Bolsonaro" says Mott on pamphlets] - Terramagazine.terra.com.br.</ref> "[[racist]]",<ref>[http://noticias.uol.com.br/politica/2011/04/01/para-ministra-da-igualdade-racial-declaracoes-de-bolsonaro-sao-caso-explicito-de-racismo.jhtm Chief of Seppir consider statements such as "explicit racism" of Bolsonaro]. - UOL (April 1, 2011). Visited on April 2, 2011.</ref> "[[fascist]]",<ref>[http://www.joildo.net/artigos/tortura-nunca-mais/ Mario Jakobskind (May 29, 2009). Torture Never Again! Joildo.net]</ref> "[[sexist]]"<ref>[http://www.mndh.org.br/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=2747&Itemid=56 MNDH want full pressure against Bolsonaro] - MNDH.</ref> and "[[white supremacist]]". The international [[mainstream media]] has also been extremely biased against Bolsonaro.<ref>Jasper, William F. (October 10, 2018). [https://www.thenewamerican.com/world-news/south-america/item/30291-fake-news-media-in-a-froth-as-trump-of-the-tropics-bolsonaro-seems-headed-to-be-brazil-s-president Fake News Media in a Froth as “Trump of the Tropics” Bolsonaro Seems Headed to Be Brazil’s President]. ''The New American''. Retrieved October 10, 2018.<br>See also:
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*Rogan, Tom (October 22, 2018). [https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/opinion/the-economist-is-wrong-jair-bolsonaro-would-be-better-for-brazil-than-fernando-haddad The Economist is wrong, Jair Bolsonaro would be better for Brazil than Fernando Haddad]. ''Washington Examiner''. Retrieved October 22, 2018.
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*Stargardter, Gabriel (May 2, 2019). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-brazil-politics/brazils-bolsonaro-faces-backlash-as-sponsors-ditch-ny-gala-dinner-idUSKCN1S824M Brazil's Bolsonaro faces backlash as sponsors ditch NY gala dinner]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved May 2, 2019.
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*Martel, Frances (May 4, 2019). [https://www.breitbart.com/latin-america/2019/05/04/brazils-bolsonaro-cancels-nyc-trip-environmentalists-bill-de-blasio-object/ Brazil’s Bolsonaro Cancels NYC Trip After Environmentalists, Bill de Blasio Object]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved May 4, 2019.</ref> He has been compared to U.S. President [[Donald Trump]] and even has the nickname "Tropical Trump."<ref name="TropicalTrump"/><ref name="MeredithCNBC2018"/><ref>Dilorenzo, Sarah; Prengaman, Peter (October 9, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/world/ap-explains-how-brazils-bolsonaro-used-trump-tactics AP Explains: How Brazil's Bolsonaro used Trump tactics]. ''Fox News'' (from the ''Associated Press''). Retrieved October 9, 2018.</ref>
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Bolsonaro takes strongly [[pro-life]] positions,<ref name="ProLifeIsrael">Bohon, Dave (November 5, 2018). [https://www.thenewamerican.com/world-news/item/30556-brazil-s-new-president-christian-pro-life-pro-israel Brazil’s New President: Christian, Pro-Life, Pro-Israel]. ''The New American''. Retrieved November 5, 2018.</ref><ref name="Chapman2018">Chapman, Michael W. (November 1, 2018). [https://www.cnsnews.com/blog/michael-w-chapman/brazils-new-president-strong-supporter-israel Brazil's New President is Pro-Life, Pro-Family, and Strong Supporter of Israel]. ''CNS News''. Retrieved November 2, 2018.</ref><ref>Risdon, James (October 19, 2018). [https://www.lifesitenews.com/news/outspoken-pro-life-candidate-leads-in-brazils-presidential-election-race Outspoken pro-life candidate leads in Brazil’s presidential election race]. ''LifeSiteNews''. Retrieved October 19, 2018.</ref> and he is critical of [[Carnival]] because of its immoral and degenerate practices.<ref>Chakraborty, Barnini (March 6, 2019). [https://www.foxnews.com/world/brazils-far-right-president-slams-carnival-tweets-x-rated-clip-and-asks-about-golden-shower Brazil's far-right president slams Carnival, tweets x-rated clip and asks about 'golden shower']. ''Fox News''. Retrieved March 6, 2019.</ref> He supports strong [[law and order]] policies on crime,<ref>Carolina Carcello (October 21, 2018). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-brazil-election/brazils-bolsonaro-says-he-intends-to-use-armed-forces-to-fight-violence-idUSKCN1MV0W8 Brazil's Bolsonaro says he intends to use armed forces to fight violence]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved October 21, 2018.</ref> and he has a good relationship with Brazil's military.<ref>Pearson, Samantha; Magalhaes, Luciana (October 29, 2018). [https://www.wsj.com/articles/brazils-new-president-set-to-give-military-more-clout-1540855191 Brazil’s New President Set to Give Military More Clout]. ''The Wall Street Journal''. Retrieved October 29, 2018.</ref> He accurately condemns [[Similarities between Communism, Nazism and liberalism|national socialism as a left-wing ideology]].<ref>Multiple references:
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*Chapman, Michael W. (April 5, 2019). [https://www.cnsnews.com/blog/michael-w-chapman/bolsonaro-israel-there-no-doubt-nazism-was-left-wing-movement Bolsonaro in Israel: 'There Is No Doubt' Nazism Was Left-Wing Movement]. ''CNS News''. Retrieved April 6, 2019.
