Established by the Communications Act of 1934, the FCC assumed the responsibilities of its predecessor, the Federal Radio Commission. It has authority over interstate and international communications by radio, television, wire, satellite and cable. The FCC's jurisdiction covers the 50 states, the District of Columbia, and U.S. possessions.
The FCC is managed by five Commissioners appointed by the President and confirmed by the Senate for 5-year terms, except when filling an unexpired term. The President appoints one of the Commissioners as Chairman. Only three Commissioners may be members of the same political party.
The Chairman delegates management and administrative responsibility to the Managing Director. The Commissioners supervise all FCC activities. FCC Bureaus are listed on its website.