Free Syrian Army

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The Free Syrian Army (FSA) is the armed part of syrian opposition that fights in the Syrian Civil War. It fights the Syrian Army, the Kurds and sometimes also Islamists.[1] Its colonel is Riad al-Asaad. The FSA was founded on July 29th, 2011 by seven officers.[2] The bulk of the FSA is made up of Sunnis, especially Islamists. Many have even left the FSA and joined Al-Qaeda affiliate Jahbat al-Nusra.[3]

Foreign Intervention

Despite the name, many fighters in the FSA are not Syrian. An American convert to Islam and former U.S. armed forces member Eric Harroun fought with the FSA.He started appearing in Youtube videos in late 2012 with other fighters.He came back to the U.S. in 2013 and later died of a drug overdose in 2014.[4]


It was often criticized for its Islamist fighters, who persecute Christians in Syria. But it attacked also the Shiite village Hatla and killed 60 fighters and civilians.[5] The Nigerian Anti-Christian terrorist group Boko Haram joined the FSA also.[6] The United Nations reported that child soldiers are fighting with the Free Syrian Army.[7] The Free Syrian Army is dominated by the Muslim Brotherhood, works with Al-Qaeda and is trained by Hamas.[8]