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*Dolsten, Josefin (April 4, 2019). [https://www.timesofisrael.com/bolsonaro-says-nazis-were-leftists-following-visit-to-yad-vashem/ Bolsonaro says Nazis were ‘leftists’ following visit to Yad Vashem]. ''The Times of Israel''. Retrieved April 6, 2019.
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*Wise, Justin (April 3, 2019). [https://thehill.com/policy/international/437196-bolsonaro-says-no-doubt-nazis-were-leftists-after-visiting-israel Bolsonaro says after visiting Holocaust museum that Nazis 'no doubt' were leftists]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved April 3, 2019.</ref>
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When he was first elected for the first time, Bolsonaro had a more friendly stance toward economic interventionism. Over the years, however, Bolsonaro has come to strongly support [[limited government]], a [[free market]] without bureaucracy, and privatization.<ref name="5Policies">Kew, Ben (October 29, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/latin-america/2018/10/29/who-is-jair-bolsonaro-five-conservative-policies-brazils-president-elect-champions/ Who is Jair Bolsonaro? Five Conservative Policies Brazil’s President-Elect Champions]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved October 29, 2018.</ref><ref name="CoalitionCabinet"/><ref>Prengaman, Peter (October 8, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/world/a-look-at-the-campaign-proposals-made-by-brazils-bolsonaro A look at the campaign proposals made by Brazil's Bolsonaro]. ''Fox News'' (from the ''Associated Press''). Retrieved October 9, 2018.</ref><ref>Ayres, Marcela (October 24, 2018). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-brazil-election-guedes/after-converting-bolsonaro-free-market-guru-must-convince-brazil-idUSKCN1MY2OB After converting Bolsonaro, free-market guru must convince Brazil]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved October 24, 2018.</ref>
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On foreign policy issues, Bolsonaro has voiced support for nationalist policies similar to those of President Trump,<ref name="5Policies"/><ref>Boadle, Anthony (October 16, 2018). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-brazil-election-diplomacy/brazil-right-winger-would-follow-trumps-lead-on-foreign-policy-idUSKCN1MQ2HR Brazil right-winger would follow Trump's lead on foreign policy]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved October 16, 2018.</ref><ref>Schipani, Andres; Rathbone, John Paul (October 30, 2018). [https://www.ft.com/content/40303dd4-dbb2-11e8-8f50-cbae5495d92b Jair Bolsonaro poised to upend Brazil’s foreign policy]. ''Financial Times''. Retrieved November 2, 2018.</ref> and he views the [[United States]] positively.<ref>[https://www.foxnews.com/world/brazils-bolsonaro-opens-doors-to-host-u-s-military-base Brazil's Bolsonaro opens doors to host U.S military base]. ''Fox News'' (from the ''Associated Press''). January 4, 2019. Retrieved January 6, 2019.</ref> Bolsonaro takes strongly pro-[[Israel]] positions,<ref name="ProLifeIsrael"/><ref name="Chapman2018"/><ref>Keinon, Herb (January 7, 2019). [https://www.jpost.com/Israel-News/Benjamin-Netanyahu/Netanyahu-completes-embrace-of-Bolsonaro-576540 Netanyahu Completes Embrace of Bolsonaro]. ''The Jerusalem Post''. Retrieved January 7, 2019.</ref> supporting moving Brazil's embassy to [[Jerusalem]], something he affirmed he would do after his election,<ref>Samuels, Brett (November 1, 2018). [https://thehill.com/policy/international/414389-brazils-bolsonaro-confirms-plan-to-move-israel-embassy-to-jerusalem Brazil's Bolsonaro confirms plan to move Israel embassy to Jerusalem]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved November 1, 2018.</ref><ref>Shaw, Adam (November 2, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/politics/brazil-president-elect-jair-bolsonaro-intends-to-move-israel-embassy-to-jerusalem Brazil president-elect Jair Bolsonaro intends to move Israel embassy to Jerusalem]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved November 2, 2018.</ref> and closing the "[[Palestinian]]" embassy in Brazil.<ref>Dilorenzo, Sarah; Savarese, Mauricio; Prengaman, Peter (October 8, 2018). [https://www.timesofisrael.com/with-most-returns-in-brazils-far-right-candidate-bolsonaro-ahead/ Brazil’s far-right, pro-Israel candidate falls just short of election stunner]. ''The Times of Israel'' (from the ''Associated Press''). Retrieved October 9, 2018.</ref><ref>Keinon, Herb (October 29, 2018). [https://www.jpost.com/Israel-News/Netanyahu-congratulates-new-populist-pro-Israel-Brazilian-president-570654 Netanyahu Congratulates New Populist, Pro-Israel Brazilian President]. ''The Jerusalem Post''. Retrieved October 31, 2018.</ref> He is seen as a critic of [[China]],<ref>Multiple references:
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*Kew, Ben (October 17, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/national-security/2018/10/17/brazilian-presidential-frontrunner-jair-bolsonaro-china-buying-brazil/ Brazilian Presidential Frontrunner Jair Bolsonaro: ‘China Is Buying Brazil’]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved October 17, 2018.
