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Louis Pasteur

4,020 bytes added, 23 August
Added note of Pasteur's ranking in Murray's Human Accomplishment
[[Image:Louis Pasteur.jpg|thumb|200px|Louis Pasteur]]
'''Louis Pasteur''' (Dec. 27, 1822-Sept. 28, 1895) was a [[France|French]] chemist and microbiologist, perhaps the greatest scientist of all time. He In Charles Murray's study of excellence in science and the arts, ''Human Accomplishment'', Pasteur is rated the most famous for inventing significant figure in history in the field of medicine.<ref>Murray, Charles, Human Accomplishment, HarperCollins ebook, (2003), location 2553 of 15117.</ref> He invented the process that keeps milk from going sour, which is known now known, in his honor, as [[pasteurization]]. He also performed experiments that confirmed the [[germ theory of disease]], created the first [[rabies]], [[anthrax]] and [[chicken cholera]] vaccines, was a founder of bacteriology and made numerous discoveries in chemistry. He was also Pasteur explained a scientific basis for the Dean process of fermentation, wine-making, and the faculty brewing of beer. "He debunked the widely accepted myth of sciences at [[Lillespontaneous generation]] University. He founded on June 4, 1887 thereby setting the Pasteur Institutestage for modern biology and [[biochemistry]]." [http://www.accessexcellence.org/RC/AB/BC/Louis_Pasteur.php]
Pasteur was a A devout [[Christian]]who [[prayer|prayed]] in his laboratory, and did not see any conflict between science and Christianity, remarking that "''a bit of science distances one from God, but much science nears one to Him.''" Pasteur experienced many hardships throughout his life, including was also the death Dean of three the faculty of his five children to childhood diseases including sciences at [[polioLille]], but these hardships only served to strengthen his faith and his determination to find curesUniversity. Through it all In 1887 he founded the [[Pasteur gave God the gloryInstitute]], stating that "''the more I study nature, the more I stand amazed which studies biology at the work forefront of the Creatorbattle against infectious disease.''"
Pasteur rejected the [[theory of evolution]]:{{cquote|When he was asked if he believed in evolution, he said, "no."<ref>https://www.allaboutscience.org/louis-pasteur-faq.htm</ref>}} Pasteur's brilliant and daring development of the rabies vaccine and his use of it to save a 9-year-old boy's life after he had been repeatedly bitten by a rabid dog is one of the most inspiring incidents in all of science.<ref>https://www.vbivaccines.com/wire/louis-pasteur-attenuated-vaccine/</ref> Pasteur risked his own freedom in saving the boy, as Pasteur was not a licensed physician. ==Resistance to his ideas== Pasteur met with violent resistance from the medical men of his time when he advanced his germ theory (see: [[Disturbed character#Science vs. Evolutionism|Disturbed character: Science vs. Evolutionism]]).<ref>[http://web.missouri.edu/~hanuscind/8710/Barber1961.pdf Resistance by Scientists to Scientific Discovery] by Bernard Barber</ref> See also: [[Law of biogenesis]] ==Discovery of vaccination== Coming back from a long vacation, he used cultures of disease-causing anthrax bacteria in an attempt to make more (in live birds), but the birds didn't get sick.  ==Science and religion== Pasteur was a devout [[Christian]], and did not see any conflict between science and Christianity, remarking that "a bit of science distances one from God, but much science nears one to Him." Pasteur experienced many hardships throughout his life, including the death of three of his five children to childhood diseases including [[polio]], but these hardships only served to strengthen his faith and his determination to find cures. Through it all Pasteur gave God the glory, stating that "''the more I study nature, the more I stand amazed at the work of the Creator.''"<blockquote>"If one were to choose among the greatest benefactors of humanity, Louis Pasteur would certainly rank at the top."([[Ibidem]])</blockquote> == Quotes <ref>https://www.azquotes.com/author/11366-Louis_Pasteur</ref> ==
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<blockquote>
''Science knows no countryA bit of science distances one from [[God]], because knowledge belongs but much science nears one to humanity, and is the torch which illuminates the world. Science is the highest personification of the nation because that nation will remain the first which carries the furthest the works of thought and intelligenceHim.''
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''Let me tell you The more I study nature, the secret that has led me to my goal. My strength lies solely in my tenacitymore I stand amazed at the work of the Creator.''
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''A bit The role of science distances one from [[God]], but much science nears one to Himthe infinitely small in nature is infinitely great."''
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''The more I study natureQuestion your priorities often, the more I stand amazed at the work of the Creatormake sure God always comes first.''
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''Inspiration is the impact of a fact on a well-prepared mind.''
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<blockquote>
''Science knows no country, because knowledge belongs to humanity, and is the torch which illuminates the world. Science is the highest personification of the nation because that nation will remain the first which carries the furthest the works of thought and intelligence.''
</blockquote>
 
<blockquote>
''Let me tell you the secret that has led me to my goal. My strength lies solely in my tenacity.''
</blockquote>
 
==Legacy==
The 2011 Nobel Prize laureate in physiology or medicine Ralph M. Steinman was inspired by Pasteur with respect to possibility to exploit so called Dendritic cells for creating vaccines.<ref>{{cite web |author=Michel C. Nussenzweig |title=Nobel Lecture on behalf of the late Ralph M. Steinman |date=December 7, 2011 |publisher=nobelprize.org |url= https://www.nobelprize.org/mediaplayer/index.php?id=1737 |accessdate=December 13, 2014 |quote=(28min:50sec) … But he was even more excited about the possibility to exploiting them to create vaccines. Ralph was inspired by Pasteur. But he liked to point out that Pastuer was a microbiologist and created vaccines by attenuating microbes and that most vaccines were created in this manner and that we immonologists have not made many vaccines. He had discovered that Dendritic cells initiated immunity and controlled its quality and the question he was buring to answer was: Can Dendritic cells be harnessed to discover vaccines?}}</ref>
==See also==
*[[Germ theory of disease]]
*[[History of microbiology]]
*[[Experimental science#Notable examples|Experimental science -Notable examples:]] Pasteur vs. Comte de Buffon and media
*[[Microbe]]: Pasteur on The Descructive Role of Microscopic Beings
*[[Disturbed character#Science vs. Evolutionism|Science vs. Evolutionism]]
== External links ==
 
*[http://www.accessexcellence.org/RC/AB/BC/Louis_Pasteur.php Louis Pasteur (1822-1895)]
*[http://www.zephyrus.co.uk/louispasteur.html LOUIS PASTEUR]
*[http://www.notablebiographies.com/Ni-Pe/Pasteur-Louis.html Biography]
==References==
<references/>
 
{{Greatest Thinkers}}
{{DEFAULTSORT:Pasteur, Louis}}
[[Category:Biologists]]
[[Category:Chemists]]
[[Category:Inventors]]
[[Category:Scientific Pioneers]]
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