Federal funding is funding provided to an entity by the United States Federal Government. Entities which accept federal funding often have a conflict of interest when it comes to issues dealing with the government, because they don't want to lose their funding. Insidious forms of federal funding include:
- Public schools
- State governments
- The National Endowment for the Arts
- Tax-exempt religious institutions — since that is equivalent to receiving the same amount in federal funding
- Tax credits to private citizens
- Basic Education Opportunity Grants (college scholarships)
Recipients of federal funding are subject to terms and conditions beyond those that are imposed on society at large. For example, Title IX of the Higher Education Amendments Act of 1972 imposes requirements on all aspects of a school (including sports and other extracurricular activities) even if just one department receives federal funding.
- Grove City College v. Bell, 465 U.S. 555 (1984).