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2,490 bytes added, 15:10, 15 November 2019
/* See also */ added [[Cynicism]] [[Atheism and cynicism]]
|greek=Έρως, Έρωτας
|greekr=eros, erotas
|Strong numberstrong=(''none'')1937 έπιθυμέω }}'''Eros''' is one of the four loves, which is [[Hedonism|enjoyment of sensory pleasures]], erotic or sexual love. The Greek word ''eros'' is not mentioned in the [[New Testament]] in any form.
In descending order of excellence the four loves are:<br>
The [[Natural history|naturalist's]] love of [[nature]] and the [[aesthetics|esthetic]] beauty of the material creation for its own sake is a form of ''eros'' for what God has made. In some cases [[Animal|Wildlife]] [[Environmentalist|Preservationists]] and [[Conservation]]ists have shown themselves capable of ''[[agape]]'' for living things and the natural environment apart from any love for man or God.
The Greeks believed that Eros was the innocently mischievous offspring of [[Aphrodite]] the goddess of beauty and venereal love who pierced mortals with love or hate. In this latter sense it is possible to be consumed with a love of hating someone or something for the love of hating for its own sake. In this former sense it is possible to be consumed with a love of pleasurably stimulating any one or all of the five senses of taste, touch, smell, sight and sound. The Roman equivalent of [[Roman mythology|Eros was Cupid]], the root of cupidity, the love of the good life, and in particular love of things one would like to have and enjoy for their own sake and sometimes to display proudly. These include for example:*sights, sounds, and smells of holidays, sports, recreational activities, parties and celebrations, public and private: Hanukkah, Passover, Purim, Christmas, Easter, Thanksgiving, Fourth of July, parades, sports competitions and contests with victory, homecomings, family reunions with food and fun activities*appreciation of the arts: poetry, music, painting, sculpture, architecture, engineering, interior decorating, landscaping, design, fashions, culinary arts, textiles, carpentry, gardening, crafts, entertainment *wonders of nature, of wildlife, of science, of exploration, of history, of mathematics, of philosophical and political debate, of solving puzzles and delving into mysteries of the unknown and unexplained, the delight of discovery
The word “eros” simply refers to types of passionate, or carnal, -type love. Neither this word, nor any other form of it, is used in the [[New Testament]]. It is, however, used in the [[Septuagint]] in Proverbs 7:18 and 30:16. (The translation in the Hebrew is different in Proverbs 30:16. A comparison of a translation of the Septuagint passage provides the meaning.) Both passages of the Proverbs 7:18 and 30:16 passages indicate carnal/fleshly appetites.Still, it is a mistake to think the New Testament says nothing about various forms of ''eros'', both good and bad. A [[synonym]]ous term is used instead: '''έπιθυμέω ''' ''epithumeo'' <ref>[ Strong's number ''1937'' '''έπιθυμέω ''' ''epithumeo'' to set the ''heart upon'', to ''long'' for (rightfully or otherwise):—covet, desire, lust (after)]</ref>. See for example::Matthew 11:18-19:John 2:1-11:Romans chapter 6; 14:14-23:1 Corinthians 6:12-19; 7:1-9; 9:9-14:Galatians 6:6-10:1 Timothy 4:4-5:2 Timothy 2:6-7:Hebrews 13:4 (''together with'' [[Song of Solomon]]):James 5:5:2 Peter 2:12-14:1 John 3:17-18
Modern [[secular]] culture has debased the classic idea of erotic love and appreciation of pleasant things into the narrow sensual depravity of erotic bodily lust alone and the debased addictive cravings generated by ''porneia'' (pornographic pleasure) and "recreational" drugs; not only sexual lust but lust for other things—overeating, gambling, violence, speed, personal indulgence in any one of the [[Seven Deadly Sins]]. Willingness to sacrifice and die for such things is not agape-love but [[perversion]] of the good into a form of [[idolatry]], which can be debased into the uncontrollable cravings of involuntary slavery to compulsive mental and physical obsession or addiction leading ultimately to violence and murder, if there is no timely intervention by alert persons to prevent itFor the '''[[Christianity|Christian]]''', the greatest pleasure in the whole of all existence is found in '''[[God]]'''.{{cquote|Thou dost show me the path of life;:in thy presence there is fulness of joy,:in thy right hand are pleasures for evermore.::—[ Psalm 16:11]}} ==See also==[[Hedonism]] [[Epicureanism]] [[Stoicism]] [[Cynicism]] [[Atheism and cynicism]] [[Aesthetics]] [[Licentiousness]] [[Antinomianism]] ==References=={{reflist}}
==External links==
[ All You Need Is...Agapeo, Phileo, Stergo, Eros...Love? (]
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