Difference between revisions of "Condoleezza Rice"

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[[Image:Bncjcfjuh.jpg|right|thumb|Condoleeza Rice]]
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'''Condoleezza Rice''' is the 66th [[United States Secretary of State]], and the first [[African-American]] woman to hold the post. Prior to assuming her duties as Secretary of State, she served as [[National Security Advisor]] to [[President]] [[George W. Bush]]. Her objective of transformational diplomacy is to, "work with our many partners around the world to build and sustain democratic, well-governed states that will respond to the needs of their people -- and conduct themselves responsibly in the international system." As she stated at her confirmation hearing, "we must use American diplomacy to help create a balance of power in the world that favors freedom. And the time for diplomacy is now."<ref>[http://www.newsmax.com/hottopics/Condoleezza_Rice.shtml Condoleezza Rice]. Newsmax.</ref>
  
WASHINGTON - First Iraq, now Iran. The United States has operated under a cloud of faulty intelligence in both countries.
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== Earlier Life and Education ==
  
In a bombshell intelligence assessment, the United States has backed away from its once-ironclad assertion that Tehran is intent on building nuclear bombs.
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Dr. Rice earned her B. A. in  [[politics|political]] [[science]] from the [[University of Denver]] in 1974 at age 19. The following year, she recieved her M.A. from the University of [[Notre Dame]]. She returned to the University of Denver, where she was awarded the Ph.D. in 1981.  In addition to [[English]], she speaks [[Russian]], [[French]], [[German]], and [[Spanish]].
  
Where there once was certainty, there now is doubt. "We do not know whether it currently intends to develop nuclear weapons," the new estimate said Monday.
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== Career In Academia ==
  
Compare that with what then-National Intelligence Director John Negroponte told Congress in January. "Our assessment is that Tehran is determined to develop nuclear weapons."
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Condoleeza was first an Assistant Professor at [[Stanford]] (1981–1987). She eventually earned tenure, becoming an Associate Professor (1987–1993), then Professor, and later Provost.<ref>[http://www.forbes.com/2001/10/15/crice.html Provost].</ref> She was the first black, first woman and the youngest person to be Provost.<ref>[http://www.cnn.com/SPECIALS/2002/black.history/stories/13.rice/index.html Hoover Institute].</ref> She was also a [[Hoover Institute]] fellow. Her primary expertise was the [[Soviet Union]] and [[Warsaw Pact]] nations.  
  
Just last month, President Bush, at a news conference with French President Nicolas Sarkozy, said, "We talked about Iran and the desire to work jointly to convince the Iranian regime to give up their nuclear weapons ambitions, for the sake of peace."
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As Provost, Dr. Rice balanced the budget, even though the deficit was said to be impossibly large, a prediction which Rice happily proved wrong. <ref>[http://news-service.stanford.edu/news/1999/june9/rice-69.html Stanford University].</ref>
  
More ominously, Bush told a news conference Oct. 17, "I've told people that if you're interested in avoiding World War III, it seems like you ought to be interested in preventing them from having the knowledge necessary to make a nuclear weapon."
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== Career in Joint Chiefs and National Security Council ==
  
Asked then if he definitely believed that Iran wanted to build a nuclear bomb, Bush said, "Yeah, I believe they want to have the capacity, the knowledge, in order to make a nuclear weapon."
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In 1986, while an international affairs fellow of the Council on Foreign Relations, Rice served as Special Assistant to the Director of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.  From 1989 to March 1991 she directed and also directed in a senior position, of Soviet and East European Affairs in the National Security Council. She was also Special Assistant to the President of National Security Affairs. Rice was instrumental to help with developing Bush's and James Baker's policies to make full reunification of Germany. By 1990 she was already George H. W. Bush's principal advisor on the Soviet Union and one of his assistants for National Security Affairs. She impressed  President [[George H.W. Bush]], so much,  that he said to [[Gorbachev]] she "tells me everything I know about the [[Soviet Union]]."[http://dir.salon.com/story/politics2000/feature/2000/03/20/rice/index.html]
  
Bush's National Security Adviser Stephen Hadley said the president made comments like those "because he was describing the threat as the intelligence community itself had been describing the threat both publicly and in their briefings to him."
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After the collapse of the Soviet Union, Rice returned to her teaching position at Stanford, although she consulted on the former USSR for many. [[Pete Wilson]] appointed her to a bipartisan committee that had been formed to draw new lines for voting. She was also in a Federal Advisory Committee on men and woman training in the Military.
  
