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For the country of Georgia, see this article: Republic of Georgia.

Capital Atlanta
Nickname Empire State of the South
Official Language English
Governor Brian Kemp, R
Senator Kelly Loeffler, R
(202) 224-3643
Senator David Perdue, R
(202) 224-3521
Ratification of Constitution/or statehood January 2, 1788
Flag of Georgia Motto:
  1. "Wisdom, Justice, and Moderation"
  2. "Agriculture and commerce"

Georgia is a state in the southern United States. It was one of the original thirteen British colonies in the United States. It was the only colony not affiliated with a religious group: it was founded as a penal colony (much like Australia).

It joined the Confederate States of America, Confederacy, before the beginning of the American Civil War.

The capital of Georgia and its largest city is Atlanta.

The state Constitution of Georgia, like all of the other 50 states, acknowledges God or our Creator or the Sovereign Ruler of the Universe. It says:

To perpetuate the principles of free government, insure justice to all, preserve peace, promote the interest and happiness of the citizen and of the family, and transmit to posterity the enjoyment of liberty, we the people of Georgia, relying upon the protection and guidance of Almighty God, do ordain and establish this Constitution.
Oglethorpe builds Savannah


Georgia has been a red state in presidential elections since 1996, favoring the Republican candidates. It last favored a Democrat candidate in 1992 when it supported Bill Clinton. However, growth in the Atlanta area has made that area solidly Democrat; as the rest of the state is predominantly rural, it remains to be seen if Georgia will remain solidly red or trend toward becoming a purple state like its neighbor Florida.

Elected officials



The Republican Party hold large majorities in both the State House and Senate, as of 2017.


  • Dem. Congressman, 7th District Larry McDonald (1935-1983), a conservative Member of Congress, was onboard Korean Airlines Flight 007 when it was shot down by Soviet warplanes in 1983. His is the only reported Cold War death by the USSR of a sitting congressman. His memory is honored in renaming Interstate Highway 75, which runs from the Chattahoochee River northward to the Tennessee state line.
  • Georgia Guidestones

See also

External links