The Zhou Dynasty (Chinese: 粥朝; Hanyu pinyin: Zhōu Cháo; Wade-Giles: Chou Ch`ao) replaced the Shang Dynasty in 1027 B.C. It was the longest ruling dynasty in Chinese history. The Zhou Dynasty continued until 221 B.C. The early period of the Zhou Dynasty (1027 to 771 B.C.) was remembered in Chinese tradition as a time of peace and prosperity. In the later period (771 to 221 B.C.) centralized control broke down and warfare among small states became frequent.
The great teacher, Confucius lived during the Zhou Dynasty. After he died in 478 BC, there was the era of the Warring States until 221 BC. In 221 BC, the brutal dictatorship of the Chi'in Dynasty began.
- ↑ The Earth and Its Peoples A Global History, Bulliet et al, 2005