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*Spring, Jake (October 25, 2018). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-brazil-election-china-insight/bolsonaros-anti-china-rants-have-beijing-nervous-about-brazil-idUSKCN1MZ0DR Bolsonaro's anti-China rants have Beijing nervous about Brazil]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved October 25, 2018.
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*Hayward, John (October 29, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/national-security/2018/10/29/china-panics-bolsonaro-unthinkable-brazil-align-u-s-taiwan/ China Panics over Bolsonaro: ‘Unthinkable’ for Brazil to Align with U.S. and Taiwan]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved October 29, 2018.</ref> [[Venezuela]],<ref>Multiple references:
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*Showalter, Monica (October 30, 2018). [https://www.americanthinker.com/blog/2018/10/bad_week_for_venezuelas_maduro_trump_and_bolsonaro_have_a_bromance.html Bad week for Venezuela's Maduro: Trump and Bolsonaro have a bromance]. ''American Thinker''. Retrieved November 2, 2018.
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*Martel, Frances (October 29, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/latin-america/2018/10/29/venezuelas-opposition-welcome-brazils-conservative-president-elect-bolsonaro/ Venezuela’s Opposition Welcome Brazil’s Conservative President-Elect Bolsonaro]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved November 2, 2018.
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See also:
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*[https://p.dw.com/p/37i5y Brazil's Jair Bolsonaro: Venezuela should be kicked out of Mercosur]. ''Deutsche Welle''. November 6, 2018. Retrieved November 7, 2018.
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*Colitt, Raymond; Martin, Eric (January 23, 2019). [https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2019-01-23/brazil-leader-pledges-sweeping-reform-to-avoid-deeper-crisis Bolsonaro Says Brazil Must Reform or Become Next Venezuela]. ''Bloomberg''. Retrieved January 23, 2019.</ref> and [[Cuba]].<ref>Multiple references:
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*Martel, Frances (December 20, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/latin-america/2018/12/20/bolsonaro-meets-cuban-resistance-vows-brazils-support-against-communism/ Bolsonaro Meets Cuban Resistance: Vows Brazil’s Support Against Communism]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved January 1, 2019.
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*[https://www.reuters.com/article/us-brazil-cuba/brazils-bolsonaro-threatens-to-cut-diplomatic-ties-with-cuba-idUSKCN1N71ZF Brazil's Bolsonaro threatens to cut diplomatic ties with Cuba]. ''Reuters''. November 2, 2018. Retrieved November 2, 2018.</ref> However, after his election, he stated that he welcomed increased Chinese investment and trade.<ref>[https://www.reuters.com/article/us-brazil-politics-china/brazils-bolsonaro-welcomes-chinese-investment-trade-idUSKCN1NA2DN Brazil's Bolsonaro welcomes Chinese investment, trade]. ''Reuters''. November 5, 2018. Retrieved November 5, 2018.<br>See also:
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*Martel, Frances (December 28, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/asia/2018/12/28/brazil-bolsonaro-invites-china-inaugural-calling-coalition-communism/ Brazil: Bolsonaro Invites China to Inaugural After Calling for Coalition Against Communism]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved January 1, 2019.
