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John Witherspoon

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|State:=New Jersey
|Religion:=Christian- Presbyterian <ref>http://www.adherents.com/gov/Founding_Fathers_Religion.html</ref>
|Founding Documents:=[[Declaration of Independence]], <br>[[Articles of Confederation]]
}}
'''John Witherspoon''' (February 5, 1723 – November 15, 1794) was a minister, college president, and member of the [[Continental Congress]].
==Early life==
Witherspoon was born in Gifford, East Lothian, [[Scotland]] in February 1722. At the age of fourteen he attended the University of Edinburgh, and when he was twenty-one he followed in his father's footsteps and became a [[Church of Scotland]] minister.
'''John ==Career==Witherspoonwrote an acclaimed theological series while installed as pastor, first at Beith, Ayrshire, and then as minister of the ''Laigh Kirk'' (February 5 1723 – November 15 1794"Low Church") was a minister, college presidentin [[Paisley]]. In 1766, and member he declined his election to the presidency of the [[Continental CongressPrinceton University|College of New Jersey (now University)]]in the American Colonies because his wife, Elizabeth Montgomery, was reluctant to leave [[Scotland]]. However, due to the influence of friends, the family decided to move to the Colonies to accept the job offer in August 1768.<ref>http://etcweb.princeton.edu/CampusWWW/Companion/witherspoon_john. html</ref>
Witherspoon He was born in Gifford, East Lothian, [[Scotland]] in February 1722. At inaugurated to the age position of fourteen he attended the University president of EdinburghPrinceton College in 1774, and when he was twenty-one he followed in his fathercontributed a significant amount of books to the university's footsteps and became a library. One of Witherspoon's greatest contributions during his tenure as president was his endeavor to unite the [[Presbyterian Church of Scotland]] ministerin [[America]].
Witherspoon ==Continental Congress==His involvement in politics began during his time serving as president of Princeton, where he wrote an acclaimed theological series numerous articles criticizing British rule in America. while installed as pastorOn June 22, first at Beith1776, Ayrshire, and then after taking part as minister a member of the ''Laigh Kirk'' ("Low Church") Provincial congress in [[Paisley]]. In 1766, he declined his election to the presidency overthrow of the authority of the royal governor, William Franklin, Witherspoon was elected to represent [[Princeton University|College of New Jersey (now University)]] in the American Colonies because his wife, Elizabeth Montgomery, was reluctant to leave [[ScotlandSecond Continental Congress]]. However, due to the influence of friends, the family decided to move to the Colonies to accept the job offer in August 1768.<ref>http://etcwebwww.princetonushistory.eduorg/CampusWWWdeclaration/Companionsigners/witherspoon_johnwitherspoon.htmlhtm</ref>
He was inaugurated to a strong advocate of the position [[Declaration of president Independence]] and grew impatient as congress members debated the merits of the document. Witherspoon voted affirmative for independence on July 2, 1776. During the British occupation, they took over large parts of New Jersey, including Princeton Collage in 1774and surrounding areas. During this time, they deliberately vandalized buildings at the college and contributed a significant amount of books burned its library to the university's libraryground. One of <ref>[https://books.google.com/books?id=xaMwDAAAQBAJ&pg=PA290 John Witherspoon's greatest contributions during his tenure as president was his endeavor to unite American Revolution]</ref> In the waning hours of the [[Presbyterian ChurchBattle of Princeton]] , British forces barricaded themselves in Nassau Hall. It took Witherspoon years to rebuild the college after the battles ended.<ref>[[America]]https://www.google.com/books/edition/The_Presbyterians/BQpN_G2h4TEC?hl=en&gbpv=1&pg=PA213 The Presbyterians]</ref>
His involvement in politics began during his time serving as president After the [[Battle of Princeton, where he wrote numerous articles criticizing British rule Germantown]] in America. On June 221777, 1776Witherspoon received the sad news that his son James, after taking part as a member of the Provincial congress major in the overthrow of the authority of the royal governorContinental Army, William Franklin, Witherspoon was elected to represent had been killed.<ref>[[New Jersey]] in the Continental congresshttps://www.google.com/books/edition/Proceedings_and_Collections/l57g55sRMjYC?hl=en&gbpv=1&pg=PA43 Proceedings and Collections], Wyoming Historical Society</ref>http<ref>[https://www.ushistorygoogle.orgcom/declarationbooks/signersedition/witherspoonThe_Battle_of_Germantown/7Kg-AAAAYAAJ?hl=en&gbpv=1&pg=PA55 The Battle of Germantown]</ref><ref>[https://www.htmgoogle.com/books/edition/The_Piety_of_John_Witherspoon/AzWyLklnT24C?hl=en&gbpv=1&pg=PA211 The Piety of John Witherspoon]</ref>
He was a strong advocate of the [[Declaration of Independence]] and grew impatient as congress members debated the merits of the document. Witherspoon voted affirmative for independence on July 2, 1776. Five months later the British burned his library to the ground. ==Later life==In 1779, after more then than six years and service in more than one hundred committees, Witherspoon voluntarily retired from his seat in the Continental Congress. He was persuaded to return to Congress in 1780, but at the close of 1782, he again retired from political life. ==Quotes==* "Some nations have given parents the power of life and death over their children....... We have denied the power of life and death to parents." - Lectures on Moral Authority: Relation of Parents and Children<ref>[https://books.google.com/books?id=6wArAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA91 The Works of John Witherspoon, D.D.], pp. 91-92</ref> ==See also==* [[William Houston]]
==References==
<references{{reflist|1}} ==External links==* [https:/>/archive.org/details/lecturesonmoralp00withrich Lectures on Moral Philosophy]* [https://oll.libertyfund.org/pages/1776-witherspoon-dominion-of-providence-over-the-passions-of-men-sermon The dominion of Providence over the passions of men]
{{Declaration of Independence}}{{DEFAULTSORT: Witherspoon, John}}
[[Category: Founding Fathers]]
[[Category:Religion and Politics]]
[[Category:Presbyterians]]
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