Intelligence officials advised Bush several months ago that they were reevaluating their assessments about Iran. They came to the White House last Wednesday and briefed him on their new findings.
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She was helping George W. Bush for his victorious campaign for President in 2000, a later became a key advisor. She said in departure from the failed Clinton policies of the 1990s and an articulation of a new Bush plan at the convention speech “...America's armed forces are not a global police force. They are not the world's 911.”[http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/onpolitics/elections/ricetext080100.htm]
  
The intelligence flip-flop recalled the embarrassing reversal that Bush was forced to make on whether Iraq possessed weapons of mass destruction. The conviction that Saddam Hussein had such weapons was one of the factors behind Bush's decision to invade Iraq. It since has been determined that Iraq did not have weapons of mass destruction.
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== Advising of National Security ==
  
Democrats on Monday did not hesitate to suggest an Iran-Iraq comparison.
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On 2000, Rice was appointed National Security Advisor and no longer served at Stanford. She was the first woman ever to serve in the position. Over 2001, Rice worked with CIA Director George Tenet almost daily on terrorism and national security issues.  
  
Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid said Democrats had requested the new Iran assessment "so that the administration could not rush this Congress and the country to another war based on flawed intelligence."
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In early 2003, former [[First Lady]] and now Senator [[Hillary Rodham Clinton]] spoke of disarming [[Saddam Hussein]]: "this is something that I have followed for a decade. If he were serious about disarming he would have been much more forthcoming...there is no accounting for the chemical and biological stocks."  Dr. Rice repeated these sentiments in an article in the ''[[New York Times]]'' entitled ''Why We Know Iraq Is Lying,'' "instead of implementing national initiatives to disarm, Iraq maintains institutions whose sole purpose is to thwart the work of the inspectors."[http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2003/01/20030123-1.html]
  
"I hope this administration reads this report carefully and appropriately adjusts its rhetoric and policy vis-a-vis Iran," Reid said. "The administration should begin this process by finally undertaking a diplomatic surge necessary to effectively address the challenges posed by Iran."
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Leading up to the 2004 U.S. Presidential election, Rice campaigned for the incumbent president. She used this moment to state her belief that Saddam's government in Iraq contributed to the instability that produced the opportunity for a terrorist attack like the 9/11 attacks on America. At a Pittsburgh, she said "While Saddam Hussein had nothing to do with the actual attacks on America, Saddam Hussein's Iraq was a part of the Middle East that was festering and unstable, [and] was part of the circumstances that created the problem on September 11."
  
In the case of Iran, though, the White House has not dropped its suspicions that Tehran could pursue a nuclear bomb.
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== Business ==
  
Iran continues to develop, test and deploy ballistic missiles, and its civilian uranium enrichment program is continuing. "It can readily use the same technology to produce weapons-grade uranium," Hadley said.
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*Carnegie Corporation
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*Carnegie Endowment for International Peace
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*Charles Schwab Corporation
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*Chevron Corporation
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*Hewlett Packard
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*Rand Corporation
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*Transamerica Corporation
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*William and Flora Hewlett Foundation
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*KQED
 +
*J.P. Morgan Chase
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*University of Notre Dame
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*San Francisco Symphony
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*Center for New Generation
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*California and East Menlo Park
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*Vice President Boys and Girls Clubs of America of San Francisco
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*National Council for Soviet and East European Studies
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*Stanford Mid-Peninsula Urban Coalition
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*Woodrow Wilson Center
  
In rewriting the conclusions about Iran, the new estimate said Tehran was pursuing a nuclear weapons program but halted that effort in the fall of 2003 under the weight of international pressure. Importantly, the estimate said Iran has not restarted the nuclear bomb program.
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== Writings ==
  
"Tehran's decision to halt its nuclear weapons program suggests it is less determined to develop nuclear weapons than we have been judging since 2005," the new estimate said.
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*Germany Unified and Europe Transformed: A Study in Statecraft (1995)
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*The Gorbachev Era (1986)
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*The Soviet Union and the Czechoslovak Army, 1948-1983: Uncertain Allegiance (1984).
  
While key facts have changed, the administration's strategy has not.
 
  
The White House says it will continue to try to build pressure on Iran to prevent it from ever acquiring nuclear bombs.
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==References==
  
"The bottom line is that for that strategy to succeed, the international community has to turn up the pressure on Iran with diplomatic isolation, United Nations sanctions and with other financial pressure," Hadley said. "And Iran has to decide that it wants to negotiate a solution."
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<small><references/></small>
  
Some analysts believe the new conclusions will be a roadblock for Vice President Dick Cheney and other hawkish members of the administration to be more confrontational toward Iran.
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{{DEFAULTSORT: Rice, Condoleeza}}
 
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[[Category:Educators]]
"It's a good thing that we caught this before we marched headlong into another military conflict," said Jon Wolfsthal, senior fellow at the Center for Strategic and International Studies in Washington. "This isn't the timebomb the administration made it out to be for the last several years."
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[[category:United States Government]]
 
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==External links==
Wolfsthal said the conclusion that international pressure prompted Iran to halt its program "is the piece of information that we missed in Iraq" where Bush believed that Iraq's pursuit of WMD was continuing despite sanctions. He said the administration did not appear inclined to change its strategy toward Iran. He said that "suggests they can't take yes for an answer."
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*[http://www.indepthinfo.com/condoleezza-rice/index.shtml Biography of Condoleezza Rice]