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*Martel, Frances (January 3, 2019). [https://www.breitbart.com/asia/2019/01/03/china-brags-brazils-bolsonaro-wants-better-better-ties-beijing/ China Brags: Brazil’s Bolsonaro Wants ‘Better and Better’ Ties with Beijing]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved January 3, 2019.</ref> Bolsonaro was critical of the [[globalist]] [[Mercosur]] trade agreement,<ref>Adghirni, Samy; Gamarski, Rachel (October 17, 2018). [https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-10-17/after-nafta-rewrite-brazil-s-bolsonaro-eyes-mercosur-overhaul After Nafta Rewrite, Brazil’s Bolsonaro Eyes Mercosur Changes]. ''Bloomberg''. Retrieved November 2, 2018.</ref> though he continued integrating Brazil into the organization.<ref>[https://www.reuters.com/article/us-argentina-brazil-bolsonaro/brazils-bolsonaro-says-mercosur-will-soon-sign-eu-trade-deal-idUSKCN1T72BV Brazil's Bolsonaro says Mercosur will soon sign EU trade deal]. ''Reuters''. June 6, 2019. Retrieved June 7, 2019.</ref> Bolsonaro is strongly [[anti-communist]], even stating in a speech after his election as president that he had "an obligation" to fight communism in Latin America.<ref>Martel, Frances (December 10, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/latin-america/2018/12/10/bolsonaro-brazil-obligation-help-latin-america-fight-communism/ Bolsonaro: Brazil Has ‘an Obligation’ to Help Latin America Fight Communism]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved December 11, 2018.<br>See also:
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*Martel, Frances (December 22, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/latin-america/2018/12/22/brazils-conservatives-turn-ambitions-towards-global-anti-socialist-alliance/ Brazil’s Conservatives Turn Ambitions Towards Global Anti-Socialist Alliance]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved December 22, 2018.</ref> He has made similar statements on the need for him to fight the Left.<ref>Preissler Iglesias, Simone (March 18, 2019). [https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2019-03-18/bolsonaro-calls-for-an-end-to-communism-on-visit-to-washington Bolsonaro Sees Himself Ending ‘Dirty Ideology of the Left’ in Brazil]. ''Bloomberg''. Retrieved March 18, 2019.</ref> While opposed to Venezuela's Marxist regime, he has been skeptical of pursuing military action in the country as it would not be in Brazil's interests.<ref>Iglesias, Simone Preissler; Adghirni, Samy (September 26, 2019). [https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2019-09-26/bolsonaro-rules-out-venezuela-intervention-citing-vietnam-war Bolsonaro Rules Out Venezuela Intervention, Citing Vietnam War]. ''Bloomberg''. Retrieved September 28, 2019.</ref>
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Bolsonaro is a critic of the left-wing [[mainstream media]].<ref>Boadle, Anthony; Slattery, Gram (November 4, 2018). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-brazil-politics-media/brazils-next-president-declares-war-on-fake-news-media-idUSKCN1N90NN Brazil's next president declares war on 'fake news' media]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved November 4, 2018.</ref>
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While originally pledging to leave the [[globalist]] [[Paris climate agreement]], Bolsonaro later retracted that conservative promise.<ref>Viga Gaier, Rodrigo (October 25, 2018). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-brazil-election/brazils-bolsonaro-scraps-pledge-to-quit-paris-climate-deal-idUSKCN1MZ1DB Brazil's Bolsonaro scraps pledge to quit Paris climate deal]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved October 25, 2018.<br>See also:
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*Christofaro, Beatrice (October 26, 2018). [https://www.apnews.com/b7de89252286498f93729f308555cf5f Brazil far-right candidate softens stances ahead of election]. ''Associated Press''. Retrieved October 26, 2018.
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*[https://www.reuters.com/article/us-brazil-climate-paris-agreement/brazil-vice-president-says-country-is-staying-in-paris-climate-accord-idUSKCN1UA1U7 Brazil vice president says country is staying in Paris climate accord]. ''Reuters''. July 15, 2019. Retrieved July 15, 2019.</ref>
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==Personal life==
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Bolsonaro has been married three times, and he has five children, with his three oldest sons – including [[Eduardo Bolsonaro]] – also serving as conservative elected officials. Bolsonaro has been baptized in the [[Jordan River]].<ref>Dias Carneiro, Júlia (January 5, 2019). [https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/resources/idt-sh/Jair_Bolsonaro_Brazil Jair Bolsonaro: Brazil’s unlikely president]. ''BBC News''. Retrieved January 10, 2019.</ref>
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== See also ==
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*[[National conservatism]]
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*[[Nationalism]]
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== References ==
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{{Reflist|colwidth=35em}}
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{{Conservative Presidents}}
 
{{Conservative Presidents}}

Revision as of 02:17, 3 October 2020

Jair Messias Bolsonaro
Jair Bolsonaro official photo.jpg
38th President of Brazil
From: January 1, 2019 – present
Vice President Hamilton Mourão
Predecessor Michel Temer
Successor Incumbent (no successor)
Information
Party Social Liberal Party
Spouse(s) Rogéria Nantes Braga (div.)
Ana Cristina Valle (div.)
Michelle Bolsonaro
Religion Catholic
Military Service
Allegiance Brazil
Service/branch Army
Service Years 1971–1988
Rank Captain
Commands 8th Field Artillery Group
9th Parachute Artillery Group

Jair Messias Bolsonaro (born March 21, 1955) is the president of Brazil and a general POS. He is a strongly authoritarian, anti-indigenous, fascist, and mysogynistic.