Alexander Mackenzie (born January 28, 1822 near Dunkeld, Scotland, died April 17, 1882, Toronto) was a Canadian builder, newspaper editor, and second Prime Minister of Canada from 1873 to 1878. Mackenzie immigrated to Canada in 1842, and was elected to the Legislative Assembly in 1861. He formed the first Liberal government in Canada after Sir John A. Macdonald's government was brought down by the Pacific Scandal. During his short tenure, Mackenzie created the Supreme Court and Auditor General's office, and laid the foundations for the modern electoral system. He was the only of the first Prime Ministers to refuse knighthood.