Revision as of 15:16, 7 December 2007

Condoleeza Rice

Condoleezza Rice is the 66th United States Secretary of State, and the first African-American woman to hold the post. Prior to assuming her duties as Secretary of State, she served as National Security Advisor to President George W. Bush. Her objective of transformational diplomacy is to, "work with our many partners around the world to build and sustain democratic, well-governed states that will respond to the needs of their people -- and conduct themselves responsibly in the international system." As she stated at her confirmation hearing, "we must use American diplomacy to help create a balance of power in the world that favors freedom. And the time for diplomacy is now."[1]

Earlier Life and Education

Dr. Rice earned her B. A. in political science from the University of Denver in 1974 at age 19. The following year, she recieved her M.A. from the University of Notre Dame. She returned to the University of Denver, where she was awarded the Ph.D. in 1981. In addition to English, she speaks Russian, French, German, and Spanish.

Career In Academia

Condoleeza was first an Assistant Professor at Stanford (1981–1987). She eventually earned tenure, becoming an Associate Professor (1987–1993), then Professor, and later Provost.[2] She was the first black, first woman and the youngest person to be Provost.[3] She was also a Hoover Institute fellow. Her primary expertise was the Soviet Union and Warsaw Pact nations.

As Provost, Dr. Rice balanced the budget, even though the deficit was said to be impossibly large, a prediction which Rice happily proved wrong. [4]

Career in Joint Chiefs and National Security Council

In 1986, while an international affairs fellow of the Council on Foreign Relations, Rice served as Special Assistant to the Director of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. From 1989 to March 1991 she directed and also directed in a senior position, of Soviet and East European Affairs in the National Security Council. She was also Special Assistant to the President of National Security Affairs. Rice was instrumental to help with developing Bush's and James Baker's policies to make full reunification of Germany. By 1990 she was already George H. W. Bush's principal advisor on the Soviet Union and one of his assistants for National Security Affairs. She impressed President George H.W. Bush, so much, that he said to Gorbachev she "tells me everything I know about the Soviet Union."[1]

After the collapse of the Soviet Union, Rice returned to her teaching position at Stanford, although she consulted on the former USSR for many. Pete Wilson appointed her to a bipartisan committee that had been formed to draw new lines for voting. She was also in a Federal Advisory Committee on men and woman training in the Military.

She was helping George W. Bush for his victorious campaign for President in 2000, a later became a key advisor. She said in departure from the failed Clinton policies of the 1990s and an articulation of a new Bush plan at the convention speech “...America's armed forces are not a global police force. They are not the world's 911.”[2]

Advising of National Security

On 2000, Rice was appointed National Security Advisor and no longer served at Stanford. She was the first woman ever to serve in the position. Over 2001, Rice worked with CIA Director George Tenet almost daily on terrorism and national security issues.

In early 2003, former First Lady and now Senator Hillary Rodham Clinton spoke of disarming Saddam Hussein: "this is something that I have followed for a decade. If he were serious about disarming he would have been much more forthcoming...there is no accounting for the chemical and biological stocks." Dr. Rice repeated these sentiments in an article in the New York Times entitled Why We Know Iraq Is Lying, "instead of implementing national initiatives to disarm, Iraq maintains institutions whose sole purpose is to thwart the work of the inspectors."[3]

Leading up to the 2004 U.S. Presidential election, Rice campaigned for the incumbent president. She used this moment to state her belief that Saddam's government in Iraq contributed to the instability that produced the opportunity for a terrorist attack like the 9/11 attacks on America. At a Pittsburgh, she said "While Saddam Hussein had nothing to do with the actual attacks on America, Saddam Hussein's Iraq was a part of the Middle East that was festering and unstable, [and] was part of the circumstances that created the problem on September 11."

Business

  • Carnegie Corporation
  • Carnegie Endowment for International Peace
  • Charles Schwab Corporation
  • Chevron Corporation
  • Hewlett Packard
  • Rand Corporation
  • Transamerica Corporation
  • William and Flora Hewlett Foundation
  • KQED
  • J.P. Morgan Chase
  • University of Notre Dame
  • San Francisco Symphony
  • Center for New Generation
  • California and East Menlo Park
  • Vice President Boys and Girls Clubs of America of San Francisco
  • National Council for Soviet and East European Studies
  • Stanford Mid-Peninsula Urban Coalition
  • Woodrow Wilson Center

Writings

  • Germany Unified and Europe Transformed: A Study in Statecraft (1995)
  • The Gorbachev Era (1986)
  • The Soviet Union and the Czechoslovak Army, 1948-1983: Uncertain Allegiance (1984).


References

  1. Condoleezza Rice. Newsmax.
  2. Provost.
  3. Hoover Institute.
  4. Stanford University.

External links