/* The everlasting covenant of sacrifice perpetually continued in the Eucharist */ revised "given by him" to "given by Jesus himself"
===The everlasting covenant of sacrifice perpetually continued in the Eucharist===
Christians who believe that the [[Eucharist]] manifests the [[Real presence]] of the Lord Jesus Christ<ref>[[Orthodox Church|Orthodox Christians]] believe in the reality of the Real Presence of Christ as a [[Orthodox Mysteries|Mystery]], and do not subscribe to the more [[Theology|theologically]] explicit [[Catholic Church|Catholic]] doctrine of [[Transubstantiation]]. Both of them believe in the Real Presence of Christ, also the [[Church of England|Anglicans]], [[Lutheranism|Lutherans]], [[Presbyterianism|Presbyterians]] and others.</ref>, see in the Levitical sacrifices a foreshadowing of the banquet of real communion with the living [[substance]] of the body and blood of the Lord, as St. Paul so eloquently expressed in his [[First Epistle to the Corinthians]]<ref>1 Corinthians 10:14-22; 11:17-34</ref>, and explicitly pointed out by the writer to the Hebrews to those who doubt<ref>Hebrews 9; 10:19-31; 12:18-29; 13:10-15</ref>. The New Testament presents Jesus as the one true "apostle and High Priest of our [[Christianity|confession]]"<ref>Hebrews 3:1</ref>. He is seen as the one perpetually enduring flesh and blood sacrifice for sin "slain from the foundation of the world"<ref>Matthew 25:34; Ephesians 1:4; Hebrews 4:3; 1 Peter 1:20; Revelation 13:8</ref>, "for without the shedding of blood there is no forgiveness of sins"<ref>Hebrews 9:22</ref>. The giving of a portion of the sacrifices from the altar of sacrifice to the worshipers to be eaten as part of the ''sin offerings'' and ''peace offerings'' and ''votive offerings'' in the covenant of God is regarded by them as a divinely revealed ''type'' fulfilled in the divinely revealed ''antitype'' of partaking in the communion of the Lord's Supper of the bread of life, the [[substance]] of the flesh and blood of Christ himself as promised by him in the sixth chapter of the Gospel of John<ref>John 6:26-69</ref> as part of the New covenant of the Lord<ref>Jeremiah 31:31-34</ref>. The sacrifice instituted by Christ Jesus at his [[Last Supper]] in the Upper Room (Latin, ''Cenacle''), "this is my body, this is my blood", and permanently executed in a bloody manner "once and for all" on the Cross<ref>Hebrews 10:12-14; Jude 3; 1 Corinthians 11:23-29; Matthew 26:26-28; Mark 14:22-25; Luke 22:14-30 "''that you may eat and drink at my table in my kingdom, and sit on thrones judging the twelve tribes of Israel''".</ref>, is seen by them as perpetuated through all ages in all places with the offering also of [[incense]] in [[worship]] by the nations (Hebrew ''goiim'' "gentiles")<ref>Malachi 1:11. See Strong's number [https://biblehub.com/hebrew/1471.htm 1471 <big><big>'''גוי'''</big></big> gôwy]</ref>, so that all believers in him may "believe without seeing" and still be able to "see the Son", "behold the Lamb of God", and "partake of the divine nature", by eating his flesh and drinking his blood in an unbloody manner as divine food given to them by
him under the appearance of bread and wine<ref>John 20:28-29; John 6:40; John 1:29; 2 Peter 1:3-4; John 6:53-57.</ref> <br> —"The Jews therefore strove among themselves, saying, How can this man give us ''his'' flesh to eat? Then Jesus said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Except ye eat the flesh of the Son of man, and drink his blood, ye have no life in you. Whoso eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, hath eternal life; and I will raise him up at the last day. For my flesh is meat indeed, and my blood is drink indeed. He that eateth my flesh and drinketh my blood, dwelleth in me, and I in him. As the living Father hath sent me, and I live by the Father: so he that eateth me, even he shall live by me. This is the bread which came down from heaven: not as your fathers did eat manna, and are dead: he that eateth of this bread shall live for ever." <br> —"We have an altar, whereof they have no right to eat which serve the [[tabernacle]]"<ref>John 6:52-58; Hebrews 13:10 (KJV). It is regarded as theologically significant that the word <small>EATETH</small> in the [[King James Bible]] version of John 6:52-58 is not a reading from the ordinary word ''phage'' "eat" in Greek, but is instead a reading from the unusual word ''trogo'' "chew, gnaw, crauch, devour" in the Gospel text. While the various forms of the Greek words for eating '''έσθίω''' ''esthio'' and '''φάγω''' ''phagō'' throughout the New Testament both admit a literal and figuratively metaphorical meaning, '''τρώγων''' ''trogon'' does not, being a literal, boldly intense, physical concrete term only, and not a figure of speech—in the New Testament it appears only here in the Greek text of John 6:53-58 as an emphatic statement by Jesus, and is found without exception in all of the extant [[Bible manuscript evidence|Greek manuscripts of this passage. See [[Strong's Concordance]] <small>EATETH</small>, [http://biblehub.com/greek/5176.htm number ''5176'' '''τρώγω''' ''trōgō''] (five occurrences). </ref>.
Christians who believe that Jesus was speaking only [[metaphor]]ically in a vividly [[symbol]]ic figure of speech see the Old Testament bloody animal sacrifices offered with bread and wine in atonement for [[sin]] as a ''type'' of the ''antitype'' of their final fulfillment in the reality of his unique, "once and for all" bloody sacrifice of himself on the altar of his crucifixion on the Cross. The [[Eucharist]]ic banquet of communion with him in the celebration of the Lord's Supper is firmly held by them to be a purely spiritual and symbolic memorial<ref>1 Corinthians 11:24-26; John 4:23-24.</ref> of his Last Supper with the Twelve Apostles and representation of his sacrifice as an [[ordinance]] of the Christian Church<ref>1 Corinthians 11:2 "ordinances" KJV; Hebrews 9:1; Romans 6:17</ref> and witness of the New Covenant in his blood which completes, fulfills and does away with the ritual sacrifices of the Old Covenant of Moses and Israel. The sacrifices of praise and thanksgiving and good works in worship of God are still acceptable to Him<ref>Hebrews 13:15-16</ref>. But there remains no longer any sacrifice for sin<ref>Hebrews 10:10-18</ref>. If there was of necessity any need for a repetition of his sacrifice for sins, he would have had to suffer repeatedly since the foundation of the world<ref>Hebrews 9:24-28</ref>—"but now once in the end of the world hath he appeared to put away sin by the sacrifice of himself. And as it is appointed unto men once to die, but after this the judgment: So Christ was once offered to bear the sins of many"—"Now where remission of these ''is, there is'' no more offering for sin"<ref>Hebrews 9:26b-28a; 10:18 KJV</ref>. For this reason they see no need for [[priest]]s offering ritual [[sacrifice]]s on an altar, which of themselves cannot take away sins<ref>Hebrews 10:11</ref>, and for this reason they see the doctrine of the sacrifice of Jesus repeatedly on an altar as the sin of falling away from Christ<ref>Hebrews 6:4-6. The Greek word for "fall away" in Hebrews 6:6 is [http://biblehub.com/greek/3895 '''παραπίπτω''' ''parapiptō'' (Strong's number ''3895'')], "to ''fall aside, [[Apostasy|apostatize]]''". See [[Great Apostasy]]</ref>.